• Title, Summary, Keyword: 일상심리학

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Development and Validation of Short Form of the Normal Depression Scale for Individual Screening (개인선별용 일상우울척도 단축형의 개발 및 타당화)

  • Lee, Soonmook;Kim, Jong-Nam;Chae, Jungmin;Choi, Seungwon;Seo, Dong Gi
    • The Korean Journal of Stress Research
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.277-289
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    • 2018
  • Background: The purpose of this study is to develop a short form of the normal depression scale for individual use in the school, health, industry, organization, and counseling settings, based on the original normal depression scale (17 items). Methods: To achieve this purpose, we selected five items from the original test and analyzed data using Mplus 7.4 and SPSS 21.0. Results: The normal depression scale-short form consists of 5 items. The reliability of the short form (test-retest reliability) was good. The content validity and internal structure validity (1 factor model) were verified. The cut score between normal and dysfunctional depression was determined to be 18. Conclusions: The normal depression scale-short form for individual screening is verified to have good reliability and validity, so it is expected to be useful to perform quick screening of normal depression in the practical settings.

Cross-cultural differences in Korean and American children′s behavior attributions (한국 아동과 미국 아동의 행동귀인에서의 문화차 연구)

  • Young-Joo Song
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.42 no.1
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    • pp.115-132
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    • 2004
  • 본 연구는 아동의 일상 심리학이 그들의 문화에 따라 다르게 나타나는지를 알아보고자 한 것이다. 이러한 발달적 보편성의 문제를 해결하기 위해, 우선 한국 아동과 미국 아동의 타인 행동에 대한 설명을 비교하였다. 또한 서로 다른 문화를 반영할 수 있는 분석 틀을 고안하여. 이러한 서로 다른 분석 틀에 따라 두 나라 아동의 행동설명이 어떻게 다르게 나타나는지를 비교하였다. 본 연구에서는 미국식 범주인 '내적-외적' 법주와 한국식 범주인 '개인-관계-상황' 범주를 사용하였다. 연구결과. 두 나라의 아동은 타인의 행동설명에서 차이를 보여주었다. 미국 아동은 한국 아동에 비해 심리 '내적' 요인과 '개인적' 요인을 더 많이 사용하였으며. 한국 아동은 타인의 '상황적' 조건을 더 많이 고려하여 행동을 설명하였다. 그러나 두 문화권의 아동은 행동설명 과제에서 모두 '내적' 요인과 '개인적' 요인을 다른 요인보다 더 많이 선호하였으며. 오직 '상황적' 요인의 고려에서만 발달적 차이를 나타내는 공통점을 보여주었다.

The Effects of Background Knowledge and Prior-Examples in Creative Problem Solving (창의적 아이디어 산출에 대한 배경지식과 사례의 영향)

  • 이정모;정재학
    • Korean Journal of Cognitive Science
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.47-59
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    • 2002
  • Three experiments were conducted to investigate whether different types (common vs. uncommon) of prior-examples entail different effects in creative problem solving, and whether types/levels (rich or lean. common or uncommon) of background knowledge interact with types of prior-examples. It was found that the example types and the types/levels of background knowledge do interact and have some differential effects on generating novel and useful ideas. In Experiment 1 and 2. uncommon examples had a positive effect - generating many novel and useful ideas. regardless of background knowledge types. while common examples had positive effects, only when the background knowledge was somewhat uncommon In Experiment 3 it was also found that types (irrelevant,. single common. single uncommon, or multiple common + uncommon) of background knowledge seemed to influence differently on the ease of finding solutions: when background knowledge is diverse or not directly related to the task problem, uncommon prior examples produced much greater number of novel ideas than it was with single common or sin91e uncommon background knowledge. Implications of the present study were discussed. in relation to mental sets and fixation.

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생활습관병 예방 프로젝트 4 실천리스트 - 몸과 마음 함께 쉬어야 휴식이다

  • Jo, Yeong-Eun
    • 건강소식
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    • v.37 no.10
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    • pp.14-15
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    • 2013
  • 삶의 피로가 지속되는 일상, 어떻게 하면 온전한 휴식을 얻을 수 있을까? '이번 주말에는 아무것도 하지 않고 쉬기만 할 거야'하고 마음먹어보지만, 여전히 나를 괴롭히는 복잡한 생각들에 시달리며 평온한 휴식에서 멀어지곤 한다. 심리학에서 지혜를 얻어 지친 마음을 달래는 법, 마음의 휴식을 얻을 수 있는 방법을 알아보자.

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A Study of Inducing spontaneous deceptive behavior in virtual environment (가상현실공간에서의 순간적 거짓행동 유발연구)

  • Jung, Kyu-Hee;Lee, Jang-Han
    • 한국HCI학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.125-129
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    • 2008
  • Lying has been such a wrong act in human society, but at the same time we are perpetrating lying surprisingly often in the interpersonal situation. Like this, between what we think and what we do about telling lie is pretty different, and these differences are came from ambivalent attitudes stemmed from different sources which is divided into the implicit and the explicit attitude. We find manipulative liars by simulated racing task by using virtual environment. Implicit Association Test was applied to them to see implicit beliefs, and used self-reported questionnaires to identify explicit attitude about lying. As a result they could manipulate the explicit measures but could not maneuver their own implicit attraction to lie Liars' deceptive behaviors usually occur in subtle and covert way so that it has been hard to notice and to know what lead them to lie. However, as we know those spontaneous process is linked with deception, triggering them lie, it became no more veiled, unpredictable actions.

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Research Trends of Psychology Studies Published in 『Journal of the Korean Gerontological Society』 (『한국노년학(韓國老年學)』의 심리학 분야 연구동향)

  • Jung, Taeyun;Youn, Gahyun
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.767-782
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    • 2018
  • Academic research of the elderly psychology flourishes in an aging society. The basic concern of both psycho-gerontology dealing with psychological processes of aging and geronto-psychology dealing with psychology of the elderly is with the maintenance of high quality of life and well-being. Given this context, the present study examined research trends of 91 depression and suicide studies and 31 aging and successful aging studies, and compared the trends with those identified in studies published within the first 30 years. It was found that a majority of studies are concerned with the direct or mediating effects of depression on suicide and everyday life, risk factors influencing depression, perceptions of aging and factors influencing those perceptions, and successful aging and factors influencing successful aging. Further, the number of studies of these topics is greater than that of studies published within the first 30 years. The findings were discussed in the context of heightening the quality of life of the older adults.

Relative importance of factors affecting text preference(II)-Focusing on the rsral letter width (본문선호도에 영향을 미치는 요인들의 상대적 중요도(II) - 일상적인 글자넓이를 지닌 본문을 중심으로)

  • 이준석;진영선
    • Korean Journal of Cognitive Science
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.27-39
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    • 1999
  • This study examined the relative importance and the most preferred level of factors which were identified through the readability researchs. For this. subjects were given a text constructed in usual letter width with square form letter or non-square form and then. ranked the preference between the text factors. In experiment 1 where a text was printed in square letters. letter size was rated as the most important factor followed by line spacing letter width, line length, letter spacing, line justification, and letter form. But when non-square letters were used in experiment 2. the second most important factor was the letter spacing although letter size still topped the list. These findings indicate the differences in letter designing principles for various types and the unfamiliarity to non-square letter forms for general public. Unlike inYi and Jin(1998) where letter width turned out to be the most sensitive factor, the highest priority should be given to letter size when publishing with usual letter width.

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Korean Emotion Vocabulary: Extraction and Categorization of Feeling Words (한국어 감정표현단어의 추출과 범주화)

  • Sohn, Sun-Ju;Park, Mi-Sook;Park, Ji-Eun;Sohn, Jin-Hun
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.105-120
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    • 2012
  • This study aimed to develop a Korean emotion vocabulary list that functions as an important tool in understanding human feelings. In doing so, the focus was on the careful extraction of most widely used feeling words, as well as categorization into groups of emotion(s) in relation to its meaning when used in real life. A total of 12 professionals (including Korean major graduate students) partook in the study. Using the Korean 'word frequency list' developed by Yonsei University and through various sorting processes, the study condensed the original 64,666 emotion words into a finalized 504 words. In the next step, a total of 80 social work students evaluated and classified each word for its meaning and into any of the following categories that seem most appropriate for inclusion: 'happiness', 'sadness', 'fear', 'anger', 'disgust', 'surprise', 'interest', 'boredom', 'pain', 'neutral', and 'other'. Findings showed that, of the 504 feeling words, 426 words expressed a single emotion, whereas 72 words reflected two emotions (i.e., same word indicating two distinct emotions), and 6 words showing three emotions. Of the 426 words that represent a single emotion, 'sadness' was predominant, followed by 'anger' and 'happiness'. Amongst 72 words that showed two emotions were mostly a combination of 'anger' and 'disgust', followed by 'sadness' and 'fear', and 'happiness' and 'interest'. The significance of the study is on the development of a most adaptive list of Korean feeling words that can be meticulously combined with other emotion signals such as facial expression in optimizing emotion recognition research, particularly in the Human-Computer Interface (HCI) area. The identification of feeling words that connote more than one emotion is also noteworthy.

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Memory and Consciousness (기억과 의식)

  • Jung-HoKim
    • Korean Journal of Cognitive Science
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.81-113
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    • 1996
  • This paper examines the relation between memory and consciousness,especially the independence between memory and memory consciousness. First,the phenomena of memory performance without memory consciousness, next the phenomena of memory consciousness without memory representation are dealt with. They are examined both in special cases(e,g.,brain damaged patients,under hypnosis,etc.) and in normal cases.In both case, we can find that memory and memory consciousness are independent each other and that memory representation is neither necessary nor sufficient conditions for memory consciousness. Lastly, the roles of memory consciousness in our daily information processing are dealt with. Especially, the importance of memory consciousness in normal social life and the problem of self consciousness are discussed.

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