• Title, Summary, Keyword: 자율성

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Self-tracking Technology and Personal Autonomy for Personalized Healthcare (정밀의료를 위한 자기추적기술과 개인의 자율성)

  • Ryu, Jae-han
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
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    • v.145
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    • pp.71-90
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this paper is to examine the concept of autonomy, which is the subject of respect, namely, narrow bioethical autonomy and relational autonomy, before discussing autonomy in the era of personalized healthcare based on self-tracking technology. There is a need to extend the scope of the autonomy concept through a review of the autonomy debates presented by Tom Beauchamp and James Childress. Then, I suggest that relational autonomy based on the capability approach as a broader autonomy than the autonomy of consultation is a suitable concept of autonomy as an object to form ethical guidelines in a new situation.

대학 조직의 이념

  • Sin, Jae-Cheol
    • 대학교육
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    • pp.67-75
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    • 1995
  • 대학 조직에서 자율성은 필수조건이다. 따라서 그것은 대학 조직에 있어서 하나의 이념으로 확보되어야 한다. 대학 조직에서 자율성은 왜 필요한가? 첫째, 교육의 본질이 학생의 자율성을 신장시키는 데 있기 때문이다. 둘째, 대학의 교육기능 자체가 전문성을 필수적으로 요구하기 때문이다. 셋째, 자율성은 대학의 전통적 기능인 연구와 교육의 기능을 창조적으로 수행하는 데 필요할 뿐만 아니라 현대와 같이 복잡한 사회에서 다양성과 창의성이 존중되고 환경과 여건의 변화에 신축성 있게 능동적으로 대응하는 데 필수적인 이념이기 때문이다. 넷째, 국가의 가장 기본법인 헌법에서부터 대학의 자율성이 보장되고 있기 때문이다.

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A benchmarking study on autonomous operating system of excellent overseas public research institutes (선진 공공연구기관의 자율적 운영체제 조사 연구)

  • Ko, Young-joo;Lee, Youngseok;Chun, Dong-phil;Kim, Yong-jin
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technology Innovation Society Conference
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    • pp.789-797
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    • 2015
  • 한국의 출연(연)은 과학기술 기반 창조경제 실현을 위한 선도적 탈추격 R&D 주체로서의 출연(연)의 역할모델 재정립을 요구받고 있으며, 이는 자율과 책무에 기반한 지속가능한 R&D 체제로의 패러다임 전환을 수반한다. 본 연구는 공공연구기관의 자율성을 정의하고, 자율성을 구성하는 요인을 기관장 선임 및 거버넌스, 연구전략 및 목표관리, 예산, 인력, 그리고 평가로 구분하고, Autonomy Regime on Wheel (ARoW) 모델을 통하여 제시하였다. 자율성을 구성하는 각 요인에 대한 핵심 질의를 정의하고, 한국과 선진공공연구기관의 현황을 파악하여 벤치마킹 분석을 수행하였다. 분석 대상 선진 공공연구기관은 독일, 영국, 미국의 기관들로 선정하였으며, 특히 연구회 구조의 유사성 및 각 연구회 간 연구분야 및 임무의 균형이 조화롭게 유지되고 있는 독일의 4대 연구회를 중심으로 연구를 진행하였다. 연구를 위하여 분석대상 기관의 홈페이지를 포함한 국내?외 문헌조사 및 독일, 영국, 미국의 현지조사 과정을 거쳤으며, 이와 함께 국내?외 관련 전문가들에 대한 인터뷰를 진행하였다. 한국 및 선진 공공연구기관의 자율성 현황을 분석한 결과, 자율성을 구성하는 요인들에 대하여 전반적으로 한국의 실질적 자율성이 상대적으로 약한 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구는 공공연구기관의 자율성을 정의 및 분석한 최초의 학술적 연구로서, 향후 자율과 책무에 기반한 지속가능한 출연(연) 발전을 위한 전략 수립에 기반자료로 활용이 가능하다는 점에 그 의의가 존재한다.

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Analysis on changes in work autonomy of content industry workers (콘텐츠산업 인력의 업무 자율성 변화 분석)

  • Lee, Yong-Kwan
    • Review of Culture and Economy
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    • v.20 no.2
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    • pp.3-18
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze changes in work autonomy of content industry workers using Korea Working Conditions Survey(2010, 2014) and difference-differences estimation method. The results find that there was no significant change in the work autonomy (work order, work method, work speed) of the content industry worker in In the overall sample. On the other hand, analyzing the sample of 30 or more employee establishment size shows that work autonomy of the content industry worker is greatly reduced. Also, work autonomy is high when the rank or capability is high, whereas work autonomy decreases when the establishment size is large. This study implies that the content industry workers have shown quantitatively the reduction of work autonomy. It also suggests that compensation and management systems are needed to enhance the competitiveness of the content industry.

A Concept for improving the Level of Autonomy of an LEO Satellite (저궤도 위성의 자율성 수준 향상을 위한 개념 제안)

  • Jeon, Moon-Jin;Kim, Eunghyun;Lim, Seong-Bin
    • Aerospace Engineering and Technology
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.37-43
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    • 2014
  • The ground station which operates the LEO satellite performs monitoring state of health of the satellite, sending the commands for the imaging mission of receiving the images during about 10 minutes of contact time. To finish the planned procedure in limited contact time, specific level of autonomy is applied in the satellite and the ground system. For example, the attitude and orbit control logic has high level of autonomy because it must be operated alone for long period without operator intervention. On the other hand, the fault management logic has relatively low level of autonomy because of that failure detection and safing operation are performed on-board, whereas failure identification and recovery are on-ground operation. The level of autonomy of the satellite affects also the ground operation. The command set for mission operation is generated by ground system. If the satellite has higher level of autonomy, some of operation currently done on-ground can be performed on-board, so the ground operation can be simplified. In this paper, we discuss the level of autonomy and propose a concept for improving the level of autonomy of an LEO satellite.

The Effect of Research Autonomy's Factors on the Organizational Effectiveness : Focusing on Researcher of the Government-supported Research Institutes (연구자율성 구성요인에 따른 조직효과성 연구 : 공공연구기관 연구자를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jong-Gyu
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.161-172
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this research is to take a look at what are research autonomy's factors of the government-supported research institutes with a new angle and how these factors influence on organizational effectiveness at the same time. ultimately, this research will suggest what government should guarantee and support researcher of the government-supported research institutes. In the groundwork, this research divides the level of research autonomy individual and organizational level, and divides the type of research autonomy intrinsic and extrinsic autonomy and also organizational commitment, and measure job satisfaction for organizational effectiveness. consequently, intrinsic autonomy which is associated with 'selection of research project', 'freely and lively traffic in ideas', 'choice of research methodology', 'utilization of research's result' is much more important than extrinsic autonomy for researchers to improve organizational effectiveness.

A Study on the Autonomy of the Autonomous Weapon Systems (자율 무기체계의 자율성에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Jong Ryul
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.101-111
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    • 2018
  • The autonomous weapon systems are being developed with a global competition due to the 4th industrial revolution technologies such as artificial intelligence. This theses analyzes on the technologies related to the autonomy of the new weapons, the new changes in war fighting regime that will be brought by such autonomous weapons, the level of autonomy in a autonomous weapon system, and also the definition and functions of the autonomy. The advanced artificial intelligence for the civilian commercial sectors would be similar to the required military autonomous systems. The future war fighting regime would be the war with autonomous weapon systems without any human casualties. The level of autonomy in the future weapons would be fully autonomous without any human supervision or involvement in the decision making processes. The functions of the autonomous weapon would be to sense, to decide, and to act with a full autonomy in order to accomplish desired purposes.

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A Study on Moderating Effects of Autonomy on Performance of MNC Subsidiaries in Korea (다국적기업 한국자회사의 성과에 대한 자율성 조절효과 연구)

  • Yu, Jae-Har;Lee, Chun-Su
    • International Commerce and Information Review
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.195-218
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    • 2016
  • This study seeks to find out the determinants of subsidiary performance. In addition, moderating effect of autonomy on the relationship between subsidiary competence, subsidiary relationship and subsidiary configurational focus, and subsidiary performance. In studying the moderating effect of autonomy on subsidiary performance, the results will give invaluable insights to foreign subsidiaries in Korea to better compete in competitive Korean market. The results of empirical study showed that subsidiary with higher level of interaction with its intra-MNC network has higher level of performance. Thus, active interaction with headquarter and its affiliates will lead to better performance. Subsidiary with higher level of competence has higher level of performance. Thus, subsidiary should attain higher level of competence to better compete in Korea. Subsidiary autonomy has moderating effect on the relationship between configurational focus and performance. Thus, optimal MNC subsidiary configuration and attainment of subsidiary autonomy is needed to secure competitiveness in Korean market.

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The Influence on Organizational Performance of Autonomy in Cadastral Employees - the mediating effects of leadership - (지적분야 종사자의 자율성 정도가 조직성과에 미치는 영향 - 리더십의 매개효과를 중심으로 -)

  • Oh, Jung-Seok
    • Journal of Cadastre & Land InformatiX
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    • v.44 no.2
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    • pp.45-58
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to find out the influence on Organizational Performance of Autonomy in Cadastral Employees. The survey was conducted around the branch Korea Cadastral Survey Corporation. Using SPSS 20.0 and Amos 19.0, Structural Equating model was verified. The results of the analysis and the proposal is as follows. First, autonomy not directly but indirectly affected job satisfaction and organizational commitment. This had a positive impact on job satisfaction and organizational commitment, autonomy existing research. But it was not the organization's performance by increasing the autonomy to higher study. Perhaps it is analyzed the results of the public sector. Second, the relationship between autonomy and organizational performance in leadership had a mediating effect. And increase organizational performance factors, leadership has a very important meaning. Public good is not guaranteed autonomy. Therefore, it is possible to compensate through leadership. Third, cadastral field manager leadership competencies, it is necessary to develop a training program to enhance the organizational commitment and job satisfaction.

Content Analysis of Smartphone Addiction Management Applications: Self-Determination Theory Perspective (스마트폰 중독방지 앱의 자기결정적 동기화 속성에 관한 내용분석: 자기결정성 이론을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Sook-Jung
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.12-22
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    • 2016
  • The present study aims to evaluate the self-determined motivational features of smartphone addiction management apps. This study analyzed whether smartphone addiction management apps have features to support adolescent users' basic needs, that is, autonomy, competence, and relatedness. 26 apps were analyzed. Among them, 8 apps were parental management apps installed on a parent's phone and a child's phone, and 18 apps were self-management apps installed on a child's phone. According to a content analysis, only 3 of 26 apps addressed all three basic needs. Overall, the functions to support users' competence and relatedness were rarely found. Particularly, parental management apps had a high level of controlingness. The results suggest that the addiction management apps have limitations in stimulating adolescent users' self-determined motivation to manage their phone use.