• Title, Summary, Keyword: 전족

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A Comparative Analysis on Changes of Foot Pressure by Shoe Heel Height during Walking (하이힐 굽 높이에 따른 보행 시 족저압 변화 비교 분석)

  • Park, Jong-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.771-778
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    • 2009
  • We aimed to determine the effect of heel height on foot pressure by comparing and analyzing data on foot pressure in shoes with different heel heights. Qn the basis of a previous study, we selected 3cm and 7cm as the shoe heel heights preferred by female college students. We divided 10 female students into forefoot and hindfoot to measure vertical force, maximum pressure, and average pressure. The average pressure on the forefoot was higher and that on the hindfoot was lower in the case of 7cm high-heeled shoes. The maximum pressure on the forefoot was significantly higher in the case of the 7cm heel height (p<.05). The vertical force, maximum pressure, and average pressure on the hindfoot were also significantly higher in the case of the 7cm heel height (p<.05). The results showed that wearing 7cm high-heeled shoes exerted greater maximum pressure on the forefoot and greater vertical force, maximum pressure, and average pressure on the Hndfoot. This leads to increase in confining pressure caused by high pressure distribution over the forefoot and increase in the pressure on the hindfoot, which may cause deformation of toes and heel pain over a long period. Therefore, female college students who wish to wear high heels are recommended to wear 3cm high-heeled shoes rather than 7cm high-heeled shoes.

The Symbolic Meaning of Footbinding (전족의 상징적 의미)

  • 차은진;박민여
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.25 no.8
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    • pp.1398-1407
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    • 2001
  • The “Changzu”(footbinding)was an old chinese traditional custom practiced during more the thousand years and was applied to only woman. It prevents young girl’s foot from growing when she is 3 to 8 years old by big toe and forcing her to were the lotus shoe called LIANXIE. In china, the feet and shoe had special symbolic meaning other than usual simple of supporting body and protecting the foot, they are symoblic aspects of implication interal new meaning. In this study was investigate the internal meaning symbolized by Changzu from various perspectives such as religious, aesthetic, and group unconsicous aspects. In conclusion, the Changzu is a symbol that representing a dilemma which on one hand women would like to attract man physically while on other hand woman should be chaste and modest morally. And aiso it is group image representing groups unconsicous desire to preserving the artificial identity bestowed upon Chines woman by Chines man.

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Morton's Neuroma (Interdigital Neuritis) (모턴씨 신경종(족지간 신경염))

  • Park, Hyun-Woo
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.58-61
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    • 2011
  • Morton's neuroma is a common cause of forefoot pain, and is also known to be a entrapment neuropathy rather than a true tumor. Precise physical examination is necessary to differentiate from other diagnoses of similar symptoms. If proper conservative treatment modalities fail for this neuritis, neurectomy of interdigital nerve is generally performed, with the results of up to 80% of patient's satisfaction. However the failure rate of 2% to 35% should be improved by proper diagnosis and careful surgery.

Categorization of two different swing styles using weight transfer patterns of golf swing (압력 중심 및 지면반력 이동 패턴에 의한 두 가지의 다른 골프 스윙 스타일 분류)

  • Linm, Young-Tae
    • Korean Journal of Sport Biomechanics
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.179-186
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    • 2004
  • 본 연구의 목적은 숙련된 골프선수들의 골프 스윙동작 시 상이한 무게중심 변환 형태가 존재하는지 그리고 만약 이 상이한 무게중심 변환 형태가 존재한다면 어떤 형태로 나타나는지를 알아보고자 하였다. 본 실험을 위해 13명의 남자 대학 엘리트 골프 선수들을 대상으로 드라이버를 이용한 스윙을 실시하게 하였다. 수직 지면 반력과 압력중심 이동 패턴을 측정하기 위해 지면반력기 2대와 스윙 동작 시 critical event 설정을 위해 1대의 고감도 비디오 카메라를 사용하였다. 또한 스윙 결과로 나타나는 비거리, 클럽헤드 속도를 측정하기 위해 스윙 분석기를 이용하였다. 피험자 간 상호 비교를 위해 측정된 수직 지면반력 성분은 몸무게를 이용하여 표준화하였고 압력중심은 어드레스시의 압력중심을 원점으로 재 계산하였다. 또한 임팩트 시 측정된 좌우 수직 지면반력 성분을 이용하여 두 가지의 상이한 스윙 스타일로 구분하였다. 연구결과 8명(62%)의 피험자에게서 좌측 수직력 성분이 상대적으로 높은 전족(FFS) 스타일임이 밝혀졌고 5명(38%)은 그 반대인 리버스(RFS) 스타일임이 밝혀졌다. 이 전족 스타일은 대부분의 골퍼들이 선호하고 또 그렇게 하여야만 한다고 믿고 있는 스윙방식이다. 이와 반대인 리버스 스타일은 코치들이 금기시 하는 스윙의 형태로서 초보자, 즉 비숙련 자에게만 나타나는 전형적인 스윙형태라고 인지되고 있다. 하지만 이 두 가지 스윙 스타일이 초보자가 아닌 숙련된 골프 선수들에게서도 실제 존재한다는 것이 본 실험 결과로 나타났다. 평균 압력중심 이동 패턴은 전후축 방향의 경우 RFS 스타일 그룹이 RFS 스타일 그룹에 비해 압력중심 이동이 크게 나타났고 좌우축의 경우에도 RFS 그룹이 FFS 그룹에 비해 압력중심 이동이 크게 나타났다. 특히 임팩트 시 압력중심의 위치가 FFS 그룹은 전족 근처에 있는 반면 RFS 그룹은 후족(rear foot)에 위치하여 두 스윙 스타일의 차이점을 분명하게 보여주었다. 따라서 비록 이 RFS 스타일이 대부분의 코칭 이론과는 상반되는 무게중심 이동 패턴을 보여주었지만 이 스윙 스타일이 잘못된 것이 아닌 실제 존재하는 하나의 스윙 스타일로 인식하여 스윙 지도 시 이에 알맞은 적절한 교습법을 마련해야 할 것이다.

A Formative Beauty of Chinese Foot-Binding Shoes and the Meaning of Chinese Costume History -Focused on Collection of Tianjin Huaxia Shoes Culture Museum- (중국 전족 신발의 조형미 및 복식사적 의의 -천진화하혜문화박물관(天津?夏鞋文化博物?) 소장품을 중심으로-)

  • Xu, Rui;Bae, Soojeong
    • Journal of Fashion Business
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.57-74
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    • 2015
  • The history of foot-binding was once regarded as a unique practice accentuating the beauty of a woman and the culture of the costume, to be found nowhere except in China. This thesis makes it an aim to understand the culture of costume in China by analyzing the beauty of foot-binding, and its meanings associated with the historical background of the costume. The method of investigation was by both previous literature on the topic and case analysis. The shoes were analyzed by colors, patterns and decorations; selecting 70 pieces easily accessible in the Tianjin Huaxia Shoes Culture Museum. In terms of form, the general type was of the most frequent, followed by one with an elevated toe, mixed type, and one of the downward toe, sequentially. The color of foot-binding shoes were mostly vivid chromatic colors, while the achromatic ones like black and grey constituting significant portions. In view of the patterns, plants patterns were the most frequent, followed by the mixed patterns of mostly flowers with butterflies, bats, and birds desiring the prosperity of descendants. In view of the ornaments, embroidery was the most frequent, while the mixed shoes included tassels, sequins, applique, and shoes without ornaments were of distributions. The forms, colors, patterns and ornaments clearly associated with the wishes of artistic beauty, sexuality, and rise in women's social status may be in the hope of leading others to understand the costume culture embedded in the Chinese by providing important clues about them.

The Research on Functional Midsole that can Minimize Forefoot Pressure - Focusing on High-Heeled Pumps Type - (전족부 압력을 최소화할 수 있는 기능성 중창에 관한 연구 - 굽높은 펌프스형을 중심으로 -)

  • Kim, Dong-Yeoub;Choi, Soon-Bok
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.258-268
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    • 2007
  • The purpose of this research is to develop functional midsole that can restrain the heightening of plantar pressure in forefoot pressure so as to develop high-heeled shoes that can lessen foot ailments among women. The pumps shoes used for the research were of the same pumps type last. The variant was heel height, 3cm, 6cm, and 9cm, and the shoes were made in both normal midsole and functional midsole. The variant was applied to investigate the changes of foot pressure on forefoot and hindfoot according to heel height.'Heel Cup' was chosen for modification of functional midsolepumps type. to enlarge contact area in hindfoot, and 'Heel Posting Pad' was attached under sustentaculum tali to suppress the weight moving to forefoot pressure. If such functional parts are developed and used, it is possible to lessen the amount of Pmax or Impulse imposed by high-heeled pumps type on forefoot pressure. This can greatly lessen foot ailments, largely caused by high-heeled shoes, among women.

Analysis of Plantar Foot Pressure and Pathway of COP Depending on Inclination of Descending Ramp (내림 경사로의 기울기에 따른 족저압과 압력중심이동경로 분석)

  • Han, Jin-Tae;WhangBo, Gak
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.257-265
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of different ramp inclination on the maximum plantar foot pressure and pathway of the center of pressure. Fifteen healthy adults who had no musculoskeletal disorders were participated with this study and descended the ramp with different inclination(level, $-5^{\circ}$, $-10^{\circ}$, $-15^{\circ}$). Plantar foot pressures were recorded by the Matscan system(Tekscan, Boston, USA) during level and descending ramp with barefoot. Plantar foot surface was defined as seven regions for pressure measurement; two toe regions, three forefoot regions, one midfoot region, one heel region. Repeated ANOVA was used to compare each region data of foot according to different ramp inclination. As descending ramp inclination became increased, the pressure of hallux region was significantly increased at $-15^{\circ}$ inclination and the pressure of 2-3 metatasal head region were significantly decreased at $-5^{\circ}$, $-10^{\circ}$, $-15^{\circ}$ inclination. The pathway of COP had a tendency to be shifted inside in forefoot and prolonged to great toe as the descending ramp inclination increased. The results indicated that plantar foot pressure could be changed at hallux and forefoot regions with $-5^{\circ}$ ramp inclination and these findings demonstrated that ramp inclination could affect the structure and function of foot.

Large Forefoot Schwannoma: A Case Report (전족부 거대신경초종: 증례 보고)

  • Seo, Eun-Seok;Lee, Joo-Han;Jeon, Suk-Ha
    • Journal of Korean Foot and Ankle Society
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.212-216
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    • 2014
  • A schwannoma is a benign neurogenic tumor derived from Schwann cells. A rare case of a large painful schwannoma in the foot with metatarsal deformity was presented. Due to suspicion of malignancy, amputation had been recommended previously. We report on a rare case of a large forefoot schwannoma causing pain and paresthesia of the forefoot.

A Study on Repression of the Female Body as Expressed by Chinese Foot-binding and the Western Corset (전족과 코르셋에 표현된 몸의 억압에 대한 의미해석)

  • Jeong, Ki-Sung;Kim, Min-Ja
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Costume
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    • v.61 no.7
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    • pp.35-50
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    • 2011
  • In this study, repression of the body is defined as a restriction on natural developments or movements and a modification either temporarily or permanently of the human body in shape, color, texture and odor. In addition, it involves physical and (or) mental pain. Chinese foot-binding and the Western corset are extreme examples of female body's being repressed in the history of fashion. The analysis of this type of repression will be based on historical research and theoretical concepts such as Darwin's (1809-1882) survival condition, Freud's (1856-1939) renunciation of desire, Weil's (1909-1943) privilege, and Foucault's (1926-1984) L'Usage des Plaisirs(the use of pleasure). Chinese foot-binding symbolically represents ideal beauty, the distinction of an ethnic group, and a desire for improved social status in the struggle for political power. It also represents psychology and a esthetics of eroticism and fetishism that originate from a man's desire and his individual taste. Symbolically, the Western corset represents abundance and fecundity, obedience and devotion to religion, the sanctity of God and ideal beauty as defined by political power. It also represents psychology and aesthetics of eroticism and fetishism as man's desire and a fashion icon. In conclusion, Chinese foot-binding was pursuit of power in male ideology but Western corset was a power struggle between God and mankind.