• Title, Summary, Keyword: 으뜸애꽃노린재

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Biological Characteristics of Two Natural Enemies of Thrips, Orius strigicollis (Poppius) and O. laevigatus (Fieber) (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) (총채벌레 천적 으뜸애꽃노린재(Orius strigicollis)와 미끌애꽃노린재(Orius laevigatus)의 생물학적 특성 비교)

  • Kim, Jeong-Hwan;Kim, Hwang-Yong;Byoun, Young-Woong;Kim, Yong-Heon
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.421-428
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    • 2008
  • With the comparison of native Orius strigicollis (Poppius) to European O. laevigatus (Fieber), we investigated biological characteristics such as developmental period, fecundity, life span, predation ability, and augmentation after release. Experiments were carried out at five temperature condition, $15^{\circ}C\;20^{\circ}C,\;25^{\circ}C\;30^{\circ}C$, and $35^{\circ}C$. In the case of O. strigicollis, egg period was $3.1{\sim}14.9$ days (hatchability: $46.7{\sim}88.2%$), and developmental period of nymphs was $9.4{\sim}42.8$ days (survival rate: $2.4{\sim}96.5%$). Fecundity at each temperature was 28.1, 107.9, 123.6, 127.3, and 18.1, respectively. Life span of adults was 63.4, 40.1, 22.1, 18.3, and 11.0 days, respectively. In the case of O. laevigatus, egg period was $3.1{\sim}13.5$ days (hatchability: $65.0{\sim}89.9%$), and developmental period of nymphs was $9.3{\sim}42.0$ (survival rate: $4.3{\sim}80.6%$) days. Fecundity at each temperature was 101.8, 218.6, 224.5, 219.5, and 15.7. Life span of adults was 70.6, 66.4, 32.6, 34.5, and 7.3 days, respectively. In long-day condition (16L:8D), fecundity of O. strigicollis and O. laevigatus was 105.8 $(18^{\circ}C){\sim}142.4(25^{\circ}C)$ and 109.5 $(18^{\circ}C){\sim}191.5(25^{\circ}C)$, respectively. In short-day condition (10L:14D), fecundity of them was 1.0 $(18^{\circ}C){\sim}31.8(25^{\circ}C)$ and 63.0 $(18^{\circ}C){\sim}198.8(25^{\circ}C)$, respectively. Daily prey consumption of second instar Frankliniella occidentalis was 14.3 and 10.9, respectively. In greenhouse, density of O. strigicollis begins to increase from mid May and peaked about early July (1.8 individual/flower), while that of O. laevigatus begins to increase from mid March and peaked about early June (6.6 individual/flower).

Biological Control of Thrips with Orius strigicollis (Poppius) (Hemiptera:Anthocoridae) and Amblyseius cucumeris (Oudemans) (Acari:Phytoseiidae) on Greenhouse Green pepper, Sweet pepper and Cucumber (시설작물에서 으뜸애꽃노린재(Orius strigicollis)와 오이이리응애(Amblyseius cucumeris)에 의한 총채벌레 밀도억제 효과)

  • Kim Jeong-Hwan;Byeon Young-Woong;Kim Yong-Heon;Park Chang-Gyu
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.45 no.1
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2006
  • Effectiveness of Orius strigicollis (Poppius) and Amblyseius cucumeris (Oudemans) as natural enemies against thrips were evaluated on greenhouse green pepper, sweet pepper and cucumber respectively. Control efficacy was calculated by the formula, $(D_{control}-D_{treatment})/D_{control}{\times}100$, where $D_{control}$ is the average density of thrips on the plots in which any natural enemy was not released and $D_{treatment}$ is the average density of thrips on the plots in which natural enemies were released respectively. As a result, control efficacies of O. strigicollis against Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) on green pepper and sweet pepper were $14.3{\sim}99.5%$ and $21.6{\sim}98.3%$, respectively. In addition, control efficacy of it against Thrips palmi Kany on cucumber was 61.2-74.4%. Control efficacies of A. cucumeris against F. occidentalis on green pepper and sweet pepper were $12.9{\sim}38.3%$ and $17.1{\sim}87.0%$, respectively. Control efficacy of it against T. palmi on cucumber was $90.4{\sim}97.4%$. Field evaluation showed that the prompt applications of natural enemies were effective to reduce the density of thrips. In detail, to control F. occidentalis effectively on green pepper and sweet pepper in spring season, five to six individuals of O. strigicollis per crops should be released three to six times continuously. To control T. palmi effectively on cucumber in autumn, more than 100 individuals of A. cucumeris per crop should be released four times repeatedly.

Toxicity of Pesticides to Minute Pirate Bug, Orius strigicollis Poppius (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae), a Predator of Thrips (총채벌레의 천적인 으뜸애꽃노린재에 대한 농약 독성)

  • Ahn Ki-Su;Lee Ki-Yeol;Kang Hyu-Jung;Park Sung-Kyu;Kim Gil-Hah
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.257-262
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    • 2004
  • Toxicities of 51 pesticides (25 insecticides, 11, acaricides, 11 fungicides and 4 adjuvants) commonly used to control greenhouse insect, mite, and disease pests were evaluated to minute pirate bug, Orius strigicollis nymphs and adults at the recommended concentration. Among 25 insecticides tested, fipronil, lufenuron, acetamiprid+fipronil, $\alpha$-cypermethrin+flufenoxuron and buprofezin + amitraz showed low toxicity to O. strigicollis. Among acaricides, acequinocyl, bifenazate, chlorfenapyr, etoxazole, fenpyroximate, flufenoxuron, milbemectin, spirodiclofen and tebufenpyrad showed low toxicity to O. strigicollis. All fungicides and adjuvants tested were very low toxicity. It may be suggested from these results that five insecticides, nine acaricides, eleven fungicides and four adjuvants could be incorporated into the integrated thrips management system with O. strigicollis in greenhouses.

Evaluation of Low Toxic and Residual Toxicity of Pesticides Registrated on Sweet Pepper Greenhouse to Orius strigicollis (으뜸애꽃노린재 성충에 대한 착색단고추에 등록된 농약의 저독성 및 잔류독성 평가)

  • Choi, Byeong-Ryeol;Park, Hyung-Man;Kim, Jeong-Hwan;Lee, Si-Woo
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.46 no.3
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    • pp.415-423
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    • 2007
  • For the development of integrated pest management system by harmonizing biological and chemical control, some experiments were carried out to select low toxic pesticides and to evaluate residual toxicity to natural enemies. Leaf dipping method and body dipping method were set up for evaluating toxicity to minute pirate bug, Orius strigicollis adult. We had tested 52 kinds of pesticides (33 insecticides, 19 fungicides) commonly used to control greenhouse insects, mites, and disease pests to natural enemies at the recommended concentration. Fourteen insecticides by body dipping method, 12 insecticides by leaf dipping method and 19 fungicides were selected as low toxic pesticides to O. strigicollis adult. After insecticide spraying at recommending dose on the sweet pepper plant, we examined residual effect of insecticides by introducing natural enemies on different days. Safety interval for introduction of O. strigicollis adult was established according to residual toxicity of pesticides. Safety insecticides at one day after treatment were pyraclofos, methomyl, thiodicarb, esfenvalerate bifenthrin, alpha-cypermethrin, etofenprox, fenvalerate, imidacloprid, acetamiprid, abamectin, emamectin benzoate, spinosad, indoxacarb. However, residual toxicity of nee-nicotinoids last up to 21 days to O. strigicollis adults.