• Title, Summary, Keyword: 접촉응력분포

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Transient Temperature Distribution, Thermal Stresses and Strains in a Composite Cylinder with a Concentric Hole (동심형(同心形) 구멍을 가진 복합(複合)실린더의 과도적(過渡的) 온도분포(溫度分布), 열응력(熱應力) 및 열변형도(熱變形度)의 해석(解析))

  • Eui-Jin,Jun;Hyo-Chul,Kim
    • Bulletin of the Society of Naval Architects of Korea
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.35-44
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    • 1974
  • 열박음(shrink fitting)으로 인(因)한 동심형(同心形) 구멍을 가진 복합(複合)실린더의 과도적(過渡的) 온도분포(溫度分布), 열응력(熱應力) 및 열변형도(熱變形度)를 이론해석(理論解析)하였다. 온도분포해석(溫度分布解析)에서 외부(外部) 실린더는 균일온도(均一溫度)로 가열(加熱)되어, 실온(室溫)의 내부(內部) 실린더와 접촉면(接觸面)에서 일어나는 열전도(熱傳導)에 의(依)하여 냉각(冷却)되고, 외부(外部) 표면(表面)은 대기중(大氣中)에 노출(露出)된 상태(狀態)로 취급(取扱)하였다. 열응력(熱應力)은 평면변형도조건(平面變形度條件)을 만족(滿足)하는 것으로 생각하였으며, 물성(物性)은 온도(溫度)에 무관(無關)한 상수(常數)로 취급(取扱)하였다. 온도분포(溫度分布)는 열전도문제(熱傳導問題)만을 고려(考慮)함으로서도 유효(有效)한 해(解)를 얻을 수 있으며 열응력(熱應力)은 접촉면(接觸面)에서부터 형성(形成)되며, 반경방향응력(半徑方向應力)은 시간(時間)이 경과(經過)함에 따라 압축응력(壓縮應力)이 증가(增加)하여 접촉면(接觸面)에서 최대치(最大値)를 갖고, 원주방향응력(圓周方向應力)은 접촉면(接觸面)에서 초기(初期)부터 거의 최종상태(最終狀態)와 같은 크기를 갖음을 알 수 있다. 균일온도분포(均一溫度分布)가 이루어지면 열응력(熱應力)의 형성(形成)은 완료(完了)되게 되며, 이때의 열응력(熱應力)의 크기와 분포경향(分布傾向)은 평면응력조건(平面應力條件)을 사용(使用)하였다는 사실(事實)을 고려(考慮)하면 $Lam\acute{e}$의 이론해(理論解)와 일치(一致)함을 알 수 있었다.

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An Analysis on the Residual Stress of Subsurface Zone due to Rolling Contact (회전접촉에 의해 발생하는 Subsurface Zone의 잔류응력에 관한 해석)

  • Gang, Gye-Myeong;Kim, Seon-Jin
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.58-64
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    • 1993
  • The degree of work hardening in the subsurface zones varied with the experimental conditions under the rolling contact fatigue wear test of high carbon Cr-Ti alloy steel was evaluated by the distribution of residual stresses. Surface residual stresses before the test did not affect the wear property. Surface residual stresses after the test decreased by the increase of contact stress and running. velocity. but the maximum compressive residual stress and its depth of saturation in the subsurface zone increased. The relationship between these experimental results and the distribution of the theoritical shear stress was also discussed.

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Estimation of Contact Stress Distribution Factor in Bolt Joint with variable Fastening torque (체결력에 따른 볼트 결합부의 접촉응력분포계수 평가)

  • 김종규
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Manufacturing Technology Engineers
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.73-79
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    • 1999
  • Most of mechanical structures are combined of substructures such as beams and/or plates. There are few systems with unibody structures but are many systems with united body structures. Generally the dynamic a nalysis of whole structures is performed under alternation load. In the structure design, the analysis of each bolted joint is more important than others for zero severity. This paper presents the analysis method of contact stress distribution factor in the bolted joint with variable fastening torque on joints in the structure. At first, a static vibration test was performed to find out a nominal stress of bolt jointed plates from the relationship between natural frequency and nominal stress. Then a contact stress was computed at contact point between bolt and plate in the structure. It is believed that the proposed method has promisiong implications for safer design with index of contact stress distribution factor and has merits for cost-down and saving time at the beginning of vehicle development.

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The Effect of Fretting Wear on Fatigue Crack Initiation Site of Press-fitted Shaft (압입축에 발생하는 프레팅 마모가 피로균열 발생 위치에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Dong-Hyong;Kwon, Seok-Jin;Choi, Jae-Boong;Kim, Young-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.546-553
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    • 2007
  • The objective of the present paper is to evaluate the effect of the evolution of contact surface profile by fretting wear on the contact stress distribution and fatigue crack initiation site of press-fitted shaft by means of an analytical method based on experimental data. A finite element analysis was performed to analyze the stress states of press-fitted shaft, considering the worn contact surface profiles of shaft. The evolutions of contact stress as wearing of contact surface were analyzed by finite element analysis and fatigue crack nucleation sites were evaluated by fretting fatigue damage parameter (FFDP) md multiaxial fatigue criteria. It is found that the stress concentration of a contact edge in press-fitted sha손 decreases rapidly at the initial stage of total fatigue life, and its location shifts from the contact edge to the inside due to fretting wear as increasing of fatigue cycles. Thus the transition of crack nucleation position in press-fitted shaft is mainly caused by stress change of a contact edge due to the evolution of contact surface profile by fretting wear. Therefore, it is suggested that the nucleation of multiple cracks on fretted surface of press fits is strongly related to the evolution of surface profile at the initial stage of total fatigue life.

Contact Characteristic and Stress Analysis of Wheel-Rail for Rolling Stock (철도차량용 휠과 레일의 접촉특성 및 응력 해석)

  • Sung, Ki-Deug;Yang, Won-Ho;Cho, Myoung-Rae;Kim, Cheol
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Automotive Engineers
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    • v.8 no.5
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    • pp.148-156
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    • 2000
  • In this paper, we investigate contact characteristic of wheel-rail interface for rolling stock using the finite element method. Contact stress distribution due to the rail mounting slope is obtained in order to reduce the contact stress. Stress analysis of the rail, firstly, is performed one subjected to elliptical pressure based on Hertz theory. Secondly, we perform stress analysis of the rail subjected to contact stress obtained by this study. Results for the maximum shear stress, its location and the principal shear stress distribution are compared.

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Strain Analysis using Fourier Transform Grid Method and Its Image Processing (퓨리에 변환 격자법과 화상 처리를 이용한 스트레인 해석)

  • Yang, In-Hong
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Precision Engineering
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.165-171
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    • 1992
  • 진동하는 구조물을 설계할 때에는 그 구조물 중의 Strain이나 응력이 최대가 되는 장소나 시각을 알 필요가 있다. 지금까지의 Strain 해석에는 Strain gauge 등과 같은 접촉법이 많이 이용되고 있다. 더우기, 접촉법으로 대변형 진동을 하는 물체의 Strain을 해석하는 것은 곤란하다. 최근에는 비접촉법으로 Strain 분포를 해석하기 위해 화상처리를 이용한 계측이 행하여지고 있다. 이들의 Strain 분포를 측정하는 광학적인 방법으로는 격자법, Moire법, 홀로 그랩픽 간섭법 등이 있다. 특히 대변형이나 대Strain을 해석하는 데에는 격자법이 많이 이용되고 있는데, 종래의 격자법은 Data를 처리하는 데에 많은 시간과 노력이 소요되고 작업도 매우 복잡하며, Data의 수도 제한이 되어서 구조물의 분포의 해석 정도에 큰 영향을 미치게 된다. 본 논문 에서는 스테레오법을 이용해서 2차원 격자를 붙인 시료표면의 각 점의 3차원 좌표를 계측하고, 또 Fourier 변환 격자법을 적용하여 촬영된 2차원 격자의 화상에서 위상치를 구한다. 그리고 물체의 변형 전후의 대응 관계의 화상에서 3차원 형상과 Strain 분포를 해석하는 방법을 제안한다. 이 방법을 이용하면 진동하는 구조 물의 3차원 변위분포, Strain 분포를 정도 좋게 해석할 수가 있다.

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Nonlinear Contact Analysis of the Air Plate in a Fuel Cell (연료전지 공기판의 비선형 접촉 해석)

  • Park, Jung-Sun;Yang, Ji-Hae;Im, Jong-Bin
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.22-29
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    • 2004
  • Deformation of the porous media has influence on performance of a proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC). The stress distributions and deformation of the porous media are major factors for safe and efficient operation in the PEMFC. In this paper, nonlinear contact analysis of air plate and porous media is performed under a working condition to predict the performance characteristics of the air plates. Two kinds of models are suggested for this study. The first porous media model has nonlinear material properties. The second model has nonlinear material properties with contact condition between porous media and air plate. The numerical analysis results of the two models are somewhat different. It is shown that the nonlinear contact analysis is required for the design study of the PEMFC.

Propagation Analysis of Surface Crack Due to Hertzian Contact (헤르쯔접촉에 의한 표면균열의 전파해석)

  • Kim, Seock-Sam
    • Tribology and Lubricants
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    • v.8 no.2
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 1992
  • 취성재료의 마멸천이기구를 규명하기 위해 반무한탄성체상에 표면균열이 존재할 때 그 위를 헤르쯔 접촉하중이 이동할 경우를 해석모델로 하여 선형파괴역할을 도입하여 해석하였다. 해석방법으로는 표면균열을 인상전위의 연속분포로 치환하여 Erdogan-Gupta의 방법으로 균열끝면의 응력확대계수를 구하여, 취성재료의 균열전파조건인 Erdogan-Sih Criterion을 사용하여 그 전파특성을 해석하였다. 본 논문에서는 마멸율이 적은 마멸에서 마멸율이 큰 마멸로 전이할 때 급격한 표면손상과 마찰계수의 급격한 증가를 동반하므로 이에 대한 해석에 중점을 두었다. 해석결과는 접촉하중과 마찰계수의 증가는 표면균열의 전파를 야기시켜 대규모 마멸입자를 생성시키게 됨을 보여주었다.

길이가 유한한 선접촉의 탄섬유체윤활

  • 박태조;김경웅
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Tribologists and Lubrication Engineers Conference
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    • pp.47-51
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    • 1986
  • 로울러 베어링의 로울러는 길이방향으로 적당하게 Profiling하여 양단부에서 발생하는 응력집중을 줄이고 있다. 로울러와 레이스간의 접촉을 단순한 탄성접촉문제로 해석하는 경우에는 유막의 개념이 없어서 로울러와 레이스 사이의 압력분포와 유막형상을 정확하게 나타내기가 어려우므로 탄성변형과 압력에 따른 윤활유의 점도 변화를 고려한 탄성유체윤활(EHL)해석이 필요하다. 대부분의 해석은 무한장 로울러로 취급하는 것이 보통이며 실제의 로울러에 해당하는 유한한 길이의 선접촉 EHL 해석은 Mostofi & Gohar 및 Kuroda & Arai의 해석 정도이나 각각은 수렴하중이 작거나 로울러의 길이가 아주 짧은 경우에 해당한다. 본 연구에서는 FDM과 Newton-Raphson method를 이용하여 길이가 유한한 실제 크기의 Profiled 로울러에 대한 EHL상태에서의 압력분포와 유막형상을 보다 하중이 온 경우에 대해서 구하고자 한다.

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Anchorage mechanism of inflatable steel pipe rockbolt depending on rock stiffness (팽창형 강관 록볼트의 암반 강성에 따른 정착 거동 특성)

  • Kim, Kyeong-Cheol;Kim, Ho-Jong;Jung, Young-Hoon;Shin, Jong-Ho
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.249-263
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    • 2017
  • The expansion behavior of inflatable steel pipe rockbolt shows geometric nonlinearity due to its ${\Omega}-shaped$ section. Previous studies on the anchoring behavior of inflatable steel pipe rockbolt were mainly performed using theoretical method. However, those studies oversimplified the actual behavior by assuming isotropic expansion of inflatable steel pipe rockbolt. In this study, the anchoring behavior of the inflatable steel pipe rockbolt were investigated by the numerical method considering the irregularity of pipe expansion and other influencing factors. The expansion of inflatable steel pipe rockbolt, the contact stress distribution and the change of the average contact stress and the contact area during installation were analyzed. The contact stresses were developed differently depending on the constitutive behavior of rocks. Small contact stresses occurred in steel pipes installed in elasto-plastic rock compared to steel pipes installed in elastic rock. Also, the anchoring behaviors of the inflatable steel pipe rockbolt were different according to the stiffness of the rock. The steel pipe was completely unfolded in the case of the stiffness smaller than 0.5 GPa, but it was not fully unfolded in the case of the stiffness larger than 0.5 GPa for the given analysis condition. When the steel pipe is completely unfolded, the contact stress increases as the rock stiffness increases. However, the contact stress decreases as the rock stiffness increases when the steel pipe is not fully expanded.