• Title, Summary, Keyword: 엽상잔류독성

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Honeybee Acute and Residual Toxicity of Pesticides Registered for Strawberry (딸기용 농약의 꿀벌에 대한 급성독성 및 엽상잔류독성)

  • Kim, Byung-Seok;Park, Yoen-Ki;Lee, Yong-Hoon;Joeng, Mi-Hye;You, Are-Sun;Yang, Yu-Jung;Kim, Jin-Bae;Kwon, Oh-Kyung;Ahn, Young-Joon
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.229-235
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    • 2008
  • Lack of honey bee toxicity data for most pesticide products used for strawberry restricts to predict the adverse effects to foraging honey bee after treatment of pesticide in plastic house. This study was conducted to evaluate the actual risk of worker honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) through acute contact toxicity test, acute oral toxicity test and toxicity of residues on foliage test with 21 pesticide products. The mortality of honeybee sprayed with 6 pesticides including dichlofluanid WP showed significantly different from control at recommended application rate in acute contact toxicity test at 24 hours after treatment. Fenpropathrin EC and milbemectin EC treatment groups showed more than 25% mortalities at recommended application rate in acute oral toxicity test. In toxicity of residues on foliage test, only fenpropathrin EC treatment group showed more than 25% mortalities at 10 days after treatment at recommended application rate. It was concluded that the most toxic route to exposure for honey bee is direct contact exposure to sprayed pesticides. Safety interval for honey bee was established by concerning the results of these tests.

Insecticidal Activity of Japanese Pine Sawyer (Monochamus alternatus) and Toxicity Test of Honeybee (Apis mellifera) using 5 Kinds of Neonicotinoids (5종의 네오니코티노이드계 약제에 대한 솔수염하늘소의 살충활성과 꿀벌독성)

  • Cho, Woo Seong;Jeong, Dae-Hoon;Lee, Jae Seon;Kim, Hyun Kyung;Seo, Sang-Tae;Kim, Gil-Hah
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.33-41
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    • 2017
  • Susceptibility and persistence of Japanese pine sawyer, Monochamus alternatus adults, and acute contact toxicity, foliage contact toxicity, and residual toxicity to honeybee, Apis mellifera were evaluated by using 5 kinds of neonicotinoid pesticides. All neonicotinoids pesticides showed over 80% mortality 48 hour after body spray treatment. However, only 2 kinds of acetamiprid ME and acetamiprid+buprofezin showed over 80% mortality in the twig dipping treatment. All of the five neonicotinoides pesticides used in M. alternatus adults showed residual effect of 60-80% mortality, but the efficacy decreased rapidly after 1 day of treatment. Acetamiprid ME showed the lowest toxicity in the acute and foliage contact toxicity test of A. mellifera. The residual toxicity of leaves on A. mellifera was very low in acetamiprid ME and acetamiprid+buprofezin. However, the residual toxicity of all pesticides treatments decreased to 10-30% after 1 day of treatment and further decreased with time. These results indicate that acetamiprid ME among five neonicotinoid agents showed a high insecticidal activity in the M. alternatus adults, while it exhibited relatively low contact and residual toxicity in the A. mellifera. It is thought that acetamiprid ME can be effectively used for the control of the M. alternatus adults as vector of pine wilt disease.

Evaluation of Acute and Residual Toxicity of Insecticides Registered on Strawberry against Honeybee (Apis mellifera) (딸기에 등록된 살충제의 꿀벌에 대한 급성 및 엽상잔류독성)

  • Ahn, Ki-Su;Yoon, Changmann;Kim, Ki-Hyun;Nam, Sang-Young;Oh, Man-Gyun;Kim, Gil-Hah
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.185-192
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    • 2013
  • This study was performed to evaluate the spray toxicity and leaf residual toxicity of 52 kinds of insecticides registered for strawberry against adult honeybee Apis mellifera. According to the IOBC standard, the acute toxicity by spraying showed below 30% was classified as non-toxic. Among tested insecticides, 32 insecticides (flonicamid, lufenuron, novaluron, three kinds of acetamiprid, thiacloprid, milbemectin, acequinocyl, TBI-1, two kinds of chlorfenapyr, chlorfluazuron, cyenopyrafen, cyfumetofen, etoxazole, fenpyroximate, flubendiamide, flufenoxuron, hexythiazox, metaflumizone, two kinds of methoxyfenozide, DBB-2032, pyridalyl, spiromesifen, tebufenpyrad, teflubenzuron, acetamiprid + methoxyfenozide, acrinathrin + spiromesifen, bifenazate + spiromesifen, cyenopyrafen + flufenoxuron) did not show any toxic effect, it is thought to be safe. And the others (20 insecticides) showed higher toxicity to honeybee. Insecticides which showed acute toxicity higher than 90% was selected and tested the residual toxicity. All insecticides except emamectin benzoate EC, and indoxacarb SC showed 100% mortality at one day after treatment (DAT). However, the toxicities of emamectin benzoate, indoxacarb SC, and abamectin did not show until 3, 7, 14 DAT, respectively. Nine insecticides such as indoxacarb WP, thiamethoxam WG, abamectin + chlorantraniliprole SC, acetamiprid + etofenprox WP, acetamiprid + indoxacarb WP, bifenthrin + clothianidin SC, bifenthrin + imidacloprid WP, bifenazate + pyridaben SC, chlorfenapyr + clothianidin SC showed over 90% residual toxicity until 31 Day. In pouring treatment, thiamethoxam WG showed 76.9% mortality at 28 DAT and 50.0% mortality at 31 DAT. After 35 days, thiamethoxam WG showed no effect to honeybee. Bifenthrin + clothianidin SC and tefluthrin + thiamethoxam GR showed 57.1 and 80.0% mortality at 24 DAT, respectively. In spraying treatment, thiamethoxam WG and bifenthrin+clothianidin SC showed very high residual toxicity with 100% mortality in thirty-five DAT. After spraying treatment with thiamethoxam WG, bifenthrin+clothianidin SC, bifenthrin + imidacloprid WP, thiamethoxam WG showed 100% residual toxicity until 21 DAT and there was no activity after 28 DAT. Bifenthrin+clothianidin SC and bifenthrin+imidacloprid WP showed very high residual toxicity until 49 DAT.

Residual Toxicity of Bifenthrin and Imidacloprid to Honeybee by Foliage Treatment (Bifenthrin과 Imidacloprid의 작물잎에서의 잔류량과 꿀벌에 대한 독성)

  • Cho, Kyung-Won;Park, Hyun-Ju;Bae, Chul-Han;Kim, Yeon-Sik;Shin, Dong-Chan;Lee, Seung-Yeol;Lee, Suk-Hee;Jung, Chang-Kook;Park, Yeon-Ki;Kim, Byung-Seok;Lee, Kyu-Seung
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.226-234
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    • 2010
  • Foliage residue toxicity experiment was performed against honeybee (Apis mellifera) with bifenthrin, a synthetic pyrethroid insecticide with strong acute contact toxicity and imidacloprid, a neo-nicotinoid insecticide with strong acute oral toxicity to know the honeybee toxicity at the residue level on the leaves of alfalfa and apple. Also, the formulation differences to honeybee toxicity were investigated with WP (2%) and EC (1%) of bifenthrin and WP (10%) and SL (4%) of imidacloprid. Generally, foliage residual toxicity of honeybee and residual amounts of tested insecticides was higher in alfalfa leaves with large leaf area per unit weight than in apple leaves. While on the other hand, the only bifenthrin WP treatment showed higher honeybee toxicity on apple leaves than alfalfa. Although imidacloprid showed higher residue amounts ranged $4.9{\sim}25.4\;mg{\cdot}kg^{-1}$ than bifenthrin ranged $0.6{\sim}12.7\;mg{\cdot}kg^{-1}$ on the leaves, the residual toxicity to honeybee was lower than bifenthrin because of its strong penetration character. In conclusion, the residual toxicity of insecticide to honeybee could be affected by the contact and vaporized toxicity of chemical, the residual amounts on the surface of leaves, and the leaf area per unit weight and formulation differences.

Risk Assessment of Fipronil on Honeybee (Apis mellifera) (Fipronil의 꿀벌 (Apis mellifera)에 대한 위해성 평가)

  • Kim, Byung-Seok;Yang, Yu-Jung;Park, Yeon-Ki;Jeong, Mi-Hye;You, Are-Sun;Park, Kyung-Hun;Ahn, Young-Joon
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.39-44
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the actual risk of fipronil on worker honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) through acute contact toxicity test, acute oral toxicity test, toxicity of residues on foliage test, and small scale field test. The $48h-LD_{50s}$ of fipronil SC on honeybee were $0.005{\mu}g$ a.i./bee in acute contact toxicity test and $0.004{\mu}g$ a.i./bee in acute oral toxicity test, respectively. In toxicity of residues on foliage test, fipronil showed over 90% of mortality during 28days after treatment at recommended application rate. The $DT_{50}$ of dislodgeable foliar residue was 9 days. Finally, In small scale field test, fipronil showed similar toxicity in the residues on foliage test. It was concluded that fipronil has very high acute toxicity and long residual toxicity to honeybee. Therefore, fipronil is highly toxic to bees exposed to direct treatment or residues on blooming crops or weeds. Do not apply this product or allow it to drift to blooming crops or weeds if bees are visiting the treatment area. To protect honeybee and wild pollinators from outdoor use of fipronil, ultimately it should need to limit for only indoor use to prevent pollinators from unintentionally exposure of fipronil.

Honeybee Toxicity by Residues on Tomato Foliage of Systemic Insecticides Applied to the Soil (침투이행성 농약의 토양처리 후 토마토잎에서의 잔류에 의한 꿀벌 독성)

  • Bae, Chul-Han;Cho, Kyung-Won;Kim, Yeon-Sik;Park, Hyun-Ju;Shin, Kwan-Seop;Park, Yeon-Ki;Lee, Kyu-Seung
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.178-184
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    • 2013
  • Residual toxicity test to honeybee was conducted to evaluate an indirect effects on honeybee after planting hole application of systemic insecticides which were highly toxic to honeybee (Apis mellifera). In this study, It was applied three application rates in the planting hole by three systemic insecticides, dinotefuran GR, imidacloprid GR and clothianidin GR at planting time of tomato. Residual analysis of foliage was carried out after periodic sampling the foliage and investigated the effects of exposed honeybee on the tomato foliage. The honeybee mortality by dinotefuran residues on the foliage was shown almost 100% at 7 days after treatment and decreased 17 days after treatment. The maximum mortality of honeybee by imidacloprid residues on the foliage was 44 ~ 72%. But the effect of pesticide lasted for 18 days and then decreased. The honeybee mortality by clothianidin residues on the foliage was 100% at 7 days after treatment and decreased 14 days after treatment. A tendency of the honeybee mortality and residue in foliage showed a similar character as time goes by. The residues in tomato foliage decreased gradually after 14 days by vigorous growth of tomatoes and the toxic effect of honeybee was significantly decreased after 21 days in actual usage of the treatment.

Evaluation of Toxicity of Several Environmental Friendly Agricultural Materials on Honeybee (Apis mellifera) and Asian Multicolored Ladybird Beetle (Harmonia axyridis) (꿀벌과 무당벌레에 미치는 몇가지 친환경유기농자재에 대한 독성평가)

  • Hwang, In-Cheon;Cho, Tae-Kyung;Youn, Young-Nam
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.227-232
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    • 2010
  • Toxicity of seven environment friendly agricultural materials (EFAM), which have been used in the domestic market were evaluated on honeybee (Apis mellifera) and asian multicolored ladybird beetle (Harmonia axyridis). Three EFAMs made from plant extract agents (Wangjoongwang Eco, Bogum Eco and Bestop Eco) and four EFAMs made from microbial utilizing agents (Worldstar Eco, Goodmorning, Bluechip and Cameleon) were investigated as EFAMs. In evaluation of toxicity on honeybee, the $RT_{25}$ values of 3 EFAMs made from plant extract agents ranged from 1 to 3 days. Therefore, honeybee should be released 1-3 days after application of these EFAMs. Meanwhile, the four agricultural materials made from microbial utilizing agents did not show any mortality against honeybee. In evaluating the toxicity to adult and larva ladybird beetles, all seven EFAMs made from plant extract agents and microbial utilizing agents to show any mortality.