• Title, Summary, Keyword: 유량계

Search Result 895, Processing Time 0.039 seconds

Real-time Stream Measurement with Ultrasonic Current Meter (초음파유량계를 이용한 실시간 하천유량측정)

  • Kim, Chang Wan;Lee, Min Ho;Cheong, Sang Hwa;Min, In Hong
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.220-224
    • /
    • 2004
  • 하천유량은 이수${\cdot}$치수${\cdot}$환경 관련 사업에서 매우 중요한 기초자료이다. 현재까지는 평${\cdot}$저수시에는 점유속계, 홍수시에는 부자를 이용하여 유량을 측정하고 있다. 이러한 방법에는 많은 측정인원과 비용 및 시간이 소요되고 홍수시에는 안전사고의 발생 가능성도 있다. 이를 해결하기 위하여 고정식 초음파유속계를 이용하는 유량측정법의 적용성 및 타당성을 검토하였다. 초음파유량계의 유량을 검증하기 위하여 프라이스컵 유속계, 마그네틱 유속계 및 이동식 초음파유량계 (ADCP) 등 기존 유량측정법으로 유량을 측정하여 서로 비교하였다. 그 결과, 약간의 차이는 있지만 서로 잘 일치하고 있음을 알 수 있었다. 향후 고정식 초음파유량계를 이용한 하천유량측정의 실용화가 가능한 것으로 판단되었다.

  • PDF

Development and Application of an Ultrasonic Gas Flowmeter (초음파 가스 유량계 개발과 활용)

  • Hwang, Won-Ho;Park, Sang-Gug;Jeong, Hee-Don;Jhang, Kyung-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
    • /
    • v.22 no.3
    • /
    • pp.246-253
    • /
    • 2002
  • This paper describes the development and the field application of the ultrasonic gas flowmeter for accurate measurement of the volumetric flow rate of gases in a harsh environmental conditions in iron & steel making company. This ultrasonic flowmeter is especially suited for measuring LDG, COG, BFG gases produced in iron & steel making process. This is a transit time type ultrasonic flowmeter. We have developed the transmitting & receiving algorithm of ultrasonic wave and the ultrasonic signal processing algorithm to develope a transit time type ultrasonic flowmeter. We have evaluated the performance of ultrasonic flowmeter by the calibration system with Venturi type standard flowmeter. We has confirmed its reliability by extensive field tests for a year in POSCO, iron & steel making company. Now we have developed the commercial model of ultrasonic flowmeter and applied to the POSCO gas line.

Ubiquitous Sensor Network Based Remote Measurement of Digital Flow Metering (Ubiquitous Sensor Network 기반 디지털 유량계 원격 측정)

  • Ha, Sang-Eun;Kwon, Young-Min
    • 한국정보통신설비학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.59-60
    • /
    • 2009
  • 대다수의 유량계는 특성상 공통구나 맨홀 등 일반적으로 사람의 눈에 잘 보이지 않는 곳에서 동작하는 경우가 많다. 따라서 아날로그 유량계의 경우 상태를 점검하기 위해 많은 불편함을 감수해야 하지만, 디지털 유량계를 도입하면 그러한 불편함을 줄일 수 있다. 디지털 유량계의 도입은 무선 기술을 결합할시 관리를 손쉽게 하는 등 유지보수성을 높일 수 있는데 그 역시 전력을 공급하는데 있어 배선관리 등의 문제점이 다시 발생하게 된다. 본 논문에서는 무선 센서네트워크(이하 USN) 기술을 융합하여 원하는 정보를 손쉽게 얻고 유지보수 비용을 낮추며 향후 다양한 활용을 가능케 하는 배터리 기반의 유량계 관리 시스템과 그 활용 방안을 제시한다.

  • PDF

Effects of Pressure Tapping on flow Rate Characteristics of Triangular Separate Bar Differential Pressure flow Meter (삼각 분리 막대형 차압 유량계의 압력탭이 유량 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Choong-Hoon;Park, Dong-Sun
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.1680-1686
    • /
    • 2009
  • Flow characteristics of a differential pressure flow meters which have a shape of triangular separate bar (TSB) was investigated according to machining conditions in pressure tapping holes. Size of pressure tapping holes is machined with either 1.0 mm or 1.5 mm in diameter. Also, number of pressure tapping holes are drilled either 9 or 17. The mass flow rate of the TSB flow meters are calibrated with a laminar flow meter by connecting them in line. The mass flow rate in the TSB flow meters are plotted with a non-dimensional parameter H which includes the gas temperature, exhaust gas pressure and differential pressure at the flow meters, and atmospheric pressure. An empirical correlation between the mass flow rate at the TSB flow meter and the non-dimensional parameter H was obtained. The empirical correlation showed highly linear relationship between the mass flow rate and the non-dimensional parameter H. The hole size of the pressure tapping holes has a bigger effect on the flow rate than the number of the tapping holes.

  • PDF

Study on Flowmeter Proving Errors of a Small Volume Prover (소형 푸루버의 유량계 검증 오차 연구)

  • 백종승;임기원;최용문
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
    • /
    • v.14 no.1
    • /
    • pp.259-266
    • /
    • 1990
  • Leaks at the piston seal and the by-pass port of a small volume prover have relatively large influence on the proving accuracy in comparison with a conventional ball prover. The pulse interpolator, which is to increase the discrimination, is affected by the characteristic of the flowmeter signal. In this study, a small volume prover of the double cylinder type was designed in order to study the pulse interpolation error as well as the leak error. The basic volume of the prover determined by a water draw method was about 9.68L. Experimental results revealed that interpolation data attained by the repeated piston pass for turbine meters at a fixed flowrate may be treated effectively by applying a statistical method. It was possible to limit the pulse interpolation error less than .+-. 0.02% at the 95% confidence level. However, in the case of the bulk meter, if failed to achieve the required repeatability level because of the pulse characteristics. The basic volume change appeared to be independent of the piston velocity within the .+-. 0.05% of tolerance.

Study on for Estimation of Ecological Instream Requirement in Nakdong River (낙동강권역 생태계 필요유량 산정방법 비교 연구)

  • Park, Jung-Eun;Kim, Jeong-Kon;Jeong, Young-Won;Lee, Sang-Uk
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.180-180
    • /
    • 2011
  • 하천의 정상적인 기능 및 상태를 유지하기 위하여 필요한 최소유량을 의미하는 하천유지유량은 하천수질보전, 하천생태계보호, 하천경관보전, 염수침입 방지, 하구막힘 방지, 하천시설물 및 취수원보호, 지하수위 유지 등을 감안하여 산정하게 된다. 하천유량 변화는 하천내 동 식물에 영향을 미치며, 특히 고등 생물인 어류의 서식처, 산란장소 및 산란조건 등은 유량 및 수위변화에 민감하게 반응하므로 하천구간별 어류의 서식처 유지에 적절한 수심, 유속 등 수리 조건을 제공할 수 있는 유량을 산정하게 된다. 국내에서는 90년대 후반부터 생태계를 고려한 하천유지유량 개념이 도입되었으며, 어류의 적절한 수생 서식환경 평가를 위해 주로 유량 점증 방법론(IFIM, Instream Flow Incremental Methodology) 개념에 입각한 물리서식처 모형을 이용한 연구가 진행되어 왔다. 본 연구에서는 낙동강수계 13개 지점을 선정하여 어류상 조사를 실시하여 어류의 물리서식처 모형과 수심-유속-유량 관계곡선을 이용한 간단법을 이용하여 생태계 보전을 위한 필요유량을 산정하였다. 어류 물리서식처 모형으로는 어류서식환경 평가에 가장 광범위하게 이용되고, 생태적 특성을 반영할 수 있는 유량점증방법론의 PHABSIM(Physical HABitat SIMulation) 모형을 선택하였다. 현장 모니터링 및 문헌조사를 통해 각 지점별 대표어종을 선정하고, 유량, 수심, 저수로 하천단면, 하상재료와 같은 수리특성을 조사하고, 선정된 한계단면에 대한 유량측정을 실시하였으며, 수심-유속-유량 관계곡선을 통하여 각 지점의 대표어종이 서식할 수 있는 최소유량을 산정하였다. 또한 지점별로 서식처 적합도 지수(HSI, Habitat Suitability Index)와 가중가용면적(WUA, Weighted Usable Area)를 산정하였으며, 이는 PHABSIM 모형의 적용에 이용되었다. 물리서식처 모형과 간단법 적용결과를 비교해본 결과, 모든 지점에서 물리서식처 모형 적용결과가 간단법에 비해 크게 산정되었는데, 이는 간단법이 성어기 서식에 필요한 최소 수리조건을 선택하였지만, PHABSIM의 경우 성어기 어류서식의 최적 수심 및 유속을 이용하여 가중가용면적을 산정하기 때문인 것으로 판단된다. 어류서식과 관련된 많은 관련 데이터가 축적된다면 어류서식처에 맞는 최적의 생태유량을 보다 정확하게 산정할 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.

  • PDF

A Study on Flow Characteristics of a Separate Triangular Bar Differential Pressure Flow Meter for Measuring Exhaust Flow Rate of Diesel Engine (디젤엔진 배기 가스 유량 측정용 삼각 분리 막대형 차압유량계 유량 특성 연구)

  • Lee, Choong-Hoon;Kim, Kwang-Il;Kim, Min-Chang;Park, Dong-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
    • /
    • v.10 no.5
    • /
    • pp.563-568
    • /
    • 2007
  • A separate triangular bar type differential pressure flow meter was developed for measuring exhaust gas flow rate from Diesel engine. Three kinds of the separate triangular bar flow meters whose aerodynamic angles are different one another are made and evaluated, respectively. The experimental results show that an aerodynamic shape has a effect on the pressure difference between upstream and downstream at the flow meter, that is, the thinner the shape of the separate triangular bar flow meter is, the smaller the pressure difference at the flow meter is. The separate triangular bar type flow meter was calibrated at both cold and high temperature of the gas flow. A burner system was designed for raising the gas temperature and it was well operated in controlling the gas temperature. An empirical correlation between mass flow rate and differential pressure at the separate triangular bar flow meter was obtained and the empirical correlation was also corrected by the gas temperature.

Experimental Comparison and Analysis of Measurement Results Using Various Flow Meters (유량측정 기기별 측정성과에 대한 실험적 비교분석)

  • Lee, Jae-Hyug;Lee, Suk-Ho;Jung, Sung-Won;Kim, Tae-Woong
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
    • /
    • v.12 no.1
    • /
    • pp.95-103
    • /
    • 2010
  • Discharge data examine the process of hydrologic cycle and used significantly in water resource planning and irrigation and flood control planning. However, it needs lots of time and money to get the discharge data. So discharge rating curve is usually used in converting discharge data. Therefore reliability of discharge rating curve absolutely depends on quality of discharge data. Many engineers who study hydrologic engineering make high quality discharge data to develop reliable discharge rating curve. And they carry out research on standard and method of discharge measurement, and equipment improvement. Now various flow meters are utilized to make discharge data in Korea. However, accuracy of equipment and experimental research data from measurement are not enough. In this paper, constant discharge flowed through standard concrete channel, and the velocity is measured using various flow meters. Also Discharge is calculated by measured data to compare and analyze. The equipment for the experiment is Price AA(USGS Type AA Current meter), flow meter, ADC, C2 small current meter, flow tracker, Electromagnetic current meter. The discharge got form various flow meters which are widely used for discharge measurement. The various depths of water were examined and compared such as 0.30 m, 0.35 m, 0.40 m, 0.45 m, 0.50 m, 0.55 m. The experiment progresses a round-measurement on 6-case. Wading measurement(one point method : the 60 % height in surface of the water) was applied to improve creditability and accuracy among measurement methods. USGS Type AA current Meter, Flow Meter, ADC, C2 Small Current meter got the certificate of quality guaranteed. So the results of experiment were used to compare discharge. The Results showed the difference based on USGS Type AA current Meter at average discharge and velocity. Electromagnetic current meter made differences over $\pm$ 10 % and Flow Meter made differences under $\pm$ 10 %. Also ADC, Flow Meter, C2 Small Current meter made differences under $\pm$ 5 %.

Flow Signal Characteristics of Small Scale Electromagnetic Flowmeter in Low Conductivity Fluid Measurement (저전도율 유체 측정에서 소형 전자기유량계의 신호 특성)

  • Lim, Ki Won;Jung, Sung Soo
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
    • /
    • v.40 no.9
    • /
    • pp.613-620
    • /
    • 2016
  • In order to scrutinize the fluid conductivity effects on the electromagnetic flowmeter(EMF) characteristics, a small scale EMF was designed and fabricated. The measuring tube has a $3mm{\times}4mm$ rectangular cross-section, 9 mm length, and a $2mm{\times}3mm$ plate electrode and a ${\Phi}1.5mm$ point electrode. The design parameters, such as the magnetizing frequency and the number of coil turns, and the diameter were optimized. The EMF was tested with a gravimetric calibrator and showed good linearity in the range of 0 to $1.17{\times}10^{-5}m^3/s$. The fluid conductivity was varied between 3 and $11{\mu}S/cm$, and the magnitude of the flow signal was proportional to the fluid conductivity and the wetted area of the electrode. The design information and the test results provide flow measurement techniques for very low flowrate.