• Title, Summary, Keyword: 절삭속도

Search Result 174, Processing Time 0.031 seconds

An Experimental Study on New Type Chip Brakeer(Part 1) (신形 칩折斷具에 관한 實驗的 硏究 (제1보))

  • 손명환;이호철
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
    • /
    • v.16 no.6
    • /
    • pp.1121-1140
    • /
    • 1992
  • In metal cutting the shape of generated chip varies according to cutting conditions, characteristics of workpiece and geometry of cutting tool. The best surface roughness of machined workpiece is obtained when generating flow type contrinuous chip. If the generated chip is not broken, that is not only tangled workpiece and cutting tool, but also may give damage on the machined surface of workpiece or danger for a operator. The flow type continuous chip may bring the low productivity in high speed any heavy cutting, automatic machining process and non-human factory. There are two type of chip break process ; controlling cutting condition and using chip breaker. In present study we carried out the experiment on new type chip breaker compared with conventional type and proved the efficiency of a new type and showed the chip break condition to be applied in actual metal cutting. In the experiment SM 20 C as a workpiece material and WC as a tool material were used and cutting speed of 30-150m/min, feed of 0.071-0.210mm/rev and depth of cut of 1mm were applied as cutting condition. The results of the experiment are as follows : (1) The mechanism of chip curl can be explained more clearly by plastic flow of workpiece material and moment of shearing force. (2) The most effective radius of curled chip and flat distance from cutting edge is 2.0-2.5mm and 1.5mm in both types. (3) The effective inclination angle of chip break surface and side cutting edge angle are 30.deg.- 45.deg. and 20.deg. in conventional type, while the radius of arc surface, lower arc angle A, upper arc angle B and side cutting edge angle are 3mm, 20.deg.- 45.deg., 0.deg.- 45.deg. and 10.deg.- 20.deg. in new type. (4) The probability to be obtained 100% chip breaking ratio is much higher in new type than in conventional type.

FeO, $TiH_2$, Carbon 원료분말을 이용한 Fe-TiC 나노 복합분말 제조 및 소결

  • An, Gi-Bong;Kim, Ji-Sun
    • Proceedings of the Materials Research Society of Korea Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.26-26
    • /
    • 2011
  • Fe계 TiC 합금은 미량의 합금원소를 첨가시켜 경화능, 내식성, 내마모성 성질을 개선한 특수 공구용 재료로서 현재 절삭, 내마모성, 광산, 금형재료 등의 분야에 널리 사용되고 있다. 금속과 세라믹의 복합재료인 초경합금은 비열처리용 공구강으로 WC, TiC 등의 4, 5, 6족 금속탄화물에 Co, Ni, Fe등의 철족이 결합금속으로 소결한 복합재료로 WC-Co계 초경합금이 주종을 이루고 있으나, 전략 소재로서 고가인 Co 원료를 대체하기 위한 재료로서 초경재료의 고경도와 공구강의 경제성 및 가공성의 장점을 이용한 Fe-TiC계 초경합금의 연구가 다양하게 진행되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 Fe기지에 서브마이크론 크기의 미세한 TiC 입자가 균일하게 분산된 Fe-TiC 복합분말을 경제적으로 제조하기 위해 순수한 Fe, Ti 원료분말에 비해 단가가 낮고 미세 분쇄가 용이한 FeO, $TiH_2$ 분말을 고에너지 밀링 후 반응 열처리 시키는 유사 기계화학적 공정을 시도하였다. 조성비 Fe-30wt%TiC 복합분말을 제조하기위해 마이크론(micron) 크기의 FeO, $TiH_2$, C 분말을 사용하였고, 1단계로 FeO와 C을 고에너지 밀링으로 혼합 후 반응시켜 환원시키는 공정과 2단계로 이렇게 환원된 분말과 TiH2를 고에너지 밀링으로 다시 혼합, 분쇄한 후 반응열처리 하는 두 단계 공정을 사용하였다. FeO의 환원 단계에서는 $700{\sim}1,000^{\circ}C$ 온도 범위에서 1시간 유지하였고, 고에너지 밀링 시 밀링시간, 회전속도를 변수로 두고 실험하였다. 환원된 분말은 수평관상로를 이용해 아르곤분위기에서 $1,000{\sim}1300^{\circ}C$까지 1시간 유지하여 반응열처리시켜 Fe-TiC 복합분말을 제조하였다. 준비된 복합분말을 XRD와 FE-SEM, EDS, 입도분석기 (LPSA) 등을 이용해 분말의 형태와 특성, 상, 조성, 입도, 분산도 등을 조사하였다. 제조된 Fe-TiC 나노복합분말을 방전플라즈마소결(SPS) 과 상압소결 실험을 진행하였다. Fe-TiC 복합분말 제조공정의 첫 번째 단계인 FeO의 환원반응은 $800^{\circ}C$이상의 온도에서 Fe로 환원이 진행됨을 확인하였다. 두 번째 단계인 반응열처리공정에서는 $1,000^{\circ}C$ 이상에서 TiC가 형성됨을 XRD 상분석을 통해 확인할 수 있었고, $1,100^{\circ}C$ 이상의 온도에서 반응열처리를 했을 때 XRD 분석결과와 산소 조성 분석 결과로부터 반응의 완결성과 순도에서 최적 온도 조건임을 확인하였다. 온도를 $1,300^{\circ}C$로 증가시킬 경우 반응의 완결성에 큰 변화가 없는 반면 분말입자간의 목형성이 일어나 가소결 되는 것을 FE-SEM을 통해 관찰하였다. 또한 최적조건으로 제조된 Fe-TiC 복합분말의 입도분석과 FE-SEM/EDS 관찰/분석을 시행한 결과 평균 입도 0.6 ${\mu}m$의 미세한 Fe-TiC 복합분말 내에 Fe분말 주변과 내부에 나노크기의 TiC입자가 균일하게 분산되어 존재하는 것을 확인하였다.

  • PDF

Effects of Edged Curve Angle of Rotary Blade on Entwining Spreaded Rice Straw in Paddy (볏짚 시용(施用) 답(畓)의 Rotary 경운시(耕耘時) 날의 궤적(軌跡) 진입각(進入角)이 볏짚 감김에 미치는 영향(影響))

  • Yi, Woon Young;Kim, Soung Rai
    • Korean Journal of Agricultural Science
    • /
    • v.13 no.1
    • /
    • pp.103-112
    • /
    • 1986
  • This study was carried out to prevent the entwining of rice straw on rotary shaft and blade where rice straw was spreaded on paddy field as an organic source before rotary tilling. The rotary tillage was conducted in the paddy field having the soil moisture contents of 30%, 39%, 59% in dry basis and spreaded rice straw (450kg/10a) of 30cm, 45cm, 90cm length with the edged curve angles of rotary blade of $30^{\circ}$, $40^{\circ}$, $50^{\circ}$, $55^{\circ}$ at Yuseung area. And the test were performed on the plot which has width of 30cm and 5cm length and the quantity of entwined rice straw was analized. The test results were summarized as the followings. 1. Entwining phenomenon of rice straw was decreased as the blade edged curve angle increased. The edged curve angle of rotary blade must be determind by considering the characteristics of soil cutting resistance, tilling torque and entwining phenomenon of rice straw. But according to the entwining phenomenon of rice straw only, the edged curve angle of rotary blade should be bigger than $55^{\circ}$ for design. 2. Amount of entwining rice straw was minimized when soil moisture contents was 30 percent (d. b.). It would be better that rotary tillage is performed when soil moisture contents is lower than 30 percent in dry basis. 3. Amount of entwining rice straw was minimized when the length of rice straw was 30cm with $55^{\circ}$ edged curve angle. Therefore, it would be better to chop rice straw as 30cm. 4. Entwining phenomenon of rice straw was decreased as the forward speed decreased. To decrease the entwining rice straw, rotary tillage should be done with forward fist gear (0.35m/s).

  • PDF

Effects of various CLEAN-UP techniques on enamel surface roughness (수종의 CLEAN-UP technique이 법랑질 표면거칠기에 미치는 영향)

  • CHO, Sang-Wan;KWON, Oh-Won
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
    • /
    • v.27 no.5
    • /
    • pp.791-800
    • /
    • 1997
  • Sixty premolars extracted for orthodontic treatment were divided into four groups, and the residual resin was removed with four different rotary finishing instruments at a fixed speed of $18,500{\pm}300 rpm$ on the low speed handpiece. The instruments were G1; No.169L carbide fissure bur, G2: No.2 round bur, G3; No.4 round bur, G4: No.8 round bur. Then, the enamel received a S-second polishing with a rubber cup and a pumice. To find the extent of loss on the enamel at this point, prophylaxis was done with the rubber cup and pumice prior to bonding of the bracket(P1) and removal of residual resin by means of appropriate procedure applicable to each respective group(P2) followed. The final polishing was done with the rubber cup and pumice(P3), and the enamel surface roughness was measured each by the surface measuring instrument. The whole process was observed under a scanning electron microscope to gain the following results: At P2, the enamel surface roughness in G1 showed most smoothly with $2.60{\pm}0.55{\mu}m;\;in\;G2,\;3.24{\pm}0.80{\mu}m;\;in\;G3,\;3.44{\pm}0.94{\mu}m;\;in\;G4,\;3.89{\pm}0.54{\mu}m$, the roughest. G2 and G3 showed no statistical significance(P>0.05). At P3, the enamel surface roughness in G1 showed most smoothly with $2.29{\pm}0.47{\mu}m;\;in\;G2,\;2.44{\pm}0.56{\mu}m;\;in\;G3,\;2.44{\pm}0.56{\mu}m;\;in\;G4,\;2.92{\pm}0.43{\mu}m$, the roughest. G1 vs G2, G3, and G2 vs G3 had no statistical significances(p>0.05). In all groups, P2 and P3 showed rougher in surface roughness than P1, and P2 rougher than P3(p<0.01). In a case of 5-second prophylaxis with the rubber cup and the pumice on a virgin, normal enamel, fine scratches were found under the scanning electron microscope. In all four groups, unremovable gouges remained even after polishing with the ubber and pumice; residual resin was not observed with naked eye when finished with the rubber and pumice, but the resin debris was observed under the scanning electron microscope.

  • PDF