• Title, Summary, Keyword: 열차운영계획

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Planning of Train Operation with Different Objectives Utilizing Mixed-Integer Nonlinear Programming Models (비선형정수계획법을 이용한 운행전략에 따른 열차운영계획 수립)

  • 김기현;서선덕
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.117-133
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    • 2002
  • 열차운영계획은 수송수요 산정, 운행노선계획, 열차시간표 작성 기관차 및 인원의 할당 등 광범위한 내용을 포괄하고 있으나, 본 논문에서는 계획의 초기단계에서 결정 가능한 운행노선계획을 대상으로 범위를 설정하였다. 운영목표에 따른 전략은 사용자, 운영자, 사회전체의 입장에서 고려될 수 있는데, 이러한 전략에 의해 운행 될 수 있는 열차운행패턴을 운영비용의 최소화, 통행시간의 최소화. 운영자 수익의 최대화 모형으로 해결하고자 하였다. 2004년 이후에 운행이 예상되는 고속철도/기존철도는 운영계획의 변경이 예상되는 바, 상기의 목표에 따라 열차운영패턴을 작성하여 개발된 효과척도의 적용을 통해 정책적인 적용가능성을 평가하였으며 기존 계획된 철도청의 운영계획과도 아울러 비교, 최적대안을 선정하였다. 본 고에서는 수리계획모형인 비선형정수계획모형(MINLP)으로서 국내 철도망에 부합하는 운영계획을 작성하였으며, 이에 따른 열차-km는 수익최대화 모형, 인-km는 철도청의 열차운영계획이 가장 많은 것으로 나타났다. 인-hour는 수익 최대화 모형과 통행시간 최소화 모형이 가장 적은 것으로 나타났는데, 이는 장거리 노선의 편성이 증가된 것으로 사료된다. 이러한 결과를 산출함에 있어. 어려운 점은 각 구간의 기하급수적 증가, 결정변수의 초기값 선정 등이 있으나, 그동안 연구된 각종 경험적 기법의 적용과 실제 편성 가능한 변수의 적용을 통해 이를 해결하였다. 추후 설정된 모형의 비교에 적합한 효과척도의 개발과 전국적으로 사례구간의 확장 및 모형의 최적대안 선택 시 효과척도의 가중치에 대한 연구가 필요할 것으로 사료된다.

A Study on the Generation of Crew Scheduling Diagram Using Neighborhood Search Method for Improving Railway Operation Management (철도 운영관리 효율화를 위한 이웃해 탐색기법을 사용한 승무다이아 생성방안)

  • Lee, Jaehee;Park, Sangmi;Kang, Leenseok
    • Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.42-51
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    • 2019
  • The train operation institution establishes a transportation plan based on the forecast of transport demand and the ability of train vehicles to transport, and establishes a train operation plan accordingly. The train operation plan adjusts the intervals between trains, creates a timetable (train diagram) for trains, and establishes a plan for the operation of train vehicles used for train operation. The train operation institution shall establish a crew schedule to determine and place the crew members of the trains arranged in the diagram in order to enhance the efficiency of the operation management of the trains. In this study, the authors apply the neighborhood search method that satisfies the constraints at the phase of generating the crew diagram. This suggests a methodology for efficient management of crew schedule plan. The crew diagram generated in this study compared with the existing crew diagram in accordance with the actual operating train timetable, and verified the effectiveness of the suggested method.

Study on Relationship between Turn-back Time and Assignment of Trainsets (철도 차량의 반복시간과 소요량 사이의 관계 고찰)

  • Ki, Hyung-seo;Oh, Suk-mun;Park, Dongjoo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.802-814
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    • 2016
  • This study examines the relationship between the operational turnaround time and the rolling stock requirements. In this study, the operational turnaround time of rolling stock is divided into physical turnback time and waiting time. This paper presents a variety of models and estimation results of the existing studies on operational turnaround time. The proposed estimation model of the operational turnaround time in this study is designed to minimize the operational turnaround time in terminus stations, while the rolling stock requirement is reduced. The developed estimation model was applied in a real-world example, and it was found that the operational turnaround time and the required rolling stocks were lessened compared with the current condition. The method presented in this paper is expected to be utilized in train operational planning and rolling stock routing plans, thereby minimizing the rolling stock requirements of existing railway operating authorities.

Line Planning Optimization Model for Intercity Railway (지역간 철도의 노선계획 최적화 모형)

  • Oh, Dongkyu;Kho, Seung-Young;Kang, Seungmo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.80-89
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this research is to optimize the line planning of the intercity passenger railway. In this study, the line planning problem has been formulated into a mixed integer programming by minimizing both user costs (passenger's total travel time) and operator costs (operation, maintenance and vehicle costs) with multiple train types. As a solution algorithm, the branch-and-bound method is used to solve this problem. The change of travel demand, train speed and the number of schedules have been tested through sensitivity analysis. The optimal stop-schedules and frequency as well as system split with respect to each train type have been found in the case study of Kyoung-bu railway line in Korea. The model and results of this research are useful to make a decision for railway operation strategy, to analyze the efficiency of new railway systems and to evaluate the social costs of users and operators.

Development of Optimal Train Operation System in Bottle-neck Section According to the Opening of High Speed Railway in Seoul Metropolitan Area (수도권 고속철도개통에 따른 고속선 병목구간 최적열차운행 체계 연구)

  • Chun, Chunggeun;Chung, Sungbong;NamKung, Baekkyu
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.15 no.6
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    • pp.631-637
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    • 2012
  • New Opening of Suseo-Pyeongteak High Speed Railway (HSR) will be a new leap in the Korean railway history. However if this section of HSR line around Seoul Metropolitan Area opens, the confluence of new HSR and existing HSR line in Pyeongteak-Osong section will cause a bottle neck problem. In other words, the opening of Suseo-Pyeongteak HSR line will make the capacity of track reach the limit and the section of railroad between Pyeongteak and Osong will be saturated. This will also make such troubles as restricting the number of train which stops at Cheonan-Asan station. In this study, based on the train assignment theory of TVM430 signal system, the methods of calculating headway and number of train are reviewed and the plan for application of optimal operation pattern during peak hour between Pyeongteak-Osong section is also suggested. To remove the bottle neck problem in this HSR section, 3 alternatives are suggested and the expected effects and problems of each alternative are also analyzed. The results show that the troubles caused by excess of track capacity can be removed without any additional cost if the minimum headway in operating system for HSR is adopted in this section. In the future, if these alternatives are considered to the long-term plan for operating train and signal systems, this will improve the efficiency of train operation, which can remove the bottle neck in the HSR line.

Train Service Analysis of Intercity Rail Station (지역간 철도역의 열차운행체계 연구)

  • Lee, Jin-Seon;Kim, Gyeong-Tae;Park, Beom-Hwan
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.111-122
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    • 2007
  • This paper investigates the rail service patterns by train class. The emphasis in intercity rail planning is to more efficiently use of existing station facilities. Rail transit operations are affected by the system layout and ridership patterns and by work rules. Operations are also influenced by past practices and the institutional setting. Main factors to decide train service patterns are the location, socioeconomic characteristics, land use and travel demand of the station. In this context, the travel demand of intercity rail station is of crucial significance. Tests on a KTX case shows that train service frequency can be efficiently decreased in weekday to transport the same passenger demand. The work has shown many subjects that need further research including various factors influencing on train frequency. This study serves the railroad authorities in planning and determining business strategy in the increasingly competitive environment of regional rail transport.

An Operation Simulation of MAGLEV using DEVS Formalism Considering Traffic Wave (승객 유동을 고려한 DEVS 기반 자기부상열차 운행 시뮬레이션)

  • Cha, Moo-Hyun;Lee, Jai-Kyung;Beak, Jin-Gi
    • Journal of the Korea Society for Simulation
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    • v.20 no.3
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    • pp.89-100
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    • 2011
  • The MAGLEV (Magnetically Levitated Vehicle) system, which is under commercialization as a new transportation system in Korea, is operated by means of unmanned automatic control system. Therefore the plan of train operation should be carefully established and validated in advance. In general, when making the train operation plan, the statistically predicted traffic data is used. However, traffic wave can occur when real train service is operated, and the demand-driven simulation technology is required to review train operation plans and service qualities considering traffic wave. This paper presents a method and model to simulate the MAGLEV's operation considering continuous demand changes. For this purpose, we employed the discrete event model which is suitable for modeling the behavior of railway passenger transportation, and modeled the system hierarchically using DEVS (Discrete Event System Specification) formalism. In addition, through the implementation and experiment using DEVSim++ simulation environment, we tested the feasibility of the proposed model and it is also verified that our demand-driven simulation technology could be used for the prior review of the train operation plans and strategies.

An application of Train Control System according to Traffic Density (열차운행밀도에 따른 열차제어시스템 적용방안)

  • Lee, Jae-Ho;Hwang, Jong-Kyu;Yoon, Yong-Ki;Lee, Young-Soo;Ahn, Jin
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.1586-1588
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    • 2005
  • 철도의 중장기 발진계획과 구조개혁에 따라 열차운행 및 유지보수의 효율화가 대두되고 있다. 특히, 운영자측면에서는 저밀도 선구에 대하여 비용의 증대에 따른 많은 어려움이 존재하여 이에 대한 적절한 방안이 요구되고 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 국외의 철도운영 사례조사를 통하여 저밀도 선구에서의 운영환경을 고려한, 기술적인 측면에서 국내의 철도환경에 적합하고 선로변 설비의 최소화와 업무의 효율화를 추구할 수 있는 새로운 열차제어시스템을 제안하였다.

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International Passenger Train Service in the Corridor between Seoul and Beijing (서울↔베이징간 국제 여객열차 운영의 수익성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Seon-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.163-172
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    • 2004
  • 올해(2004년) 연말로 예정된 남북철도 연결이 동북아 지역의 물적교류에 미칠 영향에 관한 연구는 TSR, TCR. TMGR, TMR에 관한 연구와 함께 국내에 이미 상당한 수준 축척 되었지만 물적교류와 함께 동북아 교류협력에 또 한축을 이루고 있는 인적교류 즉 여객수송에 관한 연구는 거의 없는 실정이다. 본 연구에서는 인구가 조밀하고 경제성장속도가 빠른 서울↔북경 축에 국제 여객열차를 운행할 경우를 가정하여 기존의 항공$.$해운에서 철도로의 수요 전환량을 실제 설문조사를 통하여 구하고 이를 수송할 열차운행 계획을 세운다. 나아가 국제 여객열차 운영자의 입장에서 예상수입 및 비용을 현실성 있게 분석하고 수익성 여부도 유동성, 순현재 가치, 내부수익율 세가지로 검토하여 한$.$중간 국제 여객열차 운행의 가능성을 검증한다.