• Title, Summary, Keyword: 전체-부분

Search Result 3,061, Processing Time 0.056 seconds

The Ontological Conservativeness of Logic and Mereology (논리학의 존재론적 보수성과 부분전체론)

  • Kang, Soo-Whee
    • Korean Journal of Logic
    • /
    • v.13 no.2
    • /
    • pp.167-201
    • /
    • 2010
  • This paper aims to scrutinize the possibility of mereology as philosophically satisfiable metalogic. Motivation for this is straightforward. As I see, a traditional approach to metalogic presented in the name of mathematical logic posits the existence of mathematical entities such as sets, functions, models, etc. to give definitions of logical concepts like logical consequence. As a result, whenever logic is used in any individual sciences, this set-theoretical metalogic cannot but add these mathematical entities to the domain of them. This fact makes this approach contradict to the ontological conservativeness of logic. Mereology, however, has been alleged to be ontologically innocent, while it is a formal system very similar to set theory. So it may well be that some people thought of mereology as a good substitute for set theoretic metalanguage and concepts for ontologically neutral metalogic. Unfortunately, when we look into argument for the ontological innocence of mereology, we can find that mereological entities such as mereological sums or fusions are not ontologically neutral. Thus we can conclude that mereological approach to metalogic is not promising at all.

  • PDF

A Study on the Substructural Synthesis Method using the Spatial Properties (특성행렬을 이용한 부분 구조 합성법에 관한 연구)

  • 정우진;이헌곤
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.130-135
    • /
    • 1992
  • 복잡한 구조물의 동특성 해석은 수치 해석적인 방법과 실험적 방법 모두 단 순 구조물의 동특성 해석에 비해 정확도가 떨어지는 반면 계산시간과 노력 은 크게 증가하게 된다. 이 경우 구조물 전체를 여러개의 간단한 부분 구조 계로 부할하고, 각 부분 구조계에 대해서 해석후 그 결과들을 적절한 결합 조건하에서 다시 조합하여 전체 구조계에 대해 동특성 해석을 수행하거나, 고감쇠 처리된 구조물과 같이 고전적 이론 해석기법의 적용이 어려운 경우 실험적인 해석방법과 이론적인 해서방법을 혼합 사용할 수 있는 부분 구조 합성법(Substructural Synthesis Method)을 사용하는 것이 효과적이다. 부분 구조합성법은 1) 응답특성을 이용한 방법 2) 모우드 특성을 이용한 방법 3) 특성행렬을 이용한 방법 등이 있으며 본 연구에서는 부분 구조계 응답함수 로부터 직접 특성행렬을 산출하는 방법을 이용하여 전체 구조계의 동특성을 해석할 수 있는 부분 구조 합성법을 제시하였다.

  • PDF

Applying Meta-model Formalization of Part-Whole Relationship to UML: Experiment on Classification of Aggregation and Composition (UML의 부분-전체 관계에 대한 메타모델 형식화 이론의 적용: 집합연관 및 복합연관 판별 실험)

  • Kim, Taekyung
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
    • /
    • v.21 no.1
    • /
    • pp.99-118
    • /
    • 2015
  • Object-oriented programming languages have been widely selected for developing modern information systems. The use of concepts relating to object-oriented (OO, in short) programming has reduced efforts of reusing pre-existing codes, and the OO concepts have been proved to be a useful in interpreting system requirements. In line with this, we have witnessed that a modern conceptual modeling approach supports features of object-oriented programming. Unified Modeling Language or UML becomes one of de-facto standards for information system designers since the language provides a set of visual diagrams, comprehensive frameworks and flexible expressions. In a modeling process, UML users need to consider relationships between classes. Based on an explicit and clear representation of classes, the conceptual model from UML garners necessarily attributes and methods for guiding software engineers. Especially, identifying an association between a class of part and a class of whole is included in the standard grammar of UML. The representation of part-whole relationship is natural in a real world domain since many physical objects are perceived as part-whole relationship. In addition, even abstract concepts such as roles are easily identified by part-whole perception. It seems that a representation of part-whole in UML is reasonable and useful. However, it should be admitted that the use of UML is limited due to the lack of practical guidelines on how to identify a part-whole relationship and how to classify it into an aggregate- or a composite-association. Research efforts on developing the procedure knowledge is meaningful and timely in that misleading perception to part-whole relationship is hard to be filtered out in an initial conceptual modeling thus resulting in deterioration of system usability. The current method on identifying and classifying part-whole relationships is mainly counting on linguistic expression. This simple approach is rooted in the idea that a phrase of representing has-a constructs a par-whole perception between objects. If the relationship is strong, the association is classified as a composite association of part-whole relationship. In other cases, the relationship is an aggregate association. Admittedly, linguistic expressions contain clues for part-whole relationships; therefore, the approach is reasonable and cost-effective in general. Nevertheless, it does not cover concerns on accuracy and theoretical legitimacy. Research efforts on developing guidelines for part-whole identification and classification has not been accumulated sufficient achievements to solve this issue. The purpose of this study is to provide step-by-step guidelines for identifying and classifying part-whole relationships in the context of UML use. Based on the theoretical work on Meta-model Formalization, self-check forms that help conceptual modelers work on part-whole classes are developed. To evaluate the performance of suggested idea, an experiment approach was adopted. The findings show that UML users obtain better results with the guidelines based on Meta-model Formalization compared to a natural language classification scheme conventionally recommended by UML theorists. This study contributed to the stream of research effort about part-whole relationships by extending applicability of Meta-model Formalization. Compared to traditional approaches that target to establish criterion for evaluating a result of conceptual modeling, this study expands the scope to a process of modeling. Traditional theories on evaluation of part-whole relationship in the context of conceptual modeling aim to rule out incomplete or wrong representations. It is posed that qualification is still important; but, the lack of consideration on providing a practical alternative may reduce appropriateness of posterior inspection for modelers who want to reduce errors or misperceptions about part-whole identification and classification. The findings of this study can be further developed by introducing more comprehensive variables and real-world settings. In addition, it is highly recommended to replicate and extend the suggested idea of utilizing Meta-model formalization by creating different alternative forms of guidelines including plugins for integrated development environments.

The Suggestion of Particular Area Image Search Method (부분 영역 이미지 검색 방법의 제안)

  • Kim, Sungkon
    • The Journal of the Convergence on Culture Technology
    • /
    • v.4 no.4
    • /
    • pp.355-360
    • /
    • 2018
  • We propose a method to connect partial image in whole image to partial image in whole image of other internet site. For this study, we have developed four partial image generation methods and retrieval methods. A method of 'image segmentation' that cuts out only partial images that want to provide information from the whole image, a method of 'creating an image block' that finds outermost points of a cut-out partial image, a method of 'Stamp transformation of outer points', which connects outer points and registers them as the most similar image stamp, and a retrieval method that connects image stamps with other image stamps are developed. We suggested a image search UI that can use image stamps in various ways.

A Design and Implementation of the Sensing Module for Ullage and Temperature Interface Detector (유수 경계면 및 온도검출기 센싱모듈 개발)

  • 강준호;이정학;양구주;김재형
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.493-496
    • /
    • 2001
  • 본 논문에서는 선박에서 사용하는 유수 경계면 및 온도 검출기 센싱 모듈을 설계하였다. 설계된 모듈들은 구체적으로 세부분으로 나눌 수 있다. 첫째는 유수 경계면 검출부분이고, 둘째는 온도 건출부분, 셋째는 전체를 제어하는 제어부분으로 나눌 수 있다. 처음으로 유수 경계면 검출부분은 각 물질의 고유한 유전율을 이용하여 설계하였다. 이것을 이용하여 추출된 경계면의 값은 제어부에서 스피커를 통해 사람이 들을 수 있는 신호음으로 나타난다. 두 번째는 온도 검출부분이다. 기름이나, 가스는 온도에 따라 부피가 변하게 된다. 이러한 온도를 측정함으로써 실제 부피를 정확하게 계산할 수 있다. 마지막으로 전체를 제어하는 제어부분이다. 위에서 언급한 것처럼 제어부는 PIC16F84를 사용하여 유수면 경계검출부분과 온도 검출부분을 통합적으로 제어한다. 설계된 모듈들의 결과를 보면 우선 유수 경계면 검출을 오차 $\pm$2mm 내에서 거리 측정이 이루어지며, 온도 검출은 0.2$^{\circ}C$의 정확도를 가지는 성능을 보였다.

  • PDF

A Study on the Application of the FRBR Model to Newspaper (신문의 FRBR 모형 적용에 관한 연구)

  • Chang, Inho
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Library and Information Science
    • /
    • v.49 no.3
    • /
    • pp.333-349
    • /
    • 2015
  • This study examined the application of the FRBR model to newspapers and news articles. In order to meet the purpose that was mentioned above, we analyzed data items based on the level of newspapers and articles and discussed how the FRBR model may be applied. In terms of the level of a newspaper, each of newspapers, morning/evening paper, issue and edition are regarded as an individual work, and the relationship among them are considered to be the 'whole-part relationship'. Each article on the level of article basis was considered to be a work and was in a relationship of 'whole-part relationship' with the edition of each level of newspapers. Newspaper articles can be represented as texts, photographs, graphics, and tables, etc., and regarded as an individual work. Each work can be a part of the article on a newspaper or can be an independent article itself. Moreover, a uniform heading of each boxed article and running story is included in the work of each article and is forming a 'whole-part relationship'. Because of the changes of the newspaper name, the uniform title of each name regarded as a single binding. It is called the superwork and it is forming 'whole-part relationship' with each name.

새로운 fortran의 초안 설명

  • 김영택
    • 전기의세계
    • /
    • v.25 no.5
    • /
    • pp.460-460
    • /
    • 1976
  • ANSI FORTRAN 표준화 위원회(X3J3)는 새로운 America National Standard Fortran의 초안을 마련하였다. 또한 이 초안은 여러 부분을 취급하였고 전체적으로도 규명하고 있다. 부분적으로는 처리시 최소한의 기억용량 설정 Fortran Processor의 성장을 위한 개발 유지등에 노력했으며 전체적으로는 하나의 언어로 규정하였다. 1975년 8월에 새로운 Fortran을 위하여 아래 사항등이 ANSI X3J3에서 투표되었으며 가결되었다. 그 주요 내용을 현재 사용중인 ZBM 360/370 Fortran Language와 비교하여 열거해 보자.

  • PDF

Deriving Local Association Rules by User Segmentation (사용자 구분에 의한 지역적 연관규칙의 유도)

  • 박세일;이수원
    • Proceedings of the Korean Information Science Society Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.250-252
    • /
    • 2001
  • 연관규칙 탐사기법은 트랜잭션을 대상으로 항목간, 또는 속성간의 연관관계를 발견하는 방법으로, 데이터 집합의 구조를 쉽게 통찰할수 있다는 장점으로 인하여 활발히 연구되어져 왔다. 그러나 현재까지의 연구들은 전체 사용자중 공통적인 특성을 지닌 사용자 그룹이 존재할 경우, 그러한 그룹별 연관규칙을 찾아낼 수 없다는 한계점을 지닌다. 본 논문에서는 이러한 점을 해결하기 위하여, 속성선택 및 사용자 구분 기법을 이용하여 사용자를 부분집합으로 구분하고, 그 부분집합별로 연관규칙을 발견한다. 또한 위와 같이 얻어진 연관규칙이 전체 사용자를 대상으로 한 연관규칙보다 해당 부분집합에 더욱 적합하다는 사실을 여러 연관규칙 평가치를 이용하여 평가한다.

  • PDF

Valuation of Nonmarketed Goods: WTP and Part-Whole Bias in CV Studies (비시장재의 가치평가 : WTP의 추정과 부분-전체 편의의 검토)

  • 박용치
    • Survey Research
    • /
    • v.3 no.1
    • /
    • pp.1-24
    • /
    • 2002
  • Part-whole bias in contingent-valuation studies is a possible explanation for non-use contingent-valuation estimates that are insensitive to marginal changes in environmental commodities. To increase the quality of river water, it is tested how much WTP is paid and is tested whether there is a part-whole bias in this contingent studies. An empirical test of the component sensitivity is provided. This test rejects the hypothesis that respondents are insensitive to the scope of the good being valued. WTP estimated in this paper is 5,435.69 won for Hangang model, and 7,182.68 won for 4-river model. And it might be concluded that part-whole bias exists and it is mainly attributed to substitution and net-benefit effects.

  • PDF

A New Subspace Search-based Method for MIMO Systems (MIMO 시스템에서 부분 검색 공간 기반의 검파기법)

  • Nam, Sang-Ho;Ko, Kyun-Byoung;Hong, Dae-Sik
    • Journal of the Institute of Electronics Engineers of Korea TC
    • /
    • v.48 no.5
    • /
    • pp.25-32
    • /
    • 2011
  • In this paper, we propose a subspace search-based detector (SSD) with low-complexity to achieve near optimal performance for multiple-input multiple-output systems. As an effective solution to reduce the prohibitive computational complexity of the optimal maximum likelihood detector, a partial candidate symbol vector is generated through a partitioned search space but not the entire search space. In addition, based on a partial candidate symbol vector, an ensemble candidate symbol vector generation considering the whole search space is introduced to produce a near optimal solution. As a result, the proposed SSD achieves near-maximum-likelihood performance while having a significantly reduced computational complexity.