• Title, Summary, Keyword: 조닝

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A Study on the Structure Types and Concrete Strength Zoning of Domestic Tall Apartment Buildings (국내 초고층 주상복합 건축물의 구조시스템 유형과 콘크리트 강도 조닝 분석)

  • Kim, Sang-Yeon
    • LHI Journal of Land, Housing, and Urban Affairs
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.295-301
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    • 2013
  • In this study, cases of domestic tall residential buildings were investigated for the structural types, numbers of stories, total heights, type of lateral load resisting systems, and zoning of concrete strength. Based on these investigation data, the structural planning pattern of tall residential building was analyzed. SRC structure is main structural types of tall residential building at the initial stage of domestic tall residential building, but RC structure is substituted for main structural types since 2005. Retaining wall system is positioned at the core part of structural plan as a lateral load resisting system. Concrete strength zoning of vertical members like columns are divided by vertical heights of lower parts, middle parts, and upper parts. Basic data of structural planning of 40stories and 60 stories residential buildings was proposed based on case investigation.

The Economic Effects and Operating Characteristics of the Outdoor Unit in Accordance with Zoning Plan of Gas Engine Driven Heat Pump Installed in the University Building (대학 건물에 설치된 가스엔진구동 히트펌프(GHP) 실외기의 조닝 계획에 따른 운전 특성과 경제적 효과)

  • Park, Kang-Hyun;Kim, Su-Min
    • Korean Journal of Air-Conditioning and Refrigeration Engineering
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.70-76
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    • 2012
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze of the operating characteristics of the Gas engine driven Heat Pump(GHP) and to reduce maintenance costs through the most Economical plan. As the zoning modifications that have economic effects were confirmed. Applications should be made with a similar purpose of the space. The combination of a modified space has led to reduced operating hours of the outdoor unit. The reduction of the outdoor unit operating hours, reducing maintenance costs accordingly. When analyzed at six years have elapsed, the amount of savings through zoning modifications is more than an additional construction cost. During the design phase, cost-effective operation of the GHP is required for the proper zoning plan.

The Characteristics of Coastal Zone Management Methods in U.S.A -Focus on Zoning & Integrated Methods of Different Kind Data- (미국 연안구역(Coastal Zone) 관리수단의 특성 -조닝방식과 이종 데이터 간 통합방법을 중심으로-)

  • Oh, Ji-Hoon;Lee, Seok-Hwan;Lee, Hee-Won
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.11 no.9
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    • pp.3590-3598
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    • 2010
  • It is necessary to collect the coastal zone data, to prepare the objective analysis methods, and to build the scientific and technical support system for the efficient management of coastal zone in local aspect. This study analyzes the coastal zoning methods and the integrated methods of different kind data by case study of U.S.A coastal zone. The characteristics of coastal zone management methods in U.S.A are as follows; the concrete indices and methods of establishing coastal zone which can respond to the local values and land use, related data analysis methods for supporting spatial decision making, and establishment and administration of bureau for the spatial information construction and integration of coastal zone. This study suggest the technical implications which can build the domestic coastal zone management in local level on the basis of the common values of the coastal zoning methods and integrated methods of heterogeneous data in U.S.A.

Scaled model tests for improvement and applicability of the transverse smoke control system on tunnels (횡류식 제·배연 시스템의 개선 및 적용성 분석을 위한 모형실험 연구)

  • Kim, Hyo-Gyu;Baek, Doo-San;Kim, Jae-Hyun;Lee, Seong-Won;Yoo, Ji-Oh
    • Journal of Korean Tunnelling and Underground Space Association
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    • v.22 no.5
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    • pp.563-574
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    • 2020
  • Currently, road tunnels and railroad tunnels are building smoke control systems to emit toxic gases and smoke from fires. Among the various smoke control systems, the transverse smoke control system has the disadvantage that air supply or exhaust is performed on only half of the cross-section, rather than air supply or exhaust on the entire cross-section of the tunnel as air is supplied or exhausted by partitioning the wind path. Therefore, this study analyzed the effect of exhaustion through numerical analysis and scaled model tests on the zoning smoke control system, which improved the limitations of the transverse smoke control system. As a result of the scaled model test, the transverse ventilation system exhibited a 25.6% smoke control rate based on the state where no smoke was controled, and zoning smoke control system showed a smoke control rate of 40.8%. In addition, as a result of numerical analysis, it was found that transverse ventilation system did not control fire smoke spreading from the tunnel and continued to spread. On the other hand, zoning smoke control system was found to be smoke controled within a certain section due to the air curtain effect and the flue gas effect.

A Study of Components in Form-Based Codes of Small to Mid Cities in US - Focused on Zoning Codes Including Architectural Design Elements - (미국 중소도시의 형태기반코드 구성요소에 관한 연구 - 건축계획요소를 포함한 조닝코드 사례를 중심으로 -)

  • Park, Sung-Yong;Ahn, Dong-Joon
    • Journal of the Architectural Institute of Korea Planning & Design
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.77-85
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    • 2018
  • Rapid urbanization has fostered development of modern cities. Although Conventional zoning played its role to control urban development, it also segregated land uses and created homogeneous development pattern. Mega cities with satellite bed towns has not shown their unique identity and characters. In order to develop comprehensive approach which may bring social and physical enhancement can be difficult to achieve by considering city as a two dimensions. On contrary, extensive analysis and proposals require an approach which can perceive city with three dimensions. Form-Based Codes (FBCs) are appeared as an alternative to conventional zoning with different design process and principles. FBCs approach urban place with three dimension and giving priority to form rather than land use. The purpose of this study was to analyze the necessity of FBCs and its concept, components and how this would change urban characteristics in the aspects of architectural design through analysis on 4 case studies for zoning codes of US cities. Through comparison of components in Form-Based Codes of 4 different cases, this study can show the reasons for differences in application of Form-Based Codes and how detailed components would play a role to establish better urban environments.

A Study on the Plan Characteristics and Unit Floor Type Through the Zoning Analysis of High-rise Residential Buildings (초고층 주상복합 건축물에서 조닝분석을 통한 단위세대 평면 유형 및 계획특성에 관한 연구)

  • Sung, Lee-Yong
    • Korean Institute of Interior Design Journal
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.54-61
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    • 2012
  • The aim of this study is to understand the plan characteristics used in unit floor planning mainly with examples of mixed-use residential tall buildings. The study will extract plan characteristics mainly using the graph expressive technique with essential information of the zoning function of residential space, rather than merely analyzing the various construction floor plans by type. The research method involves studying a group of 50-story buildings (over 200 meters) which were built between 2002 and 2008. Among 6 high-rise residential buildings case, we extract the most preferred type from 34 types, And then we simply classify rooms in 3 zoning, the master, living and children's zones. Finally we analyze the correlation among 3 simple zone and then extract some model type. The results of this study revealed three main findings. First, using the 3 functional zones, the shape of the main building and the unit floor plan can be analyzed simply even when they appear to be complicated. Second, we can extract common features when we analyze the unit floor plan from the viewpoint of the penetrability among 3 zoning. Third, we can extract 2 types when we analyze the unit floor plan from the viewpoint of 3 connected functional zoning concepts.

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A Study on Zoning Model Using Web-Cyclone (웹사이클론을 이용한 조닝모듈 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Gwak, Han-Seong;Son, Chang-Back;Lee, Dong-Eun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Building Construction Conference
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    • pp.115-117
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    • 2012
  • Task based modeling is essential in a construction operation simulation modeling. It allows dealing with local variables or delay factors that affect productivity and improves the reusability of existing operation models. An operation model can secure reality only if it reflects the real construction processes by effectively dealing with zoning issue. However, system users have some difficulties in modeling a construction operation that is consisted of several processes having different production units. Zoning is a major modeling issue when the task based modeling method is implemented using the existing discrete event simulation systems. This paper highlights the difficulty and presents a new method that complements the zoning issues attributed to different production units. The method is described in detail by presenting the flow of entities. It is confirmed that the zoning method effectively deals with the unbalance of production units between processes and facilitates to model an operation model having processes with different production units. The "Zoning module" contributes to increasing accuracy of simulation result.

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A Study on Architectural Planning of Establishing Air-Conditioning Zoning for Hospital Design Focused on System (체계중심병원설계를 위한 공조조닝 설정의 건축 계획에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Eun Seok;Yang, Nae Won
    • Journal of The Korea Institute of Healthcare Architecture
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.29-38
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    • 2018
  • Purpose: Space planning to cope with the changing function of the hospital is essential in hospital architecture. In order to do so, it is vital that the paradigm shifts from hospital design focused on purpose toward hospital design focused on system. Not only space planning but also air-conditioning plan, which is most closely related to the operation and maintenance of hospital facilities; and the environment of hospital users, should be able to respond to changes with ease. Thus this study is to provide fundamental data of the air-conditioning plan for the hospital design focused on system by analyzing the concept and characteristics of the air-conditioning plan in the recent hospital architecture planning. Results: As a result of this study, in the air conditioning plan for the hospital architecture planning, the most important are the location relation among the departments the air handling unit room and the air handling unit manage and the air conditioning zoning setting according to the air conditioning system. Therefore, for the hospital architecture planning focused on system, it is necessary to establish the air conditioning setting that can accommodate changeable environment of departments and accordingly the appropriate area range of the air conditioning zoning and the plan for the location of the air handling unit should be considered. Implications: Thereby aims to provide fundamental data on air handling unit zoning planning in the hospital architecture planning.

A Schematic Design Study for Seokwang Elementary School (서광초등학교(初等學校)(가칭(假稱)) 기본계획(基本計劃))

  • Shim, Woo-Gab;Lee, Sang-Ho;Hahn, Yong-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Educational Facilities
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    • v.6 no.2
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    • pp.41-54
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    • 1999
  • The objective of this study is to propese a model of elementary school whih reflects the goal of the 7th Reform in Primary & Seconday School Curriculum and attracts prtvate investment through Seokwang elementaey snhool in Seosan. The chief concept of architectural planning on this school is brought out by the analysis of the 7th Reform which pursues a self-regulative and initiative education. Based on this analysis, a proper dimensions of each space are proposed and a new model of elementary school which includes zoning by grade in grouping of the classrooms and outdoor spaces is proposed. As there is no domestic example of the elementary school complex with attraction of private investment in public schools, the matters which must be consideed in planning of this complex are unvectigated, and actual plan for Seokwang elementary school is proposed.

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A Case Study on the Space Planning of Dental Clinic (일반 치과의원의 공간계획에 관한 사례 연구)

  • Lee, Jae-Young;Lee, Young-Han
    • KIEAE Journal
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.125-131
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    • 2013
  • This is a study on space planning of dental clinic by case analysis of 30 dental clinics that were cons tructed or designed in metropolitan area in recent years, It is analyzed as the following, required basic or additional rooms according to size divisions of gross floor area, relationship of treatment chair number and floor area, ratio of gross floor area and waiting zone, medical treatment zone, supporting zone, management zone, and zoning planning, space types of medical treatment zone, etc. This study can be used as basic data for planning of dental clinic and related future researches.