• Title, Summary, Keyword: 이종금속용접

Search Result 165, Processing Time 0.039 seconds

Distribution Characteristics of Weld Residual Stress on Butt Welded Dissimilar Metal Plate (이종금속 평판 맞대기용접의 용접잔류응력 분포특성)

  • Lee, Kyoung-Soo;Park, Chi-Yong;Kim, Maan-Won;Park, Jai-Hak
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
    • /
    • v.34 no.9
    • /
    • pp.1317-1323
    • /
    • 2010
  • In this study, the weld residual stress distribution at a dissimilar-metal welded plate of low alloy carbon steel and stainless steel, which are widely used in nuclear power plants, was characterized. A plate mock-up with butt welding was fabricated using SA 508 low alloy steel and Type 304 stainless steel plates and the residual stresses were measured by the X-ray diffraction method after electrolytic polishing of the plate specimen. Finite element analysis was carried out in order to simulate the butt welding of dissimilar metal plate, and the calculated weld residual stress distribution was compared with that obtained from the measured data. The characteristics of the three-dimensional residual stress distribution in a butt weld of dissimilar metal plates were investigated by comparing the measured and calculated residual stress data.

Stress Distribution in the Dissimilar Metal Butt Weld of Nuclear Reactor Piping due to the Simulation Technique for the Repair Welding (보수용접 모사 방법에 따른 원자로 배관 이종금속 맞대기 용접부 응력 분포)

  • Lee, Hwee-Seung;Huh, Nam-Su;Kim, Jin-Su;Lee, Jin-Ho
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
    • /
    • v.37 no.5
    • /
    • pp.649-655
    • /
    • 2013
  • During welding, the dissimilar metal butt welds of nuclear piping are typically subjected to repair welding in order to eliminate defects that are found during post-weld inspection. It has been found that the repair weld can significantly increase the tensile residual stress in the weldment, and therefore, accurate estimation of the weld residual stress due to repair weld, especially for dissimilar metal welds using Ni-based alloy 82/182 in nuclear components, is of great importance in order to assess susceptibility to primary water stress corrosion cracking. In the present study, the stress distributions of dissimilar metal butt welds in nuclear reactor piping subjected to repair weld were investigated based on detailed nonlinear finite element analyses. Particular emphasis was placed on the variation of the stress distribution in the dissimilar metal butt weld according to the finite element welding analysis sequence for the repair welding process.

Crack Growth Analysis due to PWSCC in Dissimilar Metal Butt Weld for Reactor Piping Considering Hydrostatic and Normal Operating Conditions (수압시험 및 정상운전 하중을 고려한 원자로 배관 이종금속 맞대기 용접부 응력부식균열 성장 해석)

  • Lee, Hwee-Sueng;Huh, Nam-Su;Lee, Seung-Gun;Park, Heung-Bae;Lee, Sung-Ho
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
    • /
    • v.37 no.1
    • /
    • pp.47-54
    • /
    • 2013
  • This study investigates the crack growth behavior due to primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) in the dissimilar metal butt weld of a reactor piping using Alloy 82/182. First, detailed finite element stress analyses were performed to predict the stress distribution of the dissimilar metal butt weld in which the hydrostatic and the normal operating loads as well as the weld residual stresses were considered to evaluate the stress redistribution due to mechanical loadings. Based on the stress distributions along the wall thickness of the dissimilar metal butt weld, the crack growth behavior of the postulated axial and circumferential cracks were predicted, from which the crack growth diagram due to PWSCC was proposed. The present results can be applied to predict the crack growth rate in the dissimilar metal butt weld of reactor piping due to PWSCC.

Evaluation of PWSCC at Dissimilar Metal Butt Welds in NPP (원전 이종금속 맞대기용접부 PWSCC 균열건전성평가)

  • Lee, Sung-Ho;Lee, Kyoung-Soo;Oh, Chang-Young
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
    • /
    • v.36 no.9
    • /
    • pp.1047-1052
    • /
    • 2012
  • Primary water stress corrosion cracking (PWSCC) instances have been reported in the Alloy 600 reactor pressure vessel head penetration nozzle and the Alloy 82/182 dissimilar metal butt weld nozzle in several PWRs. Therefore, in-service inspection programs have been adopted worldwide to prevent failure at the weld region. If a PWSCC is observed at the dissimilar metal weld region during inspection, its structural integrity should be evaluated; however, this requires considerable time and effort, and this might lead to a decrease in the plant utilization coefficient. To prevent this, KHNP-CRI have established integrity assessment criteria and developed a computer program for the fast evaluation and judgment of PWSCC. In this paper, the results and current status of the same are presented. Through this study, criteria for the structural integrity evaluation of PWSCC have been established, and a computer program has been developed to realize technical means for the evaluation of PWSCC structural integrity.

Welding Residual Stress Distributions for Dissimilar Metal Nozzle Butt Welds in Pressurized Water Reactors (가압경수로 노즐 맞대기 이종금속용접부의 용접잔류응력 예측)

  • Kim, Ji-Soo;Kim, Ju-Hee;Bae, Hong-Yeol;Oh, Chang-Young;Kim, Yun-Jae;Lee, Kyung-Soo;Song, Tae-Kwang
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
    • /
    • v.36 no.2
    • /
    • pp.137-148
    • /
    • 2012
  • In pressurized water nuclear reactors, dissimilar metal welds are susceptible to primary water stress corrosion cracking. To access this problem, accurate estimation of welding residual stresses is important. This paper provides general welding residual stress profiles in dissimilar metal nozzle butt welds using finite element analysis. By introducing a simplified shape for dissimilar metal nozzle butt welds, changes in the welding residual stress distribution can be seen using a geometry variable. Based on the results, a welding residual stress profile for dissimilar metal nozzle butt welds is proposed that modifies the existing welding residual stress profile for austenitic pipe butt welds.

Investigation on the Effect of Laser Peening Variables on Welding Residual Stress Mitigation Using Dynamic Finite Element Analysis (동적 유한요소 해석을 통한 용접 잔류응력 이완에 미치는 레이저 피닝 변수의 영향 고찰)

  • Kim, Jong-Sung
    • Proceedings of the KWS Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.84-92
    • /
    • 2010
  • 현재 가동 중인 몇몇 가압 경수로 원전 안전 1등급 설비의 이종금속 용접부는 일차수응력부식균열(PWSCC : Primary Stress Corrosion Cracking) 발생의 세가지 조건(민감 재질, 부식 환경, 인장응력)을 동시에 충족하고 있다. 즉, 이종금속 용접부는 PWSCC에 민감한 재질인 Alloy 600 계열 합금으로 제작 또는 용접되어 있으며 고온 수화학 부식 환경 하에 놓여있다. 아울러 오스테나이트 스테인리스 강의 예민화 예방을 위한 용접 후열처리 미실시로 높은 인장 용접 잔류응력이 작용하고 있다. 이러한 이종금속 용접부의 특성상 PWSCC가 발생할 잠재성이 있을 뿐만 아니라 국내외적으로 Alloy 600 계열 합금으로 제작 및 용접된 가압 경수로 원전 안전 1등급 설비의 이종금속 용접부에 실제 PWSCC가 발생된 사례들이 다수 보고되고 있다. 운전 환경 및 재질 변화 없이 PWSCC 발생을 예방하기 위해서는 인장 잔류응력을 이완시켜 낮은 인장 또는 압축 응력화하여야 한다. 이러한 인장 잔류응력 이완방법들로는 PWOL(Pre-emptive Weld Overlay), 레이저 피닝(Laser Peening), MSIP(Mechanical Stress Improvement Process), 워터 제트 피닝(Water Jet Peening), IHSI(Induction Heating Stress Improvement) 방법들이 있는데 공정 시간이 짧고 열 에너지 원이 필요 없으며 전체적인 소성 변형을 야기시키지 않는 레이저 피닝을 본 연구의 대상 방법으로 한다. 본 연구에서는 동적 유한요소 해석을 통해 용접 잔류응력을 이완시키는 레이저 피닝의 효과를 검증하고 용접 잔류응력에 미치는 레이저 피닝 변수의 영향을 고찰하고자 한다. 내부 보수용접이 수행된 경수로 원전 가압기 노즐 이종금속 용접부에 레이저 피닝을 적용한 경우에 대해 상용 유한요소 해석 프로그램인 ABAQUS를 이용하여 동적 유한요소해석을 수행한 결과, 고온 수화학 일차수와 접하는 Alloy 600 계열 합금 내면에서의 인장 잔류응력이 상당히 이완됨을 확인하였다. 또한, 최대충격 압력이 증가할수록, 충격압력 지속시간이 증가할수록, 레이저 스팟 직경이 증가할수록 내표면 인장 잔류응력 이완 정도는 감소하나 이완되는 영역의 깊이는 증가함을 알 수 있다. 또한, 레이저 피닝 방향이 잔류응력 이완에 미치는 영향은 미미함을 알 수 있다.

  • PDF

Ultrasonic Transducer Design for the Axial Flaw Detection of Dissimilar Metal Weld (이종금속 용접부 축방향 결함 검출을 위한 초음파 탐촉자 설계)

  • Yoon, Byung-Sik;Kim, Yong-Sik;Yang, Seung-Han
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
    • /
    • v.31 no.5
    • /
    • pp.536-542
    • /
    • 2011
  • Dissimilar metal welds in nuclear power plant are known as very susceptible to PWSCC flaws, and periodically inspected by the qualified inspector and qualified procedure during in-service inspection period. According to field survey data, the majority of their DMWs are located on tapered nozzle or adjacent to a tapered component. These types of configurations restrict examination access and also limit examination volume coverage. Additionally, circumferential scan for axially oriented flaw is very difficult to detect located on tapered surface because the transducer can't receive flaw response from reflector for miss-orientation. To overcome this miss-orientation, it is necessary adapt skewed ultrasonic transducer accomodate tapered surface. The skewed refracted longitudinal ultrasonic transducer designed by modeling and manufactured from the modelling result for axial flaw detection. Experimental results showed that the skewed refracted longitudinal ultrasonic transducer get higher flaw response than non-skewed refracted longitudinal ultrasonic transducer.

Feasibility Study of Flexible Phased Array Ultrasonic Technology Using Irregular Surface Specimen (불규칙 표면 시편을 이용한 Flexible 위상배열초음파기술 적용 연구)

  • Lee, Seung-Pyo;Moon, Yong-Sig;Jung, Nam-Du
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
    • /
    • v.35 no.1
    • /
    • pp.52-60
    • /
    • 2015
  • Nuclear power plant contain many dissimilar metal welds that connect carbon steel components with stainless steel pipes using alloy600 welding materials. Primary water stress corrosion cracks at dissimilar metal welds have been continuously reported around the world. In periodic integrity evaluations, dissimilar metal welds are examined using a generic ultrasonic testing procedure, KPD-UT-10. In this procedure, the gap between the probe and examination surface is limited to 1/32 inch (0.8mm). It is not easy to test some dissimilar metal welds in Korean plants applying ordinary technology because of their tapered shapes and irregular surface conditions. This paper introduces a method for applying a flexible phased array technology to improve the reliability of ultrasonic testing results for various shapes and surface conditions. The artificial flaws in specimens with irregular surfaces were completely detected using the flexible phased array ultrasonic technology. Therefore, it can be said that the technology is applicable to field examination.