• Title/Summary/Keyword: 좌굴

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A Study on the Moment Capacity of H-Section Flexural Members with Local Buckling (국부좌굴이 발생하는 H-형강 휨부재의 강도에 관한 연구)

  • Seo, Gun-Ho;Seo, Sang-Jung;Kwon, Young-Bong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.647-657
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    • 2011
  • This paper describes the moment capacity of flexural members with local buckling based on a series of FE and experiment results. Thin-walled flexural members undergo local, lateral-torsional, or interactive buckling according to the section geometries and lateral boundary conditions. Flexural members with large width-to-thickness ratios in the flanges or the web may undergo local buckling before lateral-torsional buckling. Local buckling has a negative effect on the flexural strength based on the lateral-torsional buckling of flexural members. This phenomenon should be considered in the estimation of the flexural strength of thin-walled sections. Flexural members with various width-to-thickness ratios in their flanges and web were analyzed. Initial imperfections in the local buckling mode, and residual stresses, were included in the FE analyses. Simple bending moment formulae for flexural members were proposed based on the FE and test results to account for local and lateral-torsional buckling. The proposed bending moment formulae for the thin-walled flexural members in the Direct Strength Method use the empirical strength formula and the grosssection modulus. The ultimate flexural strengths predicted by the proposed moment formulae were compared with the AISC (2005), Eurocode3 (2003), and Korean Highway Bridge Design Specifications (2010). The comparison showed that the proposed bending moment formulae can reasonably predict the ultimate moment capacity of thin-walled flexural members.

Inelastic Buckling Analysis of Frames with Semi-Rigid Joints (부분강절 뼈대구조의 비탄성 좌굴해석)

  • Min, Byoung Cheol
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.143-154
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    • 2014
  • An improved method for evaluating effective buckling length of semi-rigid frame with inelastic behavior is newly proposed. Also, generalized exact tangential stiffness matrix with rotationally semi-rigid connections is adopted in previous studies. Therefore, the system buckling load of structure with inelastic behaviors can be exactly obtained by only one element per one straight member for inelastic problems. And the linearized elastic stiffness matrix and the geometric stiffness matrix of semi-rigid frame are utilized by taking into account 4th terms of taylor series from the exact tangent stiffness matrix. On the other hands, two inelastic analysis programs(M1, M2) are newly formulated. Where, M1 based on exact tangent stiffness matrix is programmed by iterative determinant search method and M2 is using linear algorithm with elastic and geometric matrices. Finally, in order to verify this present theory, various numerical examples are introduced and the effective buckling length of semi-rigid frames with inelastic materials are investigated.

Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis on Global and Distortional Buckling of Cold-Formed Steel Members (냉간성형강재의 전체좌굴 및 뒤틀림좌굴에 대한 비선형유한요소해석)

  • Kang, Hyun Koo;Rha, Chang Soon
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.79-86
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    • 2014
  • This paper presents modelling approaches for the global and distortional buckling of cold-formed built-up steel sections using the finite element software packages, ANSYS and ABAQUS. Thin thickness of the cold-formed steel causes nonlinear behaviour due to local and distortional buckling, thus careful consideration is required in modelling for numerical analysis. Implicit static modelling using ANSYS provides unstable numerical results as the load approaches the limit point but explicit dyamic modelling with ABAQUS is able to display the behaviour even in post-buckling range. Meanwhile, axial load capacities obtained from the numerical analysis show higher values than the experimental axial capacities, due to eccentricity during the test. Axial capacities of the cold-formed steel obtained through numerical analysis requires reduction factor, and this paper suggests 0.88 for the factor.

Influence of Lateral Ballast Resistance on the Buckling Fragility Curve of the Continuous Welded Rail Tracks (장대레일 궤도의 좌굴 취약도 곡선에 대한 도상횡저항력의 영향)

  • Bae, Hyun Ung;Choi, Jin Yu;Lee, Chin Ok;Lim, Nam Hyoung
    • 한국방재학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.185-185
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    • 2011
  • 기존 장대레일 궤도의 안정성 평가는 궤도 매개변수에 대하여 고정된 안전측의 값을 사용하는 결정론적인 해석에 의존해서 평가되어져 왔다. 그러나 실제현장의 궤도조건은 많은 영향인자들에 의해 그 특성이 불확실하게 변하고 있다. 따라서 온도하중에 의한 궤도 좌굴에 영향을 미치는 궤도 구성인자들의 불확실성 및 임의성을 보다 합리적으로 고려하기 위해서 확률론적 기법을 적용하는 것이 필수적이다. 본 연구에서는 기존 본 연구진에 의해 개발된 장대레일 궤도의 좌굴확률 평가시스템을 이용하여 좌굴 취약도 곡선을 나타내었으며, 궤도 좌굴에 영향을 미치는 주요변수 중 하나인 도상횡저항력에 대한 영향을 분석하였다. 좌굴확률 평가시스템에서는 장대레일 궤도의 좌굴확률을 산정하기 위하여 구조물의 안정과 파괴를 판단할 수 있는 기준을 한계상태방정식으로 표현하고, 이 한계상태방정식으로부터 확률론적 기법 중 하나인 AFOSM(Advanced First Order Second Moment) 방법을 이용하여 파괴확률의 간접적인 지표인 신뢰도지수(${\beta}$)를 통해 좌굴확률을 계산한다. 한계상태방정식에서 구조물의 강도(보유성능)에 해당하는 부분은 궤도의 허용좌굴온도이고, 하중(요구성능)에 해당하는 부분은 레일온도하중으로써 현재 레일온도와 중립온도의 차로 반영된다. 허용좌굴온도 산정에 고려되는 주요변수는 곡선반경(Radius), 도상횡저항력(Lateral Ballast Resista nce), 연직도상강성(Vertical Ballast Stiffness), 궤도 틀림량(Misalignment), 틀림길이(Half Wave Length), 열차운행속도(Velocity)이다. 각 확률변수들이 갖는 확률분포는 모두 정규분포로 가정하였다. 궤도의 기하학적 특성은 곡선반경 5,000m에 대해 고려하였으며, 열차는 KTX의 제원을 사용하여 정지된 상태에서 고려하였다. 틀림량과 틀림길이는 이에 대한 통계적 특성자료가 부족하여 확률변수로 고려하지 않고 결정론적 값으로 취급하였다. 레일온도의 통계적 특성치는 본 연구진에 의해 구축된 기후요소 및 레일온도 DB를 근거로 결정하였으며, 중립온도는 선로관리지침에 따라 $25{\pm}3^{\circ}C$를 기준으로 결정하였다. 또한 도상횡저항력은 실측 데이터를 참고로 하여 평균값에서 10%의 변동량을 갖는 것으로 보고 통계적 특성치를 결정하였다. 도상횡저항력이 좌굴확률에 미치는 영향을 매우 큰 것을 알 수 있었으며, 레일온도 $60^{\circ}C$일 때 도상횡저항력이 증가하면서 감소되는 좌굴확률이 도상저항력이 커질수록 그 감소량이 작아지는 것을 알 수 있었다.

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Determination of Effective Buckling Length of Plane Frames using Elastic and Inelastic System Buckling Analysis (탄성 및 비탄성 좌굴 고유치해석을 이용한 강뼈대구조의 유효좌굴길이)

  • Song, Ju-Young;Kyung, Yong-Soo;Kim, Moon-Young
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.169-179
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    • 2005
  • An improved method for evaluating effective buckling lengths of beam-column members in plane frames is newly proposed based on system inelastic buckling analysis. To this end, the tangent stiffness matrix of be am-column elements is first calculated using stability functions and then the inelastic buckling analysis method is presented. The scheme for determining effective length of individual members is also addressed. Design examples and numerical results ?uc presented to show the validity of the proposed method.

Buckling Loads of Column with Constant Surface Area (일정표면적 기둥의 좌굴하중)

  • Lee, Byoung Koo;Park, Kwang Kyou;Lee, Tae Eun
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.31 no.1A
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    • pp.1-7
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    • 2011
  • This paper deals with buckling loads of the column with the constant surface area. The shape function of variable column depth is chosen as the linear taper. The ordinary differential equation governing buckled shapes of the column is derived based on the dynamic equilibrium equation of such column subjected to an axial load. Three kinds of end constraint of hinged-hinged, hinged-clamped and clamped-clamped are considered in numerical examples. Effects of the column parameters on buckling loads are extensively discussed. Especially, section ratios of the strongest column are calculated, under which the maximum, i.e. strongest, buckling loads are achieved. Also the buckled shapes are obtained for searching the nodal points where the inner transverse supports are simply installed to increase the buckling loads.

Buckling Analysis of Pultruded Members under Axial Compression (축방향 압축력을 받는 인발성형부재의 좌굴해석)

  • Lee, Seung Sik;Back, Sung Yong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.615-624
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    • 2006
  • In the present paper, an extended composite beam theory that has no restriction on the lay-up and can account for Poisson effect which is significant for composite materials is proposed. Buckling equations for composite thin-walled members which are subjected to axial compression are derived based on the composite beam theory. In order to check the validity of the derived buckling equations, the results of experiments on the flexural-torsional buckling of vinylester/E-glass and polyester/E-glass pultruded T-section members and the flexural buckling of vinylester/E-glass pultruded H-section members are used as numerical examples. The comparison of the analytical results to the experimental and FE analysis results reveals that the proposed buckling equations predict the buckling loads of pultruded members conservatively by about 7%.

A Study on the Secondary Buckling of Plate Structure by Arc Length Method (호장증분법에 의한 판구조물의 2차좌굴거동에 관한 연구)

  • 고재용;최익창
    • Computational Structural Engineering
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.209-218
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    • 1998
  • 고장력강이 구조강재로서 널리 사용되고 있다. 구조물의 극심한 하중을 받게되면 최종강도에 도달할 때까지 좌굴을 동반하게 된다. 그러므로, 고장력강판의 좌굴에 대한 정확한 평가가 중요한 설계기준이 되고 있다. 그러나, 고장력강을 효율적으로 사용하기 위해서는 좌굴허용설계를 도입할 수 있도록 판구조물의 판두께가 얇아져야 한다. 따라서, 박판구조물의 합리적인 설계를 하기 위해서는 좌굴후거동해석이 매우 중요하다. 그러므로, 본 논문에서는 호장증분법을 이용하여 압출하중을 받는 박판구조물의 초기좌굴후거동과 2차좌굴강도에 대하여 규명하였다. 특히, 호장증분법을 좌굴정에서의 하중경로를 추정하기 위하여 적용하였다.

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Determination of the Allowable Load for Trussed Web Beam (트러스웹을 가진 보의 허용하중 산정)

  • Kim, Myeong-Han
    • Journal of the Korean Society of Hazard Mitigation
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    • v.10 no.2
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    • pp.1-5
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    • 2010
  • The efficient beam members for modern greenhouse need to be much lightweight with the required flexural and buckling strength. To confirm the applicability and practicality of the trussed web beam recently proposed for column and beam members of greenhouse, the flexural behavior and buckling characteristics were analyzed by the finite element approach. On the basis of analytical studies, the member design process was presented considering the lateral and local buckling behavior. Also, two improved alternatives which were capable of retaining the lateral and local buckling effectively were suggested.

An Investigation of the Shear Buckling Characteristics of Sinusoidal Corrugated Steel Plates (정현파형 주름강판의 전단좌굴특성 분석)

  • Shon, Su-Deok;Yoo, Mi-Na;Lee, Seung-Jae;Kang, Joo-Won
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.10-19
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    • 2014
  • Corrugated steel plates are made by fabricating thin steel plates to have trapezoidal or sinusoidal corrugation, and the corrugated plates are able to maintain high out-of-plane rigidity even when they are used instead of thick flat plates. Also, corrugated steel plates have almost no axial rigidity due to the accordion effect. Thus, if they are applied to the webs of plate girders, designing can be easily conducted so that the webs bear only shear stresses. However, unlike flat plates, the shear buckling of corrugated steel plates has very complex characteristics where buckling occurs due to the interaction of local and global buckling, besides local buckling and global buckling. For the investigation of the cause and characteristics of this interactive buckling, studies on sinusoidal corrugated steel plates are fewer than studies on trapezoidal corrugated steel plates. Therefore, in this study, the shear buckling characteristics of sinusoidal corrugated steel plates and the occurrence pattern of interactive buckling were investigated. For the calculation of shear buckling strength, a finite element program was used, and the analysis results were compared with the exact solution. In addition, the characteristics of buckling stress change and the change of buckling mode shape depending on corrugation thickness and shape parameter were analyzed, and by comparing these results with the results of a theoretical equation, the timing of buckling mode change was analyzed.