• Title, Summary, Keyword: 전상태피드백

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Optimal Design of Linear Quadratic Regulator Restrict Maximum Responses of Building Structures Subject to Stochastic Excitation (확률적 가진입력을 받는 건축구조물의 최대응답 제한을 위한 선형이차안정기의 최적설계)

  • 박지훈;황재승;민경원
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.5 no.6
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    • pp.37-46
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    • 2001
  • In this research, a controller design method based on optimization is proposed that can satisfy constraints on maximum responses of building structures subject to around excitation modeled by partially stochastic process. The class of controllers to be optimized is restricted to LQR. Weighting matrix on controlled outputs is used as design variable. Objective function, constraint functions and their gradients are computed by the parameterization of control gain with Riccati matrix. Full state feedback controllers designed by proposed optimization method satisfy various design objectives and their necessary maximum control forces are computed for the production of actuator. LQG controllers composed of Kalman filter and LQR designed by proposed method perform well with little deterioration. So it is possible to design output feedback controllers satisfying constraints on various maximum responses of structures.

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Monte-Carlo Simulations of Non-ergodic Solute Transport from Line Sources in Isotropic Mildly Heterogeneous Aquifers (불균질 등방 대수층 내 선형오염원으로부터 기원된 비에르고딕 용질 이동에 관한 몬테카를로 시뮬레이션)

  • Seo Byong-min
    • Journal of Soil and Groundwater Environment
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.20-31
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    • 2005
  • Three dimensional Monte-Carlo simulations of non-ergodic transport of a lion-reactive solute plume by steady-state groundwater flow under a uniform mean velocity in isotropic heterogeneous aquifers were conducted. The log-normally distributed hydraulic conductivity, K(x), is modeled as a random field. Significant efforts are made to reduce tile simulation uncertainties. Ensemble averages of the second spatial moments of the plume and plume centroid variances were simulated with 1600 Monte Carlo runs for three variances of log K, ${\sigma}_Y^2=0.09,\;0.23$, and 0.46, and three dimensionless lengths of line plume sources normal to the mean velocity. The simulated second spatial moment and the plume centroid variance in longitudinal direction fit well to the first order theoretical results while the simulated transverse moments are generally larger than the first order results. The first order theoretical results significantly underestimated the simulated dimensionless transverse moments for the aquifers of large ${\sigma}_Y^2$ and large dimensionless time. The ergodic condition for the second spatial moments is far from reaching in all cases simulated, and transport In transverse directions may reach ergodic condition much slower than that in longitudinal direction. The evolution of the contaminant transported in a heterogeneous aquifer is not affected by the shape of the initial plume but affected mainly by the degree of the heterogeneity and the size of the initial plume.

The Effect of Neurofeedback Traing on the hearing impairments Student about Emotional (뉴로피드백 훈련이 청각장애 학생들의 정서적 성향에 미치는 영향)

  • Bak, Ki-Ja;Ahn, Sang-Kyun
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.12 no.9
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    • pp.3897-3903
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    • 2011
  • This study was to examine the effectiveness of neurofeedback training by observing the pre and post brainwave measurement results of about 39(experimental group 25, comparative group 14) student who have shown emotional. The study was examined at S city M dong A hearing impairments student, from Mar. 2009 and to Feb. 2010. The training took place two times a week, for about 40 minutes per session. The tool used to meas ure the psychological reaction was POMS (Profile of Mood State). First, the result confirmed the differences of both attention quotient(L R) and resistance stress quotient(L R). Second,, the results of the analysis show mood state. Therefore, the result of the study shows that there is possibility that NeuroFeedback technique might be positively affecting emotional of the hearing impairments student.

A Study on Predictive Traffic Control Algorithms for ABR Services (ABR 서비스를 위한 트래픽 예측 제어 알고리즘 연구)

  • 오창윤;장봉석
    • Journal of Internet Computing and Services
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    • v.1 no.2
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    • pp.29-37
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    • 2000
  • Asynchronous transfer mode is flexible to support multimedia communication services using asynchronous time-sharing and statistical multimedia techniques to the existing data communication area, ATM ABR service controls network traffic using feedback information on the network congestion situation in order to guarantee the demanded service qualities and the available cell rates, In this paper we apply the control method using queue length prediction to the formation of feedback information for more efficient ABR traffic control. If backward node receive the longer delayed feedback information on the impending congestion, the switch can be already congested from the uncontrolled arriving traffic and the fluctuation of queue length can be inefficiently high in the continuing time intervals, The feedback control method proposed in this paper predicts the queue length in the switch using the slope of queue length prediction function and queue length changes in time-series, The predicted congestion information is backward to the node, NLMS and neural network are used as the predictive control functions, and they are compared from performance on the queue length prediction. Simulation results show the efficiency of the proposed method compared to the feedback control method without the prediction, Therefore, we conclude that the efficient congestion and stability of the queue length controls are possible using the prediction scheme that can resolve the problems caused from the longer delays of the feedback information.

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Psychophysiological Response Patterns Measured by a Biofeedback System in Healthy People (정상인에서 측정한 바이오피드백의 정신생리학적 특징)

  • Kim, Youl-Li;Koo, Moon-Sun;Kim, Eui-Jung;Yu, Bum-Hee
    • Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.61-67
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    • 2002
  • Objectives: This study is aimed at measuring psychophysiological responses using a biofeedback system in healthy people to obtain basic normative data for biofeedback research and treatment. Methods: Ninety-six healthy volunteers (55 males and 41 females : average age $30.4{\pm}8.0$) without any history of major medical or psychiatric illnesses participated in this study. Psychophysiological responses were assessed using the ProComp+ and BioGraph program (ver. 2.1) with regard to forearm and frontal electromyography (EMG), electrodermal response (EDR), and skin temperature. They were measured in 3 phases (baseline, stress, and recovery phases), respectively. Beck depression inventory and Spielberger state and trait anxiety inventory were used to measure mood states. We compared psychophysiological responses according to age and gender differences, respectively and examined the relationship between mood states and psychophysiological measures. Results: People in their twenties showed higher EDR levels in the 3 phases than those of other age groups. Female subjects showed higher frontal EMG levels in the 3 phases compared with male subjects. There was no significant correlation between biofeedback measures and mood states in these subjects. Conclusion: We present normative data of psychophysiological responses measured by a biofeedback system in healthy people. These results suggest that gender and age should be considered as important variables in assessing psychophysiological responses using a biofeedback system.

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Service Level Compensation Mechanism by Credibility in Network-based Computing (네트워크 기반 컴퓨팅에서 신인도에 따른 서비스 수준 보상 기법)

  • 이진성;최창열;박기진
    • Proceedings of the Korean Information Science Society Conference
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    • pp.631-633
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    • 2004
  • 고속 네트워크의 등장으로 관리 영역을 초월한 계산 자원의 공유가 가능하게 되었다. 유휴 상태에 있는 자원들의 자발적인 참여로 인한 자원 제공은 네트워크로 상호연결된 컴퓨터 시스템 즉, 그리드 컴퓨팅을 가능하게 하였다. 그리드 환경에 포함된 각 자원들은 이질적이고, 이질적인 자발적 참여 자원들에게는 자원의 참여 결과로서 나타나는 신인도라는 차원에서 적절한 보상이 제공되어야 한다. 본 논문에서는 그리드 컴퓨팅에서 각 노드들이 자발적인 협력체계에 참여하여 얻게되는 결과인 신인도에 따라 보상을 받을 수 있는 기술을 연구하고 그 타당성을 검토한다. 각 노들들이 작업을 하기전 시스템 정보인 정적정보와 주어진 직업을 마친 후 반환 값의 정확도와 응답시간과 같은 동적정보를 고려하여 얻게된 신인도를 고려하여 발런티어에게 피드백을 제공하는 보상체제를 구축한다. 신인도에 따른 보상체제는 유휴 노드들의 자발적 참여율을 높이고 전반적인 시스템 성능을 향상시킨다.

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Human Postural Response to Linear Perturbation (선형외란에 대응하는 인체의 자세응답 해석)

  • Kim, Se-Young;Park, Su-Kyung
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.27-33
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    • 2009
  • Human postural responses appeared to have stereotyped modality, such as ankle mode, knee mode and hip mode in response to various perturbations. We examined whether human postural control gain of full-state feedback could be decoupled along with the eigenvector. To verify the model, postural responses subjected to fast backward perturbation were used. Upright posture was modeled as 3-segment inverted pendulum incorporated with feedback control, and joint torques were calculated using inverse dynamics. Postural modalities such as ankle, knee and hip mode were obtained from eigenvectors of biomechanical model. As oppose to the full-state feedback control, independent eigenvector control assumes that modal control input is determined by the linear combination of corresponding modality. We used optimization method to obtain and compare the feedback gains for both independent eigenvector control and full-state feedback control. As a result, we found that simulation result of eigenvector feedback was not competitive in comparison with that of full-state feedback control. This implies that the CNS would make use of full-state body information to generate compensative joint torques.

Development and Practical Application of Relaxation Training Contents for Middle and High School Archery Players (중.고교 양궁선수용 이완훈련 콘텐츠 개발 및 현장 적용)

  • Hong, Kil-Dong
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.8 no.4
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    • pp.237-246
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to develop relaxation training contents for middle and high school archery players with considering the ecological validity of social, cultural, and sports environment in Korean but also examine the effect of developing relaxation training contents through case study approach and interviews. The relaxation training contents was based on previous researches about relaxation program. In addition, in order to develop the program 3 archery experts and 2 sport psychologists had meetings. The relaxation training contents categorized as orientation, breathing regulation, progressive relaxation training, cognitive restructuring, meditation, heart rate biofeedback training, autogenic training, behavior therapy, self regulation. The experimental group were 6 male Korean national archery substitute players, who were selected in 2007. The effects was examined on competitive state anxiety inventory-2, heart rates, archery score and interviews. As the result of applying the developed program of this study on the field, competitive state anxiety, somatic state anxiety and heart rate were decreased. In the interviews athletes told that they were relaxed psychologically and physically. This result demonstrated the relaxation training program were effective.

Robustness Recovery of Observer Based Multivariable Control Systems (관측기를 이용한 다변수 제어계의 로바스트성 회복)

  • Kim, Sang-Bong;Jeong, Seok-Kwon
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Fisheries and Ocean Technology
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    • v.25 no.1
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    • pp.18-23
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    • 1989
  • An approach for robustness recovery of the observer-based control system is presented. The approach is developed by adding a loop with appropriate constant matrix to the observer-based closed-loop system. It will be shown that if there exists an added-loop matrix M satisfying F=MC for a feedback gain F and output matrix C, then the observer-based control systems have the same loop transfer functions as full-state feedback implementations, in other words, the former has the same relative stability and robustness as the latter.

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A study on the effects of active suspension upon vehicle handling (능동 현가장치가 차량의 핸들링에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Jung-Sup;Kwon, Hyok-Jo;Oh, Chae-Youn
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.603-610
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    • 1998
  • This paper develops a 7 DOF vehicle model to study the effects of the active suspension on ride. The model is used to derive a control law for the active suspension using a full state linear optimal control technique. A wheelbase preview type active suspension is also considered in the control law derivation. The time delay between wheelbases is approximated using Pade approximation technique. The ride model is extended to a 14 DOF handling model. The 14 DOF handling model includes lateral, longitudinal, yaw and four wheel spin motions in addition to the 7 DOF ride model. A control law which is derived considering only ride related parameters is used to study the effects of the active suspension on a vehicle handling. J-turn maneuver simulation results show that the active suspension has a slower response in lateral acceleration and yaw rate, a bigger steady state lateral acceleration and an oversteer tendency. Lane changing maneuver simulation results show that the active suspension has a little bigger lateral acceleration but a much smaller roll angle and roll motion. Braking maneuver simulation results show that the active suspension has a much smaller pitch angle and pitch motion.