• Title, Summary, Keyword: 인공절리

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A Study on the Development of Geothermal Energy Using the Hydraulic Fracturing method (수압파쇄법을 이용한 지열에너지 개발에 관한 연구)

  • 이희근
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.323-335
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    • 1995
  • 지열에너지 개발의 기본적 개념은 지하 심부의 고온건조암체에 시추공을 이용한 수압파쇄를 실시하여 고온건조암체내에 인공파쇄대를 형성함으로써 유체의 유동회로를 구축하여 지열에너지의 회수를 도모하는 것이다. 본 논문에서는 수압파쇄균열의 발전방향 조절문제와 관련하여, 초고압수 절삭장치를 이용, 수압파쇄공 내에 인공슬롯을 형성하여 수압파쇄를 실시함으로써 균열의 발전방향을 조사하였으며, 수압파쇄에 의한 파쇄대내로의 유체순환실험을 통해 지열수의 유동특성을 규명하였다. 이를 위해 모델에 종균열과 횡균열을 형성시키고 균열내에 주입되는 물의 주입률, 정상류압력, 흐름저항을 조사하고, 이 결과를 이용하여 전산모델링을 수행하였다. 인공절리면에 대한 투수시험에서는 10$0^{\circ}C$까지의 온도변화에 따라 투수계수가 증가하였으며, 봉압 증가에 따라 증가율이 현저히 감소하였다.

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A Technical Review of Hydromechanical Properties of Jointed Rock Mass accompanied by Fluid Injection (유체 주입을 동반한 절리 암반의 수리-역학 특성 평가에 대한 고찰)

  • Kim, Hyung-Mok;Guglielmi, Yves;Rutqvist, Jonny;Park, Eui-Seob
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.12-29
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    • 2019
  • Permeability and its change due to a fluid injection in jointed rock mass is an important factor to be well identified for a safe and successful implementation of Carbon Capture and Sequestration (CCS), Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS) and Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) projects which may accompany injection-induced hydromechanical deformation of the rock mass. In this technical report, we first reviewed important issues in evaluating initial permeability using borehole hydraulic tests and numierical approaches for understanding coupled hydromechanical properties of rock mass. Recent SIMFIP testing device to measure these hydromechanical properties directly through in-situ borehole experiments was also reviewed. The technical significance and usefulness of the device for further applications was discussed as well.

A Basic Study on the Tunnel Collapse Analysis and the Reasonable Inforence of Tunnel Collapse Considering a Characteristic of Engineering Geology (지질공학적 특성을 고려한 터널 붕락 분석과 합리적인 터널 붕락 추론에 관한 기본 연구)

  • 마상준;서경원;배규진;이석원
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.16 no.5
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    • pp.117-127
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    • 2000
  • 터널 시공과 굴착과정에서 파쇄대, 절리, 연약대, 균열 등 암반에서의 불연속면은 중요한 역할을 한다. 본 연구에서는 지반 고유의 특징인 불확실성에 의한 터널 설계와 시공 과정에서 겪는 많은 시행오차를 최소화하기 위해서 국내의 터널 붕락 현장의 지반조사 자료를 분석하여 터널 붕락 유형 및 규모를 제시할수 있는 Geo-predict 시스템을 개발하였다. Geo-predict 시스템은 총 104개 터널 붕괴/붕락자료(국외84개, 국내20개)를 분석한 자료를 테이터베이스로 인공신경망 학습을 토해서 터널 붕괴 형태와 규모를 추론하는 시스템이다. 본 논문에서는 Geo-predict의 개발과정 및 구성.기능을 소개하였으며 104개 터널 현장 자료를 지반조건별로 분석하고 이를 데이터베이스화하여 인공신경함을 이용한 추론 시스탬을 구축하고, 2개 고속전철 터널현장과 1개 지하철 시공현장에 적용성 평가를 실시하여, 터널의 붕락 가능 및 붕락 규모를 추론하였다.

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Deformation Characteristics of Artificially Fracture Joins of Granite under Normal and Shear Loading (수직 및 전단하중하에서 화강암 인공절리의 변형특성)

  • 김영근;이희근
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.142-151
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    • 1993
  • In this study, the deformation characteristics of atrtificially fractured joints of granite under normal and shear loading were investigated. To obtain the characteristics of joint deformation, compression and shear tests were performed in the laboratory on three different sizes of rock specimens. The rock used in the experimens was Iksan granite. Joints were produced artificially by fracturing using the apparatus for generating extension-joint. Joint normal deformability was studied by conducting cyclic loading tests on the joints. Joint closure varied non-linearly with normal stress through cyclic loadings. As normal stress increased, the joints gradually reached a state of maximum joint closure. The relation between normal stress and joint closure for mated and unmated joints was well described by the hyperbolic and exponential function, respectively. Joint shear deformability was studied by performing direct shear tests under normal stresses on the joints. it was shown that the behaviour in the prepeak range was non-linear and joint shear stiffness depended on the size of specimen and the normal stress.

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Effect of Vibratory Injection on Grout Permeation Characteristics (진동주입이 그라우트재의 침투 특성에 미치는 영향 연구)

  • Lee, Mun-Seon;Kim, Jong-Sun;Lee, Sung-Dong;Choi, Young-Joon;Yang, Jae-Man;Lee, In-Mo
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.26 no.7
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    • pp.37-47
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    • 2010
  • To improve the grout penetration characteristics, a vibratory grout injection technique was adopted in this study. It is a technique of grout injection in which an oscillating pressure is added to the steady-state pressure as an injection pressure. By applying the vibration during grout injection, cement particles will become less adhesive and the clogging tendency will be decreased. A series of pilot-scale chamber tests were performed to verify the enhancement of the groutability by applying the vibratory grout injection; assessment on the change of the lumped parameter $\theta$ which represents a barometer of clogging phenomenon was made. Moreover, the effect of vibratory grout injection through the joint was also investigated using artificially made rock joints. Experimental results as well as analytical results show that the grout penetration depth can be substantially improved by vibratory grouting. Moreover, it was found that enhancement of the permeation grouting due to vibratory injection is more dominant at grouting pressure less than 400 kPa.

Development of a Rock Slope Analysis Software Considering Ground Water Level (지하수의 영향을 고려한 사면 해석 소프트웨어 개발)

  • Yang Hyung-Sik;Ha Tae-Wook;Kim Won-Beom;Choi Mi-Jin;Lee Jine-Haeng
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.213-222
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    • 2005
  • In this study, an artificial neural network was used to predict stability of weak rock slopes with various discontinuities and underground water conditions. Input data were provided by UDEC analyses on 108 cases of representative conditions of different slope heights, angles, discontinuity angles and water levels. The verification shows high correlation $(r^2-=0.97)$ between analyses and predictions. The program was able to predict safety factors with the same accuracy from unlearned data sets.

ENGINEERING GEOLOGICAL STUDIES ON THE SUBMERGED TOMB OF KING MUNMU, SHILLA DYNASTY, KOREA (문무대왕 수증릉에 대한 지질공학적 연구)

  • HoWoongShon;SeongBeomKim
    • Journal of the Korean Geophysical Society
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    • v.6 no.3
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    • pp.139-153
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    • 2003
  • Subsurface information is one of the most important factors in the archaeological excavation. To obtain the information on the underground, geophysical prospecting is becoming a popular method. This study is on the small rocky islands located 200m away from the shoreline of Gampo, Gyeongju city, Korea. According to the historical records and field surveys, it was revealed as the tomb of King Munmu of Shilla Dynasty. However, the questions and debates, such as whether it is really the tomb of King Moonmu or not, and whether it is a buried place or not, are still remains, in addition to the incompletion of precise surveying and scientific studies. The scope of this study contains the researches on the above problems and debates using the geophysical and geological methods and techniques. The rocky islands around the submerged Tomb of King Moonmu is composed of granite, and sag exists inside of the islands. Sea water enters through the east groove by wave and is drained to the west slot by hydraulic gradient, since west slot is 15cm lower than the east. Sag inside of the islands is believed to be extended and widened from pre-existed sinkage by applying tools like chisel in the joints and cracks. It is concluded that the submerged megalith inside of sag was from the rock block which was developed by joints. Geophysical surveys reveal that there is no artificial structure or stone/china/steel chest, under the m egalith and rocky island. Researches show that the tomb of King Moonmu was constructed in the small rocky island artificially. However, the evidences show that planners and constructors of the tomb made every possible effort to preserve the natural environment and condition. It is strongly believed that the megalith was sort of alter to sprinkle bone-ash rather than buried place.

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Application of New Measurement Method for Improvement of Rock Joint Roughness Underestimation (암석 절리면 거칠기 과소평가의 개선을 위한 새로운 측정방법의 적용)

  • Hong, Eun-Soo;Lee, Joo-Gong;Lee, Jong-Sub;Lee, In-Mo
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.26 no.2C
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    • pp.133-142
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    • 2006
  • Many methods have been tried to more correctly measure rock joint roughness. However, true roughness may be distorted and underestimated due to the sampling interval and measurement method. Thus, currently used measurement methods produce a dead zone and distort roughness profiles. The purpose of this study is to suggest new roughness measurement method by a camera-type 3D scanner as an alternative of currently used methods. First, the underestimation of artificial roughness is analyzed by using the current measurement method such as laser profilometry. Second, we replicate eight specimens from two rock joint surfaces, and digitize by a 3D scanner. Then, the roughness coefficient values obtained from eight numbers of 3D surface data and from three hundred twenty numbers of 2D profiles data are analyzed by using current and new measurement methods. The artificial simulation confirms that the sampling interval is one of main factors for the distortion of roughness and shows that inclination of waviness may not be considered any current methods. The experimental results show that the camera-type 3D scanner produces 10% larger roughness values than current methods. As the proposed new method is a fast, high precision and more accurate method for the roughness measurement, it should be a promising technique in this area.

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Strength Anisotropy through Artificial Weak Plane of Mudstone (인공연약면을 따른 이암의 강도이방성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Young-Huy;Jeong, Ghang-Bok
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.24 no.11
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    • pp.111-120
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    • 2008
  • The characteristic of induced anisotropy is investigated in this study for the Pohang mudstone involving the cut plane discontinuity. The uniaxial and triaxial compression tests are performed for anisotropic rocks with artificial joint to look into anisotropic strength characteristics. Both the uniaxial compressive strength and triaxial compressive strength show the lowest value at the angle of cut plane, ${\beta}=30^{\circ}$ and the shoulder type of anisotropy is obtained. Anisotropy ratio (Rc) in uniaxial compression measures 9.0, whereas Rc=1.29-1.98 in triaxial compression is appeared. A series of analyses are made with the test results to derive the suitable parameter values when it is applied to the Ramamurthy (1985) failure criterion. The result of uniaxial compression test is analyzed by introducing the n-index into Ramamurthy failure criterion. The result shows that, n=l is suitable for ${\beta}=0^{\circ}{\sim}30^{\circ}$ and n=3 is suitable for ${\beta}=30^{\circ}{\sim}90^{\circ}$. To analyze the result of triaxial compression test by Ramamurthy failure criterion, anisotropy ratio in uniaxial compression test is added to Ramamurthy's equation and material constants are estimated by modified Ramamurthy's equation. When these values are applied back to Ramamurthy failure criterion, the predicted values are well fitted to the test results. And strength anisotropy for failure criteria of Jaeger (1960), McLamore & Gray (1967) and Hoek & Brown (1980) are also investigated.

LPG 지하저장시설의 지하수 시스템 분석 : 수리지질.수리지구화학적 연구

  • 고경석;김태희;장호완;이강근
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.131-133
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    • 1998
  • LPG 공동이 위치한 곳의 지하수 흐름은 단층이나 절리면 같은 자연적인 요인과 수막터널, LPG 공동의 인공적 요인에 의해 동시에 영향을 받게 된다 1985년부터 1997까지의 수위변화를 통해 분석한 결과 연구지역의 지하수위 변동은 크게 강우와 공동운영압에 의해 크게 영향을 받고 있음을 알 수 있었다. 관측정의 수위 강하와 공동누입수의 감소에 대한 문제는 94, 95년 연구지역의 가뭄에 따른 지하수 유입량의 감소에 따른 것으로 판단되며 미생물에 의한 clogging은 명확하지 않은 것으로 판단된다. 지하수의 수리지구화학 분석 결과 연구지역 지하수는 단층이 지하수 흐름의 통로가 될 수 있음을 보여주었으며 강우와 세정제가 지하수 화학에 가장 영향을 많이 미치는 것으로 분석되었다. 미생물 세정작업에 사용된 차아 염소산나트륨용액은 pH, Na, Cl의 증가를 유발하였으며 지화학 모델 계산 결과 방해석의 포화지수를 증가시키는 것으로 나타났다.

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