• Title, Summary, Keyword: 자기주도적 학습

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Development of the Self-directed Mathematics Learning Test Based on Vygotsky (Vygotsky 이론에 근거한 수학과 자기주도적 학습 능력 측정 도구 개발)

  • Lee, Chong-Hee;Kim, Sun-Hee
    • School Mathematics
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.253-268
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    • 2005
  • It is important that students have the ability to prepare, practice, and reflect their mathematics learning. This study defines the self-directed learning ability based on Vygotsky. We consider the components of self-directed learning in aspects of motivation, learning strategy, and metacognition, and analyse 10 factors of self-directed learning ability Thus we develop the self-directed mathematics learning test, which is tested by factor analysis.

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Application of Dynamic Complex Instruction Model (DCIM) to a Biology Class in the Graduate School and Its Effect in Changing Self-Directed Learning Ability and Academic Motivation Types (대학원 생물학 강좌에서 역동적 복합 수업 모형(DCIM)의 적용이 자기주도적 학습 능력과 학습 동기 유형의 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Soonae
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.295-306
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    • 2011
  • Self-directed learning ability is more important than before. It is well-known that traditional teacher-directed lecture class, seminar-like oral presentation class, and even discussion/debate class have not been enough to enforce self-directed learning ability for students. To resolve the problem, a new dynamic complex instruction model (DCIM) was developed for undergraduate and graduate students and a basic frame of DCIM was published by Oh (2010). Here, it is examined if the application of DCIM to a biology class of graduate school can cause improvement of self-directed learning ability. For this, the self-directed learning readiness scale (West & Bentley, 1990) translated by Ryu (1997) and motivation scale (Hayamizu. 1997) translated by Oh (2001) were employed, and then measurements performed with the translated scales were done in the beginning and the last of two DCIM-adapted graduate biology classes at K university, Daegu, South Korea in the first semester of the year 2010. The results show that self-directed learning ability could be significantly improved through the DCIM-adapted class, compared to the result of a teacher-directed lecture class as a control group. With respect to the motivation, there was not found any statistically significant difference between control and experiment groups of graduate students. The present study seems to be meaningful in that it is the first work proving the effect of improvement of self-directed learning ability of graduate students through the DCIM-adapted classes.

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Web-based E-learning System Supporting an Effective Self-directed Learning Environment (효과적인 자기주도적 학습 환경을 지원하는 웹 기반 이-러닝 시스템)

  • Kim, Mi-Hye
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.9
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    • pp.524-535
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    • 2011
  • For success in E-learning, support from a learning environment that enables learners to perform self-directed learning more effectively is assumed. However, most existing e-learning systems do not maximize the improvement in learners' self-regulated learning ability because they only partially accommodate factors that can facilitate self-directed learning. In this paper, a web-based e-learning system is designed and proposed that enables support of an enhanced self-directed learning environment by providing various learning methods, evaluation methods, learning content levels, and strategies for learning motivation in various conditions, and synthetically reflecting them. To validate the effectiveness of the proposed system, it was applied to the subject of data structures in a university course, and an online survey was conducted with the students. The results indicated that the proposed system can support a learning environment in which students can perform more effective self-directed learning, enhancing their learning ability.

Influence of learning motivation, communication skill, academic self-efficacy on self-directed learning ability in nursing students (간호학생의 학습동기, 의사소통능력, 학업적 자기효능감이 자기주도학습능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, Hyo-Sook
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.8
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    • pp.311-321
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    • 2017
  • This study was conducted to investigate learning motivation, communication skill, academic self-efficacy which influence self-directed learning ability in nursing students. A total of 194 second year students were recruited from nursing department in Gwangju. Structured questionnaire was self-administrated from November 2 to 30, 2015. In self-directed learning ability, there were significant differences in gender, personality disposition, applied motivation, satisfaction on major, satisfaction of campus life, and school grade. In multiple regression analysis, learning motivation, communication skill, academic self-efficacy, satisfaction on major and school grade were significant factors of self-directed learning ability explaining 53.1% of the variables. In conclusion, to enhance self-directed learning ability for nursing students, it is necessary to develop program and curriculum for increasing learning motivation, communication skill, and academic self-efficacy.

Effects of MMORPG-Based Hanja Learning for Elementary School Students on Self-Directed Learning Ability (MMORPG 기반 초등한자 학습이 자기주도 학습능력에 미치는 효과)

  • Park, Hee-Jin
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.135-138
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    • 2012
  • 본 연구는 다중참여역할수행게임(Massive Multiplayer Online Role Playing Game, 이하 MMORPG)이 자기주도 학습능력에 미치는 효과를 살펴보는데 목적이 있으며, 초등학교에 재학중인 4, 5, 6학년 3개 학급을 실험 대상으로 4주간 실험하였다. 실험집단은 방과 후 수업시간을 이용하여 일주일에 2시간 이상 MMORPG를 활용한 한자수업을 학습하도록 지도하였고, 통제집단은 교사의 수업 진행으로 학습하였다. 실험 전 두 집단 간의 자기주도 학습능력에 대한 동질성을 검증하기 위하여 자기주도 학습준비도 검사(Self-Directed Learning Readiness Scale, 이하 SDLRS)를 이용하여 자기주도 학습능력 사전검사를 실시하였고, 4주간 실험이 끝난 후 자기주도 학습능력 검사의 차이를 알아보았다. 더 나아가 하위요소인 효율적인 학습자라는 개념, 학습에 대한 솔선수범 및 독립성, 창의성, 자신의 학습에 대한 책임감, 기본학습 기능과 문제해결 기술, 미래 지향적인 자기이해 학습기회에 대한 개방성, 학습에 대한 애정과 열성을 다변량분산분석(MANOVA)를 실시하여 통계분석 하였다. 이러한 연구결과들을 바탕으로 다음과 같은 결론을 내릴 수 있다. 첫째, MMORPG를 활용한 한자학습과 일반교실 한자학습은 독립표본 t검정 결과 자기주도 학습능력에서 유의미한 차이가 나타났다. 즉, MMORPG를 활용한 한자학습이 일반교실수업에 의한 학습보다 높은 자기주도 학습능력 정도를 보여 주었다. 둘째, MMORPG를 활용한 한자학습이 하위요소 간에 어떠한 여향을 미치는가를 알아보기 위해 실시한 MANOVA 결과 효율적인 학습자라는 개념, 학습에 대한 솔선수범 및 독립성, 창의성, 자신의 학습에 대한 책임감, 기본학습 기능과 문제해결 기술, 미래 지향적인 자기이해에서는 유의미한 것으로 나왔지만 학습기회에 대한 개방성, 학습에 대한 애정과 열성에서는 유의미한 결과를 얻지 못하였다.

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The Effect of Web-based Self-directed Learning and Types of Learning on Academic Achievement and Study Attitudes (웹을 활용한 자기 주도적 학습방법과 학습과제 유형이 학업성취도 및 학습태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Bing, Sung-Jun;Lea, Sung-Keun
    • The Journal of Korean Association of Computer Education
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.91-100
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of Web-based self-directed learning and types of learning on the academic achievement and study attitudes of students. The subject of this study consists of 66 students of a high school. The group is divided into two subgroup. the self-directed learning group and teacher-guided learning group. each of which has 33 students. The results show that self-directed learning group improve academic achievement more than teacher-guided learning group. Especially. conceptual knowledge was more improved than principle-related knowledge. Self-directed learning proved to improve the subjects' study attitudes more than teacher-guided learning.

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A relationship between Self-Directed Learning Readiness and Learning Style of university students majored in science and engineering (이공계 대학생의 자기주도학습준비도와 학습유형의 관계)

  • Jeon, Me-Ae
    • 대한공업교육학회지
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    • v.38 no.2
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    • pp.240-266
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the self-directed learning readiness of university students' majored in science and engineering as life-long learners, and to analyze the relationship between self-directed learning readiness and learning style. Participants of this study are 142 students majored science and engineering in H university of Chung-nam province to participate in taking self-directed learning readiness tests and Kolb's learning style tests. The results of this study are as follows: First, the average of overall participants' self-directed learning readiness is 3.41, which is possibly regarded as 'an average' according to Guglielmino & Guglielmino (1991)'s interpretation of scores. Second, among four basic scales of participants' learning styles, the highest is found in Active Experiment (AE), the lowest is found in Abstract Conceptualization (AC). In addition, the highest thing of the four learning styles found among the participants is divergers (36.6%) and the lowest is convergers (13.4%). Finally, this study compares the high-level and low-level groups of self-directed learning readiness score with learning style. there is a statistically significant correlation between the score of self-directed learning readiness and CE, AC (p=.01). Therefore, self-directed learning readiness is related to learning style.

Comparative Study between Mathematically Gifted Elementary Students and Non-Gifted Students in Communication Skills and Self-Directed Learning Ability (초등수학영재와 일반학생의 의사소통 능력 및 자기주도적 학습능력 비교)

  • Lee, Hye Ryeong;Choi, Jae Ho
    • School Mathematics
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.585-601
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship of communication skills and self-directed learning ability between mathematically gifted elementary students and non-gifted students. The subjects include 126 mathematically gifted elementary students from gifted education centers and gifted classes in elementary schools in D Metropolitan City and 124 non-gifted students that were non categorized as gifted students or special children in the same city. Employed in the study were the tests of communication skills and self-directed learning ability. Through this study, there are notable differences in communication skills and self-directed learning ability between mathematically gifted students and non-gifted students. Thus, those communication skills and self-directed learning ability should be taken into account when organizing and running a curriculum. In addition, developing a program for mathematically gifted students, as well as in teaching and learning communication skills and self-directed learning ability sufficient to consider the interrelationships between.

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Analysis on Core Abilities of Elementary and Secondary Scientific Gifted Students' Life Skills -In Focus of Communication, Problem Solving and Self-Directed Learning (초·중등 과학 영재의 생애능력 중 핵심능력 분석 -의사소통력, 문제해결력, 자기주도적 학습력을 중심으로)

  • Chung, Choong-Duk;Kang, Kyung-Hee
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.290-303
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    • 2009
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze communication, problem solving and self-directed learning of elementary and secondary scientific gifted students. In addition, this study investigated correlation on the subdomains of communication, problem solving and self-directed learning. The subjects of this study were 252 students(97 elementary students and 155 secondary students) who had been enrolled at Center for Science Gifted and Talented Education. Elementary and secondary scientific gifted students' self-directed learning skill was the highest score among core abilities. The result of analysis on self-directed learning subdomain presented the highest score in basic self control of elementary students. The secondary scientific gifted students showed the highest score in effort attribution to result. Subdomains of core capacity has very high correlation. This fact shows very high correlation among core abilities. The results of this study are suggesting that the systematical life skills education based on concrete factors is effective to improve communication, problem solving and self-directed learning of scientific gifted students.

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Influence of Self Efficacy, Learning Motivation, and Self-Directed Learning on Problem-Solving Ability in Nursing Students (간호학생의 학업적 자기효능감, 학습동기 및 자기주도적 학습태도가 문제해결능력에 미치는 영향)

  • Sim, Mi-Jung;Oh, Hyo-Sook
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.328-337
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    • 2012
  • This study was conducted to investigate academic self-efficacy, learning motivation, and self-directed learning which influence problem-solving ability in nursing students. A total of 217 third year students were recruited from two nursing colleges in Gwangju. Structured questionnaire was self-administered from March 2 to 31, 2012. In academic self-efficacy, there were significant differences in gender, high school type, character. Problem-solving ability showed statistically significant differences in curriculum usability after graduation. In multiple regression analysis, self-efficacy, learning motivation and self-directed learning were significant factors of problem-solving ability explaining 37.3% of the variables. In conclusion, self-efficacy, learning motivation, and self-directed learning had a positive effect on problem-solving ability in nursing students. To enhance problem-solving ability for nursing students, it is necessary to develop teaching program and curriculum for increasing academic self-efficacy, learning motivation, and self-directed learning.