• Title, Summary, Keyword: 인장력

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A FEM ANALYSIS FOR INITIAL STRESS ON THE UPPER GAMINE BY ORTHODONTIC FORCE OF INTRUSION ARCH WIRE ACTIVATION (Intrusion arch wire activation시 상악 견치에 가해진 초기응력의 유한요소법을 통한 고찰)

  • Kang, Jeong-Weon;Cha, Kyung-Suk;Lee, Jin-Woo
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.28 no.3
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    • pp.391-398
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to find the distribution and measurement of compressive and tensile stress when intrusi- on arch wire is forced engage with upper canine and to analysis stress at each section through FEM. And we compare compressive and tensile ratio at each section. The results were as follows. 1. At FA point and cemento-enamel junction of upper canine, compressive and tensile force ratio is about the same. 2. At apex, compressive force is the four times as tensile force. ; In intrusion, we show root resorption at apex. 3. At Cemento-enamel junction, the compressive and tensile force show the maximun value except FA Point.

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Development of a Tensile Force Measurement Device of Long Duration (인장력 상시 측정장치 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Kyung Jae;Hwang, Yun Ha
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.435-445
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    • 2003
  • Tension member is one of the most important elements in tension structure. An economical and reliable measurement method of a member's tensile force has yet to be developed, however. Several conventional measurement methods have some disadvantages when used for long-term, on-site measurement. A new tension-force measurement device was proposed to resolve measuring problems. Its principle was to use the bending part of the device as an elastic spring. The lateral deformation of the bending part due to tensile force can be measured to monitor the tensile force. This device was inserted in the tension member like a turn-buckle. Lateral deformation may be measured in the field at any time for the purpose of maintaining structures. Finite element analysis was used to design the shape and parametric study. Six specimens were tested within the elastic range. The test result showed that the elastic behavior or the bending part was consistent with the analysis' results.

Analysis and Test for Turn-buckle of Capacity for Measuring Tensile Force (용량별 인장력 측정용 턴버클의 해석 및 실험)

  • Shin, Kyung-Jae;Lee, Swoo-Heon;Lee, Hee-Du
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.715-724
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    • 2011
  • A turn buckle inserted between tension members that sustain the structural loads in a suspension structure system is a device that is capable of adjusting the tensile force. The tension member is an important element of a tension structure, but no simple and economical method of measuring a tensile force applied to members has been proposed yet. Thus, a turn buckle for measuring the tensile force in a tension member was developed in this study. The turn buckles of the measurement limit loads of 100kN, 200kN, and 300kN were tested through a theoretical analysis and a finite element analysis. There was no significant difference in the results of the theoretical analysis, FEA, and the test. In addition, the ultimate strength of the turn buckle using FEA showed that a new turn buckle is sufficiently safe to use even when there is a five-times overload in the measurement limit load.

The Effects of Mechanical Stress on Alkaline Phosphatase Activity of MC3T3-E1 Cells (기계적 자극이 MC3T3-EI 세포의 Alkaline Phosphatase Activity에 미치는 영향)

  • BAE, Sung-Min;KYUNG, Hee-Moon;SUNG, Jae-Hyun
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.291-299
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    • 1996
  • Orthodontic force is a mechanical stress controlling both of tooth movement and skeletal growth. The mechanical stress stimulate bone cells that may exert some influence on bone remodeling. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the difference in cellular activity depending on mechanical stresses such as compressive and tensile force by determining the alkaline phosphatase(ALP) activity. A clonal osteogenic cell line MC3T3-E1 was seeded into a 24-well plate($2{\times}10^4/well$). At the confluent phase, a continuous compressive hydrostatic pressure($25g/cm^2$, $300g/cm^2$) and continuous tensile hydrostatic pressure($-25g/cm^2$, $-300g/cm^2$) were applied for 4, 6, 10, 14, 18, 20 days respectively by a diaphgragm pump. At the end of the stimulation period, cell layers were prepared for ALP activity assay. The ALP activity of the compressive group increased more than that of the tensile group at same force magnitude, whereas the cells responded to a similar pattern regardless of the type of mechanical stress The ALP activity of the compressive and tensile group turned into the level of the control group as the length of time increased. These results indicated that a mechanical stress may be more effective on cellular activity during active cellular proliferation and differentiation periods. The time to achieve maximum ALP activity was delayed as the mechanical stress increased in both the compressive and the tensile group. Accordingly, the magnitude of the stress rather than the type of mechanical stress may have more influence on cellular activity.

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Development of a Tensile Force Measurement Device for Long-term (인장력 장기 측정기 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Kyung Jae;Lee, Swoo Heon
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.759-768
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    • 2006
  • The turn-buckle inserted between tension members is a device adjusting a tensile force in tension member. However, the measurement of designed tensile force is impossible and the tensile force is determined based on the experience of field workers. The conventional turn-buckle might be used without any adjustment even though the tensile force has been changed for long term. To improve the disadvantages of conventional turn-buckles a turn-buckle which is measurable the tensile force is developed. In this study, the displacement to the lateral direction is induced by the deformation of curved elements if the tensile force is applied to the new type of turn-buckle that the straight elements are slightly curved. The total lateral displacement could be measured by using the micrometer or vernier-calipers. Trial devices for a measurable turn-buckle were made and tested. An theoretical study was also conducted to show the applicability, and parametric studies were conducted. The appropriate shape and capacity were determined by the parametric study.

Tensile Stress Measurement of Tendon by Means of Non-contact Yoke Method (Yoke를 사용한 비접촉 방법에 의한 텐던 인장응력 측정)

  • Kang, Sunju;Son, Derac;Joh, Changbin;Lee, Jungwoo
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.19-23
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    • 2016
  • In this study, we have constructed a measuring system to investigate tensile stress measurement of tendons, which is employed in bridges, by means of the non-destructive and non-contact method. The measuring system consists of tensile stress applying apparatus up to 2 GPa, and power supply for ac and dc current to tendon directly to magnetize tendon in circular direction and to coil wound on yoke to magnetize tendon in axial direction. We have used two kinds of tendon, which were produced by different companies, using the measuring system constructed in this work. Two kinds of experiments are carried out in this work; $1^{st}$ experiment : ac current was applied to the tendon and dc current was applied to coil wound on the yoke, and voltage induced from search coil wound on yoke (SCY) was measured and $2^{nd}$ experiment : dc current was applied to the tendon and ac current was applied to coil wound on the yoke, and voltage induced from search coil on tendon (SCT) was measured. In case of $1^{st}$ experiment, voltage induced from SCY was changed below 200MPa tensile stress but the voltage was not increased above 200 MPa. In case of $2^{nd}$ experiment, voltage induced from SCT was decreased up to 1.5 GPa linearly. We expect that $2^{nd}$ experiment could be applied to the non-destructive testing of tensile stress measurement of tendon.

A Stability Analysis of Geosynthetics Reinforced Soil Slopes II - Evaluation of Required Reinforcement Tensile Force - (토목섬유 보강 성토사면의 안정해석 II. - 소요 보강재 인장력 평가 -)

  • Kim Kyeong-Mo;Kim Hong-Taek;Lee Eun-Soo;Kim Young-Yoon;Ahn Kwang-Kuk
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.21 no.8
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    • pp.107-116
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    • 2005
  • Generally, when the stability of the geosynthetic reinforced soil slopes is analyzed, the required tensile forces of each reinforcement layers are calculated from total reinforcement forces which are necessary to retain the equilibrium state of slip mass in which the slip surfaces are assumed to be a linear or bilinear. It is assumed that the reinforcement forces are increased or constant with depth. However, according to the instrumented field data and laboratory model test results, the maximum tensile strain of reinforcement in a reinforced soil slope is developed in a certain elevation, not a bottom of the slope. In the concept of reinforced soil, postulated failure surfaces are the traces of the position in which the reinforcement tensile forces are maximum in the layer, and the reinforcement tensile forces are related to the stress state on the postulated failure surface. Therefore, in this study, based on the distribution of normal stress on the slip surface, a new method for the evaluation of required tensile forces is suggested and a number of the instrumented field data are analyzed by newly suggested method. As a result, it is shown that the newly suggested method produces relatively accurate reinforcement tension forces.

동상 함수윤, 김상택, 하인환_ 홍익대-대공간구조

  • Korean Structural Engineers Association
    • 건축구조
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.86-87
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    • 2006
  • 대공간구조물의 계획을 위하여 장스팬 구조물의 계획을 실시하였다. 보나 슬래브 부재는 상부에 압축력과 하부에 인장력을 받는다. 일반구조체로 120M 의 장스팬을 감당할 수 없으므로 케이블의 인장력을 이용한 대공간구조물을 계획하였다.

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Evaluation of Loss of Prestress Force of Tensile Anchor by Long Term Measurement (장기계측을 통한 인장형 앵커의 인장력 손실 평가)

  • Lee, Bongjik;Lee, Jongkyu
    • Journal of the Korean GEO-environmental Society
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    • v.16 no.10
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    • pp.15-22
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    • 2015
  • In this study, to evaluate the long-term behavior characteristics and the loss of prestress force, the long-term measurement of the tensile anchors in the actual construction was performed and the results were analyzed comparing with the existing estimation. As the reinforcement member used for the purpose of slope stability or uplift-resisting of the permanent structure, etc, the permanent anchor should maintain the functions during the performance period of the structure differently from the temporary anchor. However, as the time passes by, since the relaxation and the creep of the anchor occur constantly, the management for the loss of tensile force is essential to perform the functions stably. So far, the loss of the tensile force has been estimated according to the reduction of the prestress using elasticity theory and using the relaxation value according to the type of tension member and the test using the long-term measurement is limited. Therefore, in this study, the site condition and the ground were investigated for the tensile anchor in the actual construction and the long-term measurement results more than 500 days was analyzed by installing the loadcell, inclinometer and the groundwater level gauge. In addition, the long-term behavior characteristics were evaluated by comparing the disposition of the measured earth retaining wall and the tension force loss of the anchor with the existing interpretation results. In the evaluation results, the most of the tension force loss occurs within 90 days and the loss was measured less than the estimated values.

A Study on Applicability of Wireless Impedance Sensor Nodes Technique for Tensile Force Monitoring of Structural Cables (구조용 케이블의 인장력 모니터링을 위한 무선 임피던스 센서노드 기술의 적용성에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Jae-Hyung;Hong, Dong-Soo;Kim, Jeong-Tae;Na, Won-Bae;Cho, Hyun-Man
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.21-31
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    • 2010
  • In this study, a technique that uses wireless impedance sensor nodes is proposed to monitor tensile force of structural cable. To achieve this goal, the following approaches were implemented. First, a wireless impedance sensor node was designed for automated and cost-efficient prestress-loss monitoring. Second, an impedance-based algorithm was embedded in the wireless impedance sensor node for autonomous structural health monitoring of structural cables. Third, a tensile force monitoring technique that uses an interface plate for structural cables was proposed to overcome the limitations of the wireless impedance sensor node such as its narrow-band measurable frequency ranges. Finally, the applicability of the wireless impedance sensor node and the technique that uses the interface washer were evaluated in a lab-scaled prestressed concrete (PSC) girder model with internal and external tendons for which several prestress-loss scenarios were experimentally monitored with the wireless impedance sensor nodes.