• Title, Summary, Keyword: 응답스펙트럼해석법

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The Estimation of the Floor Vibration in Structure for Application of Response Spectrum Analysis Method (응답스펙트럼 해석법을 이용한 건축 구조물의 바닥진동해석)

  • 이동근;김태호
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.169-178
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    • 1998
  • In general, the response spectrum analysis method is widely used for seismic analysis of building structures, and the time history analysis is applied for computation of structural vibration caused by equipments, machines and moving loads, etc. However, compared with the response spectrum analysis method, the time history method is very complex, difficult and time consuming. In this study, the maximum responses for the vertical vibration are calculated conveniently by the response spectrum method. At first, Response spectrum and time history analysis for some earthquake excitations are carried out, and the accuracy of maximum displacements obtained from response spectrum analysis is investigated. Secondly, the process for the response spectrum analysis in excitation is calculated, and the maximum modal responses are combined by CQC method. Finally, results of the proposed method are compared with those of the time history analysis.

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Nonlinear Response Analysis of Multi-Degree-of-Freedom Building Structures Using Response Spectrum Method (응답스펙트럼법에 의한 고층 건축물의 탄소성 지진응답해석법)

  • Jun, Dae-Han
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.1 no.4
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    • pp.1-9
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    • 1997
  • This paper examined various aspects of a linear and a nonlinear response spectrum method in seismic response analysis of multi-story building structures. The response spectrum method that has been widely used in the analysis of linear structures was proposed different mode superposition method by several ivestigators, and the differences between combinations with an elastic modal analysis reviwed closely. It seems, however, that this method is not used to nonlinear seismic analysis. It is the purpose of this paper to propose an alternative method by means of which a nonlinear MDOF structure with long period may be analysed by an extention of response spectrum method. For nonlinear seismic analysis of high-rise building structures using technique proposed in this study, it is intended to serve primarily as a tool in preliminary designs instead of time history analysis.

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Modified Earthquake resistant design for a concrete bridge in the Low to moderated seismic Region (중약진지역에 위치한 콘크리트교량의 수정내진 설계)

  • 국승규
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.11-21
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    • 2000
  • 구조물에 내진설계를 적용하는 목적은 지진에 노출되는 구조물에 안전성과 경제성을 고려한 파괴메카니즘을 부여하는 것이다. 내진설계에 보편적으로 적용하고 있는 응답스펙트럼해석법은 선형해석법으로 구조물의 비선형 동적거동에 의한 영향은 특정 계수로 반영한다. 그러나 기존의 내진설계시방서들이 강진지역에 있는 나라들에 의해 제정 및 개정되어 왔기 때문에 응답스펙트럼 해석법 뿐만 아니라 기타의 적용규정이 강진지역에 위치한 구조물의 상황만을 고려하여 제시되었다. 따라서 중약진지역에 위치한 구조물의 내진설계에 대한 별도의 연구가 요구되고 있다. 이 연구에서는 중약진지역에 위치한 콘크리트 교량을 선정하여 비선형 동적거동을 반영하는 계수를 결정하고 응답스펙트럼 해석법을 적용하였다. 연구 결과 바탕으로 중약진지역의 교량에 대해 내진설계의 목적을 만족하는 개선된 내진설계 절차를 제시하였다.

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Response Spectrum Analysis of Floor Structure Subjected to Group Dynamic Loads (복수의 동적하중을 받는 바닥판 구조물의 응답스펙트럼 해석)

  • Kim, Tae-Ho;Han, Duck-Jeon
    • Journal of the Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.57-67
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    • 2008
  • In general, the response spectrum analysis(RSA) method is wifely used for seismic analysis of building structures, and the time history analysis(THA) is applied for computation of structural vibration caused by equipments, machines and moving loads, etc. However, compared with the RSA method, the THA method is very complex, difficult and time consuming. In this study, the maximum responses for the vertical vibration are calculated conveniently by the RSA method. At first, the process for the RSA in excitation is proposed, and the maximum modal responses are combined by CQC and SRSS methods. Also, the responses obtained by the two modal combination methods are compared to the responses by the THA. And the correlation coefficients for human activities is proposed, and the RSA responses obtained by used to the correlation coefficients are calculated. Finally, results of the proposed method are compared with those of the time history analysis and correlation coefficients should be considered for the RSA of floor structure subjected to group dynamic loads.

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Application of Response Spectrum Method for Analysis of a Floor System Subjected to Dynamic Loads on Multiple Locations (복수 절점에 가진되는 건물 바닥판의 해석을 위한 응답스펙트럼 해석법의 응용)

  • 김태호;이동근
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.21-32
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    • 2002
  • In general, the response spectrum analysis method (R.S.A) is widely used for seismic analysis of building structure. But, it is not common to apply R.S.A for the analysis of structural vibration caused by dynamic loads of equipments, machines and moving leads, etc. The time history analysis method(T.H.A) for the vibration analysis, compared with R.S.A, is very complex, difficult and time consuming. So the application of R.S.A, that is convenient to calculate maximum responses for structural vibration, is proposed in this study. At first, the procedure for the application of the R.S.A to calculate of the maximum vibration response induced by dynamic load applied on the single point is described. And then, the process, which can save the time and the memory for calculation of the maximum vibration response induced by dynamic loads on the multi-point is proposed, and the maximum structural response caused by moving loads are obtained. Lastly, the accuracy of the proposed method is verified by comparing the results of R.S.A to T.H.A for some example models.

건축물의 내진설계를 위한 구조동력학-제 1부:단자유도 구조물의 지진해석과 응답스펙트럼

  • Lee, Dong-Geun
    • 건축구조
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.46-58
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    • 2006
  • 구조동력학 이론에 기초하여 내진설계 기술이 개발되었다. 그러므로 건축물의 내진설계를 근본적으로 이해하기 위해서는 구조동력학의 여러 가지 이론들을 먼저 알고 이들이 내진설계에 어떻게 적용이 되는지를 알아야 한다. 이 글은 구조기술자 여러분이 건축물의 내진설계를 이해하는데 도움이 될 수 있도록 하기 위하여 다음과 같이 3부로연재될예정이다. 제1부: 응답스펙트럼과구조물의동적해석 제2부: 등가정적해석법과반응수정계수의배경 제3부: 능력스펙트럼법에의한비탄성해석 제1부에서는 단자유도 구조물의 지진해석을 통하여 응답스펙트럼을 작성하는 원리와 이를 이용하여 간편하게 지진해석을 수행하는 방법을 소개하고 응답스펙트럼에 근거하여 설계응답스펙트럼을 작성하는 방법과 다자유도 구조물의 지진응답을 알아내기 위한 응답 스펙트럼 해석법에 관하여 소개한다. 제2부에서는 구조동력학 이론에 근거하여 등가정적해석법이 유도된 근거와 반응수정계수를 사용하게 되는 배경을 소개하여 구조기술자들이내진설계에좀더확실한이해를할수있도록할것이다. 마지막으로 제3부에서는 비탄성해석을 좀 더 쉽게 하기 위하여 사용되는 능력스펙트럼법의 배경과 이를 이용하여 건축물의 성능점을 찾는 방법과 구조물의 비탄성 지진응답을 평가하는 방법에 대하여 소개함으로써 성능에 기초한 내진설계를 위한 기초 이론을 확실히 이해할수있도록할것이다. 구조동력학에 관한 내용을 여기에 상세히 소개하자면 엄청난 분량이 될 것이므로 여기서는 이 글을 읽는 구조기술자들이 구조동력학에 관한 기초적인 내용을 이해하고 있는 것으로 가정하기로 한다. 그러므로 구조동력학에 대한 기초적 이론을 확실히 이해하고 있지 못한분들은이글을읽기전에먼저구조동력학에관한알기쉬운서적을 먼저 읽도록 추천한다.

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Evaluation of Seismic Response for a Suspension Bridge (현수교의 지진응답 평가)

  • 김호경;유동호;주석범
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.57-63
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    • 2003
  • A comparative study was performed for a suspension bridge to grasp the possible differences in seismic responses evaluated by several analytical methods. The items mainly investigated are the linear vs. nonlinear response, the response spectrum method vs. the linear dynamic analysis method, and the damping ratio and it's implementation into analysis procedures. According to the numerical example, it is found that the seismic responses are considerably affected by the damping-related parameters even though slight differences are shown depending on the response quantities and the exciting directions. On the other hand, it is also confirmed that the seismic responses are less affected by the analysis method-related parameters such as the response spectrum method vs. the linear dynamic analysis method, and the linear and nonlinear analysis method. The response spectrum method is expected to give conservative results for the examined bridge, provided that the design response spectrum in the Korean Highway Design Specification is modified according to the proper damping ratio.

Engineering Evaluation of Seismic Sity Coefficient in the Korean Bridge Code (국내 도로교시방서 내지설계편의 지반계수에 대한 공학적 영향평가)

  • 조양희;조인범
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.2 no.4
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    • pp.123-134
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    • 1998
  • 본 연구에서는 지반상태가 교량의 지진응답에 미치는 영향을 분석하기 위해 다양한 지반모델 상의 교량모델에 대한 지진해석을 수행하고 그 결과를 비교.분석하였다 이를 위해서 기존의 교량시방서에서 분류된 네가지의 서로다른 지반종류를 대상으로 보다 세분된 지반모델 상에 위치하는 대표적인 교량에 대한 지진해석을 수행함으러써 첫째로는 각 지반 종류 상호간의 지진응답 차이의 정도를 시방서 값과 비교.분석하였으며 둘째로는 동일 지반으로 분류되는 상이한 두 지반간의 응답차이의 정도를 확인하였다 해석을 위해서는 시방서에서 제시된 두가지 방법 즉 단일모드 스펙트럼해석법과 다중모드 스펙트럼해석법을 사용하였으며 이들 결과를 별도로 작성된 인공시간이력을 입력으로 하는 시간이력해석법을 사용한 결과와 비교.분석하였다 시간이력해석법에서는 진동수에 무관한 지반임피던스함수를 이용하는 시간영역해석법을 사용하였다 해석결과 시방서에서 제시한 단일모드 및 다중모드 스펙트럼해석방법은 일반적으로 안전측의 지반-구조물 상호작용 해석결과를 주는 것으로 확인되었다 그러나 유연성이 큰 지반 상의 구조물에대한 지진해석을 위한 해석모델 작성시에는 지반의 유연성이 반드시 고려되어야 하며 특히 낙교방지를 위한 변위는 지반의 유연성을 고려한 정밀해석법에 의한 계산이 필수적으로 요구됨을 확인하였다.

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Seismic Analysis of LNG Storage Tank (LNG 저장탱크의 내진 해석)

  • Lee, Seung-Pyo;Ha, Sung-Kyu;Koh, Byung-Kab
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.1095-1101
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, seismic analysis of LNG storage tank is performed. The analysis models are both pipe and pipe, wall and guide of LNG tank. And equivalent static analysis and response spectrum analysis are applied to these two models, respectively. From the analysis, deflections and equivalent stresses are compared. Results show that response spectrum analysis is more accurate than equivalent static analysis for LNG storage tank.

The Seismic Response Evaluation of Shear Buildings by Various Approximate Nonlinear Methods (비선형 약산법들에 의한 전단형 건물의 지진응답평가)

  • Kim, Jae-Ung;Kang, Pyeong-Doo;Jun, Dae-Han
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.75-86
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    • 2005
  • In performance-based design methods, it is clear that the evaluation of the nonlinear response is required. Analysis methods available to the design engineer today are nonlinear time history analyses, or monotonic static nonlinear analyses, or equivalent static analyses with simulated inelastic influences. The nonlinear time analysis is the most accurate method in computing the nonlinear response of structures, but it is time-consuming and necessitate more efforts. Some codes proposed the capacity spectrum method based on the nonlinear static analysis to determine earthquake-induced demand. The nonlinear direct spectrum method is proposed and studied to evaluate nonlinear response of structures, without iterative computations, given by the structural linear vibration period and yield strength from pushover analysis. The purpose of this paper is to compare the accuracy and the reliability of approximate nonlinear methods with respect to shear buildings and various earthquakes. The conclusions of this study are summarized as follows: 1) Linear capacity spectrum method may fail to find a convergent answer or make a divergence. Even if a convergent answer is found, it has a large error in some cases and the error varies greatly depending on earthquakes. 2) Although nonlinear capacity spectrum method need much less calculation than capacity spectrum method and find an answer in any case, it may be difficult to obtain an accurate answer and generally large error occurs. 3) The nonlinear direct spectrum method is thought to have good applicability because it produce relatively correct answer than other methods directly from pushover curves and nonlinear response spectrums without additional and iterative calculations.