• Title, Summary, Keyword: 전통지식

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Protection and Utilization of Traditional Knowledge Resources through Korean Traditional Knowledge Portal(KTKP) (한국전통지식포탈을 통한 전통지식의 보호 및 활용)

  • Shin, Jin-Seop;Lee, Yu-Seon;Lee, Myung-Sun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.422-426
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    • 2010
  • In recent years, multinational companies' pirate cases for traditional knowledge and genetic resources are growing. Meeting of International Authorities(MIA) agreed that traditional knowledge documentation should be included in the non-patent literature part of the Patent Cooperation Treaty(PCT) minimum documentation as a means of protection. In Korea, Korean Intellectual Property Office(KIPO) and Rural Development Administration(RDA) have played a leading role in traditional knowledge-related protection activities. KIPO's Korean Journal of Traditional Knowledge(KJTK) was selected as a PCT minimum documentation in 2008, and has been serviced through Korean Traditional Knowledge Portal(KTKP) since 2007. RDA has published several books which contain traditional agricultural knowledge and Korean local food information compiled from 1997 to now. Traditional knowledge of RDA is searchable in KTKP from 2010.In this paper, we introduce overview of activities for protection and utilization of traditional knowledge.

Selecting order of priority using Delphi and statistical method (델파이 조사 및 통계적 방법을 활용한 전통지식 우선순위 선정)

  • Choi, Kyoungho;Kim, Hyun;Song, Mi-Jang
    • Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society
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    • v.25 no.6
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    • pp.1161-1170
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    • 2014
  • In global competition like today, intellectual property of novel areas such as traditional knowledge, traditional creation, hereditary resource, etc. are perceived as important resources. Therefore making solid competitive power in overall knowledge resources like cultural contents, brand, design etc. in nation is a pressing question. Accordingly in this study, to prepare for intellectual property rights dispute and advantage-sharing problem that would be variously derived from the Nagoya Protocol which will come into force after 2014, this research selected 200 knowledge of middle region in Korea from 2,047 literal and 931 oral knowledge using preconditioning process. The order of priority of top 50 of them was ranked by a quantitative research method, the Delphi survey. Among them, 30 was literal traditional knowledge and 20 was oral traditional knowledge. Result of this research could be used later as basic material for qualitative researches like the focus group interviewing. Furthermore in this paper is meaningful; the selected traditional knowledge can contribute remarkably to traditional biologic knowledge resource in nation which can be acknowledged in international society, announcing validity (hold precedence for patent) later on.

An Approach to Classify Korean Traditional Forest Knowledge with the Analytic Hierarchy Process and the Delphi Method (델파이 조사와 계층 분류를 이용한 한국 산림전통지식 체계 연구)

  • Shin, Yu Jin;Park, Chan Ryul;Lee, Yeonhee;Lee, Hyun Mi;Lee, Minjoo
    • The Journal of the Korean Institute of Forest Recreation
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to establish the criteria and indicators of Traditional Forest Knowledge (TFK) of Korea to coping with international convention and treaty relating with traditional forest knowledge, and to excavate practical discipline for effective use and management of forests resources at the perspective of sustainable development of society in Korea. The draft of the classification for TFK was developed by Traditional Knowledge Resources Classification (TKRC) of World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). It attempts to respond to international classification standards, and to revise the classification system using Delphi technique. As a result, we could derive a classification system of 5 Subsection, 33 tangible and 29 intangible Classes : Forest Humanities Philosophy/ Forest Nature Ecology/ Forest Life Landscape/ Forest Product Technique/ Forest Management Social Policy. The purpose of this study is to provide a basis for understanding the TFK in Korea and to enable international responses to knowledge resources by establishing a classification system for TFK through the Delphi survey. We will continue to modify and supplement the detailed TFK classification system through a continuous literature surveys and on-site researches.

Techniques and Traditional Knowledge of the Korean Onggi Potter (옹기장인의 옹기제작기술과 전통지식)

  • Kim, Jae-Ho
    • MUNHWAJAE Korean Journal of Cultural Heritage Studies
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    • v.48 no.2
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    • pp.142-157
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    • 2015
  • This study examines how traditional knowledge functions in the specific techniques to make pottery in terms of the traditional knowledge on the pottery techniques of Onggi potters. It focuses on how traditional pottery manufacturing skills are categorized and what aspects are observed with regard to the techniques. The pottery manufacturing process is divided into the preparation step of raw material, the molding step of pottery, and the final plasticity step. Each step involves unique traditional knowledge. The preparation step mainly comprises the knowledge on different kinds of mud. The knowledge is about the colors and properties of mud, the information on the regional distribution of quality mud, and the techniques to optimize mud for pottery manufacturing. The molding step mainly involves the structure and shape of spinning wheels, the techniques to accumulate mud, ways to use different kinds of tools, the techniques to dry processed pottery. The plasticity step involves the knowledge on kilns and the scheme to build kilns, the skills to stack pottery inside of the kilns, the knowledge on firewood and efficient ways of wood burning, the discrimination of different kinds of fire and the techniques to stoke the kilns. These different kinds of knowledge may be roughly divided into three categories : the preparation of raw material, molding, and plasticity. They are closely connected with one another, which is because it becomes difficult to manufacture quality pottery even with only one incorrect factor. The contents of knowledge involved in the manufacturing process of pottery focused are mainly about raw material, color, shape, distribution aspect, fusion point, durability, physical property, etc, which are all about science. They are rather obtained through the experimental learning process of apprenticeship, not through the official education. It is not easy to categorize the knowledge involved. Most of the knowledge can be understood in the category of ethnoscience. In terms of the UNESCO world heritage of intangible cultural assets, the knowledge is mainly about 'the knowledge on nature and universe'. Unique knowledge and skills are, however, identified in the molding step. They can be referred to 'body techniques', which unify the physical stance of potters, tools they employ, and the conceived pottery. Potters themselves find it difficult to articulate the knowledge. In case stated, it cannot be easily understood without the experience and knowledge on the field. From the preparation of raw material to the complete products, the techniques and traditional knowledge involved in the process of manufacturing pottery are closely connected, employing numerous categories and levels. Such an aspect can be referred to as a 'techniques chain'. Here the techniques mean not only the scientific techniques but also, in addition to the skills, the knowledge of various techniques and levels including habitual, unconscious behaviors of potters.

Ethnobotanical Studies on the Traditional Knowledge of Vascular Plant Resources in Korea (한국의 관속식물 전통지식에 대한 민속식물학적 연구)

  • Chung, Jae-Min;Cho, Sang-Ho;Kim, Young-Sil
    • Proceedings of the Plant Resources Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.15-15
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    • 2018
  • 민속식물과 그 이용에 관한 전통지식이 산업화, 도시화 및 노인 세대의 퇴장과 더불어 빠르게 사라지고 있다. 이에 본 연구는 2005년부터 2017년까지 1차(2005~2013), 2차(2014~2017)에 걸쳐 남한 전역 및 함경북도 접경지역을 대상으로 각 지역에서 전통적으로 이용해왔으며 전승되어 온 민속식물 관련 전통지식을 발굴 및 수집하여 DB를 구축하고 유전자원에 대한 주권확보 및 그 연구의 토대를 마련하고자 수행하였다. 조사 결과, 민속식물은 138과 557속 975종 7아종 113변종 19품종으로 총 1,114분류군으로 확인되어 1차 조사 대비 140분류군이 추가되었으며, 이는 한반도 전체 관속식물 4,881분류군의 약 22.8%에 해당한다. 용도별로는 총 115,236건의 전통지식 중 식용(67.2%)이 가장 많고 그 다음으로 약용(17.9%), 용재용(4.9%), 유지용(2.5%), 관상용(1.3%), 섬유용(1.2%), 사료용(0.7%), 염료용(0.7%), 향신료(0.5%), 연료용(0.4%), 천렵(0.4%), 살충제(0.2%), 향료(0.1%), 기타(1.9%) 등의 순으로 나타났다. 본 연구에서는 민속식물의 이용에 대한 중요도를 알아보기 위하여 특정식물 종의 이용을 언급한 정보보유자의 수(FC: Frequency of Citations), 이용범주의 수(NC: Number of use-Categories), 특정식물을 이용하는 수(UR: number of User Reports)를 활용하여 문화적 중요도(CI: Cultural Importance), 상대적 인용빈도(RFC: Relative Frequency of Citations), 상대적 중요도(RI: Relative Importance) 및 문화적 가치(CV: Cultural Value)를 산출하여 우리나라에서 중요한 민속식물을 정량적으로 확인, 비교하였고 각 분류군별 지수가 제시되었다. 정량적 분석 결과, 상대적 인용빈도(RFC)는 참취, 문화적 중요도(CI), 상대적 중요도(RI), 문화적 가치 지수(CV)는 모두 소나무가 가장 높은 민속식물로 확인되었다.

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Traditional Knowledge analysis based on Native Biological Resources Database Construction of the National Park Area (국립공원 지역의 한국 자생생물자원 전통지식 DB구축을 통한 전통지식 현황 분석)

  • Bae, Se-Eun;Kim, Boyoung;Kim, Sung-Ha;Park, Jeong Hwan;Bae, EunKyung;Jang, Jin-Hwa;Lee, Sang-Hun;Park, Jae Won;Shin, Jinseop
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.267-275
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    • 2016
  • Species are constantly using for clothing, food, shelter and health are distributed in various places. Convention on Biological Diversity made for conserve resources and enhance the value in many countries around the world. Each country is in the process of building a database for to protect the native biological resources and establish sovereignty. This studies analyzed the distribution of such traditional knowledge of native biological resources and builded a database through using standardized form of collected data made by our research. The result, almost native biological resources used for food and medical treatment.

지역문화행사에서 방문객의 전통산물 이용에 대한 조사 분석

  • 김미희;정현영
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Community Living Science Conference
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    • pp.167-167
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    • 2004
  • 1992년 생물다양성협약 체결 이후 세계 각국은 생물다양성 보전을 위해 전통지식기술의 지속적 이용을 요청 받고 있다. 이러한 전통지식기술을 바탕으로 만들어지는 전통산물은 지역 특성을 살린 고부가가치 창출 상품소재이기도 하다. 지방자치제도의 도입이후 각 자치단체들은 해당지역의 전통산물과 특산물 등을 주제로 하여 다양한 지역문화행사를 개최하고 있다. (중략)

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Species and Distribution of Native Wild Mushrooms Traditionally using in Jeju Island (전통적으로 이용되는 제주 야생버섯의 종류와 분포)

  • Ko, Pyung-Yeol;Lee, Seung-Hak;Jeun, Yong-Chull
    • The Korean Journal of Mycology
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    • v.40 no.1
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    • pp.39-43
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    • 2012
  • The knowledge of native wild mushrooms traditionally using in Jeju Island, that have specific native environment and various biodiversity, was investigated. From Jeju and Seogwipo cities including 7 provinces 4 locals, so total 50 villages, data was collected in the entire area and voice of the 93 elderly people between the age of fifty and ninety were recorded. As a result, total 23 native wild mushrooms were used in which 2 species were poisonous mushrooms, 7 species were medicinal mushrooms, 2 species was used for folk religion, 2 species were not used for living but for attention and 12 species were edible mushrooms. Also, a total of 267 cases of traditional knowledge was collected, in which 197 cases were about edible mushrooms for 12 species, 43 cases were about poisonous mushrooms for 2 species, 16 cases were about medicinal mushrooms for 7 species. Interestingly, the fortune for agriculture was told depending on spore mass release of Cyathus stercoreus which grows in animal feces and compost. It is considered as the distinctive traditional knowledge of Jeju Island.