• Title, Summary, Keyword: 은

Search Result 34,537, Processing Time 0.082 seconds

A Study on the Characteristics of Mortar Using Foaming Agents (기포제(起泡劑)를 사용(使用)한 모르터의 제특성(諸特性)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Sung, Chan Yong
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
    • /
    • v.15 no.1
    • /
    • pp.82-94
    • /
    • 1988
  • This study was performed to obtain the basic data which can be applied to use of foaming mortars. The results obtained were summarized as follows ; 1. The lowest water-cement ratios were shown at the mixing ratio of 1 : 1. But, it was gradually increased in poorer mixing ratio and decreased in more addition of foaming agent. The water-cement ratios were decreased up to 1.6-53.1% by mix-foaming type and 4.4-24.1% by pre-foamed type than cement mortar. 2. The highest bulk densities were shown at the mixing ratio of 1 : 1. But, it was gradually decreased in poorer mixing ratio and more addition of foaming agent. The decreasing rates of bulk densities were increased in richer mixing ratio and more addition of foaming agent. 3. The bulk densities were decreased up to 38.8-55.9% by mix-foaming type and 9.7-23.6% by pre-foamed type than cement mortar. 4. The lowest absorption rates were shown at the mixing ratio of 1 : 1. But, it was gradually increased in poorer mixing ratio and more addition of foaming agent. The increasing rates of absorption rates were increased in richer mixing ratio and more addition of foaming agent. 5. Absorption rates when immersed in 72hours were shown up to 3.41-5.85 times greater by mix-foaming type and 1.05-1.55 times greater by pre-foamed type than those of cement mortar. it was significantly higher at the early stage of immersed time than cement mortar. 6. The highest strengths were shown at the mixing ratio of 1 : 1. But, it was gradually decreased in poorer mixing ratio and more addition of foaming agent. The decreasing rates of strengths were increased in poorer mixing ratio and more addition of foaming agent. 7. The strengths were decreased up to 77.0-92.8% by mix-foaming type and 36.7-74.4% by pre-foamed type than cement mortar. 8. The lowest air contents were shown at the mixing ratio of 1 : 1. But, it was gradually increased in poorer mixing ratio and more addition of foaming agent. The increasing rates of air contents were increased in richer mixing ratio and more addition of foaming agent. 9. Air contents were shown up to 26.0-63.8 times greater by mix-foaming type and 5.8-17.7 times greater by pre-foamed type than those of cement mortar. 10. The correlations between bulk density, absorption rate, compressive strength and air content were highly significant. The multiple regression equations of bulk density, absorption rate, compressive strength, tensile strength, bending strength and air content were computed depending on a function of mixing ratio and addition of foaming agent. They were generally highly significant.

  • PDF

Effect of shading and air temperature on the productivity of Jinheung and IR667 rice (진흥(振興)과 IR667의 생산력에 대(對)한 차광(遮光) 및 기온(氣溫)의 영향(影響))

  • Park, Hoon;Kwon, Hang Gwang
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
    • /
    • v.8 no.4
    • /
    • pp.183-188
    • /
    • 1975
  • Effects of air temperature and 50% shading for 20 days at each growth stages (from 33days before heading, from heading and from 20days after heading) on the productivity of Tongil (IR667-Suweon 214) and Jinheung rice (Oriza sativa.) were as follows. 1. Shading decreased yield by 48, 98 and 18% for Tongil and 73.71 and 12% for Jinheung during ear formation, heading and milky stage, respectively. 2. Shading most severely affected filled-grain ratio in both varieties except shading during milky stage of Jinheung that more affected grain weight. 3. Optimum mean air temperature for maximum crop growth rate appears to be $25^{\circ}C$ and clitical temperature $22^{\circ}C$ for Tongil but these for Jinheung seem to be lower. Solar radiation greater than $300cal/cm^2$ day appears to be enough. 4. Maximum crop growth rate of Tongil always advanced that of Jinheung. 5. Tropical Tongil variety appeared to be more tolerant to high temperature and low solar radiation before heading than temperate Jinheung. Thus Tongil will be more productively adapted to the high temperature-low solar radiation period in rice season which mostly overlaps with ear formation stage.

  • PDF

Organophosphorus Insecticide Residues in Fruits and Vegetables (과실채소중(果實菜蔬中) 유기인계(有機燐系) 농약잔류(農藥殘留)에 관(關)한 연구(硏究))

  • Suh, Y.S;Rhu, H.I.;Kim, I.K.;Kim, H.Y.;Jun, S.H.
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
    • /
    • v.3 no.2
    • /
    • pp.30-36
    • /
    • 1984
  • This study was to investigate the organophosphorus insecticide residues in crops including five kinds of vegetables and two kinds of fruits. The pesticides investigated in spring-radish, spring Chinese cabbage, cucumber and tomato were diazinon, DEP and malathion, in unripe pepper EPN and PAP, in peach EPN, parathion and demeton-methyl, and in grape EPN, PAP and MEP. All samples were analysed by gas chromatographic technique with NPD detector. No one sample was found to approach proposed national maximum residue limits in Korea.

  • PDF

Studies on a Plan for Afforestation at Tong-ri Beach Resort - Analysis of Factors Causing Disasters around Beach - (통리해수욕장(桶里海水浴場) 녹지대조성(綠地帶造成)에 관(關)한 연구(研究)(I) - 사구지주변(砂丘地周邊)의 재해요인분석(災害要因分析) -)

  • Cho, Hi Doo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
    • /
    • v.77 no.2
    • /
    • pp.178-185
    • /
    • 1988
  • This study is carried out for analyzing the factors causing several disasters occurring around beach area in order to set a plan for an afforestation which will fulfill its function as facilities for prevention of disasters and for relaxation around beach resort at Tong-ri, Pokil-my$\bar{o}$n, Wando-gun. The results are as follows : 1. The main wind direction was summer was SE. 2. The first class in the rate of frequency of the hourly average wind speed and the instantaneous wind speed in summer were 2.1-3.0m/sec (29.2%) and 1.1-2.0m/sec (30.6%) respectively. 3. The particle sizes of the dune sands was a little small (82.5% in 0.125 to 0.25mm, $D_{50}=0.178mm$). 4. The mineral composition and the chemical components were as follows : The main mineral : Quartz The accessary minerals : Calcite, Feldspars(Orthoclase), Sericite. The chemical components : $SiO_2$ ; 75.6%. $Al_2O_3$ ; 8.1%, CaO ; 7.76%, Ign. loss ; 6.8%, MgO ; 0.23%, $K_2O$ ; 0.72%, $Na_2O$ ; 0.41%, $Fe_2O_3$ ; 0.32%. 5. The threshold friction velocity equation for the diameter class of the dune sands was $y=4.191x^{0.221}$. 6. The amount of floating salt was maximum at the point of 65m away from beach line, dropped abruptly at 135m and remained almost same on its way to the inland. The equation of the amount of floating salt was $y=28.181{\times}(-0.369^x)$. 7. The amount of extracted salt(33%) in seawater in summer was the same as the one of the nearest seawater of Korea.

  • PDF

Chitinase Production and Isolation of Serratia plymuthica AL-1 Antagonistic to White Rot Fungi from Allium fistulosum Roots. (대파 뿌리로부터 흑색썩음균핵병균에 길항하는 Serratia plymuthica AL-1의 분리 및 Chitinase의 생산)

  • 주길재;이익희;김진호
    • Microbiology and Biotechnology Letters
    • /
    • v.30 no.2
    • /
    • pp.135-141
    • /
    • 2002
  • This study was carried out to isolate antagonistic bacterium against Sclerotium cepivorum causing Allium fistulosum white rot. Total of 146 strains were isolated from A. fistulosum roots. The isolates were screened for antagonism to S. cepivorum and the isolated strain No. AL-1 was selected among these bacteria. It was identified as Serratia plymuthica based on morphological and physiological characteristics according to the Bergey's mannual of systematic bacteriology and 16S rDNA sequences methods. Serratia plymuthica AL-1 showed broad spectrum of antifungal activities against plant pathogenic fungi Alternaria altrata, Colletotrichum gleosporioids, Phoma sp., Rhizoctonia solani, Sclerotinia sclerotiorum, Stemphylium solani, Fusarium oxysporium niveum but not inhibited Didymella bryoniae. When S. plymuthica AL-1 cultivated in the TSB medium containing 1% colloidal chitin, the high molecular fraction (>10 kDa) have chitinase activity (3.2 units/ml) and the low molecular fraction (<10 kDa) have not chitinase activity. Oppositely, after heat treatment (80℃ for 30 min) of the cultivation supernatant, the high molecular fractions have not antifungal activity but the low molecular fractions have antifungal activity.

Morphological Changes Associated with the Antibacterial Action of Silver Ions against Bovine Mastitis Pathogens (은 이온의 항균효과에 대한 소 유방염 원인균의 형태학적 변화)

  • Kang, Seog-Jin;Seol, Jae-Won;Hur, Tai-Young;Jung, Young-Hun;Choe, Chang-Yong;Park, Sang-Youel
    • Journal of Veterinary Clinics
    • /
    • v.28 no.6
    • /
    • pp.576-580
    • /
    • 2011
  • Silver has potent antibacterial activity against a variety of bacteria while maintaining low toxicity in mammalian cells. This study was conducted to investigate the possible mechanism underlying the bactericidal effects of silver ions against bovine mastitis pathogens using electron microscopy. We used two different bacterial strains, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus, which are primarily responsible for the majority of bovine mastitis cases. Interaction between the bacteria and silver ions (50 ${\mu}g/mL$, 2 hours) were studied using energy-filtering transmission electron microscopy (EFTEM). EFTEM images showed that E. coli and S. aureus cells treated with the silver ions had distorted plasma membranes, silver ions attached to the outer membranes, scattered electron-light material, and leakage of cell contents from disrupted cell membranes.

Removals of Formaldehyde by Silver Nano Particles Attached on the Surface of Activated Carbon (나노 은입자가 첨착된 활성탄의 포름알데히드 제거특성)

  • Shin, Seung-Kyu;Kang, Jeong-Hee;Song, Ji-Hyeon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Environmental Engineers
    • /
    • v.32 no.10
    • /
    • pp.936-941
    • /
    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to investigate formaldehyde removals by silver nano-particles attached on the surface of granular activated carbon (Ag-AC) and to compare the results to those obtained with ordinary activated carbon (AC). The BET analysis showed that the overall surface area and the fraction of micropores (less than $20{\AA}$ diameter) of the Ag-AC were significantly decreased because the silver particles blocked the small pores on the surface of the Ag-AC. The formaldehyde removal capacity of the Ag-AC determined using the Freundlich isotherm was higher than that of AC. Despite the decreased BET surface area and micropore volume, the Ag-AC had the increased removal capacity for formaldehyde, presumably due to catalytic oxidation by silver nano-particles. In contrast, the adsorption intensity of the Ag-AC, estimated by 1/n in the Freundlich isotherm equation, was similar to that of the ordinary AC, indicating that the surface modification using silver nano-particles did not affect the adsorption characteristics of AC. In a column experiment, the Ag-AC also showed a longer breakthrough time than that of the AC. Simulation results using the homogeneous surface diffusion model (HSDM) were well fitted to the breakthrough curve of formaldehyde for the ordinary AC, but the predictions showed substantial deviations from the experimental data for the Ag-AC. The discrepancy was due to the catalytic oxidation of silver nano-particles that was not incorporated in the HSDM. Consequently, a new numerical model that takes the catalytic oxidation into accounts needs to be developed to predict the combined oxidation and adsorption process more accurately.

Root Yield and Saponin content in Different soil Texture of Platycodon grandiflorum A.DC. (토성(土性)에 따른 길경(桔梗) 생육(生育) 및 사포닌 함량(含量))

  • Seong, Jae-Duck;Kim, Hyun-Tae;Kim, Geum-Soog;Han, Sang-Ik;Kwack, Yong-Ho
    • Korean Journal of Medicinal Crop Science
    • /
    • v.7 no.4
    • /
    • pp.282-287
    • /
    • 1999
  • This study was conducted to investigate the effects of different soil texture in agronomic characteristics, root yield and quality of baloon flower (Platycodon grandiflorum A. DC.). Three kinds of soil texture, sandy loam, silt loam and clay loam, were tested for two years. Baloon flowers were seeded with 20cm row space and cultivated in the one square meter pot with 0. 6m depth. Fifty plants per pot were remained. In growth characteristics of one-year-old plants, shooting date was not significantly different according to the changes of soil texture. The ratio of stem growth was highest between July and August. In two-years-old plants, it was showed between May and June. Plants grown on clay loam showed the highest growing characteristics than those of other soil textures. Dry root weight cultivated on clay loam was 274kg/10a in one-year-old and 934kg/10a in two-years-old plants. The content of ethanol extracts from root was highest at those of sandy loam as 47.1 % in one-year-old root. The crude saponin content was not different significantly among the three kinds of soil texture.

  • PDF

Size and Dispersion Characteristics of Silver Nanoparticles Prepared Using Liquid Phase Reduction Method (액상환원법으로 제조한 은 나노입자의 크기와 분산특성)

  • Lee, Jong Jib
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
    • /
    • v.17 no.5
    • /
    • pp.10-16
    • /
    • 2016
  • This work investigates the size and dispersion characteristics of silver nanoparticles synthesized by a liquid phase reduction method using PAA. The experimental variables were the molecular weight and doses of the PAA, reducing agent, dispersant, and organic solvent (ethanol-acetone). UV-visible spectrophotometer results confirm the formation of the silver particles, and SEM indicates size in the nanometer range. As the ultrasonication time increases, there is a tendency toward smaller agglomerates of nanoparticles. The agglomerates were dispersed into 1-5 agglomerates of particles by ultrasonication for 3 hours or more. Relatively spherical nanoparticles were produced with a completely homogeneous dispersion and size of 49.56-85.75 nm by ultrasonication using BYK-192, a dispersant containing copolymer with a pigment affinic group. The average size of the silver nanoparticles was increased to 36.82, 50.66, and 56.06 nm with increasing molecular weight of PAA. Also, the size of the nanoparticles increased with the capping of PAA on the surfaces of the nanoparticles when increasing the amount of PAA. The addition of hydrazine as a reducing agent produced relatively small particles because many nuclei were created by the reduction reaction. The ethanol-acetone solvent helped with the regular arrangement of the silver nanoparticles.

Transient Temperature Distribution, Thermal Stresses and Strains in a Composite Cylinder with a Concentric Hole (동심형(同心形) 구멍을 가진 복합(複合)실린더의 과도적(過渡的) 온도분포(溫度分布), 열응력(熱應力) 및 열변형도(熱變形度)의 해석(解析))

  • Eui-Jin,Jun;Hyo-Chul,Kim
    • Bulletin of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
    • /
    • v.11 no.1
    • /
    • pp.35-44
    • /
    • 1974
  • 열박음(shrink fitting)으로 인(因)한 동심형(同心形) 구멍을 가진 복합(複合)실린더의 과도적(過渡的) 온도분포(溫度分布), 열응력(熱應力) 및 열변형도(熱變形度)를 이론해석(理論解析)하였다. 온도분포해석(溫度分布解析)에서 외부(外部) 실린더는 균일온도(均一溫度)로 가열(加熱)되어, 실온(室溫)의 내부(內部) 실린더와 접촉면(接觸面)에서 일어나는 열전도(熱傳導)에 의(依)하여 냉각(冷却)되고, 외부(外部) 표면(表面)은 대기중(大氣中)에 노출(露出)된 상태(狀態)로 취급(取扱)하였다. 열응력(熱應力)은 평면변형도조건(平面變形度條件)을 만족(滿足)하는 것으로 생각하였으며, 물성(物性)은 온도(溫度)에 무관(無關)한 상수(常數)로 취급(取扱)하였다. 온도분포(溫度分布)는 열전도문제(熱傳導問題)만을 고려(考慮)함으로서도 유효(有效)한 해(解)를 얻을 수 있으며 열응력(熱應力)은 접촉면(接觸面)에서부터 형성(形成)되며, 반경방향응력(半徑方向應力)은 시간(時間)이 경과(經過)함에 따라 압축응력(壓縮應力)이 증가(增加)하여 접촉면(接觸面)에서 최대치(最大値)를 갖고, 원주방향응력(圓周方向應力)은 접촉면(接觸面)에서 초기(初期)부터 거의 최종상태(最終狀態)와 같은 크기를 갖음을 알 수 있다. 균일온도분포(均一溫度分布)가 이루어지면 열응력(熱應力)의 형성(形成)은 완료(完了)되게 되며, 이때의 열응력(熱應力)의 크기와 분포경향(分布傾向)은 평면응력조건(平面應力條件)을 사용(使用)하였다는 사실(事實)을 고려(考慮)하면 $Lam\acute{e}$의 이론해(理論解)와 일치(一致)함을 알 수 있었다.

  • PDF