• Title, Summary, Keyword: 위험감수성

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Franchisees' Entrepreneurship and Business Performance (프랜차이즈 가맹점주의 기업가정신과 성과)

  • Jeon, Yoonchul;Choo, Seungyoup;Limb, Seong-Joon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.408-420
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    • 2017
  • A franchisee owner, as an entrepreneur who is independent from a franchisor, has the greatest influence on the success of franchisee business. The effect of the franchisees' entrepreneurship on their performance can be different from that of self-employed business owners, due to the fundamental nature that the franchisor and franchisees share a standardized operation and business risks. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to demonstrate whether or not the relationship between the entrepreneurship and the performance, which has been popularized in general, is displayed in franchised stores as well. The current study analyzed the influence of innovativeness, risk-taking, and proactiveness on franchisees' performance based on the samples from 109 Small Size Educational Services franchisees. The results show that the franchisees' proactiveness is the only variable that affects the performance while the effect of the other variables was not significant. These results make implications that, for their business success, franchisee owners should be proactive in their target market, without compromising the quality of franchisor's standardized products and services by being innovative and risk-tolerant.

The Effects of Driving Behavior Determinants on Dangerous Driving and Traffic Accidents in the Reckless Drivers Group: A Path Analysis Study (사고 및 음주운전자들의 운전행동결정요인 특성이 위험행동 및 교통사고에 미치는 영향: 경로분석 연구)

  • O, Ju-Seok;Lee, Sun-Cheol
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.25 no.2
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    • pp.95-105
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    • 2007
  • Speeding and drunken driving make drivers fail to detect hazards and cope with various driving situations. These behaviors also raise the possibility of being involved in traffic accidents and tend to increase the number of fatalities. The authors compared the driving behavior determinants of a rockless drivers group, consisting of individuals who have committed traffic accidents or offended regulations through drunken driving, with a normal drivers group. In the results, the reckless drivers group showed high scores of 'speeding' and 'drunken driving', and they also stated that they had more experiences of speeding, drunken driving and traffic accidents. In the path analysis study, it was found that the impacts of the rockless drivers group's 'risk sensitivity' and 'situational adaptability' on traffic accidents were stronger than those of normal drivers. This means 'risk sensitivity' and 'situational adaptability' can explain the origins of traffic accidents better in the reckless drivers group than accidents of the normal drivers group.

A Meta-Analysis on the Effect of Entrepreneurship on the Entrepreneurial Intention: Mediating Effect of Entrepreneur Education (기업가정신이 창업의지에 미치는 영향에 관한 메타분석: 창업교육의 매개효과)

  • Yoon, Byeong seon;Kim, Chun Kyu
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.207-221
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    • 2020
  • This study conducted a meta-analysis on the effects of innovation, risk-taking, and enterprising on entrepreneurship. From 2013 to 2020, 392 papers, which were judged as quantitative research from doctoral and master thesis, and academic journals published in Korea were selected as research subjects. 28 duplicates of thesis and thesis are excluded. A total of 52 papers were finally selected, excluding 312 papers that were insufficient to be used as research data because there were no statistical values such as correlation coefficients. For the 52 selected papers, the homogeneity of the variables was first verified. As a result of the homogeneity test, the innovativeness, risk-taking, initiative, and entrepreneurship education all showed great effects on heterogeneity, and the average effect size was analyzed by random effect model. The average effect size analyzed was 0.38 ~ 0.49, and all four variables showed moderate average effect size. As a result of analyzing the average effect size by forest plot, all showed proper results. From the results of funnel plot analysis of entrepreneurship education, published errors were confirmed asymmetric. Research data on entrepreneurship education shows that it cannot represent the whole. It is a structural equation model with entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial intention as a parameter. Iinnovation and risk-taking have an impact on entrepreneurship by taking entrepreneurship education as a parameter. Initiative had an effect on the entrepreneurial intention a business, regardless of entrepreneurship education. In a number of studies, university entrepreneurship education has had an impact on the entrepreneurial intention. It should be changed to entrepreneurship education that combines theory and practice. Entrepreneurship education should be transformed into continuous and field-oriented education.

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The Prevalence of Initial Drug Resistance among Pulmonary Tuberculosis Patients (초치료 폐결핵 환자들에 있어서 초회 약제내성률)

  • Kong, Jae Hwan;Lee, Sang Seok;Kang, Ha Yan;Park, Jae Seuk
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.64 no.2
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    • pp.95-101
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    • 2008
  • Background: Drug resistant tuberculosis (TB) in patients who have not received previous TB treatment (initial drug resistance) is a serious problem for the control of TB. However, prevalence of initial drug resistance among pulmonary TB patients has not been well characterized in Korea, especially in the private sector. We assessed the prevalence of initial drug resistance and evaluated the risk factors for drug resistance in pulmonary TB patients, at a regional tertiary hospital in Cheonan. Methods: We performed a drug susceptibility test for both first and second line anti-TB drugs in all culture-confirmed pulmonary TB patients who had not received a previous TB treatment at Dankook University Hospital from September 2005 to September 2007. In addition, we evaluated the initial drug resistance pattern and clinical characteristics of patients to evaluate the risk factors for initial drug resistance. We also assessed the influence of the drug susceptibility test results on the treatment regimen. Results: Of the total 156 cases where the drug susceptibility test was performed, resistance to at least one anti-TB drug was found in 21 cases (15.6%) and multidrug resistance, where TB was resistant to at least isoniazid and rifampin, was found in one case (0.6%). Multivariate logistic regression showed no clinical characteristics were independently associated with initial drug resistance. Of the total 156 patients who underwent the drug susceptibility test, the treatment regimen was changed for 15 patients (9.6%) according to the results of the drug susceptibility test. Conclusion: Initial drug resistance is common and the drug susceptibility test is informative for pulmonary TB patients who have not received previous TB treatment.

The relationship between positive psychological capital and entrepreneurial intention among middle-aged and elderly individuals: Mediation of Risk Sensitivity and Moderating Effects of Asset Status (중·고령자의 긍정심리자본이 창업의지에 미치는 영향: 위험 감수성의 매개 및 자산상태의 조절 효과)

  • Choi, Ju-Choel
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.233-245
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    • 2020
  • This study aims to investigate the relationship between positive psychological capital and entrepreneurial intention among middle-aged and elderly individuals who are interested in starting their own business by focusing on the mediating effect of risk sensitivity and the moderating effect of asset status. To accomplish the study's objective, a questionnaire was administered to approximately 250 middle-aged and elderly people working in Seoul from December 1 to December 31, 2019. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS 26.0. Specifically, frequency analysis and descriptive statistics were conducted, and reliability of the constructs was assessed. Factor analysis was used to measure the goodness of fit of the model developed. Finally, a structural equation model was established, and analysis was conducted on the test of the hypotheses about the mediating, moderating, and adjusting effects using the AMOS statistical package. The results revealed that positive psychological capital had a positive impact on risk sensitivity, and the path analysis of self-efficacy and entrepreneurial intention as well as resilience and entrepreneurial intention showed results of 0.042 and 0.026, respectively, supporting mediating effects. In the causal relationship between positive psychological capital and entrepreneurial intention, asset status acted as a moderator given that the chi square difference between the models was 7.096. Thus, the findings provide implications for comprehensive training programs to boost positive psychological capital and asset status in middle-aged and elderly individuals who are preparing to establish their own business. Further studies are needed to cover broader geographic areas and compare/analyze other variables associated with business startups.

Evaluation of factors affecting sensory neural hearing loss (감각신경성 청력손실에 영향을 미치는 제 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Seong-Chul;Bae, Seong-Wook;Lee, Jong-Young
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.249-264
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    • 1998
  • Reports on a potential relationship between sensory neural hearing loss(SNHL) and cardiovascular or hematologic factor show that the results are controversial. A detailed analysis of risk factors in the development of SNHL was carried out in 3,050 non-noise exposed healthy worker. The mean hearing threshold of both ears at 500, 1000, 2000, 4000, 8000Hz was measured and the effect of age, possible cardiovascular risk factor and hematologic factor (blood viscosity and hemostatic factors) on SNHL were evaluated. first, each of these were associated with loss of hearing sensitivity when univariately and multivariatively analysed. In a multiple regression model, age, sex, body mass index, WBC and total cholesterol level were independently associated with the mean of hearing sensitivity decrease at 4000 and 8000Hz. Second, study subjects were divided into two group (normal vs SNHL) and we compare the possible risk between both groups, and analysed univariate and multivariative logistic model. In a multiple logistic regression model, age, sex, body mass index, WBC and total cholesterol level, total protein, platelet were independently associated with SNHL. Our results show that we have some reliable indices of susceptibility to SNHL using cardiovascular measures or biochemical factor, but future, more extensive studies are required.

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The Influence of Family Firms Succession Factors on Entrepreneurship and Business Performance (가족기업 승계요인이 기업가정신과 경영성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Young-Su;Kim, Hyun-Ku
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.9
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    • pp.375-389
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    • 2018
  • A successful succession of family businesses is a very important issue that greatly affects the sustainability of the business. Among the factors affecting successful succession, the successors of the family business were identified on the entrepreneurship held by small business owners and on the management performance of the business. This study was analyzed empirically by the managers who currently run the actual business through completion of or process of succession. Successive factors were established as a place for education and succession of heirs, and entrepreneurship was divided into innovativeness, risk-taking and pro-activeness, and management performance was divided into financial and non-financial achievements. The analysis shows that the education and training of successors among succession factors have significant implications for both managerial performance and entrepreneurship, and that the success of successors has no significant impact on non-financial performance, innovativeness and pro-activeness. In addition, while the risk-taking nature of entrepreneurship was concerned with the performance of management, innovativeness and pro-activeness were not all significant. According to this study, the education and training of successors and the determination of successors in succession family businesses have a significant impact on management performance and entrepreneurship.

The Study on the Effect of Learning Motivation and Conation on the Consultant' Entrepreneurship and Competencies - Focused on the Mediating Effect of Entrepreneurship - (학습동기 및 학습의지가 컨설턴트의 기업가 정신과 역량에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 -기업가정신의 매개효과를 중심으로-)

  • Lee, In-Su;You, Yen-Yoo
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.89-103
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    • 2012
  • This paper analyzed the effect of learning motivation and conation(endurance, effort) on the consultant' entrepreneurship(innovativeness, proactiveness, risk- taking) and competencies(ability, knowledge, attitude), and the mediating effect of the entrepreneurship on the consultant's competencies. The result shows that the learning motivation and conation have a positive impact on the partial factors of the consultant's entrepreneurship(innovativeness, proactiveness) and competencies(ability, knowledge), but not impact on the risk- taking and the attitude. Innovativeness and proactiveness have an positive impact on the consultant's competencies, but not the risk-taking. Innovation and proactiveness fully mediated the effect of learning motivation on the ability, and partially mediated on the knowledge. The effect of learning conation on the ability and knowledge was partially mediated by the innovation, not by the proactiveness. This study shows that the management of the learning motivation and conation, the education of entrepreneurship(innovativeness, proactiveness) are very important for the cultivating the consultant' competencies.

A Study on the Influence of Entrepreneurship of Entrepreneurial Intentions : Focused on the Mediating Effects of University Entrepreneurship Education Satisfaction (기업가정신이 창업의도에 미치는 영향연구 : 대학 창업교육 만족도를 매개효과로)

  • Jo, Young-Jun
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.12 no.11
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    • pp.197-208
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    • 2014
  • In this study, we have looked into how factors of 'entrepreneurship' and 'entrepreneurship education satisfaction' affect the 'entrepreneurial intentions'. Regarding how entrepreneurship affects the entrepreneurial intentions, this study was intended to verify the mediating effect(s) of 'entrepreneurship education satisfaction'. Was a survey of the startup classes of K university students take to achieve the objects of the present study, the result of th empirical relationship between th variables is as follows. This study shows that the achievement needs and risk taking of the entrepreneurship have meaningful (+) effect on the entrepreneurial intentions, And also 'entrepreneurship education satisfaction' is positively mediating 'the achievement needs' and 'the risk taking', but not applied to ambiguity acceptance of entrepreneurship. This study implies that growing confidence and entrepreneurial spirit through entrepreneurship expert education have positive effect on entrepreneurial intentions. For this study, we have conducted a survey targeting the students who take a class of entrepreneurship in K institute of Technology.

The Influence of Entrepreneurial Orientation of Small-Medium Enterprise's CEO on Business Performance: Mediating Effect of Product and Service Innovation (중소기업 경영자의 기업가적 지향성이 제품 및 서비스혁신을 매개로 경영성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Suheyong;Kang, Heekyung;An, na
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.145-157
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    • 2017
  • SMEs play an important role in the domestic economy. Regarding competency to respond flexibly to unpredictable changes, agility of SMEs is more emphasized. Entrepreneurship orientation is an important factor in the source of SMEs that enable such competency. Entrepreneurial orientation refers to the tendency of a CEO or a member of a corporation to be innovative, risk-taking, and active in the face of various market opportunities. In other words, it refers to the tendency to be expressed in the activities of the entire company without regard to specific technologies or industries. Entrepreneurial orientation has a direct or indirect effect on business performance. Therefore, in this study, we conducted theoretical and empirical studies on the effect of entrepreneurial orientation of SME managers on business performance. Research hypotheses were derived through theoretical research. We focused on the mediating effect of innovation activity and tried to identify the mechanism that entrepreneurial orientation leads to business performance through product innovation and service innovation activity. We investigated whether innovativeness, proactiveness, and risk-taking, which are sub-variables of entrepreneurial orientation, affect business performance through product innovation and service innovation. We conducted a survey of SMEs in Busan and Kyungnam regions to examine the research hypotheses. The results show that product innovation and service innovation have mediating effects. The results of the study are as follows. Product innovation has mediating effect of innovativeness and risk-taking on business performance. Service innovation has been found to mediate innovativeness, proactiveness, and risk-taking on business performance. There was a difference in the mediation effect between the two innovations. Product innovation showed a low mediating effect and a large direct effect. On the other hands, service innovation is relatively more mediating than product innovation. The implications of the research results are derived in relation to the essential differences between product innovation and service innovation. Limitations of the study and directions for future research are presented.

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