• Title, Summary, Keyword: 자기주도적 학습

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Comparative Study on Effects of Sexuality Education in Elementary School Students (초등학생의 성교육 효과에 관한 비교연구)

  • Seo, Soon-Hee;Hong, Jee-Young;Lee, Moo-Sik;Na, Baeg-Ju;Lee, Jin-Yong;Bae, Seok-Hwan;Yoo, Se-Jong
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.513-516
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구는 성교육이 학생들의 성 지식, 태도, 역할 정체감에 미치는 효과를 알아보기 위해 실험군과 대조군으로 집단을 나누어 실험군에게 의도적인 성교육 실시하여 그 결과를 살펴보고 향후 학교에서 실시되는 성교육 계획 수립에 도움을 주고자 하는 실험연구이다. 본 연구의 대상은 충청북도 제천시에 위치한 J초등학교 5학년 6개 학급을 대상으로 실험군 100(남 50, 여 50), 대조군 100(남 50, 여 50) 총 200명을 대상으로 실시하였으며 자료 수집은 2009년 10월 15일부터 2009년 11월 25일까지 실시하였다. 연구도구는 문헌고찰을 통해 성 지식, 성 태도, 성역할 정체감에 사용한 설문지를 구성타당도 검증을 통해 문항을 구성 선정하였으며, 신뢰도는 Cronbach's ${\alpha}$ 값으로 검증하였다. 연구 대상자의 일반적 특성을 보면 92%의 학생이 부모님이 있고, 88.5%가 형제자매가 있으며, 집안 분위기는 60%가 자유스럽고, 7%가 엄한 것으로 나타났다. 연구 대상자의 성관련 특성으로 가정에서 성교육을 받아본 경험이 있는 경우는 36%로 나타났으며, 성과 관련된 정보를 얻는 순서는 87.5%의 학생이 학교 보건선생님한테 성 관련 정보를 얻는 경우가 대부분이었고, 다음 순서로는 부모님, 서적류, 담임선생님, 영상매체, 친구, 형제자매 순으로 나타났다. 연구 대상자의 신체변화정도를 살펴보면 여자의 경우 월경이 있는 경우는 20%정도, 가슴의 변화는 84%로 나타났으며, 남자의 경우 몽정이 있는 경우는 4%로 나타났으며, 남녀 모두 변성기, 여드름, 발모, 몽정, 월경, 가슴변화 등 한 가지 이상 신체변화가 나타난 경우는 56%로 나타났다. 연구 대상자의 성지식 사전 사후 점수를 비교해보면 두 집단 모두 사전보다 사후 점수가 증가하였다. 사후검사에서 교육을 받지 않은 대조군의 성지식 점수는 소폭 증가하였으나 성교육을 실시한 실험군의 성지식 점수는 더 큰 폭으로 높았으며, 특히 신체발달에서 사전검사에 대조군은(M=2.17), 실험군은 (M=1.66)으로 실험군의 점수가 낮았으나, 사후검사에서는 대조군은(M=2.76), 실험군은(M=3.90)으로 실험군의 점수가 더 높았다. 이상의 결과를 종합해보면 학교에서의 체계화된 성교육은 학생들의 성 지식, 태도, 성 역할 정체감 형성에 도움을 줄뿐만 아니라 성교육을 부끄러워하고, 쑥스러워하며, 어색해 하던 아이들이 문제 중심 학습을 적용하여 자기 주도적으로 문제를 해결하고, 체험, 실습, 역할극, 토의 등의 활동적인 수업에 적극 참여하고, 자연스럽게 활동하여 긍정적인 '밝은 성(性)'으로 변해가는 모습을 관찰할 수 있었다. 성교육은 인간의 성장과 발달에 따라 변화하는 과정이라는 것을 인식하여 건전한 성, 건강한 성을 함양하기 위해 체계적이고 발달 단계에 맞추어 이루어져야 할 것이다.

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: A Case Study of English Class as Liberal Education, Converged on Literature and Theatrical Performances for Cultivating Humanities (<연극영화로 배우는 영어> : 문학과 인성을 접목한 융·복합 교양영어 수업 사례)

  • Choi, Jeong Mee;Lee, Ho Sun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.536-545
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    • 2016
  • Most universities have been concerned about Liberal Education; whether is it on universal truth, or on training job-specialists? In consequence, the curricula have been reformed and promoted diversely. In this aspect, has been developed as convergence education. I selected two easy and short texts and tried to make the students practice and memorize the dialogues as many as possible. At the end of the class, the students presented given assignments, with theatrical performance. This study carried out the research of students' presentation and theatrical performances on the basis of group study, together with a survey of the results of questionnaires and lecture evaluation. Therefore it was a exploratory study to check out significance of variables through the correlation analysis. The students' questionnaires showed the improvement of their English ability, together with their knowledge about literature and drama, cultivating humanities through the theatrical performance. It may be said that has achieved multi-functional effects of English class converged literature, theatre and humanities even for one semester.

Watt, Who is he? (와트, 그는 누구인가?)

  • Choi, Jun-Seop;Yu, Jae-Young;Im, Mee-Ga
    • 대한공업교육학회지
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    • v.42 no.2
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    • pp.108-122
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    • 2017
  • This research paper is to examine James Watt who led the 1st industrial revolution successfully. His great work was called monumental achievement in the human history of civilization. Here, we looked over the Watts' educational environment during his infant, juvenile, and adolescence period and also, his learning attitude about his own field through literature review. The basic infra of soft and hard wares for the industrial revolution through the process of R & D on new developing steam engine resulted from the very industrial revolution and its R & D environment were to be investigated. The useful information and knowledge from this process of the research are able to give an appropriate educational guidance to bring up the development of creativity in schooling systems. And also a lesson from the past could be used to provide the desirable direction for the 4th industrial revolution which is just begun to start now. The main results from this study are as follows; First, Watts' parents positively guided him onto the technology of manual field because they recognized their son was interested in technology field. The parents' attitude stimulated and guided his sons' self-development, had been equal to the aims of education. Second, Watt made a chance of making friendships with professors of Glasgow University. He spontaneously had done self-directed learning for getting knowledge and technology, and thus he became an expert of practical engineer and theorist. Third, the Lunar society, which was jumping over one's social position in their society of the 18th century through new thinking way, leading new ages had been very good R & D social infra for Watt to open and connect new advanced level of science and technology in his age. This society provided a study environment fields for their members to exchange their ideas of scientific curiosity and freely inquiry, technology informations. They had discussed and understood the issues to be occurred in their own fields and accumulated necessary knowledge for problem-solving, respectively. Such as this R & D system environment will be also considered in the modern research group. Fourth, the entrepreneur such as Boulton, who understand technology and grasp its value in future, is needed. The system of 'grue of management' will support the researcher with financial support, which is necessary in R & D. And the researcher like Watt who takes pleasure in technology itself and study eagerly in his field without financial problems, that is, 'grue of technical expert' is essential when leading to success in the industrial revolution.

Comprehensive Measures the Elimination of Violence in Schools validated - Centered on the fundamental countermeasures - (학교폭력 근절 종합대책에 대한 유효성 검증 - 근본대책을 중심으로 -)

  • Jung, Sung Sook
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.13 no.5
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    • pp.187-196
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    • 2013
  • Recently, school violence has come to the fore as a social phenomenon. "Comprehensive countermeasures for eradication of school violence" as a policy safety are created by Safety Administration bureau and Ministry of Education, Science and Technology under the chairmanship of the Office of Prime Minister on Feb,2012. This policy is supposed to be test-operated for a year from March, 2012. but voices of concern about effectiveness have been brought up by some critics greatly. So 172 teachers in high school in Seoul were surveyed in order to examine the effectiveness of "Comprehensive countermeasures for eradication of school violence" with a questionnaire composed of 5 point Likert-type. Among the fundamental measures, there were a total of 12 countermeasures about 'Practices for personality education' (with the exception of unrelated one question). 'Expanding opportunities of various art education and Supporting reading activities' of them ranked highest on average. Then, 'Reflecting results of special feature related to character develops to the Selection of Admission officers and Self-directed learning was the next. And among the three countermeasures about 'Reinforcement of roles of the family and society', 'Pan governmental conducting annual campaign related to broadcast, press, civic group to combat school violence was highest. Finally, among the 7 countermeasures about 'Countermeasure about harmful factors of games and internet addiction', 'Reinforcement of preventive discipline about game and internet addiction' was highest and 'Development and Promotion of various educational contents for preventive discipline about game and internet addiction' was the next.

A Study on the Improvement Scheme of University's Software Education

  • Lee, Won Joo
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.243-250
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    • 2020
  • In this paper, we propose an effective software education scheme for universities. The key idea of this software education scheme is to analyze software curriculum of QS world university rankings Top 10, SW-oriented university, and regional main national university. And based on the results, we propose five improvements for the effective SW education method of universities. The first is to enhance the adaptability of the industry by developing courses based on the SW developer's job analysis in the curriculum development process. Second, it is necessary to strengthen the curriculum of the 4th industrial revolution core technologies(cloud computing, big data, virtual/augmented reality, Internet of things, etc.) and integrate them with various fields such as medical, bio, sensor, human, and cognitive science. Third, programming language education should be included in software convergence course after basic syntax education to implement projects in various fields. In addition, the curriculum for developing system programming developers and back-end developers should be strengthened rather than application program developers. Fourth, it offers opportunities to participate in industrial projects by reinforcing courses such as capstone design and comprehensive design, which enables product-based self-directed learning. Fifth, it is necessary to develop university-specific curriculum based on local industry by reinforcing internship or industry-academic program that can acquire skills in local industry field.

ICT Medical Service Provider's Knowledge and level of recognizing how to cope with fire fighting safety (ICT 의료시설 기반에서 종사자의 소방안전 지식과 대처방법 인식수준)

  • Kim, Ja-Sook;Kim, Ja-Ok;Ahn, Young-Joon
    • The Journal of the Korea institute of electronic communication sciences
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.51-60
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    • 2014
  • In this study, ICT medical service provider's level of knowledge fire fighting safety and methods on coping with fires in the regions of Gwangju and Jeonam Province of Korea were investigated to determine the elements affecting such levels and provide basic information on the manuals for educating how to cope with the fire fighting safety in medical facilities. The data were analyzed using SPSS Win 14.0. The scores of level of knowledge fire fighting safety of ICT medical service provider's were 7.06(10 point scale), and the scores of level of recognizing how to cope with fire fighting safety were 6.61(11 point scale). level of recognizing how to cope with fire fighting safety were significantly different according to gender(t=4.12, p<.001), age(${\chi}^2$=17.24, p<.001), length of career(${\chi}^2$=22.76, p<.001), experience with fire fighting safety education(t=6.10, p<.001), level of subjective knowledge on fire fighting safety(${\chi}^2$=53.83, p<.001). In order to enhance the level of understanding of fire fighting safety and methods of coping by the ICT medical service providers it is found that: self-directed learning through avoiding the education just conveying knowledge by lecture tailored learning for individuals fire fighting education focused on experiencing actual work by developing various contents emphasizing cooperative learning deploying patients by classification systems using simulations and a study on the implementation of digital anti-fire monitoring system with multipoint communication protocol, a design and development of the smoke detection system using infra-red laser for fire detection in the wide space, video based fire detection algorithm using gaussian mixture mode developing an education manual for coping with fire fighting safety through multi learning approach at the medical facilities are required.