• Title, Summary, Keyword: 유체연성 실린더

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Fluid-structure interaction analysis of two-dimensional flow around a moving cylinder (유체-구조 연성 기법을 사용한 움직이는 2차원 실린더 주위의 유동 해석)

  • Lee, Hee-Bum;Rhee, Shin-Hyung
    • 한국전산유체공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.68-74
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    • 2011
  • Recently, thanks to the advanced computational power and numerical methods, it is made possible to analyze the flow around moving bodies using computational fluid dynamics techniques. In those simulations, moving mesh techniques should be able to represent both the body motion and boundary deformation, which are frequently encountered in fluid-structure interaction and/or six degree-of-freedom problems. In the present study, the staggered loosely coupling algorithm was used for fluid-structure interaction and the Laplacian operator based technique was used for moving mesh. For the verification of the developed computational method, the flow around a two-dimensional cylinder was simulated and analyzed.

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A Numerical Method for Analysis of the Sound and Vibration of Waveguides Coupled with External Fluid (외부 유체와 연성된 도파관의 진동 및 소음 해석 기법)

  • Ryue, Jung-Soo
    • The Journal of the Acoustical Society of Korea
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    • v.29 no.7
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    • pp.448-457
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    • 2010
  • Vibrations and wave propagations in waveguide structures can be analysed efficiently by using waveguide finite element (WFE) method. The WFE method only models the 2-dimensional cross-section of the waveguide with finite elements so that the size of the model and computing time are much less than those of the 3-dimensional FE models. For cylindrical shells or pipes which have simple cross-sections, the external coupling with fluids can be treated theoretically. For waveguides of complex cross-sectional geometries, however, numerical methods are required to deal with external fluids. In this numerical approach, the external fluid is modelled by the boundary elements (BEs) and connected to WFEs. In order to validate this WFE/BE method, a pipe submerged in water is considered in this study. The dispersion diagrams and point mobilities of the pipe simulated are compared to those that theoretically obtained. Also the acoustic powers radiated from the pipe are predicted and compared in both cases of air and water as an external medium.

Random Vibration and Harmonic Response Analyses of Upper Guide Structure Assembly to Flow Induced Loads (유체유발하중을 받는 상부안내구조물의 랜덤진동 및 조화응답해석)

  • 지용관;이영신
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.59-68
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    • 2002
  • The cylindrical Upper Guide Structure assembly of the reactor intervals wish the Core Support Barrel and the Inner Barrel Assembly is subjected to flow induced loads horizontally which include random pressure fluctuation due to turbulent flow and pump pulsation pressures. The purpose of this papers is to perform random vibration and harmonic response analyses fort flow induced loads. The dynamic response characteristics due to random turbulence and pump pulsation loads were evaluated using the lumped mass beam model. Especially the model considered the annulus effects due to water gaps existing between cylindrical structures such as the Upper Guide Structure Barrel, the Core Support Barrel, and the Inner Barrel Assembly. The effect of the Inner Barrel Assembly inside the Upper Guide Structure assembly was studied. The peak dynamic responses lot each loading condition due to the addition of IBA were affected by the natural frequencies of the structures. Therefore the peak dynamic responses of the structures should be conservatively obtained from evaluation of dynamic analysis for various loading conditions.

Dynamic Behavior Analysis of Stiffened Cylindrical Shell Filled with Fluid (내부가 유체로 채워진 보강원통쉘의 동적거동 해석)

  • Youm, Ki-Un;Yoon, Kyung-Ho;Lee, Young-Shin;Kim, Jong-Kiun
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.20 no.9
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    • pp.2875-2886
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    • 1996
  • This work present the experimental resutls for the free vibration of unstiffened, stiffened cylindrical shell filled with air, half water and full water. The natural frequencies and mode shapes of unstiffened, stiffened cylindrical shell are obtained experimentally also. The natural frequencies of stiffened cylindrical shell were generally highter than those of unstiffened cylindrical shell and natural requencies were decreased as cylindrical shell was filled with water. The effect of circumferential stiffener in the first mode was shown that natural frequency more increased 25% at air environment, 29% at half water environment and 37% at full water than those of unstiffened cylindrical shell, respectively. Also, the natural frequencies were decreased according to the added mass effect of fluid in the shell of unstiffened and stiffened cylindrical shell. The six mode shape results of all cases are simular and given. The natural frequencies are determined for a wide range of parameters : e.g. unstiffened shell, and filled with air, half and full water. The effects of varying the parameters on the free vibration frequencies and mode shapes are discussed.

A Study on the Dynamic Response of Cylindrical Wind Turbine Tower Considering Added Mass (부가수질량을 고려한 실린더형 풍력발전기타워의 동적응답연구)

  • Son, Choong-Yul;Lee, Kang-Su;Lee, Jung-Tak
    • 한국태양에너지학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.348-358
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    • 2008
  • Unlike structures in the air, the vibration analysis of a submerged or floating structure such as offshore structures is possibly only when the fluid-structures is understood, as the whole or part of the structure is in contact with water. Through the comparision between the experimental result and the finite element analysis result for a simple cylindrical model, it was verified that an added mass effects on the cylindrical structure. Using the commercial FEA program ANSYS(v.11.0), underwater added mass was superposed on the mass matrix of the structure. A frequency response analysis of forced vibration in the frequency considered the dynamic load was also performed. It was proposed to find the several important modes of resonance peak for these fixed cylindrical type structures. Furthermore, it is expected that the analysis method and the data in this study can be applied to a dynamic structural design and dynamic performance evaluation for the ground and marine purpose of power generator by wind.

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Adaptive Stereoscopic-PIV System for the Analyses of the Flow-Structure-Interactions (FSI) of Air-Lifted Bodies (공기부양 물체의 유동-구조 연동운동 해석을 위한 능동형 스테레오-PIV 시스템)

  • Doh, Deog-Hee;Hwang, Tae-Gyu;Jo, Hyo-Je;Tanaka, Kenji;Takei, Masahiro
    • Proceedings of the Korea Committee for Ocean Resources and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.420-425
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    • 2006
  • Measurements results of flow-structure-interactions (FSI) of an air-lifted body are introduced. An adaptive stereoscopic-PIV system has been constructed for the measurements of the air-lifted body. The measurement system consists of two cameras and optical sensors. The flow characteristics around a lifted cylinder body(length=60mmm, diameter =10mm, polystyrene) in the swirling flow field in a vertical pipe (length=600mm, inner diameter=) are investigated by the use of the constructed adaptive stereoscopic-PIV system. The images of the two cameras were used for the analysis of the flow fields around the floated cylinder body. The images of the cylinder body captured by the two cameras were used for the analyses of its motions. Four optical sensors (LED) were used for the detection of the postures of the freely-lifted cylinder body. The FSI analyses have been carried out to find the physical conditions at which the floating body is stabilized with its upright postures.

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Numerical Analysis of Vortex Induced Vibration of Circular Cylinder in Lock-in Regime (Lock-in 영역에서 원형실린더의 와류유기진동 전산해석)

  • Lee, Sungsu;Hwang, Kyu-Kwan;Son, Hyun-A;Jung, Dong-Ho
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.9-18
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    • 2016
  • The slender structures such as high rise building or marine riser are highly susceptible to dynamic force exerted by fluid-structure interactions among which vortex-induced vibration(VIV) is the main cause of dynamic unstability of the structural system. If VIV occurs in natural frequency regime of the structure, fatigue failure likely happens by so-called lock-in phenomenon. This study presents the numerical analysis of dynamic behavior of both structure and fluid in the lock-in regimes and investigates the subjacent phenomena to hold the resonance frequency in spite of the change of flow condition. Unsteady and laminar flow was considered for a two-dimensional circular cylinder which was assumed to move freely in 1 degree of freedom in the direction orthogonal to the uniform inflow. Fluid-structure interaction was implemented by solving both unsteady flow and dynamic motion of the structure sequentially in each time step where the fluid domain was remeshed considering the movement of the body. The results show reasonable agreements with previous studies and reveal characteristic features of the lock-in phenomena. Not only the lift force but also drag force are drastically increasing during the lock-in regime, the vertical displacement of the cylinder reaches up to 20% of the diameter of the cylinder. The correlation analysis between lift and vertical displacement clearly show the dramatic change of the phase difference from in-phase to out-of-phase when the cylinder experiences lock-in. From the results, it can be postulated that the change of phase difference and flow condition is responsible for the resonating behavior of the structure during lock-in.

On the Vorticity and Pressure Boundary Conditions for Viscous Incompressible Flows (비압축성 점성유동의 와도와 압력 경계조건)

  • Suh J.-C.
    • 한국전산유체공학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.15-28
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    • 1998
  • As an alternative for solving the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations, we present a vorticity-based integro-differential formulation for vorticity, velocity and pressure variables. One of the most difficult problems encountered in the vorticity-based methods is the introduction of the proper value-value of vorticity or vorticity flux at the solid surface. A practical computational technique toward solving this problem is presented in connection with the coupling between the vorticity and the pressure boundary conditions. Numerical schemes based on an iterative procedure are employed to solve the governing equations with the boundary conditions for the three variables. A finite volume method is implemented to integrate the vorticity transport equation with the dynamic vorticity boundary condition . The velocity field is obtained by using the Biot-Savart integral derived from the mathematical vector identity. Green's scalar identity is used to solve the total pressure in an integral approach similar to the surface panel methods which have been well-established for potential flow analysis. The calculated results with the present mettled for two test problems are compared with data from the literature in order for its validation. The first test problem is one for the two-dimensional square cavity flow driven by shear on the top lid. Two cases are considered here: (i) one driven both by the specified non-uniform shear on the top lid and by the specified body forces acting through the cavity region, for which we find the exact solution, and (ii) one of the classical type (i.e., driven only by uniform shear). Secondly, the present mettled is applied to deal with the early development of the flow around an impulsively started circular cylinder.

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