• Title, Summary, Keyword: 예비 교사

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The Effects on SSI program of elementary pre-service teachers in 'The Universe and the Earth' ('우주와 지구' 분야에서 초등 예비교사들의 SSI 프로그램 수업 적용 효과)

  • Lee, Yong-Seob;Kim, Soon-Shik
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Earth Science Education
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.338-346
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    • 2014
  • In this study, find out of recognition of the effect of science, society and ethical aspects on natural disasters and understanding degree of knowledge applying for SSI class aimed at elementary pre-service teachers by developing SSI training program of the 'Earth and Space' field. Also, after SSI class application we examined the change perceptions of elementary pre-service teachers. SSI training program was that elementary pre-service teachers participated in the SSI class of a variety of subjects in the field of 'Earth and Space' and directly joined in the decision-making process and reflectional discussion with colleagues as conducted in this class reflective discussion with the pre-primary teachers pre-service teachers. Elementary pre-service teachers were understanding of the nature of the science and to understand in more depth about the SSI class characteristics. This study, second grade 115 people who was taking 'science and teaching materials' course in B National University of Education at B city participated. In order to apply for SSI class, one semester based on 15 weeks until seven weeks were science and teaching materials and based on the nature of science, after 8 weeks we set the theme of the contents related to the Earth and space and give lesson applied for SSI. During 8 weeks, test subjects 4 classes were taking 50 minutes a week 100 minutes. First time has theoretical lessons in topics related to the 'Earth and space' and on the second week, each classes participate in the decision-making processes respectivly by dicussing and debating on the first week's topic as regarding social and moral aspects of it. We obtained the following results. First, elementary pre-service teachers were acquiring the results of 67% in the knowledge aspects of the 'Earth and space'. This result was determined that most of the elementary pre-service teachers were liberal arts in high school. Second, while participating in the SSI class, elementary pre-service teachers were concretely aware of the nature of SSI and the characteristics of the class. Third, the elementary pre-service teacher are thaught that introduction education courses about 'Earth and space' are needed but most of the students responded that this would require a lot of effort of teachers. This was derived from not familiar class form that did not fulfill in the science teaching methods until now.

An Analysis on the Roles and Strategies of Imagistic Simulation Observed in Mental Simulation about Problematic Situations of Prediction (예측의 문제 상황에 대한 멘탈 시뮬레이션에서 나타난 심상 시뮬레이션의 역할과 전략 분석)

  • Ko, Min-Seok;Yang, Il-Ho
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.247-260
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    • 2014
  • Purpose of this study is to analyze the roles and strategies of imagistic simulation observed in mental simulation about problematic situation of prediction, and thereby identify the process of generating prediction, explanation and sophistication. For this study, a framework for mental simulation process and strategy based on literary research was developed and content was validated from four experts of science education. This study was participated by 10 preliminary elementary school teachers, and a total of 20 cases were gathered for two thought experiment tasks based on the think-aloud method. The results were as follows: First, mental simulation process described based on the seven elements of 'perception,' 'interpretation,' 'statement of initial representation,' 'running imagistic simulation,' 'identifying result of simulation,' 'identifying alignment' and 'restatement structured representation.' The study confirmed that initial representation by interpreting related concepts and running imagistic simulation a number of times to develop explanation and prediction. Second, the study identified the use of strategies to enhance simulation such as 'zoom in,' 'partition,' 'dimensional enhancement,' 'dimensional reduction,' 'remove,' 'replace' and 'extreme case.' Running spatial transformation that uses strategy to enhance simulation contributed to discovering mechanism elements in problematic situations.

Development of the scale for recognition measurement of Home Economics Subject (가정교과의 인식 측정을 위한 척도 개발 연구)

  • Baek, Min-Kyung;Wang, Seok-Soon
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.101-116
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this research is to develop a scale to measure how students and parents, who are the consumers of education, and home economics teachers and education experts, who are the suppliers, recognize the home economics subject, based on the characteristics and goal of the revised home economics curriculum that is currently being applied in South Korea, in the year 2007. To do this, the survey on home economics recognition developed and utilized in prior researches was used as the basic data. The final version of 60 questions was made by adding questions made through steps. They include question quality factor verification through step1-interview, step2-draft questions, step3-preliminary research, and step4-substantiation research of four groups. As a result of the factor analysis of the recognition of home economics, credibility is high in all factors. The final scale consists of 8 factors, when the explanatory power is 57.439%. This shows that home economics has been established as education for living and a practical subject. Nevertheless, it needs further improving to be recognized as a subject involving emphasis on healthy formation of family life and a subject of practical criticism.

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Scoring Korean Written Responses Using English-Based Automated Computer Scoring Models and Machine Translation: A Case of Natural Selection Concept Test (영어기반 컴퓨터자동채점모델과 기계번역을 활용한 서술형 한국어 응답 채점 -자연선택개념평가 사례-)

  • Ha, Minsu
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.389-397
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to test the efficacy of English-based automated computer scoring models and machine translation to score Korean college students' written responses on natural selection concept items. To this end, I collected 128 pre-service biology teachers' written responses on four-item instrument (total 512 written responses). The machine translation software (i.e., Google Translate) translated both original responses and spell-corrected responses. The presence/absence of five scientific ideas and three $na{\ddot{i}}ve$ ideas in both translated responses were judged by the automated computer scoring models (i.e., EvoGrader). The computer-scored results (4096 predictions) were compared with expert-scored results. The results illustrated that no significant differences in both average scores and statistical results using average scores was found between the computer-scored result and experts-scored result. The Pearson correlation coefficients of composite scores for each student between computer scoring and experts scoring were 0.848 for scientific ideas and 0.776 for $na{\ddot{i}}ve$ ideas. The inter-rater reliability indices (Cohen kappa) between computer scoring and experts scoring for linguistically simple concepts (e.g., variation, competition, and limited resources) were over 0.8. These findings reveal that the English-based automated computer scoring models and machine translation can be a promising method in scoring Korean college students' written responses on natural selection concept items.

Exploring High School Students' Perceptions on Cross-Curriculum Character Education Factors in Mathematical Teaching & Learning (인성교육을 위한 수학 교수·학습에서 고등학생들의 범교과적 인성요소에 대한 인식변화)

  • Hong, In Sook;Choi-Koh, Sang Sook
    • Journal of Educational Research in Mathematics
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.607-633
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    • 2016
  • Teachers and students tend to perceive mathematics irrelevant with character education. Since there has been no teaching of cross-curriculum characters education in mathematics classrooms, this research was to look for the possibility of teaching the character education in mathematics. Through the pilot study, trying to rebuild character factors based on Moon, et al,(2011), the researcher applied them to developing 8 lesson plans and carried them to 12th graders of the high school in March and April, 2014 using pre and post tests. Based on statistically significant difference with the level of p<.05, in "relation with me", for 'appointment' in the pretest, the students of natural science(SNS) exceeded, but in the posttest the students of humanities(SH) exceeded. In "relation with the other", in the posttest, for 'forgiveness' and 'responsibility' SNS, but for 'ownership' SH exceeded. In 'relation with a group' in the pretest for 'community spirit' SNS, and in the posttest SH exceeded. In the pretest in this study SNS naturally perceived the value of character education in math classes since they were closer to mathematics but after the experience through character education with cross-curriculum factors, SH perceived its importance expecially 'appointment', 'ownership', and 'community spirit' more than SNS so that we could predict the possibility of teaching cross-curriculum character factors in mathematics even after they had preconception as a high school student.

Analysis of Daily Internet·Gaming·Smartphone Habit and Preference Factors of Moral Machine (인터넷·게임·스마트폰생활 습관과 모랄머신 선호도 요인 분석)

  • Park, SunJu
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.21-28
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    • 2020
  • Technological advancements such as artificial intelligence, robots, and big data are revolutionizing the entire society. In this paper, we analyzed preliminary teachers' daily internet/gaming/smartphone habit and the difference between preference factors in gender and diagnosis group in the situation of ethical dilemma in driverless cars. The result shows most of the male students are in high risk group of daily internet/gaming usage, and male students tend to be more immersed in games compared to female students, which negatively affects their daily lives. Students who have at least one of the daily internet/gaming/smartphone habits are more likely to be classified as high-risk group in all three of daily internet/gaming/smartphone habit. Fortunately, the students perceived themselves addicted and wanted change their habits. An analysis by a moral machine of these students tells that there is no significant difference in preference between male and female students and among diagnosis groups. However, specifically in the ethical dilemma of driverless cars, all the groups of male, female, normal, high-risk showed they have priority in pedestrians over drivers, a large number of people over small, and people who obey traffic rules over who do not. The tendency was pronounced in female group and high-risk students prioritized people who are older and in lower social status.

Analysis on Trend of Study Related to Computational Thinking Using Topic Modeling (토픽 모델링을 이용한 컴퓨팅 사고력 관련 연구 동향 분석)

  • Moon, Seong-Yun;Song, Ki-Sang
    • Journal of The Korean Association of Information Education
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.607-619
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    • 2019
  • As software education was introduced through the 2015 revised curriculum, various research activities have been carried out to improve the computational thinking of learners beyond the existing ICT literacy and software utilization education. With this change, the purpose of this study is to examine the research trends of various research activities related to computational thinking which is emphasized in software education. To this end, we extracted the key words from 190 papers related to computational thinking subject published from January 2014 to September 2019, and conducted frequency analysis, word cloud, connection centrality, and topic modeling analysis on the words. As a result of the topical modeling analysis, we found that the main studies so far have included studies on 'computational thinking education program', 'computational thinking education for pre-service teacher education', 'robot utilization education for computational thinking', 'assessment of computational thinking', and 'computational thinking connected education'. Through this research method, it was possible to grasp the research trend related to computational thinking that has been conducted mainly up to now, and it is possible to know which part of computational thinking education is more important to researchers.

Development and Validation of Occupational Personality Scale Required for Industrial High School Graduates (고졸 취업자에게 요구되는 직업인성 척도 개발 및 타당화)

  • Kim, Minwoong;Kim, Taehoon
    • Journal of vocational education research
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.36-60
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to explore the occupational personality required for high school graduates and to develop a scale to measure them objectively. In order to achieve the purpose of the study, this study constituted the delphi committee composed of the teacher group and the industrial personnel group. Afterwards, Delphi survey was conducted twice, and it was found that 12 jobs such as sincerity and honesty were related to occupational personality. As a result of the development of the scale based on the previous research and the expert group interview, 12 factors and 116 scales were developed for the pre - occupational personality test tool. In order to verify the validity and reliability of the developed preliminary test tool, we conducted a questionnaire survey of 700 students of vocational high school, and 514 questionnaires were used for final analysis. Parallel analysis was performed to determine the number of factors before exploratory factor analysis. As a result, eight factors were found to be appropriate. As a result of exploratory factor analysis using the 'maximum likelihood method' and 'direct oblimin rotation method', 78 items of 8 factors were found appropriate. However, in order to confirm whether the item reflects the contents of the factors, we conducted a content validity test for the expert group. As a result, feedback was obtained that 19 items were irrelevant or inadequate. Therefore, the validity of the existing job personality test tool and the modified job personality test tool were verified through confirmatory factor analysis. As a result, the fitness of the revised test tool was higher and the fitness level was generally good.

Analysis of Experiments for the Rules of Material Change Unit in 9th Grade Science Textbooks and the Development of Experiments Applying Small-Scale Chemistry (9학년 과학교과서 물질변화에서의 규칙성 단원 실험 분석과 Small-Scale Chemistry를 적용한 실험 개발)

  • Ryu, Ran-Yeong;Kim, Dong-Jin;Hwang, Hyun-Sook;Park, Se-Yeol;Lee, Sang-Kwon;Park, Kuk-Tae
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.55 no.3
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    • pp.529-540
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    • 2011
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze experiments for the rules of material change unit in 9th grade science textbooks and develop experiments applying small-scale chemistry (SSC). For this study, experimental methods for the precipitation experiment, water electrolysis experiment, decomposition of hydrogen peroxide experiment presented in the 9 science textbooks were analyzed. Problems and improvements that were needed were extracted by 13 science teachers performing the experiments. Experiments applying SSC were developed based on the improvements needed. Afterwards, 19 pre-service science teachers performed both the developed SSC experiments and the science textbooks' experiments. A questionnaire about merits and demerits of the experiments applying SSC was performed. According to the results of this study, most of the 9th grade science textbooks included the lead iodide precipitation experiment, water electrolysis experiment by Hoffman voltameter, and decomposition of hydrogen peroxide experiment using catalytic manganese dioxide. Improvements were needed on the quantity of reagents, time for performing experiments, and scale of experimental apparatus. Merits of the developed experiments applying SSC which used small amount of reagents were safety, easy waste material disposal, short reaction time, and reproducible experimental results. Demerits of the experiments applying SSC were difficulty in observing, decreased achievement, and lack of skill in handling small-scale apparatus. Therefore, if the experiments developed applying SSC were to be utilized in 9th grade science experiments, it will be possible to use less reagent and be able to teach and carry out reproducible experiments at the same time. Also, the reproducible experiments based on SSC will help students under stand the scientific concepts for the rules of material change unit.

Development and Evaluation of an Educational Program for the Clothing life Domain in Home Economics through a Theme-Based Integrated Approach (주제 중심 통합적 접근에 의한 가정 교과 의생활 영역 교육 프로그램 개발과 평가 - "의복관리"와 "섬유(재료)" 주제를 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Nam-Eun;Lee, Hye-Ja
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.163-188
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    • 2010
  • This study set out to develop and evaluate an educational program for the Clothing Life of Home Economics through the theme-based integrated approach develop integrated thinking abilities for solving everyday problems. For those purposes, it selected a couple of themes in the area of Clothing Life toward which the theme-based integrated approach could be develop and evaluate an educational program. The developed program was applied and assessed in total 28 hours of field lessons given to eighth graders attending B Middle School in Busan Metropolitan City. The analysis stage involved an exploration into programs related to an integrated approach to other subjects; the design stage identification of program types; and the development stage theme selection according to the selection criteria. The previous studies were analyzed along with the Technology and Home Economics textbooks to select a theme. two themes "Clothing Management" and "Fabrics(Materials)" were selected after discussing with the students on the Messenger and with a group of experts. Then content was organized and composed around the themes by discussing connections with other subjects. There were three evaluation; one by experts, another through preliminary lessons, and the other through field lessons. Following the research procedure, a theme-based integrated program was developed for the two selected themes. It contained total 49 and 32 learning materials for "Clothing Management" and "Fabrics(Materials)," respectively. Those learning materials were comprised of experiments and practices according to the nature of the themes. Each program consisted of the goals, learning content, content organization chart, learning activities, and evaluation; learning activities experiences, practice and experiment activities, self-directed activities and problem-solving processes; and evaluations self-evaluation, teacher evaluation, peer evaluation, portfolio, and experiment reports. The program was assessed three times. The first and second evaluation results found that the program was well compatible with the current needs, was properly organized to give lessons through integration with other subjects, and continuously maintained the students' interest. They, however, requested that there should be detailed explanations about each part of the program content. In the third evaluation done by the students during field lessons, 60% of them said that the program was fun and its content was easy to understand, that they realized a theme could be connected to several other subjects, and that the program could be applied to actual life. The educational program through the theme-based integrated approach is significant in that it is an educational program for the area of Clothing Life and tries an integrated approach. It helped the students not only gather knowledge in an integrated manner, but put it to practical uses to solve various problems they faced in actual life by creatively changing integrated knowledge. The study will be hopefully used by many teachers so that the students solve problems based on the ability of integrating various knowledges organically.

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