• Title, Summary, Keyword: 입자강화 금속 기지 복합재

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The wear properties of SiCw and SiCp reinforced bronze matrix composites (무윤활 미끄럼 마찰하에서의 SiC 휘스커 및 입자강화 청동기지 복합재의 마모특성)

  • 이상로;허무영
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers Conference
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    • pp.59-62
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    • 1993
  • 고품위의 동력전달 장치와 같은 고정밀 기능 부품들은 보다 높은 비강도, 고경도, 내마모성 및 내식성을 가져야 하며, 특히 소재의 마찰, 마모 특성은 기아제품 등의 수명, 정밀도 및 에너지 손실을 좌우하는 것으로서 물성의 열화를 극복할 수 있는 소재의 개발이 요구되고 있다. 지난 수년동안 금속기지에 $Al_2O_3$나 SiC등의 보강재를 첨가하여 복합재의 응착 및 연삭마모에 대한 저항성을 향상시키는 시도를 하고 있다. 주로 제조비용이 낮고 거의 등방적인 성질을 가지며 가공성이 좋은 입자 보강 복합재료에 대한 연구가 지배적이었지만, 입자 보강 복합재료의 경우 강도 및 탄성계수의 향상 정도가 적다는 단점을 지니고 있다. 본 연구에서는 분말야금법을 이용하여 금속기지에 세라믹상으로 SiC 입자 및 휘스커가 첨가된 복합재를 제조하여 제조공정변수에 따라 마모거동을 pin-on-disk 형태의 마모시험기에서 실험하였으며, 주사전자현미경으로 마모표면관찰 등으로 복합재의 마모기구를 연구하였다.

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Numerical Assessment of Dislocation-Punching Theories for Continuum Structural Analysis of Particle-Reinforced Metal Matrix Composites (입자 강화 금속기지 복합재의 연속체 강도해석을 위한 전위 펀칭 이론의 전산적 평가)

  • Suh, Yeong-Sung;Kim, Yong-Bae
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.273-279
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    • 2011
  • The yield strength of particle-reinforced composites increases as the size of the particle decreases. This kind of length scale has been mainly attributed to the geometrically necessary dislocation punched around the particle as a result of the mismatch of the thermal expansion coefficients of the particle and the matrix when the composites are cooled down after consolidation. In this study, two dislocation-punching theories that can be used in continuum structural modeling are assessed numerically. The two theories, presented by Shibata et al. and Dunand and Mortensen, calculate the size of the dislocationpunched zone. The composite yield strengths predicted by finite element analysis were qualitatively compared with experimental results. When the size of the particle is less than $2{\mu}m$, the patterns of the composite strength are quite different. The results obtained by Shibata et al. are in qualitatively better agreement with the experimental results.

A Theoretical Study on Interface Characteristics of SiC Particulate Reinforced Metal Matrix Composite Using Ultrasonics (초음파를 이용한 입자강화 금속복합재료의 계면특성에 관한 이론적 연구)

  • Lee, Joon-Hyun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.9-17
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    • 1994
  • It is well recognized recently that ultrasonic technique is one of the most widely used methods of nondestructive evaluation to characterize material properties of nonconventional engineering materials. Therefore it is very important to understand physical phenomenon on propagation behavior of elastic wave in these materials, which is directly associated with ultrasonic signals in the test. In this study, the theoretical analysis on multi-scattering of harmonic elastic wave due to the particulate with interface between matrix and fiber in metal matrix composites(MMCs) was done on the basis of Lax's quasi-crystalline approximation and extinction theorem. SiC particulate (SiCp) reinforced A16061-T6 composite material was chosen for this analysis. From this analysis, frequency dependences of phase velocity and amplitude attenuation of effective plane wave due to the change of volume fraction of SiC particulate were clearly found. It was also shown that the interface condition between matrix and fiber in MMCs gives a direct effect on the variation of phase velocity of plane wave in MMCs.

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Particle Size-Dependent Failure Analysis of Particle-Reinforced Metal Matrix Composites using Dislocation Punched Zone Modeling (전위 펀치 영역 모델링에 의한 입자 강화 금속지지 복합재의 입자 크기 의존 파손 해석)

  • Suh, Yeong Sung
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.275-282
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    • 2014
  • Particle-reinforced metal matrix composites exhibit a strengthening effect due to the particle size-dependent length scale that arises from the strain gradient, and thus from the geometrically necessary dislocations between the particles and matrix that result from their CTE(Coefficient of Thermal Expansion) and elastic-plastic mismatches. In this study, the influence of the size-dependent length scale on the particle-matrix interface failure and ductile failure in the matrix was examined using finite-element punch zone modeling whereby an augmented strength was assigned around the particle. The failure behavior was observed by a parametric study, while varying the interface failure properties such as the interface strength and debonding energy with different particle sizes and volume fractions. It is shown that the two failure modes (interface failure and ductile failure in the matrix) interact with each other and are closely related to the particle size-dependent length scale; in other words, the composite with the smaller particles, which is surrounded by a denser dislocation than that with the larger particles, retards the initiation and growth of the interface and matrix failures, and also leads to a smaller amount of decrease in the flow stress during failure.

A Characteristics of Al Matrix Composites Prepared by Rheo-compocasting and Squeeze Casting (Rheo-compocasting과 Squeeze casting법에 의해 제조된 AI기 복합재료의특성)

  • Seo, Yeong-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.6 no.12
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    • pp.1199-1212
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    • 1996
  • 본 연구는 주조성, 내압성, 내열성 등이 우수하여 군용 및 민수용 기계소재로 이용되고 있는 AI-Si-Mg계 AC4C 합금에 세라믹(AI2O3, AI2O3-TiC)을 강화시키는 복합재료제조에 관한 기초연구의 일환으로 수행하였다. 연구내용은 세라믹 강화재의 젖음성을 높이기 위하여 수소환원법에 의한 AI2O3입자의 Ni 피복과 기존의 프리폰 제조방법보다 간단하고 경제적인 자전연소합성법에 의해 AI2O3-TiC 다공성 pellet을 제조하여, 이들 강화재와 AC4C 기지금속을 이용하여 고대-compocasting 및 squeeze casting법으로 복합재료를 제조하고 미세조직, 계면생성물, 기계적 성질, 내마멸성 등의 특성을 조사하였다. 고대-compocasting법에 의해 제조된 AI2O3Ni 입자 강화 복합재료에서 강화재들은 응집체로 존재하지 않고 비교적 균일하게 분산되었고 AI2O3-TiC 강화재를 이용하여 squeeze casting으로 가압주조 하므로써 기지금속과 강화재의 젖음성이 향상되었다.

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Nondestructive Determination of Reinforcement Volume Fractions in Particulate Composites : Ultrasonic Method (비파괴적 방법에 의한 입자 강화 복합재료의 부피분율 평가: 초음파법)

  • Jeong, Hyun-Jo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.103-111
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    • 1998
  • A nondestructive ultrasonic technique is presented for estimating the reinforcement volume fractions of particulate composites. The proposed technique employs a theoretical model which accounts for composite microstructures, together with a measurement of ultrasonic velocity to determine the reinforcement volume fractions. The approach is used for a wide range of SiC particulate reinforced Al matrix ($SiC_p/Al$) composites. The method is considered to be reliable in determining the reinforcement volume fractions. The technique could be adopted in a production unit for the quality assessment of the metal matrix particulate composite extrusions.

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High Temperature Deformation Behaviour of Particulate Reinforced Aluminium Composites (입자분산강화 알루미늄 복합재료의 고온거동에 관한 연구)

  • Gwon, Hyeok-Cheon;Yun, Ui-Park
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.5 no.7
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    • pp.765-774
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    • 1995
  • The hot deformation behaviour of particulate reinforced aluminium 6061 Al composite were investigated by hot compression tests in the temperature range from 623K to 823K with strain rate of 10$^{-3}$ ~5.0 S$^{-1}$ . The effect of reinforced particulate volume fraction, mean diameter on the high temperature flow stress has also been studied. Experimental results showed that the increase in the volume fraction of reinforcement contributed to the rising of yield stress, but the stress above the yield point appeared to be steady state at all volume fractions. The apparent activation energy for deformation was 290KJ/mo1 for unreinforced 6061 Al, 327KJ/mo1 for 6061 Al-20vo1.% SiC composite and 531KJ/mo1 for 6061 Al-20vo1.%A1$_2$O$_3$composite. It appeared that $Al_2$O$_3$reinforced composites was more difficult to hot deform.

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Improvement of Electrical Conductivity of Carbon-Fiber Reinforced Plastics by Nano-particles Coating (나노입자 코팅 탄소섬유 강화 복합재료의 전기전도도 향상)

  • Seo, Seong-Wook;Ha, Min-Seok;Kwon, Oh-Yang;Cho, Heung-Soap
    • Composites Research
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2010
  • The electrical conductivity of carbon-fiber reinforced plastics (CFRP's) has been improved by indium-tin oxide (ITO) nano-particle coating on carbon fibers for the purpose of lightning strike protection of composite fuselage skins. ITO nano-particles were coated on the surface of carbon fibers by spraying the colloidal suspension with 10~40% ITO content. The electrical conductivity of the CFRP has been increased more than three times after ITO coating, comparable to or higher than that of B-787 composite fuselage skins with metal wire-meshes on the outer surface, without sacrificing the tensile property due to the existence of nano-particles at fiber-matrix interface. The damage area by the simulated lightning strike was also verified for different materials and conditions by using ultrasonic C-scan image. As the electrical conductivity of 40% nano-ITO coated sample surpass that of the B-787 sample, the damage area by lightning strike also appeared comparable to that of the materials currently employed for composite fuselage construction.

Fabrication of Ceramic Particulate Reinforced Steel Composites by Liquid Pressing Infiltration Process (용융가압함침공정을 이용한 세라믹 입자 강화 철강복합재료의 제조성 검증)

  • Cho, Seungchan;Lee, Yeong-Hwan;Ko, Seongmin;Park, Hyeon Jae;Lee, Donghyun;Shin, Sangmin;Jo, Ilguk;Lee, Sang-Kwan;Lee, Sang-Bok
    • Composites Research
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    • v.31 no.4
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    • pp.117-121
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    • 2018
  • Various ceramic particulate such as TiC, $TiB_2$, $Al_2O_3$ reinforced SUS431 matrix composites were successfully fabricated by a novel liquid pressing infiltration process. Microstructures of the SUS431 composite were analyzed to determine manufacturability of composites. $Al_2O_3$-SUS431 composite had lots of defects due to poor wettability between the $Al_2O_3$ and steel matrix. On the other hand, TiC was uniformly dispersed in the SUS431 matrix than $TiB_2$ and $Al_2O_3$ due to good wettability and interfacial properties.

Analysis of Elastic Constants in SiC Particulate Reinforced Al Matrix Composites by Resonant Ultrasound Spectroscopy (초음파 공명 분광법(RUS)을 이용한 SiC 입자강화 Al 기지복합재료의 탄성계수 해석)

  • Jung, Hyun-Kyu;Cheong, Yong-Moo;Joo, Young-Sang;Hong, Soon-Hyung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.180-188
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    • 1999
  • The dynamic elastic properties of metal matrix composites were investigated by resonant ultrasound spectroscopy(RUS). The composites used in this study consisted of 2124 aluminum alloy reinforced with different concentrations of SiC particles. RUS can determine the nine independent elastic stiffness($C_{ij}$) for the orthorhombic symmetry on a small specimen simultaneously. The elastic constants were determined as a function of the volume fraction. A concept of effective aspect ratio. which combine the aspect ratio and the orientation of reinforcement. was used to calculate the initial moduli from Mori-Tanaka theory for the input of RUS minimization code. Young's moduli can be obtained from the measured stiffnesses. The results show that the elastic stiffness increases with increment of the particle content. The behavior of elastic stiffness indicates that the particle redistribution induced by the extrusion process enlarges the transversely isotropic symmetry as the fraction of reinforced particles increase. This relationship could be used for determination of the volume fractions of reinforcement as a potential tool of nondestructive material characterization.

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