• Title, Summary, Keyword: 장애아동

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Comparison of Health Care Utilization and Morbidity of Children With and Without Disabilities in Korea (장애아동과 비장애아동의 의료이용 및 질병특성 비교)

  • Kim, Eu-Gene;Kim, Kyung-Mee;Yoo, Dong-Chul
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.696-706
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    • 2017
  • This study is to examine health care utilization and morbidity of disabled and non-disabled children in Korea to evaluate the health disparities. We used medical claim data of 2010 from the National Health Insurance Service-National Sample Cohort data. As a result of the analysis, the disabled children are not in good health condition because they have more frequency of medical service use, hospitalization rate, and more number of diseases and spent more on medical expenses than non-disabled children. Patterns of the most frequent disease differ from significantly between disable and non-disabled. Disabled children had a higher prevalence of selected birth defects and selected health conditions associated with physical disability and a lower prevalence of selected infection disease than children without disability. In conclusion, Health policy changes that would extend the access to health service for children with disabilities characterized by frequent medical care, hospitalization, excessive medical expenditure and complex diseases.

The Study of Psychiatric Problem of the Caregivers of Children with Disability (장애아동 양육자의 정신과적 문제에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hee-Jung;Kim, Dong-Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Health Service Management
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    • v.5 no.4
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    • pp.137-147
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    • 2011
  • 본 연구는 일부지역 장애아동 양육자의 정신과적 문제를 알아보기 위해 우울증 지수를 검사하고 분석함으로서 그 심각성을 확인하고 장애아동 양육자의 정신보건의 필요성을 알리기 위한 기초자료를 제공하는 데 목적이 있다. 본 연구는 2011년 8월부터 9월까지 경주 및 인근지역에서 지적장애아동과 지체장애아동을 둔 전업주부의 정신과적 문제를 알아보기 위해 양육 스트레스로 인한 우울증 정도를 알아보았다. 연구대상자는 3개의 치료기관 및 치료 관련기관에서 지적장애 또는 지체장애 아동을 양육하고 있는 부모 각 20명씩을 대상으로 하였다. 우울증 평가도구는 한국형 우울증 검사(Korean Depression Scale; KDS)를 이용하였다. 결과는 첫째, 지적장애아동과 지체장애아동 양육자 모두 우울증이 있는 것으로 나타났고 각각의 차이 비교에는 유의성이 없었다. 둘째, 지적장애아동과 지체장애아동 양육자의 우울증 세부항목에서는 의욕상실 부분에서만 유의성이 있었다. 셋째, 지적장애아동 양육자의 우울증 세부항목간의 비교에서는 유의성이 있었다. 넷째, 지체장애아동 양육자의 우울증 세부항목간의 비교에서는 유의성이 있었다. 다섯째, 지적장애아동 양육자의 우울증과 세부항목의 상관관계에서는 의욕상실에서 유의한 상관성이 있었다. 여섯째, 지체장애아동 양육자의 우울증과 세부항목의 상관관계에서는 의욕상실에서 유의한 상관성이 있었다. 본 연구에서는 두 장애아동의 양육자간 차이는 없었으며 우울증은 장애유형에 상관없이 모두 나타났다. 그리고 세부항목과 우울증의 상관성에서는 의욕상실에서 유의한 상관성을 보였다. 이것은 장애아동의 양육에서 치료의 지연으로 인한 의욕상실에서 우울증이 많이 유발됨을 알 수 있다.

COGNITIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF CHILDREN WITH DYSLEXIA AND/OR ATTENTION DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER (읽기 장애 아동과 주의력 결핍/과잉 활동장애 아동의 인지적 특성)

  • Kim, Seung-Tai;Kim, Ji-Hae
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.224-232
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    • 1996
  • The present study was conducted to investigate cognitive characteristics of children with dyslexia and/or attention deficit/hyperacidity disorder. Cognitive characteristics were evaluated by using KEDI-WISC, the Basic Achievement Test, TOVA, MFFT, and neuropsychological tests. ADHD group showed significantly lower level of performance in response time for correct responses and presented variability for correct responses in TOVA. Dyslexia and mixed group showed lower performance in Reading I and Reading II, Writing subtest in the Basic Achievement Test than those of ADHD group and in Information subtest of KEDI-WfSC. In order rd determine the diagnostic effectiveness of each psychological tests, discriminant analysis was conducted. In this analysis, 11 subtests of KEDI-WISC and 4 variables of TOVA, 4 subtests of the Basic Achievement Test, and MFFT, WCST were included as independent variables and each diagnostic roups were dependent variables. Discriminant analysis indicated that overall percentage of correct classification was 93.88%. The clinical implifications and limitations of the present study were listed and discussed.

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The Influence of Perceived Family Strengths on Parenting Stress of Mothers with Disabled Children (장애아동 어머니가 지각한 가족건강성이 양육스트레스에 미치는 영향)

  • Ko, Chul-Soon
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.11
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    • pp.389-397
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of study was to identify the influence of perceived family strengths on parenting stress of mother with disabled children. Cross-sectional descriptive study design was employed. Participants were mothers with disabled children who recruited from D & C city. Collected data was analyzed using SPSS 21 version with descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, & multiple regression. Family strength was negatively correlated with the parenting stress. In regression analysis, religion, treatment period, and family strength had a significant impact on parenting stress (F=5.158, p<.001) and these factors explained 28.5% of the parenting stress. These findings indicated that it is necessary to develop a program for increasing family strength in parent with disabled children.

Parenting Stress as a Predictor of Child Abuse Potential (아동학대 유발요인으로서 장애아동부모의 스트레스에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Myung-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.51
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    • pp.311-327
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    • 2002
  • Many studies verified the relationship between parenting stress and the abuse of children with disability. It means that disability is a risk factor for abuse. The purpose of this study is to examine the parenting stress as a predictor of child abuse potential. For this study, 150 parents of children with disabilities were recruited. A personal questionnaire, parenting stress index, and potential factors of child abuse were responded. According to the results, parents who have children with disabilities reported high parenting stress and also parenting stress significantly affected parents' attitudes toward child abuse. Income, level of education, social involvement, governmental support, and social services for disabled were related to parenting stress and child abuse. Stepwise multiple regression analysis identified the variables of social involvement and social services for disabled as the most important variables in explaining parenting stress and child abuse. This study suggests that social supports and services for the parents of children with disabilities should be provided.

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The Process of Overcoming Prejudice and Discrimination Experiences of Mothers with Disabilities (장애아동 어머니가 겪는 편견 및 차별경험 극복과정)

  • Oh, Yeon Soo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.477-490
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    • 2019
  • This study analyzes the process of overcoming prejudice and discrimination experiences of mothers with disabilities and looks for improvement points. It is interviewed 9 mothers of children with disabilities who were experiencing prejudice and discrimination while raising children with disabilities. The data collection was conducted from October to November, 2018 and one by on one in depth interview by using semi - structured questionnaires. Data analysis was done through consensual qualitative research (CQR). The result of CQR while it is a experiencing the process of prejudice and discrimination as well as coping the raising disabled children. 'Prejudice and discrimination experience of mothers with disabilities' and 'overcoming of discrimination experiences of mothers with disabilities' were derived. And the seven sub-regions, 28 categories, were finally constructed. The results of the study are as follows. Firstly, Prejudice and discrimination experiences of mothers with disabilities in raising children with disabilities are view of looking at children with disabilities comparing to those of normal children and children with disabilities. It seems that they want to treat the disabled child as the general child with an attitude of understanding and accepting the disabled child rather than looking at the disabled child with wrong perception, prejudice, stereotypes and rejection. Secondly, The process of overcoming the discrimination experiences of the mother of the disabled child is strengthening the cohesion and cohesion within the family in the process of accepting and coping with the disability family of the child with disabilities even if they raise the child with disability and have difficulties such as recognition bias and discrimination of the general public. Based on the results of this study, we suggested practical and policy implications for the mother's psychological stability of the child with disability and the disabled child's healthy life.

Psychology of Disabled Children's Parent (장애아동을 둔 부모의 심리)

  • Kim, Shin
    • The Journal of Korea Assosiation for Disability and Oral Health
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.69-72
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    • 2008
  • 장애를 가지지 않은 비장애 아동의 치과 치료를 생각할 때 우리는 일상적으로 치과의사, 어린이, 그리고 보호자로 구성된 삼각관계의 의사소통을 흔히 떠올리며, 특히 의료진과 부모와의 의사소통을 매우 중시한다. 그러나 우리가 장애아동을 접할 때에도 마찬가지로 이런 자세로 임하고 있는가를 생각해 보면 의문의 여지가 남는다. 그것은 아마 어린이가 가진 장애의 본질과 그 대처방법에 몰두한 나머지 부모의 심리를 읽어내려는 정상적인 노력이 상대적으로 소홀히 되는 경향에 기인하는 것이 아닌가 생각된다. 장애아동을 둔 부모들은 그들의 자녀와 마찬가지로 의료진의 각별한 관심을 받을 만한 자격과 이유가 충분함에도 불구하고 그렇지 못해 온 것에 대하여 이들을 맞는 의료진은 진정한 성찰이 있어야 하겠다.

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A Web Courseware Inducing Learning Motivation for Children with Learning Disability (특수학습장애 아동을 위한 학습동기유발 웹 코스웨어)

  • 전문경;강미애;윤선미;김종훈
    • Proceedings of the Korean Information Science Society Conference
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    • pp.675-677
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    • 2000
  • 지적 능력은 정상인데 해당 연령층에서 기대하는 학습 결과를 나타내지 못하여 교육성취도가 정규학년 수준에 크게 미달되거나 학습 속도가 부진한 특수학습장애 아동들은 일반 아동들과 같은 수업을 받는다. 이런 현실은 학부모나 교사들의 특별한 배려가 없다면 당연히 장애 아동들의 학습에 대한 흥미를 떨어뜨릴 수 있다. 우리 나라에서 특수교육을 받는 장애 아동 중 가장 많은 수를 차지하는 특수학습장애 아동들을 위한 특별한 프로그램의 개발이 절실하다. 이에 본 논문은 동기 이론들 기반으로 특수학습장애 아동들의 흥미를 길러 줄 수 있는 프로그램을 개발하였다. 이의 개발로 특수학습장애 아동들의 주의 집중 능력과 성취동기를 길러주고, 흥미를 키워주므로 학습에 대한 의욕을 가질 수 있다.

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Effects of Education for Persons with Disabilities on Non-disabled Children's Attitude to Accept Disabled Children (장애이해교육이 비장애아동의 장애아동에 대한 수용태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Yoo, Yong-Shik;Kwon, Sun-Sin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.508-517
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    • 2013
  • This study aims to analyze the effects of education for persons with disabilities on non-disabled children's attitude to accept disabled children in order to use it as foundational data to practice successful integrated education. According to the study result, education for persons with disabilities positively changed non-disabled children's attitude to accept disabled children's school life and personal life. This plainly shows that education for persons with disabilities is effective regardless of time consumed even with the short time of four weeks here. However, it did not exert positive effects on their attitude to accept social life. Therefore, it is needed to develop education programs for persons with disabilities constantly with various approaches in order to get rid of non-disabled people's wrong recognition on disability and also ignorance about disability.

A Study for Identifying Language Impairment in Preschooler (학령전기 아동언어장애 진단을 위한 조사연구)

  • Sehr, Kyoung-Hee
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.194-198
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    • 2013
  • A total of 193 children between three and six years of age were given tests by using the PRES, REVT, KOSECT, and APAC. A specificity between referred and non-referred cases was not high. In the current study, the sensitivity of formal tests was insufficient. But combining of parental report with formal language tests could provide good criteria for identifying language impairment. The CCC-2 may provide an effective means to identify language difficulties using a standardized approach.