• Title, Summary, Keyword: 잔류허용기준

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농약잔류허용기준? 안전사용기준?

  • Kim, Jeong-Han
    • Life and Agrochemicals
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    • v.26 no.10
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    • pp.22-24
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    • 2005
  • “시중 채소류 잔류농약 범벅”신문이나 TV에 자주 등장하는 낯익은(?) 제목이다. 그리고는“조사대상 농산물 중 OO% 허용기준치초과. 최고 OO배에 달해, 사용이 금지된 농약도 나와, 잔류농약은 식품과 함께 일생동안 섭취되기 때문에 만성중독 가능성을 배제할 수 없다”같은 내용이 그 뒤를 잇는다. “일생동안 섭취”문제는 이미 지난 10월호에서“1일 섭취허용량” 을 다루었기 때문에 이해가 된다. 하지만 식생활을 하면서 농약 섭취가 1일섭취허용량 이하로 되도록 하려면 식품에 농약이 어느 정도까지 있어야 안전한가?”가 의문이다. 그 허용기준이 농산물(식품) 중“농약잔류허용기준”이다. 이는 보통“기준치, 허용치, 허용기준, 허용기준치, 잔류허용기준”등으로 불리우고 있다.

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'기준지킨 농산물 안전' 소비자 인식 중요 - "농약 잔류허용기준 적용" 9월 1일 부터

  • 한국농약공업협회
    • The Bimonthly Magazine for Agrochemicals and Plant Protection
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.24-31
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    • 1990
  • 금년 9월 1일부터 농산물에 대한 농약잔류허용기준이 엄격히 적용된다. 보사부에 따르면 쌀$\cdot$보리$\cdot$옥수수등 28개 농산물에 17개 농약성분의 잔류량이 허용기준을 초과했을 경우 이제까지는 해당농산물을 타용도전환 또는 폐기수거처분만 해왔으나 9월 1일부터는 해당 농산물을 생산한 농민에게 최고 3년 이하의 징역 또는 1천만원 이하의 벌금을 물린다는 것이다. 이같은 농약잔류허용기준 실시를 앞두고, 지난 7월 23일 농민신문사 주최로 농민신문사 회의실에서 가진 좌담회를 통해, 농민들은 농약을 어떻게 사용해야 잔류허용기준치 초과로 인한 불이익을 막을 수 있으며, 이 제도는 어떻게 시행되는지, 또 시행상의 문제점은 무엇인지 등을 알아본다.

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A Monitoring Survey on Pesticide Residues in Pears and Sweet Persimmons (배와 단감 중 농약 잔류에 관한 조사 연구)

  • 이해근;이영득;신용화
    • Journal of Food Hygiene and Safety
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    • v.3 no.3
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    • pp.131-137
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    • 1988
  • A pesticide monitoring survey was undertaken for the both 30 samples of pears and sweet persimmons from chief producing districts in1985 to evaluate pesticide residues in these agrcultural products and also to give basic informations in establishing maximum residue limits. Pesticide residues in pears were detected with fairly low in 7-60% of total samples. Even the maximum residue levels were only in the amount of 1/53-2/3 compared with maximum residue limits established in fruits in Environment Administration, Korea. Most of the residues (71-82%) was remained in peels of pears. Incase of sweet persimmons, captan, captafol, EPN, parathion, and phenthoate residues were also detected with fairly low in 3-20% of total samples. Presently, it is considered that pesticide residues in pears and sweet persimmons may be no harmful levels for food commodities.

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Pesticide Residues Survey on Agricultural Products before Auction at Whole Market in Busan Area during 2006~2008 (2006~2008년 부산지역 농산물도매시장 경매 전 농산물의 잔류농약 조사)

  • Kwon, Sun-Mok;Park, Eun-Hee;Kang, Jeong-Mi;Jo, Hyeon-Cheol;Jin, Seong-Hyeon;Yu, Pyeong-Jong;Ryu, Byeong-Sun;Jeong, Gi-Ho
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.86-94
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    • 2010
  • This study was conducted to monitor the current status of pesticide residues in agricultural products before auction at whole markets in Busan area from March 2006 to December 2008. Of the 7,237 samples that were analyzed by multiresidue methods, 1,164 samples (16.1%) had pesticide residues and 231 samples (3.2%) exceeded the maximum residue limits (MRLs). 181 samples of the 231 samples exceeding MRLs were applied to the tentative limits because the use of the pesticides for the agricultural products was not established against the MRLs in the Korea Food Code, and it is equivalent to 78.4%. The order of pesticides exceeding MRLs was endosulfan, procymidone, chlorothalonil, ethoprophos, chlorpyrifos, diethofencarb, kresoxim-methyl and EPN. Of 211 samples with two or more pesticides residues, the residues exceeded the MRLs in 80 samples and it is equivalent to 37.9%. This study results suggested that pesticide residues exceeding MRLs could be attributed to the use of inapplicable pesticides for agricultural products and the use of two or more pesticides.

Field tolerance of pesticides in the strawberry and comparison of biological half-lives estimated from kinetic models (Kinetic models에 의한 딸기 중 농약의 생물학적 반감기 비교와 생산단계잔류허용기준 설정)

  • Park, Dong-Sik;Seong, Ki-Young;Choi, Kyu-Il;Hur, Jang-Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.231-236
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    • 2005
  • This study was conducted to determine the amounts of pesticide residues after treatment of criterion dose with 4 pesticides(tolclofos-m, folpet, procymidone, and triflumizole) under cultivated period and to compare the biological half-life of pesticides with 6 kinetic models(first, zero and second order kinetics, power function, elovich and parabolic model) and to establish proposed field tolerance using biological half-lives. Recovery of 4 pesticides form strawberry was ranged from 85.1 to 105.5%. For all of 4 pesticides, dissipation rate was over 73% at 5 days after application. Among 6 kinetic models, first order kinetic model (FO) was best fit to describe the relationship between residual pattern of pesticides and time. Therefore, half-lives were calculated by FO for establishing the field tolerance. These results showed that half-life should be calculated by comparative best fit kinetic model and field tolerance can help to prevent unacceptable agricultural products from marketing. It is good for both consumers and farmers having safe agricultural products and financial benefits, respectively.