• Title, Summary, Keyword: 자기효능감

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The Mediating Effects of Self-efficacy on the relationship between Job-stress and Depression (지역 의료기관 행정직 직장인의 자기효능감 -직무스트레스와 우울에 미치는 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Hye-Sook
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.10
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    • pp.5069-5077
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of the study was to identify the mediating effects of self-efficacy between job-stress and depression in regional hospitals' workers. The data of this study were collected from 700 hospitals' workers who have been working in 306 hospitals in B city. And the data were collected from Feb. to May 2012. To determine the impact of self-efficacy on job-stress and depression for men and women workers in local hospitals, we measure self-efficacy, job-stress and depression of workers and analyze their relationships. There was a negative relationship between self-efficacy and job-stress(r=-.238, p<.001), depression(r=-.626 p<.001). Verifying the mediating effects of self-efficacy to the impact of job stress on depression, the mediating effects of self-efficacy were significant. It suggests that there is a need to relax the negative impact of job stress through the promotion of self-efficacy for individual or team-level organization.

Mediating effects of self-efficacy in the relationships between academic burnout and school adjustment on middle school students (청소년의 학업소진과 학교적응의 관계에서 자기효능감의 매개효과)

  • Choi, Ok;Lee, Woo Song
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.12 no.9
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    • pp.455-463
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to define the paths through which academic burnout and self-efficacy of middle school students affect school adjustment, verify the path model of each factor, and examine the mediator effects of self-efficacy. In line with this objective, the study conducted a survey on 713 third year students of 3 different middle schools in city G. The first finding of this study confirmed that the path coefficient and suitablility index were significant, indicating that the path model was also significant. Second, academic burnout had direct negative effects on self-efficacy and school adjustment, while self-efficacy has positive effects on school adjustment. Third, self-efficacy was confirmed to have meaningful mediator effects on academic burnout and school adjustment. Based on these findings, academic burnout caused by excessive demand for academic success on korean students has negative effects on school adjustment, but if self-efficacy is well developed as an individual factor, school maladjustment can be reduced. Thus this study confirmed that psychological factors, such as self-efficacy, are necessary in school adjustment. Future studies were suggested on the basis of this study's findings.

Multi-Mediation of Self-efficacy and Learning Goal Orientation in the links Superior's Communication Ability and Innovative Behavior (상사 커뮤니케이션 능력과 혁신행동의 관계에서 자기효능감 및 학습목표지향성의 다중 매개효과)

  • Yang, Chang-Young;Ji, Sung-Ho;Kang, Young-Soon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.15 no.12
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    • pp.572-585
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    • 2015
  • The present study conducted in two parts toward employees in government office and state-owned companies, and financial companies. First, main impacts were demonstrated in the links between superior communication ability (SCA) and outcome variables (self-efficacy, and learning goal orientation). Second, mediating effects of self-efficacy and LGO were investigated in the relation SCA-Innovative behavior. The data which applied in analysis was collected from 318 employees who work at government office and state-owned companies, and financial companies in Jeju island. The results were as follows. First, SCA were positively associated with self-efficacy and LGO. Second, self-efficacy and LGO were fully mediated both relationships between SCA and innovative behavior. Findings were as follows. SCA is an important factor on self-efficacy and LGO. Such the results have meaningful implications in the research area of communication. The importance of self-efficacy and LGO were demonstrated when considering the both variable in the relations SCA-innovative behavior.

Self-Efficacy as Moderator in Entrepreneurship Education and Entrepreneurial Intention: Comparison between Korean and Chinese University Students (한·중 대학생들의 자기효능감 조절효과분석: 기업가정신교육과 창업의도 관계에서)

  • Yang, Jun Hwan
    • The Journal of Small Business Innovation
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.17-35
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    • 2016
  • Understanding key factors that affect entrepreneurial intention of university students is important to establish effective pedagogy for educating potential entrepreneurs. This cross-cultural study examines the direct effects of entrepreneurship education and self-efficacy on entrepreneurial intention of university students, and further examined how self-efficacy interacts with an entrepreneurship education in promoting entrepreneurial intention of Korean and Chinese university students. Empirical findings of this study suggest that entrepreneurship education and self-efficacy affect significantly entrepreneurial intention of university students in both countries. The proposed moderation effect of self-efficacy was supported for Korea but not China. The implications of the study were discussed and presented in terms of theoretical and practical aspects.

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The Effect of Tea Culture Therapy Program for the Improvement of Self-Efficacy of Juvenile Probationers (보호관찰 청소년의 자기효능감 향상을 위한 차문화치료 프로그램의 효과)

  • Kim, In-Sook
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.479-490
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to develop a tea culture therapy program development for the improvement of self-efficacy of juvenile probationers, which is a key factor of social adaptability of juvenile probationers. After developing a tea culture therapy program, this study examines the effect of the program empirically, by applying to juvenile probationers. For this purpose, this study employs an integrative approach of qualitative and quantitative methods. It is shown from the qualitative analysis that juvenile probationers' positive attitude and active participation are considerably progressed. The results from quantitative analysis indicate that the sub-dimensions of self-efficacy such as general self-efficacy and social self-efficacy are significantly improved.

A Study on the Influence of the Founder's Self-Efficacy on the Sales of the Founding Company (창업자의 자기효능감이 창업기업의 매출에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Joonsung;Song, Inam
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.61-78
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    • 2019
  • This study is about the effect of the founder's self-efficacy on the sales of the founding company by focusing on the factors that are currently emphasized in the founding education. In particular, this paper starts from the consciousness of the problem that the education that is being implemented to achieve the purpose of successful start-up among various government-based start-up support projects is failing to produce many start-up failures. Entrepreneurs cannot be assessed by objective financial data, but there is a high degree of uncertainty that should be determined based on their personal and learning abilities. In addition, many previous studies, which are likely to be successful when there is a high self-efficacy in a specific field due to the influence of factors such as personal experience or learning, will answer the direction of support for start-up companies. This study focuses on the impact of the founder's self-efficacy on the sales of the founding firms, especially the sales that are the key to the survival of the founding firms. This study has six major studies. First, to analyze whether the self-efficacy of entrepreneurs with respect to entrepreneurship affects the sales of entrepreneurs. Second, to analyze whether the self-efficacy of entrepreneurs with respect to market orientation affects the sales of entrepreneurs. Analysis of whether the founder's self-efficacy affects the sales of the founding firms. Fourth, analysis of whether the founder's self-efficiency affects the sales of the founding firms' understanding of management environment changes. An analysis of whether efficacy affects the sales of a start-up company, and sixth, an analysis of whether the founder's self-efficacy of business model building ability affects the sales of a start-up company. As a result of the empirical analysis, this study found that the self-efficacy of entrepreneurs on product differentiation capability and business model building capacity had a positive influence on the sales of entrepreneurs. The self-efficacy had a positive effect on self-efficacy, and the customer orientation had a positive effect on self-efficacy on business model building capacity. Also, it was confirmed that a path exists between the components of self-efficacy and that self-efficacy through the path has a positive effect on the sales of the start-up company. Therefore, the results of this study suggest the implications of establishing such a path and strengthening self-efficacy to create the survival and start-up performance of a start-up company if the goal of the start-up company is to survive when implementing various support projects for the start-up company.

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Elementary Students' Science Self-efficacy, Sources of Science Self-efficacy, and Creative Personality by Grade and Gender (초등학생들의 과학적 자기효능감, 자기효능감의 원천, 창의적 성향의 학년과 성별에 따른 차이)

  • Lim, Heejun
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.41 no.3
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    • pp.351-364
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    • 2017
  • This study investigated science self-efficacy, sources of science self-efficacy, and creative personality by grade and gender. For this study, 495 $3^{rd}-6^{th}$ elementary students were participated. The findings showed that there was no significant difference by grade and gender in science self-efficacy. In sources of science self-efficacy, there was significant differences by gender, but not by grade. $3^{rd}$ and $4^{th}$ graders' scores about 'vicarious experiences' and 'physiological and affective states' were higher than the those of $5^{th}$ and $6^{th}$ graders. Among creative personality, $3^{rd}$ and $4^{th}$ graders' scores about 'motivation' and 'challenge' were higher than those of $5^{th}$ and $6^{th}$ graders. Comparing the scores among sources of science self-efficacy, the mean scores of 'social persuasion' were relatively low than other sources. This showed that praises and encouragement of teacher, parents and friends had not been sufficient. In terms of variables' influences on science self-efficacy, multiple regression results showed that 'mastery experiences' in sources of science self-efficacy had the most explanatory power and 'social persuasion' had the second explanatory power. 'Patience' in creative personality showed the third explanatory power. The variables' influences on science self-efficacy showed differences by grade and gender.

STEAM-based Smart and Creative Experience Program to Enhance Self-efficacy (자기효능감 증대를 위한 STEAM 기반 스마트 창의체험 프로그램)

  • Kim, Dongjeong;Kim, Sughee;Kang, Insung;Chung, Kwangsik;Yu, Heonchang
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.1085-1088
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    • 2013
  • 현대는 가정의 경제적 어려움이 많은 사회적 배려계층의 아동이 증가되고 있다. 이 계층의 아동들은 일반계층의 아동들보다 자기효능감과 자아존중감이 낮다. 본 연구는 스크래치 프로그래밍을 이용하여 STEAM기반 창의체험 프로그램을 진행하였다. 초등학교 3, 4학년이 쉽게 접근할 수 있는 스크래치와 아동들이 흥미를 가질 수 있는 기술들을 적용하여, 자기효능감이 일반 학생들보다 낮은 사회적 배려계층 학생들의 자기효능감의 변화를 분석하였다. 본 연구에서는 자기효능감을 키워줌으로써, 스스로 해결할 수 있는 능력과 자아를 존중하게 생각하는 자아존중감의 변화도 측정하여 분석하였다. 본 연구의 결과 센서와 연동시키는 스크래치 프로그래밍 학습을 통해 창의적인 사고력과 논리력의 향상뿐만 아니라, 자기효능감과 자아존중감의 변화에 긍정적인 효과가 있는 것을 알 수 있었다.

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An Empirical Study on Mobile Web Browsing Service Adoption (모바일 웹 브라우징 서비스 수용에 관한 연구)

  • Ryoo, Sung-Yul;Kim, Moon-Oh;Kim, Hyo-Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.270-278
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    • 2009
  • Mobile web browsing services that bring the full PC browsing experience to customer's mobile handset have been emerged. This study is to investigate the intention to use mobile web browsing based on Technology Acceptance Model(TAM) which has been widely used to explain and predict the IT acceptance and incorporated with self-efficacy which was identified as an important determinant of user's new technology adoption in recent literature on technology acceptance. Specifically, from a theoretical perspective, this study not only clarifies mobile self-efficacy, but also develops an instrument to measure the concept of mobile self-efficacy. The results indicate that both computer self-efficacy and mobile self-efficacy directly influence perceived ease of use, and that perceived ease of use enhance perceived usefulness. And the findings indicate that perceived ease of use and usefulness have direct effects on attitude and then it is positively associated with intention to use mobile web browsing. Therefore, the findings imply that mobile self-efficacy can be employed as an important variable in examining user's intention for various mobile services to come in future.

Mediated Effect of Empowerment in the Influence on the Job Satisfaction and Job Involvement of Care Worker Self-efficacy (요양보호사의 자기 효능감이 업무만족과 업무몰입에 미치는 영향에서 임파워먼트의 매개효과)

  • Kwon, Seung-Sug;Song, Sun-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.12 no.10
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    • pp.320-329
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    • 2012
  • The study originated in finding the way to improve the job satisfaction and job involvement of care worker, who work in the Elderly Care Facilities, by researching and analysing the influences on the job satisfaction and job involvement of their self-efficacy and empowerment directly or indirectly. The result from the influences on empowerment of care worker self-efficacy was that the higher the self-confidence and self-control efficacy were, the higher the empowerment was. And the influence on job involvement of self-efficacy was that the higher the self-control efficacy and job preference were, the higher the job involvement was. The influence on job satisfaction of care worker was that the higher the self-confidence, self-control efficacy, and job preference were, the higher the job involvement was. The higher care worker individual empowerment and environmental empowerment were, the higher their job involvement and job satisfaction were. We can find out that there is a mediated effect as an influence on job involvement and job satisfaction of self-efficacy.