• Title, Summary, Keyword: 응력이축성

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Inelastic Analysis of Anisotropic Materials Using the Viscoplastic Model (점소성모델을 이용한 이방성 재료의 비탄성 해석)

  • 신찬호
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.1657-1664
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    • 1991
  • 본 연구에서는 재료의 이방성을 고려한 점소성 모델을 제시하였다. 공학적 인 견지에서 볼 때 이방성 재료의 기계적 거동을 표한하기 위해서는 단순화 이론(si- mplified theory)의 개발이 필요하게 되었으며 이에따라 Betten은 등방성 소성 포텐셜 (isotropic plastic potential)에서 응력텐서를 재료의 이방성을 포함하는 변환 응력 텐서(mapped stress tensor)로 대체함으로써 이방성을 고려하였다. 그러므로 실제 이방성 재료의 비탄성 거동은 가상의 등방성 상태로 치환되며 여기에 소성 포텐셜 이 론을 적용하게 된다.

Characteristics of Vowel Formants, Voice Intensity, and Fundamental Frequency of Female with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis using Spectrograms (스펙트로그램을 이용한 근위축성측삭경화증 여성 화자의 모음 포먼트, 음성강도, 기본주파수의 변화)

  • Byeon, Haewon
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.10 no.9
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    • pp.193-198
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    • 2019
  • This study analyzed the changes of vowel formant, voice intensity, and fundamental frequency of vowels for 11 months using acoustochemical spectrogram analysis of women diagnosed with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The test word was a vowel /a, i, u/ and a diphthong /h + ja + da/, /h + wi + da/, and /h +ɰi+ da/. Speech data were collected through the word reading task presented on the monitor using 'Alvin' program, and the recording environment was set to 5,500 Hz for the nyquist frequency and 11,000 Hz for the sampling rate. The records were analyzed by using spectrograms to vowel formants, voice intensity, and fundamental frequency. As a result of analysis, the fundamental frequency and intensity of the ALS process were decreased and the formant slope of the diphthong was decreased rather than the formant change in the vowel. This result suggests that the vowel distortion of ALS due to disease progression is due to the decrease of tongue and jaw co morbidity.

Evaluation of Residual Stress using IITC of Experimental Stress Analysis on Concrete Structure (실험적 응력해석의 IITC 방식에 의한 콘크리트 구조물 잔류응력 평가)

  • Lee, Ho Beom;Han, Sang Hee;Jang, Il Young
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.415-424
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    • 2014
  • The carrying capacity of existing concrete structures is evaluated by the measured data from displacement and strain gauges for given loads and the results of numerical analysis that are compared with the measured ones. Consequently, this process could be accomplished in doing the direct measurement of residual stress on existing concrete. This study is concerned with the development of IITC (Instrumented Indentation Technique for Concrete) system which is based on the experimental stress analysis technique using non-destructive test method to evaluate the residual stress of concrete structures depending on the types of applied loadings in analysing indentation load - indentation depth curve derived experimentally on concrete surface. As a result, in this paper, almost all of systematized H/W and S/W were newly developed to estimate the residual stresses of concrete structures. Thus, the creation of new experimental equations for deriving residual stresses and automatical calculations of residual stresses using the empirical formula can lead to evaluate the structural resistances conveniently in the structures from construction phase to maintenance stage.

Interfacial Crack-tip Constraints and J-integrals in Plastically Hardening Bimaterials under Full Yielding (완전소성하 변형경화 이종접합재의 계면균열선단 구속상태 및 J-적분)

  • Lee, Hyung-Yil;Kim, Yong-Bom
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.27 no.7
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    • pp.1159-1169
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    • 2003
  • This paper investigates the effects of T-stress and plastic hardening mismatch on the interfacial crack-tip stress field via finite element analyses. Plane strain elastic-plastic crack-tip fields are modeled with both MBL formulation and a full SEC specimen under pure bending. Modified Prandtl slip line fields illustrate the effects of T-stress on crack-tip constraint in homogeneous material. Compressive T-stress substantially reduces the interfacial crack-tip constraint, but increases the J-contribution by lower hardening material, J$\_$L/. For bimaterials with two elastic-plastic materials, increasing plastic hardening mismatch increases both crack-tip stress constraint in the lower hardening material and J$\_$L/. The fracture toughness for bimaterial joints would consequently be much lower than that of lower hardening homogeneous material. The implication of unbalanced J-integral in bimaterials is also discussed.

Fatigue Crack Initiation around a Hole under Out-of-phase Biaxial Loading (이상 이축 하중 하에서 구멍 주위에서의 피로 균열 발생)

  • Huh, Yong-Hak;Park, Pi-Lip;Kim, Dong-Jin
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.27 no.10
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    • pp.1695-1702
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    • 2003
  • Fatigue crack initiation around a hole subjected to biaxial fatigue loads with a phase difference was investigated. Axial and torsional biaxial fatigue loads with different phase differences and biaxiality of 1/√3 were applied to thin-walled tubular specimens. Five phase differences of 0, 45, 90, 145 and 180 degrees were selected. Directions of the fatigue crack initiation around the hole were found to approach to the circumferential direction of the specimen with increment of the phase difference for fatigue tests with phase differences less than 90$^{\circ}$. Whereas directions for tests with phase differences greater than 90$^{\circ}$ got away from the circumferential direction and those were symmetric to the directions for tests with phase difference less than 90. . Furthermore, it was shown that the fatigue initiation life decreased with increment of phase difference for fatigue tests with phase differences less than 90$^{\circ}$, but it increased for tests with phase difference greater than 90$^{\circ}$. The crack initiation direction can be successfully explained by using the direction of the maximum tangential stress range obtained around the hole and at far-field.

Prediction of Fatigue Crack Initiation Direction around a Hole under Biaxial Loads Considering Phase Difference and Biaxiality (이축성과 위상차의 영향을 고려한 이축 하중하에서 구멍 주위에서의 피로 균열 발생 방향 예측)

  • Huh, Yong-Hak;Park, Pil-Ip;Kim, Dong-Jin
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
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    • pp.156-161
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    • 2004
  • To predict the direction of the fatigue crack initiated from a hole under various types of biaxial fatigue loads with different phase difference and biaxiality, fatigue parameters were investigated. Axial and torsional biaxial fatigue loads were selected with the respective combination of five different phase differences of 0, 45, 90, 145 and 180 degrees and five biaxialities of 0, $1/{\sqrt{3}}$, 1, ${\sqrt{3}}$, ${\infty}$. Directions of the fatigue crack initiation around the hole were found to approach to the circumferential direction of the specimen with increment of the phase difference for fatigue tests with phase differences less than $90^{\circ}$. Whereas directions for tests with phase differences greater than $90^{\circ}$ went away from the circumferential direction and those were symmetric to the directions for tests with phase difference less than $90^{\circ}$. With increase of biaxilities, the fatigue crack initiated more apart from the circumferential direction of the specimen. These crack initiation direction were predicted using maximum tangential stress range and maximum shear stress range obtained at far-field and around the hole. Comparing these two stress parameters, The crack initiation direction can be successfully explained by using the direction of the maximum tangential stress range obtained around the hole and at far-field.

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Analysis Method for Non-Linear Finite Strain Consolidation for Soft Dredged Soil Deposit -Part I: Parameter Estimation for Analysis (초연약 준설 매립지반의 비선형 유한변형 압밀해석기법 -Part I: 해석 물성치 평가)

  • Kwak, Tae-Hoon;Lee, Chul-Ho;Lim, Jee-Hee;An, Yong-Hoon;Choi, Hang-Seok
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.27 no.9
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    • pp.13-24
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    • 2011
  • The renowned Terzaghi's one-dimensional consolidation theory is not applicable to quantification of time-rate settlement for highly deformable soft clays such as dredged soil deposits. To deal with this special condition, a non-linear finite strain consolidation theory should be adopted to predict the settlement of dredged soil deposits including self-weight and surcharge-induced consolidation. It is of importance to determine the zero effective stress void ratio ($e_{00}$), which is the void ratio at effective stress equal to zero, and the relationships of void ratio-effective stress and of void ratio-hydraulic conductivity for characterizing non-linear finite strain consolidation behavior for deformable dredged soil deposits. The zero effective stress void ratio means a transitional status from sedimentation to self-weight consolidation of dredged soils. In this paper, laboratory procedures and equipments are introduced to measure such key parameters in the non-linear finite strain consolidation analysis. In addition, the non-linear finite strain consolidation parameters of the Incheon clay and kaolinite are evaluated with the aid of the proposed methods in this paper, which will be used as input parameters for the non-linear finite strain consolidation analyses being performed in the companion paper.