• Title, Summary, Keyword: 우울 영향 요인

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Identifying Influencing Factors of Soldiers' Depression using Multiple Regression and CART (다중회귀와 회귀나무를 활용한 군인 우울 요인 분석)

  • Woo, Chung Hee;PARK, JU YOUNG;Lee, Yujeong
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.171-172
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    • 2013
  • 우울은 군대 내 발생되는 극단적인 사고 중 하나인 자살의 주요 원인으로 제시되어 왔다. 본 연구는 군인들의 우울, 불안 및 자아존중감의 수준을 파악하고, 우울의 영향요인을 탐색하고 이들을 예측하는데 주로 사용해 왔던 다중회귀분석 방법과 효과적인 의사결정방법으로 알려진 회귀나무모형의 효과성을 비교해보고자 하였다. 방법: 횡단적 조사연구이며, 우울측정에는 CES-D, 불안측정은 SAI, 자아존중감은 Rosenberg(1965)의 도구를 사용하였다. 연구대상자는 강원도 전방 부대 근무 중인 군인이며, 534부가 회수되었다. SPSS/WIN 18.0을 이용하여 위계적 다중회귀분석과 회귀나무모형을 실시하였다. 결과: 대상자들의 우울, 불안 및 자아존중감의 정도는 각각 $10.7({\pm}9.8)$, $38.5({\pm}10.2)$$31.7({\pm}5.2)$이었다. 대상자의 23.6%(126명)가 경한 우울을 나타내었다. 다중회귀분석에 의한 우울 영향요인은 불안, 자아존중감과 복무기간이었으며, 우울에 대하여 62.0%의 설명력을 가지고 있었다. 또한 회귀나무모형에서는 높은 불안과 불안이 다소 낮더라도 전역 후 진로가 불확실한 집단이 우울 위험군일 것으로 예측되었다. 결론: 본 연구 대상자들의 우울의 주요 영향요인은 불안으로 나타났다. 군대 내에서 적용할 수 있는 불안 조절 방법 개발이 필요할 것으로 보인다. 또한 일부 요인에서 차이가 있어, 반복 연구가 필요하지만, 주요 변인인 불안을 예측했다는 점에서 보면 다중회귀분석과 회귀나무모형은 군인들의 우울을 예측에 유용한 방법으로 보인다.

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Longitudinal Study on the Effects of Depression by Household's Economic Factors According to Income Levels (소득수준별 가구 경제요인이 우울에 미치는 영향에 대한 종단적 고찰)

  • Sung, Jun-Mo
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.62 no.1
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    • pp.109-132
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    • 2010
  • This study examined the effects of depression by household's economic factors with income levels using the wave 1, 2 of Korean Welfare Panel Study. As a result, changes in income satisfaction have significant effects on depression levels. In non-poor households, the income and comsumption expenditure have effects on depression levels. But poor households do not have any effects. Among the control variables, age, marital status, and education level are influential factors on the depression levels. Based on the results, the author was able to recognize the economic factors in household that influnce the depression levels. and The policy directios for household's economic support were discussed.

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Exploration Factors Affecting Depression of Immigrant School-Adolescents (중도입국 학교청소년의 우울에 영향을 미치는 요인 탐색)

  • Choi, Eun-Hee;Kim, Kyung-Eun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.27-39
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    • 2018
  • This study explored the influencing factors on the depression of immigrant school-adolescents. It made use of family factors, school factors, and multi-cultural factors to verify the influencing variables of depression in school grade. Data were drawn from the National Survey of Multi-cultural families 2015 and analyzed t-test and chi square test and multiple regression analysis by using SPSS Win 21.0. First, school violence experience was the most important factor on the affecting depression in elementary school students. Multi-cultural family identity was the main cause of depression in middle school students, and school study difficulty in high school students. Second, major variables on the affecting depression in all groups were identified as social discrimination experience. These results implied the differentiated support by ages was asked for the stable settlement of adolescents. Experience of social discrimination was a common factor raising the level of depression in all groups. Therefore, we should be done active intervention in school environment.

Analysis of Convergent Factors on Subjective Health Status of Patients with Depression (우울증 환자의 주관적 건강상태에 대한 융복합적 요인 분석)

  • Kwon, Myoung-Jin;Kim, Young-Ju
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.309-316
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to identify converged factors influencing subjective health status of patients with depression. The subjects of this study are 117 people answered that depression years of the 2013 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey subjects. The results of this study were that the factors influencing subjective health status were education level, number of family member, quality of life, subjective body awareness, stress and they explained 55.9% of the variance. Therefore the intervention is considering various converged influencing factors should be done when the primary care for the promotion of subjective health status of patients with depression. This study identified a complex convergence of factors influence the subjective health status of patients with depression could be helpful on developing nursing intervention programs. It is necessary to identify forward more various social religious factors and disease influence the subjective health status of patients with depression.

A Comparative Study of Influencing Factors on Depression in Housewives (주부 우울에 영향을 미치는 요인들에 관한 비교연구)

  • Yee, Sam-Yean
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.39
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    • pp.238-265
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    • 1999
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the degree of depression in housewives and to analyze the effects of psychosocial factors on the depression. Especially the focus was on the differences in the degree of depression and the influencing factors on depression between those in early adulthood and those in middle adulthood The subjects consisted of 130 early adulthood housewives and 142 middled adulthood housewives. They asked to complete several self-report measures that were used to assess the variables of interest. The result indicated that the depression in housewives were serious enough to arouse social workers' attention. The average housewives were suffered from mild depression, and 17.1% of the housewives were in need of professional treatment. There was no significant difference in the degree of depression between the early adulthood housewives and the middle adulthood housewives. There were, however, differences in the factors which explain and predict the depression between these two groups. The results of step-wise multiple regression analysis indicated that the factors which predict the depression for the early adulthood housewives were self-esteem, conflict with the spouse, experience of painful events, age, and conflict with the children. On the other hand, the factors which predict the depression for the middle adulthood housewives were self-esteem, conflict with the spouse, job, and income. Implications of the findings for social work interventions were discussed.

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The Mediating Effects of Family Factors and Friendship Factors on Adolescent Depression: Differences between the Low-income Group and the Middle-class (청소년의 가정요인이 친구요인을 매개하여 청소년의 우울에 미치는 영향: 저소득층과 중산층 차이를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Bong-Geum;Kim, Sang-Cheol
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.493-504
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the differences between low-income and middle-income groups with respect to how family factors intervene with friendship factors to influence adolescent depression. In order to do this, we selected 1,552 adolescents (246 from low-income group and 1276 from middle-income group) from 1 panel of the 6th Korean Children & Youth Panel Survey and conducted multiple-group analysis for structural equation modeling. The results are as follows. Firstly, there were no direct effects of parenting style on adolescent depression for the low-income group, whereas effects were found to be significant for the middle-income group. Secondly, parenting style had a greater influence on friendship factors for the low-income group than the middle-income group. Thirdly, the influence of friendship factors on depression was much more negative for the middle-income group than the low-income group. Fourthly, it was found that parenting style had greater intervention effects on friendship factors influencing adolescent depression for the middle-income group as compared to the low-income group. However, intervention effects were not found for peer alienation.

A Study on the Influence of Socio-economic Deprivation on Depression : Focusing on Latent Growth Modeling Analysis (사회경제적 박탈이 우울에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 잠재성장모형 분석을 중심으로)

  • Sohn, Yong Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Data Analysis Society
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.3227-3238
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    • 2018
  • This study attempts to investigate the trajectories of socio-economic deprivation on the depression trajectories among middle-aged individuals using a latent growth model over the last five years. Using the Korea welfare panel study data ranged from the year 2013 (8th wave) to the year 2017 (12th wave), a sample of 7,437 aged over 40 was selected. Three hypothesis was proposed as follows. Is the trajectory of depression changing over the years? Are the initial values of socio-economic deprivation causally related to the initial values of depression? Are the rates of change in socio-economic deprivation causally related to the rates of change in depression? Results showed that the growth curve of depression tended to decline negatively over the five-year period. As the intial values of socio-economic deprivation increased, so did the initial values of depression move upwards. Finally, as the changes of socio-economic deprivation tended to get larger, those changes of depression also accordingly increased as well. The public policy implications based on the current study were discussed to pay more attention to those middle-aged individuals suffering from socio-economic deprivations.

Influential Factors of Social Relation on the Change in the Depression Level of Elderly -Longitudinal Analysis using a Latent Growth Model (노인의 사회적관계 요인이 우울 궤적에 미치는 영향 -잠재성장모형을 이용한 종단연구)

  • Kim, Jin-hun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.7
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    • pp.138-148
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    • 2019
  • Although social relation factors are confirmed to be closely associated with the depression level of the elderly through the preceding studies, there has been no specific study on subfactors of social relation that influence the trajectory of depression level. Considering such limitation, this study aims to analyze influencing subfactors of social relation on the trajectory of depression of the elderly. The 3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th-year data of the Korean Longitudinal Survey of Ageing (KLoSA), which were provided by the Korea Employment Information Service (KEIS), were used in this study and 2,484 people aged 65 and over who responded to all the four-session surveys were used as final analysis subjects. In the result of the longitudinal study on depression level of the elderly aged 65 and over, the individual depression level was confirmed become lowered over time, showing a positive change. Also, the conditional model of Latent Growth Modeling (LGM) was applied to identify specific social network factors that influence the longitudinal change of depression level of the elderly. In the result of the analysis, it was found that initial value of depression of the elderly was influenced by whether they have a spouse or not, number of household member, meeting with close people, whether they do economic activity or not, whether they have a religion or not, etc. and the rate of change in depression of the elderly was influenced by number of household member, meeting with close people, expectation about life, etc. Through above results, this study suggests a need for specific programs and supports to continuously lower the depression level of the elderly.

Depression Factors of Adult Women in a Marine City (일 해양도시 성인여성의 우울영향요인)

  • Go, Hyun-Nam;Lee, Sam-Soon;Kim, Min-Ja
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.684-691
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    • 2020
  • This study was attempted to provide basic data for health promotion program for depressive relief by grasping the degree of depression of adult women and grasping the factors affecting depression. Data were collected using structured questionnaire for 249 adult women in the one marine city and analyzed through technical statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression analysis. According to the study, 76.3 percent (190 people) of women in the city were depressed. The subjects who expressed depression showed negative correlations with social support, self-respect and subjective euphoria and between depression and stress as positive correlation. The result of multiple regression analyses to identify the effects of depression have shown that stress is a major influencing factor, and this model has a 21.1% explanatory power. Therefore, the study found stress as a significant factor in the depression of adult women, it is necessary to develop and apply health promotion programs that can reduce stress in order to reduce depression in adult women.

Affecting Factors on Depression among Female Labor Workers (생산직 여성근로자의 우울에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Jung, Eun-Sook;Shim, Moon-Sook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.12
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    • pp.822-831
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    • 2011
  • This study was to examine factors related to depression of female labor workers. In order to identify health promotion strategies and intervention program to reduce depression of female labor workers. The participants were 176 female workers of manufacturing industries. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire that consisted of personal characteristics, duty related, work related characteristics and depression. Using a SPSS/WIN 17.0 Program, descriptive statistics, $x^2$-test, ANOVA and Stepwise Multiple Regression procedures were employed. As follows on the results; In Correlation analysis, work intensity, work concentration, vibration, work difficulty and job stress were positively correlated with depression. In multiple Regression, work intensity and work difficulty were significantly explained by depression. Given the findings, Do nevertheless support the need to develop effective depression intervention programs to reduce factors which work related condition and depression.