• Title, Summary, Keyword: 이광자현미경

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Measurement of fluorecence decay times of single molecules in solution (용액내 단분자의 형광소멸시간 계측)

  • 고동섭
    • Korean Journal of Optics and Photonics
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.1-4
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    • 1999
  • A confocal microscope system was used to study the bursts of fluorescence photons from single dye molecules excited at 638 nm by a short-pulsed diode laser with a repetition rate of 17 MHz. A red dye, JA22, in ethylene glycol solution was used as a sample. The fluorescence decay curves of single molecules were acquired using a time-correlated single photon counting and analyzed by a maximum likelihood estimator. It was possible to measure the fluorescence decay times with an error probability of 21% at photon number of more than 40 per dye molecule.

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Visual Recognition of Magnetc Domain Pattern Using Pixel Value Operation (픽셀값 연산을 이용한 자성체의 자구패턴 시각화)

  • Kim, Young-Hak
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.681-684
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    • 2015
  • Magnetization is very important in the ferro-magnetic physics and provides useful informations in the application field of magnetic devices. Generally, the only first acquired domain pattern is not helpful to recognize domain pattern. Many images are needed to visualize domain pattern through image processing. These images were obtained a 8-bit digital camera. The operation was the subtraction of pixel values of multi domain imanges from the images with 255 of pixel value, which was obtained in the saturated state of magnetic materials. The magnetic domain images was visualized gradually with increasing the number of subtracion operation. LABVIEW was used as an image processing tool and the optic microscope with a polarizer was used in this experiment.

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Three-Dimensional Approaches in Histopathological Tissue Clearing System (조직투명화 기술을 통한 3차원적 접근)

  • Lee, Tae Bok;Lee, Jaewang;Jun, Jin Hyun
    • Korean Journal of Clinical Laboratory Science
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    • v.52 no.1
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    • pp.1-17
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    • 2020
  • Three-dimensional microscopic approaches in histopathology display multiplex properties that present puzzling questions for specimens as related to their comprehensive volumetric information. This information includes spatial distribution of molecules, three-dimensional co-localization, structural formation and whole data set that cannot be determined by two-dimensional section slides due to the inevitable loss of spatial information. Advancement of optical instruments such as two-photon microscopy and high performance objectives with motorized correction collars have narrowed the gap between optical theories and the actual reality of deep tissue imaging. However, the benefits gained by a prolonged working distance, two-photon laser and optimized beam alignment are inevitably diminished because of the light scattering phenomenon that is deeply related to the refractive index mismatch between each cellular component and the surrounding medium. From the first approaches with simple crude refractive index matching techniques to the recent cutting-edge integrated tissue clearing methods, an achievement of transparency without morphological denaturation and eradication of natural and fixation-induced nonspecific autofluorescence out of real signal are key factors to determine the perfection of tissue clearing and the immunofluorescent staining for high contrast images. When performing integrated laboratory workflow of tissue for processing frozen and formalin-fixed tissues, clear lipid-exchanged acrylamide-hybridized rigid imaging/immunostaining/in situ hybridization-compatible tissue hydrogel (CLARITY), an equipment-based tissue clearing method, is compatible with routine procedures in a histopathology laboratory.

OLED소자를 위한 그래핀 투명전극에 대한 연구

  • Kim, Yeong-Hun;Park, Jun-Gyun;Jeong, Yeong-Jong;No, Yong-Han
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.237.1-237.1
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    • 2015
  • OLED의 낮은 외부 광자 효율 문제를 해결하기 위해서는 발광층은 물론 전극 재료에 대한 연구가 함께 진행되어야 한다. 최근 플렉서블 디스플레이(Flexible Display) 분야에서 투명전극(Transparent Electrode)은 큰 주목을 받고 있다. 기존 전자소자의 투명전극으로는 인듐산화물(ITO, Indium Tin Oxide)이 널리 사용되어 왔으나, ITO의 주원료인 인듐(Indium)은 희소성으로 인해 앞으로 30년 후에 고갈될 것으로 예상되어 ITO를 대체할만한 투명전극 재료가 필요하게 되었다. 인듐이 포함되지 않은(Indium-free) 투명전극을 개발하려는 많은 연구들이 진행 중인데, 본 연구에서는 PEN(Polyethylene Naphthalate) 유연기판 상에 그래핀(Graphene)을 투명전극으로 구현하여 OLED의 효율을 높이는데 이용하고자 하였다. 화학 기상 증착(CVD, Chemical Vapor Deposition) 방법을 이용하여 Cu 호일 위에 그래핀을 성장시킨 후 PEN 유연기판에 전사하여 그래핀 투명전극을 구현하면서 그래핀 성장층을 단층 또는 다층으로 구분하여 성장시켜 각각의 투명전극을 구현해보았다. 유연기판 상의 그래핀의 상태를 확인하기 위해 라만 분광(Raman Spectroscopy) 분석을 이용하여 그래핀 고유의 라만 꼭지점(Raman peak)인 G 꼭지점(G peak: 1580 cm-1), 2D 꼭지점(2D peak: ~2700 cm-1)을 확인하였는데 그래핀 전사 상태가 양호하여 D 꼭지점(D peak: ~1360 cm-1)은 나타나지 않았다. 원자힘 현미경(AFM, Atomic Force Microscope) 분석을 통해 다층 및 단층 그래핀 표면의 거칠기(Roughness) 및 두께(Thickness)를 각각 확인할 수 있었고 자외선-가시광선 분광법(UV-Visible Spectroscopy) 분석으로 그래핀 투명전극과 유연기판의 투과도(Transmittance)를 분석하였으며, 단층 그래핀 투과도가 90%수준의 높은 값이 나타나 ITO보다 개선됨을 확인하였다. 그래핀 면저항은 TLM(Transmission Line Measurement)법을 통해 측정하였는데, 단층 그래핀의 경우 $800{\Omega}/{\square}$ 내외 수준임을 확인할 수 있었다. 본 연구에서는 근자외선 영역에서 높은 투과도와 우수한 전기적 특성을 가지는 그래핀 투명 전도성 전극 구조를 제안하고, 나아가 가시영역에서 ITO를 대체할 수 있는 투명 전도성 전극 물질을 개발함으로써 발광다이오드의 광효율을 높일 수 있는 투명 전도성 전극을 구현하였다.

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Recycling Properties of Visible-Light Driven CdZnS/ZnO Photocatalyst Prepared by a Simple Precipitation Method (단순 침전법으로 제조한 가시광선용 CdZnS/ZnO 광촉매의 재활용 특성)

  • Lee, Gun Dae;Park, Seong Soo;Jin, Youngeup;Hong, Seong Soo
    • Clean Technology
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.196-204
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    • 2017
  • CdZnS/ZnO composite was prepared through low-temperature precipitation and drying method. The property of CdZnS/ZnO as a recyclable photocatalyst for the degradation of rhodamine B (RhB) under visible light irradiation was examined. The sample was characterized by XRD, FE-SEM, XPS, UV-vis DRS and photoluminescence techniques before and after repeated reaction to investigate the change of properties during the photocatalytic reaction. During repeated reaction, the CdZnS/ZnO showed an improved photocatalytic activity and recycle stability. Among two feasible reaction pathways for photocatalytic degradation of RhB, the cleavage of conjugated chromophore was found to predominate over N-dealkylation of chromophore skeleton in the present work. The results indicate that the CdZnS/ZnO, prepared by a simple precipitation method, can be used as a visible-light driven photocatalyst with enhanced cycle stability and activity.