• Title, Summary, Keyword: 자가항공기

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A Study on the Legal Issues Arising from Airline Lease Agreements and the Current Status on Private Jet Lease Agreements (항공기(航空機) Lease계약(契約)의 법적(法的) 문제와 Private Jet(자가(自家) 항공기(航空機)) Lease계약(契約)의 현황에 관한 연구(硏究))

  • Nam, You-Sun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.52-61
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    • 2009
  • In Korea, there is great lack in jet lease agreements compared to many other countries. Due to such scarcity in numbers of jet lease agreements, problems have never truly surfaced and legal foundation dealing with such issues have not yet been formulated. However, as the globalization is making the world smaller and smaller, the demand for jets will grow. As the Korean aviation industry is expanding tremendously, although very preliminary at this time, the interest and actual execution on private jet lease agreements will grow. The prediction of increase in the private jet ownership is causing the lease industry to be nervous and may require particular preparatory foundation works. Particularly, legal analysis and detailed review maybe necessary to set a precedent with will serve as the grounded rule in the future. It is notable that Vietnam, a country which is believed have a less developed aviation industry than Korea, had already established a specialized jet leasing company, VALC in 2007. Also, when leasing an airplane from a foreign financial institution, it is possible to obtain a government issued guarantee. Therefore, it is urgent for Korea to prepare the legal foundation for the future demands in aviation leasing, as well as private jet leases which in turn would promote national wealth and further develop the financial industry.

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A Study on the Improvement of Aviation Security System for the Prevention of Terrorism in Aircraft - Focusing on the Prevention, Preparedness, Response and Punishment Regulations of the Aviation Security Act -

  • Moon, Hyeon-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.189-195
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    • 2020
  • The whole world is anxious that aircraft could be used as a tool for terrorism after 9/11. The disappearance of Malaysia Airlines is again adding to fears about aircraft. Because these aircraft attacks cause many human casualties, the purpose of the study is to analyze the problems in the current air security system and to present alternatives. The methodology of the study used a literature research methodology to review the current status of aircraft terrorism and related regulations, such as current aviation-related laws and anti-terrorism laws, and prior studies. The purpose of the Chapter is to present an aviation security system that promotes the safety of air traffic through the prevention of aircraft terror by presenting the roles and improvement measures of aviation security personnel, foreign police officers, intelligence agencies, and legal blind spots and flaws.

Analysis of Relations between Ice Accretion Shapes and Ambient Conditions by Employing Self-Organization Maps and Analysis of Variance (자가조직도와 분산분석을 활용한 결빙 형상과 외기 조건의 관계 분석)

  • Son, Chan-Kyu;Oh, Se-Jong;Yee, Kwan-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.39 no.8
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    • pp.689-701
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    • 2011
  • The relations between ambient conditions and ice accretion shapes are quantitatively analyzed by employing self-organization maps and analysis of variance. Liquid water contents(LWC), mean volumetric droplet diameter(MVD), ambient temperature and free-stream velocity are chosen as ambient conditions which change ice accretion shapes. The parameters of ice accretion shape are selected as maximum thickness, icing limits, ice heading, and ice accretion area. Qualitative analysis was conducted by employing self-organization maps which show the qualitative relations between ice shapes and ambient conditions. The quantitative results of analysis of variance yield intensity of ambient conditions to the parameters of ice accretion shapes.

A Study on Legal and Institutional Improvement Measures for the Effective Implementation of SMS -Focusing on Aircraft Accident Investigation-

  • Yoo, Kyung-In
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.101-127
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    • 2017
  • Even with the most advanced aviation technology benefits, aircraft accidents are constantly occurring while air passenger transportation volume is expected to double in the next 15 years. Since it is not possible to secure aviation safety only by the post aircraft accident safety action of accident investigations, it has been recognized and consensus has been formed that proactive and predictive prevention measures are necessary. In this sense, the aviation safety management system (SMS) was introduced in 2008 and has been carried out in earnest since 2011. SMS is a proactive and predictive aircraft accident preventive measure, which is a mechanism to eliminate the fundamental risk factors by approaching organizational factors beyond technological factors and human factors related to aviation safety. The methodology is to collect hazards in all the sites required for aircraft operations, to build a database, to analyze the risks, and through managing risks, to keep the risks acceptable or below. Therefore, the improper implementation of SMS indicates that the aircraft accident prevention is insufficient and it is to be directly connected with the aircraft accident. Reports of duty performance related hazards including their own errors are essential and most important in SMS. Under the policy of just culture for voluntary reporting, the guarantee of information providers' anonymity, non-punishment and non-blame should be basically secured, but to this end, under-reporting is stagnant due to lack of trust in their own organizations. It is necessary for the accountable executive(CEO) and senior management to take a leading role to foster the safety culture initiating from just culture with the safety consciousness, balancing between safety and profit for the organization. Though a Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport's order, "Guidance on SMS Implementation" states the training required for the accountable executive(CEO) and senior management, it is not legally binding. Thus it is suggested that the SMS training completion certificates of accountable executive(CEO) and senior management be included in SMS approval application form that is legally required by "Korea Aviation Safety Program" in addition to other required documents such as a copy of SMS manual. Also, SMS related items are missing in the aircraft accident investigation, so that organizational factors in association with safety culture and risk management are not being investigated. This hinders from preventing future accidents, as the root cause cannot be identified. The Aircraft Accident Investigation Manuals issued by ICAO contain the SMS investigation wheres it is not included in the final report form of Annex 13 to the Convention on International Civil Aviation. In addition, the US National Transportation Safety Board(NTSB) that has been a substantial example of the aircraft accident investigation for the other accident investigation agencies worldwide does not appear to expand the scope of investigation activities further to SMS. For these reasons, it is believed that investigation agencies conducting their investigations under Annex 13 do not include SMS in the investigation items, and the aircraft accident investigators are hardly exposed to SMS investigation methods or techniques. In this respect, it is necessary to include the SMS investigation in the organization and management information of the final report format of Annex 13. In Korea as well, in the same manner, SMS item should be added to the final report format of the Operating Regulation of the Aircraft and Railway Accident Investigation Board. If such legal and institutional improvement methods are complemented, SMS will serve the purpose of aircraft accident prevention effectively and contribute to the improvement of aviation safety in the future.

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Active-Sensing Based Damage Monitoring of Airplane Wings Under Low-Temperature and Continuous Loading Condition (능동센서 배열을 이용한 저온 반복하중 환경 항공기 날개 구조물의 손상 탐지)

  • Jeon, Jun Young;Jung, Hwee kwon;Park, Gyuhae;Ha, Jaeseok;Park, Chan-Yik
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
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    • v.36 no.5
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    • pp.345-352
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    • 2016
  • As aircrafts are being operated at high altitude, wing structures experience various fatigue loadings under cryogenic environments. As a result, fatigue damage such as a crack could be develop that could eventually lead to a catastrophic failure. For this reason, fatigue damage monitoring is an important process to ensure efficient maintenance and safety of structures. To implement damage detection in real-world flight environments, a special cooling chamber was built. Inside the chamber, the temperature was maintained at the cryogenic temperature, and harmonic fatigue loading was given to a wing structure. In this study, piezoelectric active-sensing based guided waves were used to detect the fatigue damage. In particular, a beamforming technique was applied to efficiently measure the scattering wave caused by the fatigue damage. The system was used for detection, growth monitoring, and localization of a fatigue crack. In addition, a sensor diagnostic process was also applied to ensure the proper operation of piezoelectric sensors. Several experiments were implemented and the results of the experiments demonstrated that this process could efficiently detect damage in such an extreme environment.

The Study on Small Aircraft Transportation System in Higher Volume Opreations (소형항공기의 고밀도 운용방안 연구)

  • Kim, Hyun-Su;Yoo, Byeong-Seon;Kang, Ja-Young
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.37-44
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    • 2011
  • This paper summarizes the HVO concept and procedures, presents a summary of the research and results, and outlines areas where future HVO is required. This concept enables people to get their destinations through shortest paths with advanced air traffic control system and equipments. The concept's key feature is that pilots maintain their own separation from other aircraft using air-to-air datalink and on-board software which are needed for supporting flight information present on the high Way in the sky display and airborne internet. By assigning Self-Controlled Area which assume pilot have separation responsibility, controllers evaluated SATS HVO concept as a successful method on the view of reduced workload and increased traffic level on high volume operation.

A Study on the Legal and Institutional Military UAV Rules in Korea (한국의 군용 무인항공기 비행규칙에 관한 법적.제도적 운용 연구)

  • Lee, Kang-Seok;Park, Won-Tae;Im, Kwang-Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.117-144
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    • 2013
  • The MOLIT is also establishing the flight safety standards for UAV within the current Aviation Law. Accordingly the required flight criteria includes operator location, mission operation limit, equipment, etc. which are the principle and standard applied based on the airspace use for UAV. Also, general flight rules, visual flight rules, instrument flight rules are required to be applied to the actual flight. Besides, an appliance regulation needs to be arranged regarding two-way communication, ATC and communication issue, airspace and area in-flight between UAS(Unmanned Aircraft System) users. An operation of the UAV in the air significantly requires the guarantee of the aircraft's capacity, and also the standardized flight criteria. A safe and smooth use is ensured only if this criteria is applied and understood by the entire airspace users. For the purpose, a standardized military UAV flight operations criteria and a law complementary scheme.

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An Analysis on Technology System of Aircraft Development Based on the Concept of Architecture (아키텍쳐 개념 기반의 기술개발 체계분석 : 항공기 개발을 중심으로)

  • 김봉균
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technology Innovation Society Conference
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    • pp.619-636
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    • 2005
  • 기술의 복합성이 증가하고 제품의 존속 수명주기가 불확실해지면서 기술개발자가 의도하는 바와는 관계없이 사업 영역과 기술기반의 변하고 있다. 이러한 환경 속에서 산업 내 기술의 특성을 분석하는 이른바 산업기술분석 역할은 매우 중요하다. 그러나 그 범위가 매우 광범위하고 그 중 기술개발에 있어 관련된 산업기술분석의 프레임이 구체적으로 적용된 사례를 제한적이다. 따라서 다양한 산업을 지원하는 정부 기술개발 기회의 경우, 반도체에 적용되는 모듈러 기반 기술개발 틀과 성과분석이 항공기, 지능형 로봇과 같은 복합 시스템 산업에 그대로 적용해왔던 것이 현실이다. 이는 기술을 제품화함에 있어 필수적인 개발시스템의 기술적 속성이 산업기술 분석 방법론에 효과적으로 체화되지 못했기 때문이다 본 연구는 시스템과 서브 부품으로 구성되는 제품설계 특성을 구조화한 제품 아키텍쳐 이론을 소개하고 이를 기술개발체계에 적용하는 실증적 연구를 수행한다. 실증적 분석을 위해 항공기 개발 전 과정을 분해하고 아키텍쳐 분석방법을 실제 적용하였다. 아키텍쳐는 대표적으로 모듈 형(Module)과 인테그랄 형(Integral)으로 구분한다. 실제로 한 가지의 제품 안에도 모듈형 부품과 인테그랄 형 부품이 복합적으로 혼합되어 있는 경우가 많다. 또한, 제품을 어느 레벨까지 분해할 지에 따라 모듈화의 정도도 달라 질 수 있다. 본 연구는 아키텍쳐 중 Integral 속성의 정도를 파악하여 아키텍쳐 정도를 파악하였다. 측정 기준으로 첫째, 타 부품과의 기능적인 상호연관성과 둘째, 체계종합 설계와의 상호의존성 두 가지를 설정하였다. 이러한 두 가지 아키텍쳐 기준을 547개의 항공우주 부품 및 기술을 적용해 본 결과, 항공기 개발과정은 총 $65\%$의 인테그럴 속성을 가지고 있으며 기술분야 별로 아키텍쳐 정도가 다르게 나타나고 있었다(전자 부품은 분야는 오히려 모듈형에 가까웠음). 비단 항공기 개발과정 뿐만 아니라 다른 산업, 제품에도 적용될 수 있는 틀을 마련함으로써, 기존 연구개발기회에서 산업기술 분석을 통한 체계적 기획으로 전환할 수 있는 새로운 대안을 제시한다. 결과적으로 산업기술의 특성과 구조를 반영한 기술개발 방법론으로 아키텍쳐 이론을 적용할 수 있는 단초를 마련했으며, 이것은 본 논문이 기대하는 바이기도 하다.

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A Study on the Problems and Resolutions of Provisions in Korean Commercial Law related to the Aircraft Operator's Liability of Compensation for Damages to the Third Party (항공기운항자의 지상 제3자 손해배상책임에 관한 상법 항공운송편 규정의 문제점 및 개선방안)

  • Kim, Ji-Hoon
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.3-54
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    • 2014
  • The Republic of Korea enacted the Air Transport Act in Commercial Law which was entered into force in November, 2011. The Air Transport Act in Korean Commercial Law was established to regulate domestic carriage by air and damages to the third party which occur within the territorial area caused by aircraft operations. There are some problems to be reformed in the Provisions of Korean Commercial Law for the aircraft operator's liability of compensation for damages to the third party caused by aircraft operation as follows. First, the aircraft operator's liability of compensation for damages needs to be improved because it is too low to compensate adequately to the third party damaged owing to the aircraft operation. Therefore, the standard of classifying per aircraft weight is required to be detailed from the current 4-tier into 10-tier and the total limited amount of liability is also in need of being increased to the maximum 7-hundred-million SDR. In addition, the limited amount of liability to the personal damage is necessary to be risen from the present 125,000 SDR to 625,000 SDR according to the recent rate of prices increase. This is the most desirable way to improve the current provisions given the ordinary insurance coverage per one aircraft accident and various specifications of recent aircraft in order to compensate the damaged appropriately. Second, the aircraft operator shall be liable without fault to damages caused by terrorism such as hijacking, attacking an aircraft and utilizing it as means of attack like the 9 11 disaster according to the present Air Transport Act in Korean Commercial Law. Some argue that it is too harsh to aircraft operators and irrational, but given they have also some legal duties of preventing terrorism and in respect of helping the third party damaged, it does not look too harsh or irrational. However, it should be amended into exempting aircraft operator's liability when the terrorism using of an aircraft by well-organized terrorists group happens like 9 11 disaster in view of balancing the interest between the aircraft operator and the third party damaged. Third, considering the large scale of the damage caused by the aircraft operation usually aircraft accident, it is likely that many people damaged can be faced with a financial crisis, and the provision of advance payment for air carrier's liability of compensation also needs to be applied to the case of aircraft operator's liability. Fourth, the aircraft operator now shall be liable to the damages which occur in land or water except air according to the current Air Transport Act of Korean Commercial Law. However, because the damages related to the aircraft operation in air caused by another aircraft operation are not different from those in land or water. Therefore, the term of 'on the surface' should be eliminated in the term of 'third parties on the surface' in order to make the damages by the aircraft operation in air caused by another aircraft operation compensable by Air Transport Act of Korean Commercial Law. It is desired that the Air Transport Act in Commercial Law including the clauses related to the aircraft operator's liability of compensation for damages to the third party be developed continually through the resolutions about its problems mentioned above for compensating the third party damaged appropriately and balancing the interest between the damaged and the aircraft operator.

A study on the rationale of regulating the high elevation building (도심 고층건축물 고도제한규제의 합리성 모색에 관한 연구)

  • Shin, Hong-Kyun
    • The Korean Journal of Air & Space Law and Policy
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.207-230
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    • 2006
  • It should be noted that current rules and provisions of the law, such as the act of military air base and the act of the construction, do not provide a fairly good solution regarding the conflict between the company and the air force. The act of military air base does not have the jurisdiction on the matters occurring outside the edge of the flight safety zone. Freezing measure about the construction permit is not suitable for this case. A sort of policy or revision of the law will be needed to foster the transaction between parties in question which may be useful for enhancing overall efficiency.

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