• Title, Summary, Keyword: 제경비

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Limit of interpreting 'security service' in current 「Security Services Industry Act」 and direction of legislating and revising private security industry (현행 「경비업법」상 경비개념과 경비업무 해석의 한계 및 민간보안산업 관련 입법의 제·개정 방향)

  • Choi, Eun-Ha;Kim, Na-Ri;Yoo, Young-Jae
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.50
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    • pp.35-57
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    • 2017
  • Security Act has been partially revised many times since it was revised to "Security Service Act". Main contents of such revision consist of the addition of security work such as protection or special security, responsibility enforcement of security company or security guard and systematic management of security service based on security work of previous security service act. But, it needs to be checked out that the fundamental matter about the concept of 'security' is directly related as double-edged sword in such flow of legal revision. That is because security service satisfies the multiple needs for security in the modern risky society and is based on the concept of active management whose goal is to forster and develop the function of actual security service comparing that current "Security Service Act" regulates the formal security service whose goal is permission of security service and systematic management based on article 2 as previous facilities and manned security that is guard duty-centered security service in another respect. So, this study pointed out the limit of interpreting security and security service in "Security Services Industry Act" in respect of providing private security service and drew the conclusion that the legislation and efforts are required for 'security for citizen' by reinterpreting the legislation and revision of private security service-related law as the normal regulation of "Security Services Industry Act" and the special law of "Private Security Services Industry Act".

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Taiwan Security Industry and Its Current Development of Education (대만 민간경비의 현황과 발전전망(臺灣保安産業與敎育發展現況))

  • 왕계원
    • 한국경호경비학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.63-82
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    • 2008
  • 지난 10여 년 동안 대만사회의 가장 큰 변화 중 하나는 '개인 경비', 혹은 '개인 경호' 사업이 크게 발달했다는 것이다. 민간의 역량과 과학화된 설비로써 재산보호와 신변보호를 하고자 하는 개인 경비에는 여러 방식이 있다. 예를 들어 개인안전 경비(즉, 수행경호), 현금운송 경비, 주거경비, 상공업경비(여기에는 공장지대의 안전한 보호와 백화점, 금융기관, 보석상점 및 편의점 등의 경비가 포함됨), 그리고 각종 경비장치의 설치 등이 있다. 천징훼이(陳靜慧, 2006)는 대만의 경비 산업 경영형태에 대해 아래와 같이 분석하였다. 그의 주장에 따르면, 대만의 경비 산업은 일반 업무 위주로 하고 있으며, 여기에는 시스템 경비, 상근 경비, 현금 경비, 신변 경비가 있다고 밝혔다. 이 일반 업무는 일본, 미국, 독일의 형태와 유사하다. 그러나 미국과 독일의 경비회사들은 특수한 업무를 담당하고 있다. 미국의 경우 무장경비 현금수송, 신용조사 업무, 보험조사 업무, 거짓말 탐지 업무를 수행한다. 독일의 특수 업무에는 군대설비 경비, 교통지휘 및 질서 유지, 신속 고발 경비, 그리고 교도소 경비가 있다. 량신쩐(梁心禎, 2006)은 대만의 경비 산업 발전의 흐름에 대해 다음 세 단계로 구분했다. 제1단계는 1978년부터 1987년까지로 이 시기 대만은 일본 경비 사업 발전의 영향을 수용했기 때문에 일본의 경비사업 관리방식과 시스템 설비를 받아들여 점차 대만 방식의 경비 형태로 발전시켜 나갔다. 초기 발전단계의 경영방식은 주로 외국 기술과의 협력을 통한 시스템 경비가 주를 이루었다. 제2단계는 1988년부터 1997년까지인데, 이 시기에 이르러 경비 사업은 비인기 사업에서 인기 사업으로 시장이 확대되었고, 해외업체와의 활발한 기술 교류, 새로운 브랜드 개발과 경비 경영 방식의 혁신, 그리고 상근 경비와 수행경호와 같은 경비 관련 항목의 확장을 이루었다. 또한 이 시기에 수많은 경비회사들이 세워져 새로운 경쟁시대로 돌입하였다. 제3단계는 1998년부터 현재까지로 이전의 전통적인 건물경비 방식에서 경비와 부동산 관리 서비스를 함께하는 방식으로 경영 형태가 바뀌었고 전반적인 서비스 품질을 중시하기 시작하였다. 따라서 경비 사업자는 아파트 및 빌딩관리 보호 회사를 설립하여 이를 공동 경영하였으며, 전문적이고 종합적인 단계로 들어섰다. 대만 경비 교육제도의 설립과 제도화된 면허증 시스템 구축은 아직 초보적인 단계로써 여전히 이 두 방면의 발전을 강화시켜야 하는데, 교육과 심사를 시행하여 경비원의 소질을 향상시켜야 할 것이다. 경비사업자는 과학기술적인 통제 시스템을 받아들여 인건비를 낮추고 서비스의 범위와 품질을 향상시켜야 한다. 또한 각 지방의 노동조합은 정부가 법령을 개정하여 경비원의 자격제한과 업무를 보장해주도록 건의해야만 경호원의 대우와 이미지가 개선될 수 있다. 아울러 국제학술교류의 확대와 경비 관련 산업에 대한 토론회와 전시회를 자주 개최하여 새로운 지식을 습득해야 한다.

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The Effects of Favorable Responses to the Municipal Police System on the Private Security Confidence of the Police (자치경찰제에 대한 호의적 반응이 경찰의 민간경비 신뢰에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Jae-Hun;Kim, Sang-Woon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.7
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    • pp.281-290
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    • 2019
  • With the goal of enforcing a municipal police system in a national scale starting from 2021, the proposal for introducing municipal police system is promoted and the private security is spotlighted as the measure for supplementing the issues for municipal police system. To solve this issue, the method of promoting and actively utilizing the private security which served as an assistant for security service into the cooperator for security service is suggested as a practical method. To analyze how police's favorable attitude toward introduction of municipal police system influence on the favorable trust toward private security system, this study conducted a survey on front line police officers and analyzed the collected data through statistical technique. As a result, the police officers favorable to introduction of municipal police system also showed positive attitude toward private security and machine security. However, the survey didn't provide significant result on labor expense. In order for the private security service to be accepted as the cooperator for security service, it is necessary to solve the labor expense issue and strengthen trust on machine security.

A Study on Period Division According to Overall Revision of 「Security Services Industry Act」 (「경비업법」제·개정에 따른 민간경비의 시대적 구분)

  • Park, Su Hyeon;Kim, Byung Tae;Choi, Dong
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.58
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    • pp.195-213
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    • 2019
  • 「Security Services Industry Act」made in 1976 for the purpose of contributing to the good operation of services industry by establishing the requirements for promotion, development and systematic management of services industry has been since 26 times of overall revisions. Period division of private security through overall revision of 「Security Services Industry Act」 can be roughly divided into three periods. The first is a settlement period. It is a period when the present five business areas were completed rom 1976 to 2001. Beginning with facility and escort security in 1996, five types of jobs have been prepared. so far by adding personal protection in 1996, and machine and special security in 2001. The second is a quantitative growth period. It is a period when quantitative development is made on the institutional basis. As various culture, sports and arts events are increasing based on the demand of security services due to an increase in the people's sense of security, quantitative development was made, which additionally influenced the downward trend of capital and the possibility of having two jobs through revisions. The third is a qualitative growth period. From 2013 to the present is a period when quantitative growth has slowed and qualitative growth has been made. After the period of quantitative growth, the growth slowed down. However, by raising the criteria for permission of services industry through creation of a rule for the group civil petition, by raising capital, by institutionally compensating for diverse punishment regulations, by realizing the training hours for new security guards, by permitting private education, etc, the reliability and professionality of a security guard job has been to be recovered.

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The Reinforcing plan of private security capabilities (민간경비역량의 강화방안)

  • Park, Ho Jeong
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.15 no.6_2
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 2015
  • Recently in the condition of increasing of cruel-hearted crime, it is limited to keep the community safe by only police force and expanding role of private security is required. But current private security law and relation law have many delimitations. So reinforcing of Private security capabilities is needed and several measures are required. Integration of private security law and private police guards is the foundation of rule introduced of specific rights of private guards. Also authority of the private security should be ruled in private security law to prepare the conditions of performed guard duties. In relation to this, questioning of a suspicious person by a patrolman should be granted to the private security. Strengthening authority of private security can be helpful in preventing crime and policing.

Legal Interpretation on Management Power of Article 7 Section 1 of Security Business Act (경비업법 제7조 제1항 "관리권 범위"에 대한 법적 해석)

  • Lee, Jong-Hwan;Lee, Min-Hyung
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.26
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    • pp.59-87
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    • 2011
  • Security Business Act of Korea is leaning toward the aspect of regulation, while it provides few provisions about vesting the authority, which causes problems such as legal loopholes to be raised in regard to the rules about authorizing the private security personnel to perform security affairs properly and defining the limit of power. So, it should be done to interpret the law in order to draw the legal basis of empowering as well as to set limits of the authority of security main agent, and Article 7, Section 1, of Security Business Act is the very provision that involves the legal basis. In the scope of 'Management Power', the statutory authority in the first clause of Article 7 of Security Business Act, the security personnel can use force for self-defense, defense of others and property, and prevention of crimes. In addition, the powers of interrogation, access control, and eviction notice are involved in its scope. The private security personnel as the occupation assistant can take precautions and if the infringement on the benefit and protection of the law is imminent or done, he or she can use force within the limits of the passive resistance and the means of defiance on the basis of 'Management Power'. The private security personnel, however, can exercise the force only if the necessary conditions of legal defense, emergency evacuation, and legitimate act of criminal law are fulfilled.

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A Study on the Mutual Cooperation of Private Security and Local Government (지방자치단체와 민간경비의 상호협력에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Sang-Wk;Lee, Min-Hyong
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.11
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    • pp.105-128
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    • 2006
  • The suggestions that follow are about the plan for the cooperation between private security and local government and the enhancement of its service for facing the change of public peace environment. Fist, by a local government collecting funds, the business for revitalization of local economics should be done to enhance local economic independence. Second, the autonomous right of a local government should be reinforced and the center for taking complete charge of local security should be established in the self-governing body. Third, the private security should be connected with the local characteristics, the role of which enlarged as well. For this developing the model of security service for the local area and working together between private security and police should be achieved. Fourth, it is necessary for a local government to entrust the private security with its public security service. For this it should be achieved to set up the range of local security service and inform local residents of the advantage of security service entrusted to private security. Finally, in connection with the new system of local police, it is necessary to have clear grasp of the work related to the private security among local police services and private security business and local police should take partial charge of the public peace service. Through the cooperation between private security and local government, the role of private security will be enlarged and its business revitalized as well.

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Improvement on Site Inspection for Notifying Deployment of Private Security Guard (민간경비원 배치신고에 따른 현장 지도·점검 개선방안)

  • Jeong, Ji-Deok;Park, Jeong-Hwan;Kim, Jin-Oh;Kim, Kun-Hee
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Disaster Information Conference
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    • pp.330-333
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    • 2016
  • 지도 점검이란 경비업체의 불법행위를 예방하거나 경비업법 위반사항을 적발, 단속하는 것이라 할 수 있지만 이러한 역할 뿐만이 아니라 "경비업법"의 기본취지인 경비업의 육성 및 발전을 할 수 있도록 적정한 행정지도를 병행해야 하고, 감독자의 객관적 판단으로 올바른 행정목적을 달성할 수 있게 경비업자를 견인해야 할 필요성이 있다. 때문에 이 연구에서는 사전교육의 필요성과 사전서류검토 후 현장에서 감독으로의 역할, 현장 지도점검 시 담당 경찰관의 주관적 행정처분에 대한 개선방안, 현장 지도 점검 시 집중적 단속에 대한 개선방안, 민간경비원의 신분증으로서 경비원 신임교육 이수증의 활용방안을 개선방안으로 제시하였다.

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The Research of the Development of Security Industrial and Proffessional Certificate in the Private Security (민간경호${\cdot}$경비 산업의 발전을 위한 전문교육 및 인증제도의 필요성 제고)

  • Gong, Bae-Wan
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.9
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    • pp.1-25
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    • 2005
  • Recently the demand for civil bodyguards and security guards shows rapid growth. However the supply and training system have some limitations. Educational and training systems for civil body and security guards are in the basic level and private organizations trained the professional work force. University level training started recently. To protect individual life and property, body and security guards have to be trained professionally. For it the role of professional training organizations is emphasized. The purpose of this article is to analyse current situation of civil body and security guard training industry and to seek an educational model. For it, the following questions will be examined. ${\cdot}$ Do the professional training organizations meet social demand for the body and security guards? ${\cdot}$ What kind of training has to be provided for the body and security guards? ${\cdot}$ What tare the qualifications of the trainers? ${\cdot}$ What are the differences in training courses between private organizations and universities? ${\cdot}$ Is there any differences in the job placement among the trainees of private organizations and universities? In summary to meet the social demand common curriculum for the body and security guard will be drawn from the analyses of diverse training organizations with different training courses in contents, training periods, educational value, and social aim.

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