• Title, Summary, Keyword: 열 중량 분석

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Fundamental research for identification method of sprayed fire-resistive material by TG-IR (열 중량-적외선 분석기를 이용한 내화 뿜칠재 일치성분석 기초연구)

  • Cho, Nam-Wook;Lee, Dong-Ho
    • Proceedings of the Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.360-365
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    • 2010
  • 현장에서 내화피복재(내화뿜칠재)의 품질을 확인할 수 있는 간편한 품질방법이 부재하여 열 중량-적외선 분석 장치를 이용하여 내화피복재의 일치성 분석을 시도하였다. 국내의 9종 인정 내화뿜칠재에 대한 열 분해 곡선을 확인 하고, 이때 특정 성분을 측정하였다. 국내 시판 9종의 내화뿜칠재는 $400^{\circ}C$이내에서 무게변화가 15% 정도 감소하다가 $400^{\circ}C$부터 $1200^{\circ}C$까지 무게 변화가 거의 없이 유지되는 특성을 보였다. 이때 초기 열분석으로부터 발생되는 가스에 대한 적외선 스펙트럼의 분석결과로 O-H band 및 $CO_2$가 확인되었다. 하지만 내화성능이 없는 흡음뿜칠재의 경우에는 $400^{\circ}C$부터 $1200^{\circ}C$사이에 무게 중량이 급격하게 변화되는 것을 확인 할 수 있었다. 열중량-적외선 분석 장치를 이용하여 두 재료의 열분해곡선 및 적외선스펙트럼 변화를 측정하였으며, 이 분해 곡선을 통계처리 방식인 PCA (Principal components analysis)통계처리를 통해서 내화뿜칠재의 진위 구분이 가능함을 확인하였다.

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A Study on Thermal Characteristics and Ignitability of Dead Leaves and Living Leaves for Main Species of Trees in Youngdong Areas (영동지역의 주요 수종별 낙엽과 생업의 열적특성 및 발화특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Hae-Pyeong;Lee, Si-Young;Park, Young-Ju
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.21-32
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    • 2009
  • In order to inspect the danger of forest fires, the thermal characteristics and the ignitability of the dead leaves and the living leaves for the main species of trees in Youngdong areas have been studied by the TG/DTA and the group flammability tester. From this work, the thermal delay has been increased with the increase of the heating rate. The fractions of the thermal weight loss for the dead leaves and the living leaves of the coniferous trees were higher than those of the broadleaf trees. Also, it was confirmed that the ignitable dangers of the dead leaves and the coniferous trees were higher than those of the living leaves and the broadleaf trees, due to the low auto ignition temperature and thermal resistance.

Characteristics study on fire-resistant paint used by TGA-IR (TGA-IR을 사용한 내화 도료의 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Nam-Wook;Shin, Hyun-Jun;Cho, Won-Bo;Lee, Seong-Hun;Rie, Dong-Ho;Kim, Hyo-Jin
    • Analytical Science and Technology
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.168-172
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    • 2011
  • The iron frame of building could be collapsed or bent at $500^{\circ}C$. Therefore the fire-resistant paint should be applied for safety. This study performed the comparative analysis to show the characteristics of fireresistant paint. And then 12 products of fire resistant paint and 6 products of paints were used as samples. And the samples were analyzed by TGA (Thermogravimetric Analyzer) as analyzer for measuring the variation of weight on temper of weight by heating. When TGA analyzer could measure the variatiature, and FT-IR was measured for analyze gas components on variation on of weight by heating on 12 products of fire resistance, the samples showed to decrease 40% of weight to $800^{\circ}C$, and because paints had 50% to 40% of loss weight, it showed to be equal with loss weight of fire resistance paint on high temperature or was lower loss weight than it of fire resistance paints. However number 6 sample of fire resistance paints could show to decrease 20% of total weight on $800^{\circ}C$. And then in the case of FT-IR, fire resistance paints could show to have the high intensity of $CO_2$ spectrum as complete combustion. However paints could show to have the lower intensity of $CO_2$ spectrum, have the higher intensity of water spectrum. Therefore the TGA graph of result could be much different until $250^{\circ}C$. When it was burned, FT-IR spectrum could show to confirm the characteristics of fire resistance paints, and the characteristic could be confirmed on inorganic paint of fire resistance by weight loss of TGA.

퇴적 마그네슘의 승온속도와 열분해특성

  • Han, U-Seop;Lee, Su-Hui
    • Proceedings of the Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.116-116
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    • 2013
  • 마그네슘은 스마트폰, 전자기기 케이스, 내화벽돌과 아크용접봉 제조시의 첨가물 등으로 사용되고 있는데, 최근에는 재활용을 위한 마그네슘 용해로를 취급하거나 가공하는 사업장이 증가하고 있어 사고위험성이 높아지고 있다. 금속분을 취급하는 사업장에서의 금속분진은 저장이나 축적 등과 같이 주로 퇴적물로서 존재한다. 퇴적분진의 발화온도는 퇴적물 형상과 두께, 입경, 분위기 가스의 유속, 산소농도, 부유분진의 농도, 퇴적밀도, 수분 등의 많은 영향인자가 관여하기 때문에 이론적 예측이 힘들고 실험적인 측정에 의존할 수 밖에 없는 것이 현실이다. 본 연구에서는 연소성이 높고 화재폭발사고사례가 많은 마그네슘(Mg) 분진을 사용하여 승온속도 변화에 따른 열분해특성을 조사하였다. 퇴적분진의 열적특성을 조사하기 위하여 METTLER TOLEDO의 TGA/DSC1를 사용하였으며, Mg 시료의 평균입경은 38, $142{\mu}m$이다. 입경 $38{\mu}m$의 Mg 시료의 열중량분석 결과, 중량증가는 $400{\sim}500^{\circ}C$의 범위에서 시작되며 $550^{\circ}C$에서 급격하게 중량이 증가하고 있으며, 증량증가개시온도(Temperature of weight gain)는 $460^{\circ}C$에서 시작하여 $900{\sim}950^{\circ}C$ 범위에서 중량 증가 포화값에 도달하였다. 입경 $142{\mu}m$의 Mg에 대하여 공기중 승온속도를 5, 10, $20^{\circ}C/min$으로 변화시키면서 실온에서 $900^{\circ}C$까지 가열 시키는 경우의 시료의 중량 변화에 따른 열분해 특성은 승온속도가 증가할수록 2단계의 S자 곡선은 완만하게 상승을 나타내며 중량증가개시온도가 높아지는 경향을 보이고 있다. 중량증가개시온도가 승온속도에 따라 변화하는 결과를 나타내고는 있지만, 시료량의 증가에 따른 영향을 열중량분석 실험방법의 제약으로 인하여 확인할 수 가 없었다. 그러나 만일 시료량이 크게 증가하는 경우에는 동일한 승온조건에서 중량증가 개시온도는 낮아질 가능성이 있다. 중량증가는 시료의 산화반응에 의한 것이므로 시료량의 증가는 시료 내부에의 열의 축적을 용이하게 하여 보다 낮은 온도에서도 산화반응이 충분히 일어나는 조건이 형성되기 때문이다. 승온속도가 증가할수록 산화 반응한 괴상형태의 연소입자가 크게 증가하고 있는 것을 알 수 있다. 승온속도에 따른 중량개시온도 곡선을 보면 [그림 24]와 같으며 승온속도 5, 10, $20^{\circ}C/min$의 증가에 따라 중량개시온도는 각각 490, 510, $530^{\circ}C$가 얻어졌으며 승온속도의 증가에 따라 중량개시온도가 증가하는 경향을 보이고 있다.

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A Thermal Study of the Harmful Chemical Species of Charcoal and Their Transformation during Combustion (숯의 유해물질과 이들의 연소 중 상변화에 대한 열분석 연구)

  • Yoon, Hye-On;Kim, Ki-Hyun
    • Journal of the Mineralogical Society of Korea
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.101-110
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    • 2011
  • Charcoal burning in the process of manufacture and ordinary use often release many constituent chemical species. As a result of open burning, the chemical composition as well as the physical properties of original material changes through the modification of surface properties of charcoal. Surface modification could be more responsible toward the outside elements for surface adsorption, it becomes easy to adsorb more toxic elements through surface adsorption. In this study, four kinds of commercially available charcoal were studied against the chemical and thermal stability along with the heavy metals and organic hazardous substances. Thermo gravimetric analysis (TGA) and differential scanning calorimetry, from room temperature to $400^{\circ}C$, were performed to study the weight loss and the changes in the behavior of those substances. According to TGA analysis, about 10% of weight loss was happened before $200^{\circ}C$. It was found that related weight loss of this temperature region may responsible to the gas phase organic matter. Natural charcoal, K1 and C1 show 15% of loss during the reaction heated to $400^{\circ}C$, while the artificial charcoal K2, C2 show the weight loss of about 20% was found. This is consistent with the main organic matter and VOC analysis results shown. Chemical composition based on the x-ray diffraction analysis was carried out. X-ray diffraction analysis reveals the existence of chemical additive in the forms of $Ba(NO_3)_2$, $BaCO_3$, and $NaNO_3$.

Combustion Properties of Woods for Indoor Use (I) (실내사용 목재의 연소 특성 분석(I))

  • Son, Dong Won;Kang, Seog-Goo
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.42 no.6
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    • pp.675-681
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze fundamental combustion characteristics of woods used for indoor applications. The combustion characteristics such as heat release rate, total heat release, gas yield, and mass loss were analyzed by the method of cone calorimeter or thermogravimetry. These analysis results show that material properties of wood are closely related to flammability. It was shown that the relationship between the mass loss and gas emission. The results of combustion properties of woods would be useful for fundamentals of guiding the safe use of wood indoor application.

Study on the Effect of the ABC Dry Chemical on Wood in Pyrolysis (ABC 분말소화약제의 열분해 시 목재에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Ko, Wang-Youl;In, Se-Jin
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2018
  • This study the effect of pyrolysis products ABC dry chemical and of monoammonium phosphate on wood surface. When the pyrolysis product was removed from the wood surface, monoammonium phosphate was removed due to the high viscosity of the transparent pyrolysis product, but the ABC dry chemical was removed in a lump form. Thermal analysis showed that the pyrolysis characteristics of each sample were similar but the weight of pyrolysis residue was 55.9% for ABC dry chemical and 25.2% for monoammonium phosphate. The additives added to the ABC dry chemical also affect the weight of the pyrolysis residue and the fire protection effect of metaphosphoric acid.

Synthesis and Characterization of Chelated Polymers of Polyhydrazones (폴리히드라존계 킬레이트 고분자의 합성과 특성)

  • Kong Soo Kim;Yong Woo Lee;Doo Hee Lee
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.29 no.5
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    • pp.543-551
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    • 1985
  • A new class of polyhydrazones has been synthesized by the solution polycondensation from equimolecular amounts of aromatic dialdehydes such as para, meta, ortho-phthal aldehyde, 5,5'-methylene-bis-salicyl aldehyde (PPTA, MPTA, OPTA, MBSA) and dihydrazides, 5,5'-methylene-bis-salicylic dihydrazide (MBSDH), terephthalic dihydrazide (TDH), sebacic dihydrazide (SDH) in DMF-$CH_3COOH$ solution. The solubility characteristics, spectral, and thermal properties of the synthesized polyhydrazones and their metal chelates were also studied. These polyhydrazones and their metal chelates except the polyhydrazone prepared from OPTA-MBSDH were generally insoluble in common organic solvents. The thermogravimetric analysis of polyhydrazones showed 10% weight losses at 250∼350$^{\circ}$C and residual weight at 500$^{\circ}$C were 32.5∼62.5%. The decomposition temperature of higher relatively, and the metal chelates decrease in the following orders; Zn(II)-IIa > Ni(II)-IIa > Co(II)-IIa > Cu(II)-IIa.

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