• Title, Summary, Keyword: 응력재분배

Search Result 49, Processing Time 0.035 seconds

혼합모드 피로균열의 응력재분배 상태 하의 전파거동

  • 이정무;송삼홍
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.103-103
    • /
    • 2004
  • 실제 작용하는 하중상태는 요소의 형상과 작용하중의 복잡성 때문에 혼합모드 하중상태를 나타낸다. 또한 혼합모드 피로균열은 전파과정 동안 부재의 구속형상이나 외부 작용하중의 급격한 변화에 의해서도 영향 받게 된다. 이로 인하여 피로균열은 균열선단에서 지속적이면서 급격한 응력 재분배의 상태를 경험한다. 그러므로 다양한 응력 재분배 상태에서의 혼합모드 피로균열에 대한 고찰이 필요하다. 본 연구에서는 응력 재분배상태 하에서 나타나는 혼합모드 피로균열의 전파거동에 대한 특징이 실험적으로 고찰되었다.(중략)

  • PDF

A Study on Stress Redistribution Mechanism for Tunneling in an Unconsolidated Ground with Inclined Layers (미고결 층상지반에서 터널굴착시 응력재분배 메커니즘에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Si Hyun;Ahn, Sang Ro
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
    • /
    • v.26 no.1C
    • /
    • pp.53-61
    • /
    • 2006
  • This study is aimed at to examine the stress redistribution mechanism for tunneling in an unconsolidated ground with inclined layers through model tests. To make the unconsolidated ground, two dimensional model ground is prepared with aluminum rods and blocks, which are frictional resistance free between testing apparatus walls and ground materials, by establishing the ground materials self-supporting. It is carried out to measure the ground deformation and the stress redistribution for model ground with tunneling by measuring apparatus respectively. For the ground deformation, surface settlements are measured to examine the deformation features during tunnel excavation. For the stress redistribution, the earth pressure acting on both the tunneling part and its surrounding parts is measured to examine their mutual relationship. Based on test results, precise examination is conducted on the stress redistribution mechanism in the unconsolidated ground with inclined layers during tunnel construction.

  • PDF

Stiffness Design Method of Steel Structures using Resizing Techniques (재분배기법을 이용한 강구조물의 강성설계법)

  • Ahn, Sun A;Park, Hyo Seon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
    • /
    • v.10 no.1
    • /
    • pp.63-72
    • /
    • 1998
  • The stiffness design method is presented as a drift control model of steel structures and applied to design of space trusses subjected to stress and displacement constraints. The stiffness design method is developed by integrating the resizing techniques for an effective drift control algorithm with the strength design process according to the commonly used design specifications such as allowable stress design. In the resizing technique the amount of material to be modified depends on the member displacement participation factors and is determined by an optimization technique. Using the stiffness design method, a structural design model for steel structures is proposed and applied to two verifying examples. As demonstrated in the examples, the displacement of the structures can be effectively controlled without expensive computational cost.

  • PDF

Numerical Evaluation of the Rock Damaged Zone Around a Deep Tunnel (손상모델을 이용한 심부터널 주변암반의 손상영역 평가)

  • 장수호;이정인;이연규
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
    • /
    • v.18 no.5
    • /
    • pp.99-108
    • /
    • 2002
  • The nonlinear-brittle-plastic model derived from experiments as well as elastic and elasto-plastic models was applied to the analysis of the rock damaged zone around a highly stressed circular tunnel. The depths of stress redistribution and disturbed zone as well as the characteristic behaviors predicted from each numerical model were compared, As the magnitudes and stress differences of in situ stresses increased, influences of stress redistribution and stress disturbance on un(tiled region of rock mass also intensified. As a result, larger stress redistribution and disturbed zone as well as greater deviatoric stress and displacement were obtained by the nonlinear-brittle-plastic model rather than other conventional models such as elasto-plastic and elastic models. from such results, it was concluded that as the magnitudes and stress differences of in situ stresses increased, larger rock damaged zone might be predicted by the nonlinear-brittle-plastic model. Therefore, it is thought that the damage analysis may be indispensable far highly stressed tunnels.

Investigation into Variations of Welding Residual Stresses and Redistribution Behaviors for Different Repair Welding Widths (보수용접부 폭에 따른 용접잔류응력의 변화 및 재분배 거동 평가)

  • Park, Chi-Yong;Lee, Hwee-Sueng;Huh, Nam-Su
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
    • /
    • v.38 no.2
    • /
    • pp.177-184
    • /
    • 2014
  • In this study, we investigated the variations in welding residual stresses in dissimilar metal butt weld due to width of repair welding and re-distribution behaviors resulting from similar metal welding (SMW) and mechanical loading. To this end, detailed two-dimensional axi-symmetric finite element (FE) analyses were performed considering five different repair welding widths. Based on the FE results, we first evaluated the welding residual stress distributions in repair welding. We then investigated the re-distribution behaviors of the residual stresses due to SMW and mechanical loads. It is revealed that large tensile welding residual stresses take place in the inner surface and that its distribution is affected, provided repair welding width is larger than certain value. The welding residual stresses resulting from repair welding are remarkably reduced due to SMW and mechanical loading, regardless of the width of the repair welding.

Mechanical Stability Analysis of a High-Level Waste Repository for Determining Optimum Cavern and Deposition Hole Spacing (고준위폐기물 처분장의 최적 공동간격 및 처분공간격을 결정하기 위한 역학적 안정성 해석)

  • 박병윤;권상기
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
    • /
    • v.10 no.2
    • /
    • pp.237-248
    • /
    • 2000
  • Based on the preliminary results from the therm analysis, which is currently carrying, three-dimensional computer simulations using a finite element code, ABAQUS Ver. 5.8, were designed to determine the mechanically stable cavern and deposition hole spacing. Linear elastic modeling for the cases with different cavern and deposition hole spacing were carried out under three different in situ stress conditions. From the simulations, the response of the rock to the stress redistribution after the excavation of the openings could be investigated. Also the optimum cavern and deposition hole spacing could be estimated based on the factor of safety. When the in situ stress determined from the actual stress measurements in Korea were used, the case with cavern spacing of 40m and deposition hole spacing of 3m was in very stable condition, because the factor of safety was calculated as 3.42., When the in situ stress conditions for Sweden and Canada were used, the previous case, they seem to be in stable condition, since the factors of safety are still higher than 1.0. From these results, it was concluded that the rock will not fail even after the stress redistribution.

  • PDF

A Study on Moment Redistribution Effect of Continuous I-girder (재분배 모멘트를 고려한 I-거더 연속교의 휨거동에 관한 연구)

  • Joo, Hyunsung;Park, Donghyun;Choi, Byung-Ho;Lee, Hak-Eun
    • 한국방재학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.36-36
    • /
    • 2011
  • I-거더 형식의 연속교 교각 부근에서는 큰 부모멘트가 작용하게 되며 이로 인하여 소성힌지가 생성되게 된다. 소성힌지가 형성됨에 따라 교각 부근의 부모멘트는 감소하게 되며, 정모멘트부의 휨모멘트는 반대로 증가하게 된다. 이러한 모멘트 재분배가 원활히 발생하기 위해서는 소성힌지가 충분한 휨연성 혹은 단면회전 능력을 가지고 있어야 한다. 하지만 고강도 강재를 적용한 연속교에서는 재료연성이 다소 떨어지는 경향이 있고, 재료의 항복응력이 증가할수록 I-거더의 탄성 변형량은 이에 비례하여 증가하므로, 소성변형 능력 및 휨연성이 감소하는 것으로 알려져 있다. 따라서, 고강도 강재를 I-거더 형식의 연속교에 적용할 때 부모멘트부의 휨연성을 정량적으로 예측하여 재분배 모멘트가 원활히 이루어 지는지에 대한 연구가 필요하다. 본 연구에서는 유한요소해석 연구를 통하여 고강도강재 적용 I-거더 연속교의 재분배 모멘트를 고려한 휨거동 대하여 연구를 수행하였다. 연구 결과 재료의 인장 강도가 증가함에 따라 탄성 변형이 증가하며 소성 변형 능력이 저하됨으로 I-거더의 휨연성이 현저하게 감소하는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 소성모멘트 까지 선형거동하는 재료모델을 이용한 간략식을 통하여 연속교의 휨거동을 예측하여 유한요소해석 결과와 비교하였다.

  • PDF

Effect of Creep Mismatch Factor on Stress Redistribution in Welded Branch (분기관 용접부의 크리프 특성 불균일이 응력 재분배에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Kuk-Hee;Kim, Yun-Jae;Yoo, Kee-Bong;Nikbin, Kamran;Dean, Dave
    • Proceedings of the KSME Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.293-298
    • /
    • 2008
  • This paper attempts to quantify the effect of mismatch in creep properties on steady-state stress distributions for a welded branch vessel. A particular geometry for the branch vessel is chosen. The vessel is modeled by only two materials, the base and weld metal. Idealized power law creep laws with the same creep exponents are assumed for base and weld metals. A mismatch factor is introduced, as a function of the creep constant and exponent. Steady-state stress distributions within the weld metal, resulting from threedimensional, elastic-creep finite element (FE) analyses, are then characterized by the mismatch factor. We can find that average stresses in the weld can be characterized by the mis-match factor. And there is an analogy between elastic-creep and elastic-perfectly plastic.

  • PDF

A Method for Assessing Structural Safety of Ground-Support Systems in Underground Rock Cavern (지하 암반 공동내 지보시스템의 구조적 안전성 평가 방법)

  • 장승필;서정문
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
    • /
    • v.6 no.1
    • /
    • pp.23-31
    • /
    • 1996
  • A stress redistribution process in ground support system is mpdeled taking into consideration of load transfer mechanism of unbalanced load within shotcrete in a rock cavern constructed by NATM. The corresponding analysis model for ground support system is proposed and the elastic behavior of the shotcrete is studied. The effect on the support system due to variation of several design parameters is analysed with the proposed model. The suggested model yields considerably reduced maximum compressive stresses in shotcrete. Both the pressure coefficient in horizontal direction and the elastic modulus of rock mass govern overall responses, whereas the variation of the properties in support system shows a little difference in system responses. Interaction equations for evaluating safety factors for structural members are suggested. The result of this study can be used in the structural safety assessment of underground structures.

  • PDF

Analytical Study on Ductility Index of Reinforced Concrete Flexural Members (철근 콘크리트 휨부재의 연성지수에 관한 해석적 연구)

  • Lee, Jae Hoon
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
    • /
    • v.14 no.3
    • /
    • pp.391-402
    • /
    • 1994
  • One of the most important design concept for reinforced concrete structures is to achieve a ductile failure mode, and also moment redistribution for economic design is possible in case that adequate ductility is provided. Flexural ductility index is, therefore, used as a reference for possibility of moment redistribution as well as for prediction of flexural behavior of designed R.C. structures. Ductility index equations, however, provide approximate values due to the linear concrete compressive stress assumption at the tension steel yielding state. Theoretically more exact ductility index is calculated by a numerical analysis with the realistic stress-strain curves for concrete and steel to be compared with the result from tire ductility index equations. Variation of ductility index for the selected variables and the reasonable maximum tension steel ratio for doubly reinforced section are investigated. A moment-curvature curve model is also proposed for future research on moment redistribution.

  • PDF