• Title, Summary, Keyword: 점막 호산구 증가증

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Relationship between gastric mucosal eosinophilia and the presence of Helicobacter pylori in Republic of Korea Air Force soldiers (대한민국 공군 장병을 대상으로 한 위점막 조직 호산구 증가증과 유문나선균 간의 관계 연구)

  • Kim, Hyun-Soo;Lee, Sang-Hwa;Lee, Seok;Choi, Won-Ho;Kim, Ji-Ho
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aviation and Aeronautics
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.34-38
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    • 2012
  • 호산구는 염증 반응에 의해 활성화되며, 주로 기생충 감염이나 알러지 질환 등에 대한 면역 작용을 담당한다고 알려져 있다. 호산구 증가증은 약물 반응, 알러지, 국소적인 기생충 감염 등에 의한 경우가 많지만, 자가면역성 질환이나 종양에 의한 경우도 있다. 최근 연구를 통해 위염의 대표적인 원인균 중 하나인 유문나선균 역시 위점막에서 나타나는 조직 호산구 증가증의 원인이 될 수 있다고 밝혀지고 있으나, 유문나선균에 의한 호산구 증가증 발생 기전이나 빈도는 아직까지 확립되지 않고 있다. 위점막 내 호산구 침윤과 동반되는 위염은 복통, 오심, 구토, 설사, 장폐색 등을 일으킬 뿐만 아니라, 아토피성 피부염, 천식, 위식도 역류, 염증성 장질환 등의 발생과 관련이 있다고 보고되고 있다. 위염 및 다양한 관련 질환에 의한 증상은 공중 근무자들의 임무 수행 능력을 저하시켜 항공기 사고를 발생시킬 수 있는 가능성을 가지고 있다는 점에서 항공의학적으로 매우 중요하며, 실제로 호산구성 위염이나 유문나선균 감염의 치료 여부가 공중 근무자에게 일시적 또는 영구적 비행임무정지를 부과할 수 있는 기준이 되기도 한다. 본 연구에서는 대한민국 공군 장병 환자를 대상으로 내시경을 통해 얻은 위점막 조직 내 호산구수를 측정하고, 이를 위점막 표면의 유문나선균 존재 유무와 관련지어 보았다. 111명 중 20명의 환자에서 한 고배율 시야 당 30개 이상의 호산구가 관찰되었고, 63명의 환자의 위점막 표면에서 유문나선균을 확인하였다. 또한 위점막 내 호산구의 밀도와 유문나선균의 존재 간의 관계는 통계학적으로 유의하였다. 본 연구의 결과는 대한민국 공군 장병을 대상으로 하여 조직 호산구 증가증과 유문나선균의 빈도 및 상호 관계를 최초로 분석했다는 점에서 의의가 있으며, 추후 유문나선균이 어떤 기전으로 위점막 조직 내 호산구의 증가에 관여하는지에 대한 연구를 진행하기 위한 기초 자료로서 활용될 수 있을 것이다.

The Relation Between Bronchodilator Response, Airway Hyperresponsiveness and Serum Eosinophil Cationic Protein (ECP) Level in Moderate to Severe Asthmatics (중증 및 중등증 기관지천식 환자에서 기도과민성과 기관지확장제 반응성 및 혈청 Eosinophil Cationic Protein(ECP)와의 관계)

  • Park, Sung-Jin;Kang, Soon-Bock;Kwon, Jung-Hye;Lee, Sang-Hoon;Jung, Do-Youg;Yoo, Ji-Hoon;Kim, Sang-Hoon;Kim, Jae-Yeol;Park, In-Won;Choi, Byoung-Whui
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.196-204
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    • 2001
  • Background : Bronchial asthma is characterized by a reversible airway obstruction, airway hyperresponsiveness, and eosinophilic airway inflammation. The bronchodilator response(BDR) after short acting beta agonist inhalation and PC20 with methacholine inhalation are frequently used for diagnosing bronchial asthma. However, the relationship between the presence of a bronchodilator response and the degree of airway hyperresponsiveness is uncertain. Therefore, the availability of a eosinophil cationic protein (ECP) and a correlation ECP with a bronchodilator response and airway hyperresponsiveness was investigated. Method : A total 71 patients with a moderate to severe degree of bronchial asthma were enrolled and divided into two groups. 31 patients with a positive bronchodilator response and 38 patients with a negative bronchodilator response were evaluated. In both groups, the serum ECP, peripheral blood eosinophil counts, and total IgE level were measured and the methacholine bronchial provocation test was examined. Results : There were no differences observed in age, sex, atopy, and baseline spirometry in both groups. The peripheral eosinophil counts showed no difference in both groups, but the ECP level in group 1 (bronchodilator responder group) was higher than in group 2(non-bronchodilator responder group) ($22.4{\pm}20.7$ vs $14.2{\pm}10.4$, mean$\pm$SD). The PC20 in group 1 was significantly lower than in group 2 ($1.14{\pm}1.68$ vs $66{\pm}2.98$). There was a significant positive correlation between the BDR and ECP, and a negative correlation between the bronchial hyperresponsiveness and ECP. Conclusion : The bronchodilator response significantly correlated with the bronchial hyperresponsiveness and serum ECP in the moderate to severe asthma patients. Hence, the positive bronchodilator response is probably related with active bronchial inflammation and may be used as a valuable index in treatment, course and prognosis of bronchial asthma.

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Clinical Features of Eosinophilic Colitis Developed in Early Infancy (영아 초기에 발생한 호산구성 대장염의 임상적 고찰)

  • Kwak, Jeong Won;Park, Jae Hong
    • Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.122-129
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: Eosinophilic colitis is a disease characterized by gastrointestinal symptoms, peripheral eosinophilia, eosinophilic infiltration of the colonic wall. The etiology and pathogenesis of this disease is not clear and it is considered to be idiopathic. This study aimed to ascertain the clinical features, treatment and prognosis of eosinophilic colitis in early infancy. Methods: We reviewed 6 infants retrospectively, presented with bloody stool in early infancy, who were diagnosed with eosinophilic colitis in Pusan National University Hospital between August 2002 and February 2004. Results: Five males and one female were included. The mean age when bloody stool was identified was $79.2{\pm}56.1$ days (10~145 days). All but one infant with atopic dermatitis did not have other allergic diseases. Nobody had a family history of allergic disease. No specific dietary history in infants and their mothers related to food allergy was identified. Peripheral eosinophilia (total WBC count $11,763{\pm}3,498/mm^3$, eosinophils $17.0{\pm}4.3%$, absolute eosinophil count $2,044{\pm}996/mm^3$) was observed in all infants. Colonoscopy in six infants revealed diffuse erythema, congestion and granulation pattern of mucosa in the rectosigmoid colon. Histopathologic findings of colononic biopsies showed chronic inflammation with severe eosinophilic infiltration in the mucosa. Two infants were treated with hydrolyzed casein-based formula and four infants with prednisolone. Gastrointestinal symptoms and peripheral eosinophilia resolved completely with prednisolone and partially with a hydrolyzed casein-based formula. Relapse was not observed during the follow-up period. Conclusion: Our study demonstrated that there is no evidence of a definite relationship between eosinophilic colitis and food-allergic disorders. Clinical course and prognosis of infantile form of eosinophilic colitis is very favorable and treatment with prednisone was effective.

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Seven Cases of Severe Esophageal Stricture (고도의 식도 협착증 7 예)

  • 김기주;김호성;조중환
    • Proceedings of the KOR-BRONCHOESO Conference
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    • pp.5.2-5
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    • 1982
  • With the improvement of living standard and socioenvironmental change, esophageal stricture due to acetic acid, Hcl, insecticides and lye has led to decrease remarkably. Esophageal stricture has decreased because of immediate treatment and adequate management. However there are still sporadic incidents of esophageal stricture due to inadequate treatment and uncooperation of patients. The authors recently have experienced seven severe cases of esophageal stricture. All six patients were treated with 18-51 French Sippy esophageal dilating bougie. One patient was transfered to thoracic surgery department due to complete esophageal obstruction. Case 1. A 23 year old housewife who ingested Hcl for suicide. After Witzel's operation, she visited to dilate esophageal first constriction stircture due to swallowing difficulty postoperation 2 months later. We were treated successfully. Case 2. A case of esophageal stricuture in the second and third physiologic constriction part. The patient was 51 years old man who ingested lye accidently, and was dilated by bougination. Case 3. The patient was 43 year-old man who ingested acetic acid as a mistake and was treated inadequately at hopsital. Inspite of treatment, esophageal stricture developed at the third physiologic part. We are trying to dilate the esophagues now. Case 4. The patient was 55 year-old woman who had ingested Hcl for the purpose of suicidal attempt. 2 months later gastroduodenal anastomoisis due to pyloric region stenosis, the first physiologic constriction stricture was dilated successfully. Case 5. The patient was 41 year-old woman who ingested Hcl for suicide 4 months ago. There was indwelled orogastric tube for 1 month but esophageal stricture developed at the first and 3rd constriction part. She was treated by using a bougination. Case 6. An athlete 21 year old man, ingested acetic acid 2 spoonful per 3 days by purpose in order to soften the bone for last 14 months. There was complete esophageal obsturction in esophagogram and transferred to the thoracic surgery department. Case 7. A 3 year-old girl was ingested lye at a accident. She had a bougination for 16 months under the general anesthesia for dilation due to whole irregular esophageal stricture. She developed lower esophageal perforation, but healed eventually.

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The Effect of Theophylline on Eotaxin mRNA Expression in Pulmonary Epithelial Cell Line A549 (인체 기도상피세포주에서 Theophylline에 의한 Eotaxin mRNA 발현억제)

  • Han, Min-Soo;Yoo, Jee-Hong;Kang, Hong-Mo
    • Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
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    • v.48 no.6
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    • pp.898-908
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    • 2000
  • Background : Eotaxin a CC chemokine specific for eosinophils, is implicated in the pathogenesis of asthma by recruiting eosinophils into the airways. Theophylline has been used for the treatment of asthma and recently was proposed to have an anti-inflammatory action. The aim of this study is to examine whether theophylline may inhibit the eosinophilic airway inflammation by reducing the expression of eotaxin. Methods : The expression of eotaxin mRNA was assessed by Northern analysis in A549 cells 4 h after stimulation with TNF-$\alpha$ or IL-1$\beta$. And then, theophylline was added to A549 cells stimulated with 0.1 ng/mL IL-1$\beta$. Results : Eotaxin mRNA expression rates induced by 0.1, 1, 10 ng/mL TNF-$\alpha$ as compared with $\beta$-actin, were 7%, 22%. 28%, respectively. Eotaxin mRNA expression rates induced by 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10 ng/mL IL-1$\beta$, as compared with $\beta$-actin, were 10%, 42%, 63%, 72%, respectively. Eotaxin mRNA expression rates after the addition of 0, 0.001, 0.01, 0.1 ${\mu}M$ dexamethasone induced by 10 ng/mL TNF-$\alpha$ as compared with $\beta$-actin, were 27%, 18%, 8%, respectively. Eotaxin mRNA expression rate after the addition of 0, 0.001, 0.01, 0.1 ${\mu}M$ dexamethasone induced by 0.1 ng/mL IL-1$\beta$ as compared with $\beta$-actin, were 43%, 47%, 12%, 8%, respectively. Eotaxin mRNA expression rates after the addition of 0, 0.001, 0.01, 0.1, 1, 10 mM theophylline induced by 0.1 ng/mL IL-1$\beta$, as compared with $\beta$-actin, were 48%, 40%, 33%, 22%, 16%, 14%, respectively. Conclusion : These results suggest that theophylline may reduce eosinophil infiltration of the airway at least in part by reducing the expression of eotaxin under the conditions of these experiments.

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