• Title, Summary, Keyword: 의사소통 불안

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수학적 의사소통불안에 따른 소집단의 구성 ${\cdot}$ 협동학습이 정의적 영역에 미치는 효과 -중학교 1학년을 중심으로-

  • Jeon, Pyeong-Guk;Lee, Jin-Hui
    • Communications of Mathematical Education
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.495-514
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    • 2002
  • 본 연구의 목적은 수학교실에서 의사소통 불안에 따른 이질 집단과 동질 집단으로 소집단 구성을 달리하였을 때 정의적 영역에서 소집단 협동학습 효과의 차이가 있는지 알아보는데 있다. 이러한 연구 목적을 달성하기 위해 다음과 같은 연구 문제를 설정하였다. 첫째, 의사소통 불안에 따른 동질 집단과 이질 집단간에 정의적 영역(수학적 태도, 자아존중감)에서 차이가 있는가? 둘째, 동질 집단과 이질 집단간의 비교에서 어느 집단의 불안 수준이 정의적 영역(수학적 태도, 자아존중감)에 더 긍정적인 효과가 있는가? 이러한 연구 문제를 해결하기 위하여 독립변인은 협동학습에서의 의사소통 불안에 따른 집단 구성 형태이고 종속변인은 정의적 영역(수학적 태도와 자아존중감)인 원인비교 연구 설계(casual-comparative research design)를 세워 원인비교 연구를 실시하였다. 본 연구의 결과로부터 다음과 같은 결론을 얻을 수 있다. 첫째, 의사소통 불안에 따른 집단 구성방법이 수학과 소집단 협동학습의 효과, 특히 자아존중감 향상에 영향을 끼치기 때문에, 효과적인 협동학습을 위해서 학생들의 의사소통 불안을 측정하여 이질 집단으로 구성할 필요가 있다. 둘째, 의사소통 불안에 따른 집단 구성을 했을 때 이질 집단의 불안 하위수준 학생들이 자아존중감 향상에 가장 큰 효과를 볼 수 있다. 결론적으로, 수학 교실에서의 의사소통 불안은 집단의 상호작용 행동에 영향을 준다고 말할 수 있고 의사소통 불안에 따른 이질 집단은 자아존중감 향상에 효과적인 집단 구성방법임을 시사한다.

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The Effects of Digital Storytelling on Mathematical Communication Apprehension in 6th graders' Mathematics Instruction (초등학교 6학년 수학수업에 적용한 디지털 스토리텔링이 수학적 의사소통불안에 미치는 효과 분석)

  • Choi, Byoung Hun
    • Education of Primary School Mathematics
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.41-56
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate how Storytelling in Mathematics Instruction effects students' mathematical communication apprehension. In order to do this, I selected two grade six classes with no significant difference on the Communication Apprehension(CA) test. I applied normal story telling and digital story telling to each of the classes for ten weeks then analyzed the effects through the post CA test. As a result, for Normal Storytelling Class (NSC), there was no meaningful difference in the ex ante and ex post CA test results. However, for Digital Storytelling Class (DSC), there was a meaningful difference in regards to the communication apprehension subgroup. Also, between the two NSC and DSC groups' post CA results, there was a meaningful difference in mathematics lesson and subgroup factors. Consequently, these results suggest the appliance of Digital Storytelling helps lower CA in $6^{th}$ graders participation in math class and subgroup.

Interpersonal Relationship Anxiety and College Adjustment according to Communication Style of Nursing Freshmen (간호대학 신입생의 의사소통 스타일에 따른 대인관계불안과 대학생활적응)

  • Park, Jeoung-Weon;Jung, You-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.9
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    • pp.696-709
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the types of subjectivity on communication styles of nursing freshmen by using the Q Methodology, and examine interpersonal relationship anxiety and college adjustment according to communication styles. Participants were 89 nursing freshmen, and data were collected from 7. March to 23. September 2016. Data were analyzed by using PC-QUANL program for communication styles, and using descriptive statistics, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis test with SPSS windows version 24.0 program for interpersonal relationship anxiety and college adjustment according to communication styles. As a result, 4 communication styles were identified, 'Considerate-empathetic', 'Tense-passive', 'Vulnerable-easily distracted', and 'Facilitative-leading'. 'Tense-passive', 'Vulnerable-easily distracted' showed significantly higher interpersonal relationship anxiety than 'Considerate -empathetic'. 'Considerate-empathetic' showed significantly higher college adjustment than 'Vulnerable-easily distracted'. The result of this study is expected to be used for developing communication educational programs and provide a foundation to improve college adjustment of nursing freshmen.

An analysis of Self-perceived Communication Apprehension by Learning Styles of Engineering Students (공과대학생의 학습양식에 따른 의사소통 불안인식 분석 연구)

  • Kim, Ji-Sim;Choi, Keum-Jin;Lee, Jong-Yeon
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.3-13
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate between learning styles and communication apprehension of Engineering students. Participants were 405 first-year Engineering cohort. Following were the results: First, 80 percent were classified as Reflective learners, 61 percent were classified as Sensing learners, 73.1 percent were classified as Visual learners, and 66.7 percent were classified as Global learners. Second, the result showed that there was a significant difference in learning style by gender. Most female learners were Reflective, while most male learners were Active. Lastly, the finding revealed that there were significant differences in communication apprehension on Perception and Processing dimension. Sensing students demonstrated higher level of communication apprehension than Intuitive students and Reflective students shown higher level of communication apprehension than Active students. For the program developing Engineering students' communication skills, implications for reducing students' communication apprehension based on the type of learning styles were discussed.

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Impact of a Palliative Care Education Program on Korean Hospice Volunteers: Motivation, Death Anxiety, and Communication with the Dying

  • Woo, Hee Young;Yeun, Young Ran
    • The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.58-64
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to evaluate the impact of a two-week palliative care education program on Korean Hospice volunteers. Methods: A total of 71 volunteers were assigned to two groups: Group A (intervention, n=34) and Group B (usual care, n=37). Group A received six sessions of palliative care education for two weeks. The level of volunteers' motivation, death anxiety, and communication with the dying were measured at baseline and after the program ended. Results: The palliative care education program had positive influence on the volunteers' motivation (t=2.341, P=0.022), death anxiety (t=-2.166, P=0.034), and communication with the dying (t=-2.808, P=0.006). Conclusion: The findings of this study suggest that a palliative care education program may be an effective way to boost hospice volunteers' motivation, ease their death anxiety and improve their communication with the dying.

The Effect of Grouping by Students' Communication Apprehension in Cooperative Learning (협동학습에서 학생의 의사소통 불안에 따른 소집단 구성의 효과)

  • Noh, Tae-Hee;Seo, In-Ho;Han, Jae-Young;Jeon, Kyung-Moon;Cha, Jeong-Ho
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.174-182
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    • 2000
  • In this study, the effects of grouping by communication apprehension level in cooperative learning strategy applied to general science class and the difference between high and low communication apprehension levels were investigated. Three classes (N=112) were randomly assigned to two cooperative and one traditional learning groups. Students in two cooperative learning classes were grouped into homogeneous and heterogeneous groups with respect to their communication apprehension levels based on the test score of students' communication apprehension. After the instructions concerning the matter for 11 class hours, achievement, self-esteem, motivation to learn science. and student's perception to lack about communication ability and expectation about receiving help in cooperative learning processes were examined. Two-way ANOVA results revealed that there were no main and interactive effects in the scores of the achievement test. However, significant main effect of the treatment was found in the scores of the relevance and the satisfaction among four motivation sub-categories. In post-hoc comparison, the scores of the heterogeneous group were found to be significantly higher than those of the control group. For expectation about receiving help in cooperative learning processes, the scores of the heterogeneous group were significantly higher than those of the homogeneous group. Students in high communication apprehension level had significantly lower self-esteem and more perception to lack about communication ability than students in low level.

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The Effect of Grouping by Communication Apprehension Level in Paired Think-Aloud Problem Solving for Middle School Chemistry (중학교 화학에 적용한 해결자.·청취자 활동에서 의사소통 불안 수준에 따른 소집단 구성의 효과)

  • Kang, Hun-Sik;Lee, Jeong-Soon;Kim, Kyung-Sun;Jeon, Kyung-Moon;Noh, Tae-Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Chemical Society
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    • v.51 no.6
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    • pp.569-576
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    • 2007
  • In this study, the effect of grouping by communication apprehension level in paired think-aloud problem solving was examined. Three classes of 9th graders (N=99) were randomly assigned to a control group, homogeneous group or heterogeneous group based on the test scores of their communication apprehension. After the instructions concerning ‘writing balanced chemical equation', ‘the law of conservation of mass', and ‘the law of definite proportions' for 7 class hours, students' chemistry problem solving ability and the perception to the paired think-aloud problem solving were examined. Two-way ANOVA results revealed that there was an interactive effect in the score of chemistry problem solving ability test. In simple effect test for the students of low communication apprehension, the scores of the heterogeneous group were found to be significantly higher than those of the control group. However, the students in homogeneous group had relatively positive perceptions to the paired think-aloud problem solving.

A Study on Relations between Adult Attachment Types of Mothers and Communication Types of Children's (어머니의 성인애착유형과 유아의 의사소통유형과의 관계 연구)

  • Kim, Yong-Sook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.10
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    • pp.474-481
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    • 2009
  • This study aims to investigate the relation between adult attachment types and communication types of child who attend childhood-care center and their mothers, offer general information of parent education with the importance of language within family as the basic material and provide data and materials to improve communication skills of infants who attend childhood-care center. Based on these goals, study subjects in order to examine the relation between adult attachment types of mothers and communication types of child were established as follows: 1. What is the relation between adult attachment types of mothers and communication types of child? 2. How do attachment types of mothers affect on communication skills of child? The objects of this study were child aged 3 - 5 years old who attend children's house in Daejeon Metropolitan City and their mothers. Measurement tool of adult attachment and tool of communication types of child were used to them for analysis. As the results of the study, there was no correlation between the types of adult attachment and communication types of child. On the contrary, there were passive correlations between dependency and negative communication types and between insecurity and positive communication types. Based on the correlation analysis, insecurity among types of mothers' adult attachment was a major variable that can predict communication skills of children's in the result of multiple regression analysis.

The Effects of the Communication Accompanied with Music Therapy on the Anxiety of the Patients during the MRI Examination (MRI 검사 시 음악요법을 동반한 의사소통이 환자의 불안에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoon, Yong-Hak;Yoon, Hee-Jung;Lee, Sung-Kook;Kim, Kyung-Hee;Kwon, Gi-hong
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.93-102
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    • 2016
  • This study examined effects of the communication accompanied with music therapy on the anxiety of patients during a MRI examination. In the experiment group consisting of thirty patients and the control group consisting of thirty patients, the experiment was performed from February 1st 2014 to March 31st 2014 in hospital C located in Daegu Korea. The research design was a non-equivalent control group quasi-experimental study. The results showed that the anxiety score (VAS score) on communication with music therapy of the experimental group was significantly lower (p=.001), than that of the control group. Among the vital signs, the blood pressure was similar in both groups. On the other hand, the pulse rate of the experiment group was significantly lower (p=.001). Four categories of the physical discomfort (perspiration, facial change, change in physical posture, and change in vocal sound) did not show any statistically significant difference between the control and experiment group. Among the mental discomforts, dizziness did not have a significant difference between the experiment group and the control group, but the experimental group had significantly low fear (p=.001) and anxiety (p=.001). From the above results, communication accompanying music therapy proves is an effective alternative examination method that reduces the anxiety of patients.

Comparative study on the language anxiety levels and factors in different English class environments (영어 수업환경의 유형에 따른 언어불안 정도와 불안요인에 대한 비교분석)

  • Cha, Haekyung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.15 no.10
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    • pp.6014-6028
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    • 2014
  • This study examined the levels of language anxiety and their causal factors in different English class environments. The findings show that the levels of language anxiety vary significantly in different types of class environments, indicating that both the class environments and individual characteristics are meaningful variables of language anxiety. The findings also show that unlike the levels of language anxiety, its causal factors are almost constant regardless of the class environment with communication apprehension being the most important factor. This study suggests that the English proficiency of students and professors needs to be considered when constructing specific class environments, in addition to promoting class environments favorable to students' active participation in class.