• Title, Summary, Keyword: 오염원인자부담의 원칙

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Soil Environmental Policy in Netherlands (네덜란드의 토양환경정책)

  • 송창수
    • Journal of Korea Soil Environment Society
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.3-8
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    • 1997
  • The basic aim of the current policy is to achieve and preserve a sustainable soil quality. This means that soil must retain all its functions for years to come. The Soil Protection Act lays down a statutory "duty of care", which means that soil contamination occurring during certain activities must be cleaned up by the person who cause it. The Soil Cleanup (Interim Measures) Act(1983) was repeated on 15 May 1994, and its provisions, together with some ammendments and additions, were assimilated into the Soil Protection Act. These cleanup regulations are intended to deal with "old cases" of soil contamination, i.e. cases that came to light before 1 January 1987, when the Soil Protection Act entered into force. The urgency for cleanups is dependent upon the actual exposure. In most cases actual exposure win be less than potential exposure (underlying C-values) because only a few exposure routes are present. Cleanup of sites where exposure exceeds maximum tolerable risk levels are considered urgent, and the actual risk level is used to prioritize the cleanup.oritize the cleanup.

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A study on stormwater fee imposition for sustainable rainwater management (지속가능한 빗물관리를 위한 강우유출수 부담금 도입방안 검토)

  • Kim, Gil-Bok
    • Journal of Korean Society of Water and Wastewater
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.103-110
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    • 2019
  • Management of stormwater runoff is considered a nationwide challenge. To deal with this challenge, many researches have been conducted to study initial stage of stormwater fee imposition. The objective of this study was to recommend a framework for stormwater fee imposition not only for funding the stormwater management programs but also for encouraging people to decrease impervious area. This study focused on, regulations, financial resources and international cases related to stormwater runoff management. Polluter pays principle, which is generally recognized environmental policy principle is regarded the basis of stormwater fee imposition. Three components suggested for the stormwater rate structure are 1) stormwater utility revenue requirement, 2) billable equivalent stormwater unit, 3) system unit cost. The key point of stormwater rate structure is the "Equivalent Residential Unit(ERU)". The concept of an ERU is one residential area with a runoff coefficient. The runoff coefficient is that portion of rainfall that becomes runoff rather than infiltrating into the ground. In addition to this, this study took into account the observed data simulation for the separation of stormwater treatment expenditure from the comprehensive wastewater treatment cost.

The Liability on the Damage of Soil Pollution (토양오염의 피해에 대한 책임)

  • Cho, Eun-Rae
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 2005
  • Soil is polluted by an agricultural chemicals, the effluence of a crystal and sewage sludge, illegal discharging of waste water or waste matter and so on. Soil pollution that accompanies a groundwater and the crops contamination has a large effect on people's living. By polluters pay principle, when a soil was polluted, polluters take the responsibility of clean-up and compensation for damages. The character of the responsibility is a strict liability. When joint polluters exist in a soil pollution, they bear collective responsibility. But they are exempted from obligation in case of a natural calamity and war. The polluters who are poor contribution of pollution take a partition responsibility but it is not easy to prove that. The concerned parties of purification liability in a soil pollution are polluter, an owner or occupant of a contaminated site, and a grantee. But when we do not appoint the polluter or he cannot do a cleanup, municipal must put in effect the purification. In such a case, another parties who are related to the contamination should take upon themselves a liability. The province of responsible parties, therefore, is required to extend to an owner or operator of a facility, a carrier and lender.

Relationship Between Environmental Infra Operating Cost and Polluter Pay Principles (환경기초시설 운영비 보조와 오염원인자부담원칙)

  • Kang, Heechan;Kang, Sung Won;Kim, Minjoon
    • Environmental and Resource Economics Review
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.165-187
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, we tested if the sewage subsidy from Korean Water Management Fund discourage sewage fee increase by Korean local governments, and consequently hinder water quality improvement. To examine this counter-incentive effect of Water manage Fund sewage subsidy, we estimated the effect of sewage subsidy on the ratio of sewage fee revenue to environmental treatment facilities' operation cost of local governments in 2009-12, using two-stage least square estimation. We found that the sewage subsidy has negative effect on the sewage fee revenue to sewage operation cost ratio. But, the statistical significance of this effect was sensitive to model specification. And the size was too small to conclude that the counter-incentive effect was economically significant.

World Interest and Activities on Marine Litter (해양쓰레기의 전 지구적 관심과 실행)

  • Jung, Rho-Taek
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Marine Environment & Energy
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.173-180
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    • 2009
  • After the UN General Assembly on 2006, Interest on the marine litter has rapidly increased internationally. The UN sub-organizations, UNEP/Regional Seas, FAO(Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) and OC(Ocean Conservancy) as a one of world NGO had been tackled to collect information and prepared world reports related on marine litter, recently, those are published. Through the 10years experience of Korea's policy on marine litter since 1999, it is re-evaluated as a roll model internationally. In this paper, brief introduction of structure and function of Korea's authorities which are responsible for or are involved in the marine litter issue as well as the National Marine Litter Management Basic Plan which is established in 2008, has been provided. This paper also included the structure and roll of the marine litter initiative center in the plan. Change of the paradigm of action plan on marine litter in Korea already had been started.

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