• Title, Summary, Keyword: 자기효능감

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The Emotional Intelligence Effects on Foreign LCs' Self-Efficacy and Job Stress (외국계 생명보험 설계사의 감성지능이 직무스트레스에 미치는 영향 : 자기효능감의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Jung, Kwang-Jin;Park, Sang-Beom
    • The Journal of Industrial Distribution & Business
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    • v.9 no.5
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    • pp.93-104
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    • 2018
  • Purpose - This study is to investigate the relationship among emotional intelligence, self-efficacy and job stress of foreign life insurance consultants focusing on the mediating effect of self-efficacy. Regarding job security, in general foreign life insurance companies in Korea have more severe working conditions in terms of required contract performance. For foreign life insurance consultants, they are assumed to need higher level of emotional intelligence and self efficacy to meet the conditions. In this study, focus is cast on these aspects. Research design, data, and methodology - Basically the research is conducted upon questionnaires responded by foreign life insurance consultants. That is, data are collected from 255 sample of insurance consultants who work for a foreign owned life insurance company. The Questionnaire measure the level of emotional intelligence, self-efficacy and job stress of insurance consultants. The data are analyzed using pearson's correlation coefficient and hierarchical multiple regression, descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Durbin-Watson test. Results - The general characteristics of respondents are gender, age, marital status, education level, income monthly, career length, change jobs no, working day per week, call no. per week, meeting no. with client per week, contract regularity, contract no. per month and cancellation contract per year. The mean of emotional intelligence is 2.63, self-efficacy is 3.44 and job stress is 2.20. Emotional intelligence is composed with mean value of self emotion appraisal(3.93), other's emotion appraisal(3.78), regulation of emotion(3.29) and use of emotion(3.52). The mean of self efficacy is composed with mean value of self-confidence(3.41), self-regulated efficacy(3.59) and preference task difficulty(3.30). The job stress is composed with mean value of job requirement(2.61), lack of job autonomy(1.99), conflict of personal relations(1.99), job instability(2.38), organizational system(2.19) and inappropriate compensation(2.07). There is a significant positive correlation between emotional intelligence and self-efficacy. The emotional intelligence and self-efficacy are significantly negative correlation with job stress. The self-efficacy is showed a mediating variable between emotional intelligence and job stress. Conclusions - To decrease job stress level, foreign life insurance company should find the factors to improve the emotional intelligence and self-efficacy of life insurance consultants, and develop appropriate plans using a mediating role of self- efficacy between emotional intelligence and job stress.

Effects of Participating in Tele-rehabilitation Service on Health Promotion and Quality of Life for Individuals with disability (원격재활서비스 참여가 지역사회 장애인의 건강증진 및 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Cha, Yerin;Jung, Bong-Keun;Lee, Seong A
    • 재활복지
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.169-188
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    • 2018
  • The aims of this study was to investigate the effect of the Tele-rehabilitation service on health promotion and quality of life for individuals with disability. The subjects were 3 men who agreed with participating in service and were assessed of health promotion level with physical/psychological scales and quality of life. The service consists of 20 sessions for 13 weeks. The results are as follows: First, all participants improved psychosocial health promotion (subjective health level) factor. Second, physical health promotion (upper limb function, strength, range of motion) maintained and improved, but there was little change. Third, the quality of life was higher than before. In addition, qualitative research showed that participants experienced a positive change in subjective health status, emotional stability, benefit, and self efficacy, and they were satisfied with the service. Based on the results, it was shown that participation helps improve the health and quality of life of the individuals with disability in the community. This study can be used it as a basic data for establishing a Tele-rehabilitation service for individuals with disability in local community.

A Study on the Empowerment Experience of Parents in Poverty -An Example of Parents Participating in the We Start Program- (빈곤부모의 역량강화 경험 연구 -위스타트 사례관리 대상 부모를 중심으로-)

  • Nam, Soo-Huh;Heo, So-Young;Koh, Yun-Soon;Lee, Gyeong-uk
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Child Welfare
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    • no.40
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    • pp.167-199
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    • 2012
  • This study intends to investigate the empowerment experience of parents in poverty with a specific focus on those who participated in the We Start case management program. Focus group and individual interviews were conducted to collect the data. Study results are as follows. First, the empowerment stages were found to be 'being isolated and powerless at a dead-end', 'solving the problem together while receiving attention and respect', 'raising children with hope', and 'actively engaging with the world'. Second, the meaning of empowerment for parents in poverty was 'actively engaging with the world by raising children with hope'. Third, the results of empowerment were improved self-efficacy, improved relationships with children, improved cooperative relationship with the service provider, and participation in self-help groups and volunteer activities in the community. Fourth, empowerment process started through the 'development of trust relationship with service provider and getting help', and 'change in children.' Fifth, active formation of relationships with help professionals and provision of correct information facilitated parents' empowerment. Based on the study results, several suggestions were made for practitioners to empower parents in poverty.

The Impacts of Acceptance Decision Factors of Tour Social Network Service on Continuous Use Intention from the Viewpoint of User Participation : Focusing on Mediating Effect of Perceived Value and Satisfaction (이용자 참여관점에서의 관광 쇼셜 네트워크 서비스의 수용결정요인이 지속적 이용의도에 미치는 영향: 지각된 가치와 만족을 매개로 하여)

  • Lim, Chae-Kwan
    • Journal of the Korea Industrial Information Systems Research
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.119-135
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    • 2014
  • This study is aimed at understanding the factors behind deciding to accept a social network service (SNS) from the viewpoint of tourists who are users of tourism SNS. The study also seeks to clarify the effects these deduced factors have on the intention of users to continuously use SNS. To this end, individual properties (such as self-efficacy, socio-cultural effects, social presence and people's innovativeness), systematic properties (like system quality and information quality)and usefulness/availability were used as factors with regard to the decision to accept tourism SNS based on previous studies and efforts were made to structurally clarify the effects of such previous factors on people's intention to continuously use SNS through perceived value and satisfaction. SNS had significant effects on satisfaction and, furthermore, significantly affected tourists' intention to continuously use it. Based on such study results, factors behind deciding to accept SNS from the viewpoint of tourists affected customers' perceived value and satisfaction and ultimately affected their intention to continuously use SNS. To achieve the purpose of the study, a survey was conducted on about 250 Busan residents who had used SNS in relation to tourist activities, such as exhibitions, conventions, accommodation, trips, aviation service and transportation. According to an empirical study, factors behind deciding to accept tourism SNS, including individual properties, systematic properties and usefulness/availability had statistically significant effects on perceived value. The usefulness/availability factor had the largest influence, in particular, followed by the systematic factor and individual factor. The value perceived in the process of using tourism SNS had significant effects on satisfaction and, furthermore, significantly affected tourists' intention to continuously use it. Based on such study results, factors behind deciding to accept SNS from the viewpoint of tourists affected customers' perceived value and satisfaction and ultimately affected their intention to continuously use SNS.

An Exploratory Study on Korean 20's Consuming Behaviors in Luxuries and Imitations (우리나라 20대 소비자의 명품 및 명품모방품 소비행태에 관한 탐색적 연구)

  • Koh, In Kon
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.77-84
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    • 2015
  • According to a recent survey, the sales amount of luxuries and imitations is getting larger. Especially young consumers in 2,30's have a strong desire to own luxuries, so I tried to build a theoretical base on the 20's consuming trend. Meanwhile, targeting university students who represent consumers in 20's, I investigated the recognition of luxuries, shopping experience, main shopping items, monthly spending money, and future purchase intention. I also investigated shopping experience of imitation, main shopping items, purchase reasons, and future purchase intention. I tried to suggest lots of academic and practical implications in marketing strategy building of luxury brand, aiming young consumers in 20's. On the social-psychological view point, young generation have relatively weak sense of control or self-efficacy. So, they are easily submerged in conspicuous consumption by the atmosphere around. As a result of empirical research, I found that Korean students recognized luxuries as excellent in quality, or the world famous brand. In particular, statistically significant gender difference was shown in the luxuries characteristics as the high-quality brand for male students and the world famous brand for female students. Most respondents have experience buying luxuries. And more monthly spending money, more experience they have. Respondents' purchased items were in order of fashion goods, clothing, watches/jewelry, cosmetics/perfume. And the statistically significant differences between gender and monthly spending money were shown. Not many respondents purchased luxuries imitations, and main purchased items were fashion goods. Most of purchase motives are price over quality and economy reason. The phenomena that the respondents of relatively high levels of monthly spending money had lots of luxuries imitations shopping experiences is interesting. Female students showed higher purchase intention for luxuries and imitations than male students. There was no statistically significant difference in grade level, but was found something interesting in monthly spending money. As monthly spending money increased, the purchase intention of luxuries increased, but the purchase intention of luxuries imitations decreased. However, non-linear trend was shown in the specific allowance level. This is replicate of the luxuries imitations purchase experience. Following studies will be needed for the exact interpretation for this. This study is an exploratory and descriptive, but can provide lots of fruitful academic and practical implications in formulating luxuries marketing strategies.

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Case Study of Service-Learning Linked to 'History of Science' Lecture for Pre-service Science Teachers (예비과학교사의 과학사 강좌 봉사-학습(Service-Learning) 운영 사례 연구)

  • Yoon, Ma-Byong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.567-581
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    • 2019
  • Service-Learning (S-L) is an experiential learning-based teaching-learning method that connects students with curriculum and school-based community service and raises students' academic ability and social responsibility awareness through the value of 'reflection' and 'reciprocity'. This study analyzed the case of S-L course of 'History of Science and Inquire Activity' for pre-service science teachers (PSTs). The S-L lectures linked to the subjects of the History of Science were conducted in terms of three stages (Preparation-Implementation-Evaluation), and S-L classes were conducted in three schools five times. The educational effects of S-L lectures were analyzed by collecting questionnaires, class observation and self-reported reflection diary. The PSTs were able to understand the school realities and improve the teaching abilities and pedagogic content knowledge through educational service activities. The PSTs who participated in the S-L course had hard time due to excessive learning time, the difficulty of preparing the class, the fear of the class, and trial and error. Nonetheless, most of the students responded that they were very satisfied (4.68) with the S-L lecture, and that they could develop self-efficacy for their future teaching career thank to this learning experience.

Entrepreneurship Education and Entrepreneurial Intention: Fear to Start-up and Start-up Communities in Class (기업가 정신 교육과 창업 의도: 창업 실패에 대한 두려움, 창업 동아리를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Taekyung
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.95-104
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    • 2019
  • Fear to start-up failures has been known to have a negative impact on entrepreneurial intention. This is one of the reasons why the government adopts a policy to help university students overcome their fear of start-ups. Setting educational goals to foster innovative and progressive entrepreneurs, universities have been conducting entrepreneurship education, but it is hard to say that constructive results have been achieved so far. Rather than adopting the practice of optional entrepreneurship education, there is a need to have all university freshmen mandatorily take the course of entrepreneurship education. This study aims to uncover the impact of more aggressive entrepreneurship education position in the university by analyzing empirical data. The relationship between an entrepreneurship level and entrepreneurial intention was tested, and start-up fear was also considered. In the research model, self-leadership and self-efficacy were included as regressors to entrepreneurship levels. Especially, this study tested moderate effects of start-up community during the course. The results from the sample of 2,500 freshmen indicate that entrepreneurship level is significantly improved by taking the course; however, fear to start-up failures remains still. In addition, empirical findings show that putting start-up communities in the entrepreneurship education helps students by moderating self-leadership and self-efficacy. This study extends our knowledge of entrepreneurship education in university by analyzing university freshmen data empirically.

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A Structural Model for Health Promotion and Quality of Life in People with Cancer (건강증진과 삶의 질 구조모형 II-암환자 중심-)

  • 오복자
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.632-652
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    • 1996
  • It has been noted that a genetic alteration of cells influenced by unhealthy lifestyle in addition to a series of other carcinogens increases the incidence of various neoplasmic diseases. Therefore the importance of a lifestyle that minimizes such an impact on health should be emphasized. Since stomach cancer, the most common neoplasmic disease in Korea, is related to personal lifestyle and as there is a possibility of its recurrence, patients with stomach cancer need to lead a healthy lifestyle. Also the quality of life which patients experience is negatively affected by the side effects of treatments and the possibility of recurrence. Therefore an effective nursing intervention to enhance quality of life and encourage healthy lifestyle is needed. The purpose of this study is to provide a basis for nursing intervention strategies to promote health and thus enhance quality of life. A hypothetical model for this purpose was constructed based on Pender's Health Promotion Model and Becker's Health Belief Model, with the inclusion of some influential factors such as hope for quality of life and health promoting behavior. The aims of study were to : 1) evaluate the effectiveness of patient's cognitive-perceptual factors on health promoting behaviors and quality of life ; 2) examine the causal relationships among perceived benefit, perceived barrier, perceived susceptibility and severity, internal locus of control, perceived health status, hope, health concept, self efficacy, self esteem health promoting behaviors & quality of life ; 3) build and test a global hypothetical model. The subjects for this study were 164 patients who were being treated for stomach cancer were approached in the outpatient clinic on a University Hospital. The data from the completed questionnaires were analyzed using Linear Structural Relationships (LISREL). The results of research are as follows : 1) Hypothetical model and the modified model showed a good fit to the empirical data, revealing considerable explanational power for health promoting behaviors(54.9%) and quality of life(87.6%) 2) Self efficacy and hope had significant effects on health promoting behaviors. Of these, hope was affected indirectly through self efficacy and self esteem. 3) Perceived health status, hope and self esteem had significant direct effect on the quality of life. Of these variables, perceived health status was the most essential factor affecting general satisfaction in life. 4) Self-efficacy, as a mediating variable, was positively affected by perceived benefit and hope. 5) Self-esteem, as a mediating variable, was positively affected by perceived health status and hope. 6) Hope was the main variable affecting self efficacy, self esteem, health promoting behaviors and quality of life. The derived model in this study could effectively be used as a reference model for further study and could suggests a direction for nursing practices

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Influencing Factors on Uncertainty of Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy for Lung Neoplasms (항암화학요법을 받는 폐암환자의 불확실성 영향요인)

  • Mo, Moon-Hee;Chung, Bok-Yae
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.248-259
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    • 2017
  • This descriptive correlational study was conducted to identify the factors influencing the uncertainty of patients undergoing chemotherapy for lung neoplasms. One hundred and eleven patients were recruited from the chemotherapy clinic of a university hospital. Data were collected from July 25 to December 31, 2014, and analyzed by descriptive statistics, the t-test, ANOVA, the Scheffe test, Pearson's product moment correlation coefficients and multiple regression analysis with SPSS for Windows Version 18.0. The mean score of the uncertainty of the patients undergoing chemotherapy for lung neoplasms was 2.61(${\pm}0.46$), which was higher than that of the patients with other diseases. The uncertainty was positively correlated with the seriousness of the illness (r=.74, p<.01) and consistency of the symptoms (r=.27, p<.01). Multiple regression analysis showed that the (main) factor influencing the uncertainty was the seriousness of the illness, which explained 54% of the uncertainty of the patients undergoing chemotherapy for lung neoplasms. As a result, nursing interventions are needed to reduce the uncertainty of lung neoplasm patients who are receiving chemotherapy. The seriousness of the illness should be considered when developing nursing interventions to reduce the uncertainty of lung neoplasm patients.

Girls Left Behind in Science Gifted Education?: Gender Differences in Science Affective Domains among Top 10% High Achievers in PISA 2006 (최우수 여고생은 과학영재교육의 소외 집단인가? : PISA 문항의 과학성취도 상위 10% 고등학생의 과학 정의적 영역의 성차 분석)

  • Seo, Hae-Ae
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.21 no.1
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    • pp.123-139
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    • 2011
  • The research paid attention to the fact that top 10% high achievers of girls in high schools are not equally provided with opportunities for science gifted education in Korea. For this reason, the research examined gender differences in science achievement and science affective domain through employing PISA 2006 science achievement test and survey of science affective domains. The research subjects of 132 students as top 10% high achievers extracted from those 1,409 students who were nationwidely sampled and responded to the science achievement test and science affective domain survey in July 2008. The responses by 132 students of top 10% high achievers were analyzed. The findings revealed that there is no significant difference of science achievement and most items of science affective domain survey between girls and boys of top 10% population in high schools. Further, it was indicated that top 10% high achieving girls have interest, self-concept, self-efficacy, future job aspiration in science as high as boys. In conclusions, further attentions to provide more opportunities of science gifted education for girls are called for.