• Title, Summary, Keyword: 제약요인

Search Result 524, Processing Time 0.033 seconds

Analysis on the Participation Constraints of After school Sports Activity in Elementary School Student (초등학생 방과후 스포츠 활동 참여에 따른 제약 인식 분석)

  • Lee, Seok-Hoon;Kim, Chae-Woon
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.12 no.6
    • /
    • pp.466-474
    • /
    • 2012
  • This study aims at looking into constraints of physical activity amid "after school" programs operated by an elementary school of Incheon City. For this study, 330 elementary school students of Incheon City were sampled, and tested of descriptive statistics, explanatory factor analysis, Cronbach's alpha, One-way ANOVA, independent t-test, and confirmatory factor analysis by Raymore, Godbey, Crawford's questionnaire. First, examining difference of constraints in accordance with the demographic variables of physical activity participants. Second, analyzing probing and confirmative factors and reliance of leisure constraints for physical activity participants. Third, examining the relations of cause and effect between factors of leisure constraints of physical activity participants and participation.

Leisure Constraints According to the Recreation Specialization Levels of Ski Participants (스키 참가자의 레크리에이션 전문화 수준별 여가제약 분석)

  • Lee, Munjin;Hwang, Sunhwan
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.147-148
    • /
    • 2012
  • 1990년대 이후 스키 인구는 성장추세를 보여 왔으나, 현재 포화상태에 도달했다고 판단된다. 본 연구에서는 스키 참가자의 레크리에이션 전문화 수준 향상이 위기에 봉착한 스키산업의 돌파구로서 작용할 수 있다고 판단하고, 레크리에이션 전문화에 부정적인 영향을 미친다고 보고된 여가제약 요인을 실증적으로 제시하고 스키 참가자의 레크리에이션 전문화 수준별 여가제약 요인의 특징을 규명했다. 스키 참가자의 여가제약은 동반자, 개인적, 경제, 타인의식, 여건, 시설의 6개 요인으로 나타났다. 레크리에이션 전문화 수준별 여가제약 요인의 평균을 비교해본 결과 레크리에이션 전문화 수준이 낮은 집단에서는 경제적 요인, 레크리에이션 전문화 수준이 중간인 집단과 높은 집단에서는 시설요인이 가장 높은 수준으로 나타났다. 여가제약 요인별 레크리에이션 전문화 수준에 따른 여가제약 수준의 차이를 분석해본 결과 모든 요인에서 유의미한 차이가 나타났다.

  • PDF

The Relationships among Marketing Mix, Constraints, and Consumers' Revisiting Intentions: Focusing on Screen Sport Theme Parks (마케팅믹스, 제약요인 및 재방문의도 간의 관계: 스크린 스포츠 테마파크를 중심으로)

  • Lee, Kyongmin;Jeon, Yong-Bae;Kim, Se Yun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.17 no.12
    • /
    • pp.473-484
    • /
    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among marketing mix, constraints, and consumers' revisiting intentions in screen sport theme parks. For this purpose, a survey was given to a convenience sample of 253 customers of screen sport theme parks located in the Seoul and Dae-gu metropolitan cities in South Korea. The data were then analyzed using frequency statistics, correlations, and multiple regression analysis. The major findings of this study were as follows. First, the marketing mix had a significant effect on the constraints of customers in screen sport theme parks. Second, the marketing mix had a significant effect on the revisiting intentions of customers in screen sport theme parks. Third, intrapersonal constraints alone had a significant effect on the revisiting intentions of customers in screen sport theme parks.

Participation Types of Private Security Guards in Leisure Activities and the Effect of Leisure Constraint on Life Quality (민간경호원의 여가활동 참여유형 및 여가제약이 삶의 질에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Joon-Ho;Choi, Pan-Am;Jo, Sung-Gu
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
    • /
    • v.7 no.2
    • /
    • pp.161-171
    • /
    • 2011
  • This research puts the purpose in elucidating the effect of participation types of leisure activity and leisure restraints on life quality. To achieve research purpose, questionnaire survey was conducted on 200 subjects who are engaged in private guard companies with ages over 20. Using the collected data, frequency analysis was conducted in order to identify demographic characteristics with SPSS/WIN 17.0V program. In addition, multiple regression analysis was conducted for solving research questions. As a result, sports related participation type had a positive effect on time constraint factor. Meanwhile, hobby related participation type had a positive effect on time and cost constraint, participation type of watching has a positive effect on individual and social constraint. Tour and play related participation type had a positive effect on individual constraint factor. Meanwhile participation type of sociality had a positive effect on individual constraint and hobby factor, but had a negative effect on familial and social constraint. Sports related participation type had a positive effect on social relationship factor. Participation type of watching and play related participation type had a negative effect on family relationship. Finally, time constraint factor had a positive effect on family relationship, and cost constraint factor had a positive effect on entire quality of life. Individual and family constraint factors had a negative effect on leisure relationship factor. Also, social constraint factor had a positive effect on family relationship, but had a negative effect on leisure relationship.

Investigation of Leisure Constraints based on Types of Leisure Sports Activities (여가스포츠활동 유형별 여가제약 분석)

  • Hwang, Sun-Hwan;Han, Seung-Jin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.12 no.9
    • /
    • pp.422-433
    • /
    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate leisure constraints based on the types of leisure sports activity(individual, partner, and group activities) in order to lead people to participate in and to continue their leisure sports activities. Data were collected from leisure sports participants in Seoul and Kyungki province. A total of 286 respondents were selected using the convenience sampling method. Leisure constraint's sub-dimensions for the respondents were named as facility and environment, negative perception, lack of condition, risk of injury, and lack of time. As the results of this study, first, respondents felt facility and environmental constraint the most and negative perception constraint the lowest. Second, there were differences in negative perception and lack of condition constraints based on the magnitude of participation. Finally, there were differences in facility and environment, negative perception, lack of condition, and risk of injury constraints based on the types of leisure sports activity.

Factors Associated with the Time Use in Leisure Activity and Social Gathering of the Youth - Focused on the Effects of Engaging Role Types of the Youth - (청년의 여가시간과 교제시간에 대한 영향요인 탐색 -청년 역할유형의 영향을 중심으로-)

  • Joung, Eun-Hee;Joo, Eun-Sun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.20 no.6
    • /
    • pp.623-639
    • /
    • 2020
  • This study explores the factors associated with the amount of time use in leisure and social gathering activities. The analysis shows that the engaging role types of the youth, for example housekeeping and care giving, or working on the paid job are associated with the amount of time use in leisure activities. However, the factors related to time use in social gathering activities are the engaging role types of youth as well as the socializing opportunity. Compared to the other role types of the youth, the youth who are preparing for a job and is not engaged in employment, education, and training(NEET) spend more time in media leisure, travel and cultural activities, sports and reports activities, however spend less time in social gathering compared to students. The youth who have a job spend the least time in all of the leisure activities except travel and cultural activities for a weekend. Policy should remove the barriers in leisure activities and increase the opportunities for socializing.

Developing a Scale for Measuring the Constraints in Physical Activity of People with Physical Disabilities - Verification of Factor Structure and Related Criterion Validity - (지체장애인의 운동참여제약 측정척도 개발 -요인구조 탐색과 준거관련타당도 검증-)

  • Seo, Eunchul;Baek, Jae keun
    • 재활복지
    • /
    • v.21 no.1
    • /
    • pp.253-277
    • /
    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to develop the Constraints in Physical Activity Scale for people with physical Disabilities(CPASD) which measures the constraints in physical activity of people with physical disabilities. For this study, the 5 step analytic framework of unified validity developed by Messick (1995), the framework for conducting a strong program of construct validation by Benson (1998) method were applied. Furthermore, the validity of CPASD was systematically presented by applying common factor model and measurement model to 264 persons with physical disabilities. The conclusion based on the results and discussions of this study is as follows. First, CPASD presented evidence of job validity. Four factors (17 items) were developed, consisting of leader constraints, economic constraints, prejudice, and exercise environment constraints through the analysis of the factor structure and the fit of factor coefficients. Second, the factor structure of the developed CPASD (leader constraint, economic constraint, prejudice, exercise environment constraint) was statistically distinguished and stably reflected the existing exercise participation constraints theory. Third, the developed CPASD presented evidence of the validity of the criteria. Leader constraints and prejudice were negatively correlated with positive motor emotions, leader constraints, prejudice, and exercise environment constraints were positively correlated with negative motor emotions. Therefore, in future research, it is necessary to reevaluate the current system and actual condition related to leader constraints, economic constraints, prejudices, and exercise environment constraints derived as factors of CPASD. To do this, it is necessary to judge the degree of reality based on the causal relationship verification and IRT theory using CPASD.

Analyses of Perceptions to Hindering Factors and Development Factors for Water Leisure Activation (수상레저 활성화의 제약요인 및 발전방안에 대한 인식도 조사)

  • Cho, Woo-Jeong;Jang, Bo-Young
    • Journal of Navigation and Port Research
    • /
    • v.37 no.3
    • /
    • pp.291-298
    • /
    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study was to analyze perceptions to hindering factors and development factors for water leisure activation. In order to accomplish the study purpose, this study employed a survey method with water leisure participants and employees from 6 regions(participants=205, employees=117). The data were analyzed using independent t-tests at a=.05 and following findings were derived from current study. First, among 20 hindering factors, water leisure participants had higher levels of perceptions than employees in licence system, limited activation regulation, departure report regulation, absence of exclusive organization, lack of providing information, lack of participative events and support systems. Second, relatively highly perceived hindering factors included departure report regulation, limited activation regulation, licence system, lack of government support, lack of mooring facility and lack of exclusive charged organization, in order. Third, the important development factors perceived by participants included support for licence and education and diversified water leisure programs but those perceived by employees included placement of educated experts and related event host and publicity. Finally, relatively highly perceived development factors included activation of free experience, promotion of marina development, support for licence and education, diversified programs and support for water leisure business. Accordingly, the findings provided fundamental information that both central and regional government can utilize for further activating water leisure. In addition, several development strategies were discussed on financial support, facility support, human resource support, education support and event support perspectives.

A Study on Development of Measurement Tools for Word-of-Mouth Constraint Factors - Focusing on SNS Advertising - (구전 제약요인 측정도구 개발에 대한 연구 - SNS 광고를 중심으로 -)

  • Yun, Dae-Hong
    • Management & Information Systems Review
    • /
    • v.38 no.2
    • /
    • pp.209-223
    • /
    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study was to stimulate the online word-of-mouth advertising by developing the concept of word-of-mouth constraint factors and measurement tools in connection with the SNS advertising on social networks. To achieve the objective of this study, this study was conducted in 3 phases. First, the exploratory investigation(target group interview, in-depth interview, and expert interview) was performed to determine the concept and scope of the word-of-mouth constraint based on literature study and qualitative investigation method. Second, the reliability and validity of the measurement questions were verified through the survey in order to refine the developed measurement items. Third, the predictive validity of measurement items was verified by examining the relationship with other major construct concept for which the developed measurement items were different. Based on the results of study, 6 components and a total of 23 measurement questions for those components were derived. Each was called intrapersonal and interpersonal constraint(psychological sensitivity, compensatory sensitivity, and other person assessment), structural constraint(reliability, informativity, and entertainment). We developed the measurement questions related to word-of-mouth constraint based on qualitative study and quantitative study and holistically examined the social and psychological, environmental interruption factors acting as the word-of-mouth constraint factors for SNS advertising in terms of SNS achievements and evaluation from the perspective of word-of-mouth constraint. The results will lead to creation of basic framework for systematic and empirical research on the online word-of-mouth constraint and to achievement of effective SNS word-of-mouth advertising.