• Title/Summary/Keyword: 운행선

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Risk Estimation Study on Railway Track Worker Hit by Train (철도 운행선로 작업자와 열차 접촉사고 위험도 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Kwak, Sang Log
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Safety
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.72-78
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    • 2020
  • The accident fatality rate has decreased by more than 90% compared to 2006, due to the safety management and safety investment based on the Rail Safety Act. Most railway safety indicators, including fatality rates, have improved significantly from 60% to 80%, reaching the level of developed countries in terms of most railway safety indicators. However, the only staff fatality rate at work is not improved, and it is 3 to 5 times higher than that of developed countries. Most of the fatality occurred during employee's work recently occurred due to accidents hit by train while track work. In principle, when operating track need to check or maintenance, the operation of the train should be stopped and the work carried out. However, in Korea, due to the highest passenger density and train operating density in the world, it is caused by a structural problem that requires workers to enter the track while the train is running and perform various tasks such as maintenance and inspection. In this study, we analyzed the risk of accidents caused by hit by trains on the track, which is the biggest cause of staff fatality, using the main statistics of the last 10 years. In detail, the scenarios of the main causes of hit by trains and workers were formed to suggest the effectiveness of the current preventive measures and supplementary.

A Study on On-Site Railroad Track Structure Performance Improvement Methods for Low-Maintenance (현장궤도 생력화를 위한 도상구조 개선에 관한 연구)

  • 양재성;이희현;남보현
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.479-486
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    • 2000
  • There has been recently an on-going effort in railway community to improve the dynamic performance of on-site railroad track with limited track possession time. In this paper, train running test lateral resistant force test and static/dynamic analyses are conducted before and after sprinkle of the ballast stabilizer in order to investigate the dynamic behaviors and parameters of the railroad track. Based upon the above results, effects of the stabilizer is verified, and a table for the track modulus representing on-site track condition and the methods to reduce the vibration and the transmitting forces of the ballasted track components to the infrastructures are suggested. It is thought that the suggestions made in this paper could be used as the preliminary data for the condition assessment and the maintenance of the track in the future.

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A study on the Risk Assesment Procedure for Work in the Operational Railway (철도운행선 공사의 위험도 평가절차 수립 연구)

  • Wang, Jong-Bae;Park, Ju-Nam;Park, Chan-Woo;Kwak, Sang-Log
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1037-1045
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    • 2006
  • In this study, a hazard analysis was performed on the accident related work in the operational railway during 2000-2006 years in order to establish risk assesment procedure for work in the operational railway. As a result of hazard analysis, various hazard events for person accident and operation incident were identified, and risk for the each events was evaluated. Also risk matrix was structurized for setting the risk control criteria.

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A Study on the Risk Assessment for Works on/near Operating Line (열차운행선 지장공사에 대한 위험도 평가 연구)

  • Jung, Do-Hyun;Wang, Jong-Bae;Lee, Su-Ryong
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1515-1524
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    • 2008
  • In this study, railway accidents from constructing or maintaining works on/near operating line were reviewed during 2005-2007 years. Causes and hazards analysis of these accidents was performed to make an accident scenario for risk assessments. And the risk of worker casualty on/near operating line was quantitatively assessed. Also a constitution method of Risk Matrix for manage tolerable risk level was proposed.

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The Ground Investigation Technique of Railway Using Pagani Cone Test (Pagani Cone Test를 이용한 철도노반 조사 기법 연구)

  • Cho, Eun-Kyung;Cho, Kook-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.792-801
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    • 2016
  • Standard Penetration Test (SPT) and Cone Penetration Test (CPT) are widely used in geotechnical investigation methods for railway roadbed. However, SPT can not be used on the Railway track, since the equipment may contact to the electric lines. However, a portable equipment can be used for geotechnical investigation without electrical hazard. Dynamic Cone Penetrometer (DCP) is one of representative portable equipments. A normal portable DCP has usually not enough driving energy and the rigidity of cone-rod, so it is impossible to investigate the required investigate penetration depth. In this study, The adaptability of Pagani cone test which is one of portable dynamic cone penetrometer is studied and compared with SPT-N data. As a result of this study, the proposed correlation factors between Pagani cone test and SPT-N values after corrections is 1.48 for sandy soil and 1.33 for clayey soil.

Optimization of Ballast Depth of Ballasted Track Bridges to Improve Ride Comfort (승차감 향상을 위한 유도상교량의 도상두께 최적화)

  • Kim, Kwan-Hyung;Kwon, Soon-Jung;Kim, Yun-Tae
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.31 no.6D
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    • pp.867-874
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    • 2011
  • The ballast abrasion occurs on the ballasted track upon bridges more than soil roadbed because the track vibration occurs a lot in the ballasted track upon bridges due to girder vibration when a train's weight is loaded onto track even though the identical ballast is used. The phenomena of mud pumping especially, which occurs when drainage is not properly secured for heavy rain, leads to the increase of maintenance work load and the decline of ride comfort. The ballast thickness range in domestic railroad construction rule is uniformly set up according to the design speed of railroad and passing tonnage of train without considering field conditions which is considered in foreign railroad companies. The purpose of this study is to verify the effect of vibration decrease by measuring the acceleration, displacement and ride comfort of ballasted track with the change of ballast thickness on the ballast tracked bridges and to suggest the optimal height of ballast on the Yocheon Bridge built for the test in Honam Line.

A Study on Relationship between Track Impact Factor and Track Support Stiffness of Turnout System on Urban Transit (도시철도 분기기 궤도구조의 궤도지지강성과 궤도충격계수의 상관관계에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jung-Youl;Park, Jong-Yoon;Lee, Kyu-Yong;Chung, Jee Seung
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.461-466
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    • 2020
  • In this study, the relationship between the track support stiffness and the track impact factor for a sleeper floating track and a turnout system with wood ties currently employed in Korean urban transit was assessed by performing field tests using actual vehicles running along the service lines. Field tests were performed on four track systems (i.e., sleeper floating track, and point, lead and crossing sections of turnout system). The theoretically designed track impact factor and track support stiffness were compared with the corresponding track impact factor and track support stiffness measured through field tests for the target tracks on the service line. The track impact factor for the service line appeared to increase with the deviation of track support stiffness according to vehicle driving direction; therefore, it was inferred that the deviation of track support stiffness between each track section directly affected the track impact factor.

A Result Analysis on Field Test for Localization Development of Axle Counter System (Axle Counter System 국산화 개발을 위한 현장시험 결과분석)

  • Ko, Joon-Young;Park, Jae-Young
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.6214-6220
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    • 2015
  • A track circuit has used stably more than 100 years for detecting train position, but solution of track circuit sort circuit incapacity due to a rust is necessary for side line in station yard, coast line and level crossing for conventional line in rural line. Domestically, Axle Counter System(ACS) has partially used for Hot Box System for high speed line and turnout for CBTC system. In contrast, most of countries has used ACS not only trunk line but also rural line and its application has increased for metro, electric car and industrial railway. In this paper, we has verified the operating status of ACS which installed with existing track circuit through log analsis to implement pilot application in mail track and turnout in station yard. And interface test with interlocking system has conducted at Obong shunting yard, as well as Cheongju station and has analyzed test result. Based on a test result, we made fail safe design, manufacturing skill and established system requirement specification for the smooth operation and maintenance.

An Experimental Study on Dynamic Behavior Evaluation of Transitional Track (접속부 궤도의 동적거동분석을 위한 실험적 연구)

  • Cho, Sung-Jung;Choi, Jung-Youl;Chun, Dae-Sung;Kim, Man-Cheol;Park, Yong-Gul
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1379-1385
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    • 2007
  • In domestic transitional zone design, there is regulation to prevent generation of irregular substructure behaviors that negatively influence in prevention of plasticity settlement on approach section and contact section as well as relieve overall track rigidity by reducing sectional foundation and track stiffness difference, but design guideline that considers dynamic behavior of transitional track in actual service line is very insignificant. Therefore in this study, characteristics of transitional track dynamic behaviors by substructure stiffness are researched and measured dynamic response of transitional track by substructure stiffness in order to prove correlation between substructure and track and calculate elasticity(stiffness) and track load of transitional track by using measurement and formula to provide basic information for developing design guideline considering dynamic behavior of service line transitional track.

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A Dynamic Behavior Evaluation of the Curved Rail according to Lateral Spring Stiffness of Track System (궤도시스템의 횡탄성에 따른 곡선부 레일의 동적거동평가)

  • Kim, Bag-Jin;Choi, Jung-Youl;Chun, Dae-Sung;Eom, Mac;Kang, Yun-Suk;Park, Yong-Gul
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.517-528
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    • 2007
  • Domestic or international existing researches regarding rail damage factors are focused on laying, vehicle conditions, driving speed and driving habits and overlook characteristics of track structure (elasticity, maintenance etc). Also in ballast track, as there is no special lateral spring stiffness of track also called as ballast lateral resistance in concrete track, generally, existing study shows concrete track has 2 time shorter life cycle for rail replacement than ballast track due to abrasion. As a result of domestic concrete track design and operation performance review, concrete track elasticity is lower than track elasticity of ballast track resulting higher damage on rail and tracks. Generally, concrete track has advantage in track elasticity adjustment than ballast track and in case of Europe, in concrete track design, it is recommended to have same or higher performance range of vertical elastic stiffness of ballast track but domestically or internationally review on lateral spring stiffness of track is very minimal. Therefore, through analysis of service line track on site measurement and analysis on performance of maintenance, in this research, dynamic characteristic behaviors of commonly used ballast and concrete track are studied to infer elasticity of service line track and experimentally prove effects of track lateral spring stiffness that influence curved rail damage as well as correlation between track elasticity by track system and rail damage to propose importance of appropriate elastic stiffness level for concrete and ballast track.

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