• Title, Summary, Keyword: 열생성산화물

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Durability Evaluation of Thermal Barrier Coating (TBC) According to Growth of Thermally Grown Oxide (TGO) (TGO 성장을 고려한 열차폐코팅의 내구성평가)

  • Song, Hyun Woo;Moon, Byung Woo;Choi, Jae Gu;Choi, Won Suk;Song, Dongju;Koo, Jae-Mean;Seok, Chang-Sung
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.38 no.12
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    • pp.1431-1434
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    • 2014
  • The thermal barrier coating (TBC) applied to a gas turbine can be damaged by repeated thermal fatigue during operation, so an evaluation of its durability is needed. Thermally grown oxide (TGO) is generated inside the TBC in a high-temperature environment. The growth of TGO is known to be the main cause of damage to the TBC. Therefore, the durability of TBC should be evaluated according to the growth of TGO. In this research, Kim et al.'s work on the growth of TGO with aging was used as a basis for finite element analysis. The relationship between stress and aging was derived from the finite element analysis results. The durability of the TBC with aging was evaluated through a comparison between the results of the finite element analysis and a bond strength test.

Evaluation on the Delamination Life of Isothermally Aged Plasma Sprayed Thermal Barrier Coating (플라즈마 용사 열차폐 코팅의 박리수명 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dae-Jin;Shin, In-Hwan;Koo, Jae-Mean;Seok, Chang-Sung;Kim, Mun-Young
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.216-221
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    • 2008
  • In this study, disk type of thermal barrier coating system for gas turbine blade was isothermally aged in the furnace changing exposure time and temperature. The aging conditions that determination occurs were determined by the extensive microscopic analyses and bond tests for each aging condition. The delamination map was drawn from the time-temperature matrix form which summarize the delamination conditions. Finally, a method to draw the delamination life diagram of a thermal barrier coating system by using the delamination map was suggested

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Evaluation on the Delamination Life of Isothermally Aged Plasma Sprayed Thermal Barrier Coating (플라즈마 용사 열차폐 코팅의 박리수명 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dae-Jin;Shin, In-Hwan;Koo, Jae-Mean;Seok, Chang-Sung;Kim, Moon-Young
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.162-168
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    • 2009
  • In this study, disk type of thermal barrier coating system for gas turbine blade was isothermally aged in the furnace changing exposure time and temperature. The aging conditions that delamination occurs were determined by the extensive microscopic analyses and bond tests for each aging condition. The delamination map was drawn from the time-temperature matrix form which summarize the delamination conditions. Finally, a method to draw the delamination life diagram of a thermal barrier coating system by using the delamination map was suggested.

Evaluation of Effect on Thermal Fatigue Life Considering TGO Growth (TGO 성장이 열피로 수명에 미치는 영향 평가)

  • Song, Hyunwoo;Lee, Jeong-Min;Kim, Yongseok;Oh, Chang-Seo;Han, Kyu Chul;Lee, Young-Ze;Koo, Jae-Mean;Seok, Chang-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.31 no.12
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    • pp.1155-1159
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    • 2014
  • Thermal barrier coating (TBC) which is used to protect the substrate of gas turbine is exposed to high temperature environment. Because of high temperature environment, thermally grown oxide (TGO) is grown at the interface of thermal barrier coating in operation of gas turbine. The growth of TGO critically affects to durability of TBC, so the evaluation about durability of TBC with TGOs of various thickness is needed. In this research, TGO was inserted by aging of TBC specimen to evaluate the effect of the TGO growth. Then thickness of TGO was defined by microstructure analysis, and thermal fatigue test was performed with these aging specimens. Finally, the relation between thermal fatigue life and the TGO growth according to aging time was obtained.

Evaluation of Bond Strength of Isothermally Aged Plasma Sprayed Thermal Barrier Coating (플라즈마 용사 열차폐 코팅의 열화에 따른 접착강도 평가)

  • Kim, Dae-Jin;Lee, Dong-Hoon;Koo, Jae-Mean;Song, Sung-Jin;Seok, Chang-Sung;Kim, Mun-Young
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.32 no.7
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    • pp.569-575
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    • 2008
  • In this study, disk type of thermal barrier coating system for gas turbine blade was isothermally aged in the furnace changing exposure time and temperature. For each aging condition, bond tests for three samples were conducted for evaluating degradation of adhesive or cohesive strength of thermal barrier coating system. For as-sprayed condition, the location of fracture in the bond test was in the middle of epoxy which have bond strength of 57 MPa. As specimens are degraded by thermal aging, bond strength gradually decreased and the location of failure was also changed from within top coat at the earlier stage of thermal aging to the interface between top coat and TGO at the later stage due to the delamination in the coating.

Characterization of Layered Double Hydroxides(Mg-Al-$CO_3$ systems) and Rehydration Reaction of Their Calcined Products in Aqueous Chromate Solution (층상이중수산화물(Mg-Al-$CO_3$ 체계)의 물리 · 화학적 특성규명 및 소성된 시료의 크롬산이온 수용액에서 재수화반응)

  • Rhee, Seog Woo;Kang, Mun-Ja;Moon, Hichung
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.39 no.8
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    • pp.627-634
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    • 1995
  • Layered double hydroxides ($Mg-Al-CO_3$ systems, LDH), which are hydrotalcite-like anionic clay minerals, having different $Mg^{2+}\;to\;Al^{3+}$ ratio were synthesized by coprecipitation method. The subsequent products were characterized by the following methods; elemental analysis, X-ray powder diffraction, thermal analysis (DSC and TGA), FT-IR and $^{27}$Al-MAS NMR. X-ray powder patterns showed that the products formed were layered structure materials. Two heat absorption peaks were observed around 20 ∼280$^{\circ}C$ (surface water and interlayer water) and 280∼500$^{\circ}C$ (water from lattice hydroxide and carbon dioxide from interlayer carbonate) in DSC diagrams, and they were quantitatively analyzed by TGA diagrams (in case LDH4 16.2% and 28.6% respectively). FT-IR spectra indicate that the interlayer carbonate ions occupied symmetrical sites between two adjacent layers in a parallel direction. $^{27}$Al-MAS NMR spectra show only single resonance (8.6 ppm) of the octahedrally coordinated aluminum similar magnesium. When LDH4 was calcined at 560$^{\circ}C$ for 3 hours in air, its layered structure was destroyed giving a mixed metal oxide. However it readily became rehydrated in aqueous chromate solution to its original structure.

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Control of YAG($Y_{3}Al_{5]O_{12}$) Particle Shape prepared by Sol-Gel Process (솔-젤 공정(工程)을 이용(利用)하여 제조(製造)된 YAG($Y_{3}Al_{5}O_{12}$) 분말 입형제어)

  • Park, Jin-Tae;Kim, Chul-Joo;Yoon, Ho-Sung;Sohn, Jung-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling
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    • v.17 no.5
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    • pp.52-59
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    • 2008
  • Sol-gel process applied in this study was carried out by chelation of metal ions and citric acid. From the results of thermal gravimetric analysis and XRD analysis of gel powder obtained through sol-gel and heat treatment, gel powders are mostly amorphous, and crystallize completely at $900^{\circ}C$, and the crystalline structure of YAG increases with increasing calcinations temperature. Since YAG prepared by sol-gel & calcinations process was porous, and the sape and size was irregular and nonuniform, the shape and size of YAG powder had to be controlled. Therefore the effects of organic materials such as ethylene glycol and surfactant on the crystalline structure of YAG powder were investigated. Polyesterification of ethylene glycol and citric acid separated reaction area of metal ions in the solution and decreased the size of YAG primary particles. The addition of Igepal 630 as surfactant formed the droplet in the solution, and increased the size of primary particles which forms the aggregate of YAG In order to obtain monodispersed YAG particles of uniform size, gel powder prepared with organic materials had to be milled before calcination. And milling process was very important for obtaining YAG of uniform size.

Removal of Methyl tert-Butyl Ether (MTBE) by Modified Fenton Process for in-situ Remediation (Methyl tert-Butyl Ether(MTBE)의 in-situ Remediation을 위한 Modified Fenton Process에 관한 연구)

  • Chung, Young-Wook;Seo, Seung-Won;Kim, Min-Kyoung;Lee, Jong-Yeol;Kong, Sung-Ho
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.27-36
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    • 2007
  • A recent study showed that MTBE can be degraded by Fenton's Reagent (FR). The treatment of MTBE with FR, however, has a definite limitation of extremely low pH requirement (optimum pH $3{\sim}4$) that makes the process impracticable under neutral pH condition on which the ferrous ion precipitate forming salt with hydroxyl anion, which result in the diminishment of the Fenton reaction and incompatible with biological treatment. Consequently, this process using only FR is not suitable for in-situ remediation of MTBE. In order to overcome this limitation, modified Fenton process using NTA, oxalate, and acetate as chelating reagents was introduced into this study. Modified Fenton reaction, available at near neutral pH, has been researched for the purpose of obtaining high performance of oxidation efficiency with stabilized ferrous or ferric ion by chelating agent. In the MTBE degradation experiment with modified Fenton reaction, it was observed that this reaction was influenced by some factors such as concentrations of ferric ion, hydrogen peroxide, and each chelating agent and pH. Six potential chelators including oxalate, succinate, acetate, citrate, NTA, and EDTA were tested to identify an appropriate chelator. Among them, oxalate, acetate, and NTA were selected based on their remediation efficiency and biodegradability of each chelator. Using NTA, the best result was obtained, showing more than 99.9% of MTBE degradation after 30 min at pH 7; the initial concentration of hydrogen peroxide, NTA, and ferric ion were 1470 mM, 6 mM, and 2 mM, respectively. Under the same experimental condition, the removal of MTBE using oxalate and acetate were 91.3% and 75.8%, respectively. Optimum concentration of iron ion were 3 mM using oxalate which showed the greatest removal efficiency. In case of acetate, $[MTBE]_0$ decreased gradually when concentration of iron ion increased above 5 mM. In this research, it was showed that modified Fenton reaction is proper for in-situ remediation of MTBE with great efficiency and the application of chelatimg agents, such as NTA, was able to make the ferric ion stable even at near neutral pH. In consequence, the outcomes of this study clearly showed that the modified Fenton process successfully coped with the limitation of the low pH requirement. Furthermore, the introduction of low molecular weight organic acids makes the process more available since these compounds have distinguishable biodegradability and it may be able to use natural iron mineral as catalyst for in situ remediation, so as to produce hydroxyl radical without the additional injection of ferric ion.