• Title, Summary, Keyword: 접촉각

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Precise Static Contact Angle Measurements Using Pythagolas Rule (피타고라스 원리를 이용한 정적 접촉각 정밀 각도 측정방법)

  • Choi, Jin-Yeong;Kwon, Dong-Jun;Wang, Zuo-Jia;Shin, Pyeong-Su;Park, Joung-Man
    • Journal of Adhesion and Interface
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.57-62
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    • 2014
  • Pythagolas rule was used for investigation of static contact angle in particular figures. Static contact angle measurement was important to evaluate the wettability between solid and liquid. Optimum measurement method and standardization of calculation for static contact angle were investigated for practical application. Optimum diameter of droplet for static contact angle measurement was confirmed as 1 mm. Contact angle measurement using Pythagolas rule was also used to calculate advancing, receding angle and wettability of different surface condition. At last, it was concluded that the Pythagolas rule method was more accurate than general lineation method for static contact angle measurement.

Development of a Contact Angle Measurement Method Based Upon Geometry (기하학적 원리에 의거한 접촉각의 측정)

  • 김동수;표나영;서승희;최우진;권영식
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Resources Recycling
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    • v.7 no.5
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    • pp.41-45
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    • 1998
  • A Hew way of contact angle measurement is derived based on simple geometrical calculation. Without using complicated contact angle measurement instrument. Just measuring the diameter and height of liquid lens made it possible to calculate the contact angle value with a reasonable reliability. To validate the contact angle value obtained by this method, contact angle of the same liquid lens is measured using conventional goniometer and it is verified that two values are nearly same within the limit of observational error.

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Effects of Surface Roughness on Contact Angle of Nanofluid Droplet (표면조도가 나노유체 액적의 접촉각에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Yeung Chan
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers B
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.559-566
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    • 2013
  • The effects of solid surface roughness on the contact angle of a nanofluid droplet were experimentally investigated. The experiments were conducted using the solid surface of a 10 mm cubic copper block and the nanofluid of water mixed with CuO nanoparticles. The experimental results showed that the contact angles of nanofluid droplets were lower than those of water droplets and that the contact angle of the nanofluid droplet increased with the solid surface roughness. Furthermore, it was found that the contact angles of water droplets on the solid surface quenched by both water and the nanofluid were lower than those of water droplets on the pure solid surface. However, significant differences were not observed between the contact angles on the solid surfaces quenched by water and the nanofluid.

A Contact Angle Measurement Method using Canny Edge Detect Algorithm (캐니 에지 검출 알고리즘을 이용한 접촉각 측정 기법)

  • Yoon, Yeo-Been;Song, Jeo;Jeon, Jin-Hwan;Lee, Sang-Moon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.251-252
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    • 2016
  • 접촉각을 이용한 표면에너지 측정방법은 부품소재분야를 비롯한 폴리머 화학제품 등에서 널리 사용되고 있다. 그중 측정할 대상의 고체 표면에 액체 방울을 떨어뜨리고 측면 접점 방향에 대한 영상을 촬영하여 고체 표면과 액체 방울이 이루고 있는 각도를 측정하는 방식을 가장 많이 사용하고 있다. 본 논문에서는 기존 접촉각 측정기의 배경과 액체 방울 사이의 명암 차를 이용하여 경계선을 찾는 Sessile-drop 영상처리 기법을 보완 및 개선하기 위하여 캐니 에지 검출 알고리즘을 적용하였다.

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LBM을 이용한 접촉각 변화에 따른 Sliding angle 변화 경향성 분석

  • Kim, Gi-Deok;Byeon, Gi-Sang;Choe, Se-Yong;Jang, Jun-Gyeong
    • Proceeding of EDISON Challenge
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    • pp.27-31
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    • 2017
  • 이번 연구에서는 초발수 재료의 주요 특징 중 하나인 Sliding Angle에 관한 연구이다. 초발수 특성을 지닐수록 낮은 Sliding Angle을 가지고 있다. 하지만 특정 소재에 관해서만 Sliding Angle이 연구가 되어 있고, 접촉각의 변화에 따른 Sliding Angle의 경향성에 관한 연구는 거의 없다. 따라서 이번 실험에서는 접촉각 변화와 기판의 기울기에 따른 액체의 미끄러짐에 대한 특성들을 조사하였다. 그 결과 낮은 접촉각에서도 약간의 미끄러짐이 있음을 관찰할 수 있었다.

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Characterization of Surfaces by Contact Angle Goniometry - I. Contact Angle Measurement by Laser Beam Projection- (접촉각측정에 의한 표면의 특성연구 - I. 레이저광선 투영에 의한 접촉각의 측정방법-)

  • Park Chung Hee
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Clothing and Textiles
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.70-75
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    • 1991
  • Contact angle measuring device was developed in this laboratory using laser beam projec-tion. The new method allows for rapid and direct determination of stationary, advancing, and receding contact angles on both planar and nonplanar solid surfaces, including fibers with very small diameters. A narrow laser beam impinges on an edge of an interface of liquid and solid. This makes two projected laser beam lines upon and radiating from the center of a protractor scale on a tangent screen. Contact angle is measured by determining the difference in angle on the protractor scale between the two projected laser beam lines. Contact angles measured on Perspex-CQ using this instrument were in agreement with the literature. it was shown that this instrument provides a novel method for the facile and accurate measurement of contact angles.

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Cat-CVD법을 이용하여 다양한 제막압력 조건에서 증착된 PTFE(polytetrafluoroethylene) 박막의 소수성 평가에 관한 연구

  • Alghusun, Mohammad;Yeo, Seung-Jun;An, Jeong-Seon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.281-281
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    • 2012
  • 연꽃잎 효과(Lotus effect)라 불리는 자가 세정 효과(self cleaning effect)는 연꽃이 항상 깨끗한 상태를 유지하는 것이 관찰되면서 꾸준히 관심에 대상이 되어 왔었다. 자가 세정 효과는 접촉각 $150^{\circ}$ 이상의 초소수성 표면에서 구현이 가능하며 이런 표면을 일상생활부터 산업분야까지 응용하고자 하는 많은 노력들이 있었다. 물질의 친수성 또는 소수성은 표면의 거칠기(roughness)와 표면에너지(surface energy)의 두 가지 특성에 의해 결정된다. 하지만 낮은 표면에너지 물질을 사용해도 접촉각 $150^{\circ}$ 이상의 초소수성 표면을 얻긴 힘들며, 표면의 거칠기를 증가시켜야 한다. PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene)는 낮은 표면에너지를 가진 소수성 물질로 bulk일 경우 접촉각이 약 $108^{\circ}$이지만 거친 표면을 가진 박막으로 만들 경우 접촉각이 $150^{\circ}$ 이상의 값을 가지는 초수수성 표면이 가능한 물질이다. 특히, 초소수성 표면 이외에 우수한 내열성 및 내화학성 특성을 가지고 있어 디스플레이 및 태양전지 등의 자가세정(self cleaning) 보호막으로써 응용이 기대되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 HFPO (hexafluoropropylene)를 원료 가스로 이용하여, Si(100)과 유리 기판위에 Cat-CVD (Catalytic Chemical Vapor Deposition)법으로 PTFE 박막을 증착하였다. 텅스텐(W)을 촉매로 사용하였으며, 촉매온도가 $850^{\circ}C$이상인 조건에서 접촉각이 $150^{\circ}$ 이상인 초소수성 PTFE 표면을 쉽게 얻을 수 있었다. 특히 본 연구에서는 제막압력을 300 mTorr에서 700 mTorr까지 변화시켜 가며 유리와 Si 기판위에 증착하였다. Cat-CVD 제막압력을 변화시켜가며 증착된 PTFE 박막의 접촉각을 측정한 결과, 제막압력이 300 mTorr일 때 glass와 Si 기판위에 증착된 PTFE박막 표면에서의 접촉각은 각각 133, $117^{\circ}$였지만, 제막압력이 400 mTorr이상일 땐 $150^{\circ}$ 이상의 높은 접촉각을 갖는 초소수성 표면을 얻을 수 있었다.

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Surface Characteristics of PMMA by Atmospheric Pressure Plasma Treatment (대기압 플라즈마 처리에 의한 PMMA의 표면개질 특성)

  • Lee, Chang-Ho;Chun, Byung-Joon;Lee, Jae-Bok;Lee, Kwang-Sik
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of IIIuminating and Electrical Installation Engineers Conference
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    • pp.313-316
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    • 2009
  • 본 연구에서는 대기압 플라즈마의 처리 조건에 따른 폴리프로필렌(PMMA)의 접착력 향상을 위한 접촉각 및 표면에너지의 변화를 관찰하였다. 대기압 플라즈마의 처리 변수로는 처리 속도, 방전 전력, 시료와 플라즈마 헤드 사이의 방전 갭이며, 측정된 접촉각을 이용하여 표면에너지 변화를 계산한 후 접촉각 및 표면에너지의 변화를 분석하였다. 그 결과는 방전전력이 증가할수록 접촉각은 낮아지고 표면에너지는 증가하였으며, 시료와 플라즈마 헤드 사이의 방전 간격은 3[mm]에서 접촉각이 낮고 표면에너지가 높게 나타나 PMMA의 접착력 향상을 위한 친수성 물질로 표면 개질됨을 확인할 수 있었다.

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Surface Free Energy Change of Polypropylene Film treated by Atmospheric Pressure Plasma (대기압 플라즈마로 처리된 폴리프로필렌 필름의 표면 자유에너지 변화)

  • Kwon, Oh June;Tang, Shen;Lu, Na;Choi, Ho Suk
    • Journal of Adhesion and Interface
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.1-6
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    • 2003
  • After atmospheric pressure plasma treatment of polypropylene(PP) film surface, we measured the contact angle of the surface by using polar solvent (water) and non-polar solvent (diiodomethane). We also calculated the surface free energy of PP film by using the measured values of contact angles. And then we analyzed contact angle and surface free energy with changing the condition of atmospheric pressure plasma treatment. Upon each condition of atmospheric plasma treatment, contact angle and surface free energy showed an optimum value or leveled off.

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Study on the Effect of Contact Angles of Elastic Rubber Impression Materials on the Surface of Working Cast (탄성 고무인상재의 접촉각이 작업모형 표면에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Joo-Won
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.177-183
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    • 2010
  • This study was begun to search effect of contact angles of elastic rubber impression materials on the surface of working cast. Of elastic rubber impression materials with a Type III consistency, such as polysulfide, polyether and addition silicone, we selected one and then measured the contact angle after dripping a distilled water 3.3ml. Then, after pouring a dental anhydrite in three types of impression materials, we prepared a working cast and then examined its surface. Contact angle was measured using a full automatic contact angle measuring system (DM-700, KYOWA, Japan), and the surface of working cast was observed using a field emission scanning electron microscope (JSM-6700F, JEOL Ltd., JAPAN). The following results were obtained: 1) $Mean{\pm}SD$ (SD: standard deviation) of the initial contact angles were $91.3{\pm}20.5^{\circ}$ in the addition silicone materials, $90.0{\pm}2.2^{\circ}$ in the polyethers and $101.5{\pm}2.3^{\circ}$ in the polysulfides. These results indicate that mean values were similar but standard deviations of the three materials showed a great discrepancy. 2) As the time elapsed, addition silicone materials were found to have a contact angle decreased abruptly as compared with the remaining two types. That is, the initial contact angle was $91.3^{\circ}$ and it was abruptly decreased to $29.4^{\circ}$ after 25 seconds. 3) In the polyethers, the initial contact angle was $101.5^{\circ}$ and it was decreased to $90.7^{\circ}$ after 25 seconds. In the polysulfides, however, the initial contact angle was $90.0^{\circ}$ and it was $84.2^{\circ}$ after 25 seconds. This showed almost no changes in the initial contact angles. Moreover, its magnitude was greater than that seen in additional silicones. 4) There were significant differences in the contact angles between the three types of elastic rubber impression materials as the time elapsed (p<0.001). On an observation on the surface of working cast, addition silicone materials were found to have the most dense surface. This was followed by polysulfides and polyethers in a descending order.