• Title, Summary, Keyword: 좌굴

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An Improved Stability Design of Cable-Stayed Bridges using System Buckling and Second-Order Elastic Analysis (활하중의 영향을 고려한 시스템 좌굴해석 및 2차 탄성해석을 이용한 사장교의 개선된 좌굴설계)

  • Kyung, Yong Soo;Kim, Moon Young;Chang, Sung Pil
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.26 no.3A
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    • pp.485-496
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    • 2006
  • Practical stability design method of main members of cable-stayed bridges is proposed and discussed through a design example. For this purpose, initial tensions of stay cables and axial forces of main members are firstly determined using initial shaping analysis of bridges under dead loads. And then the effective buckling length using system elastic/inelastic buckling analysis and bending moments considering $P-{\delta}-{\Delta}$ effect by second-order elastic analysis are calculated for main girder and pylon members subjected to both axial forces and moments, respectively. Particularly, three load combinations of dead and live loads, in which maximum load effects due to live loads are obtained, are taken into account and effects of live loads on effective buckling lengths are investigated.

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A Study on the Buckling Characteristics of Spacer Grids in Pressurized Water Reactor Fuel Assembly (경수로용 핵연료집합체 지지격자의 좌굴특성에 관한 연구)

  • Jeon Sang-Youn;Lee Young-Shin
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.405-416
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    • 2005
  • This study contains the static buckling tests and static buckling analyses for small size grids and full size grids. The buckling tests and finite element analyses were performed to evaluate the buckling characteristics of the spacer grids in a pressurized water reactor fuel assembly and to evaluate the possibility of the prediction lot the buckling strength of spacer grids. The buckling tests were performed for small size grids and full size grids, and the correlations between buckling strength and the number of straps and the correlations between buckling strength and the number of rows are derived based on the test results. The static buckling analyses were performed to identify the effect of the number of rows and the number of columns on the buckling strength of spacer grid by a finite element method using ANSYS program and the results were compared with the buckling test results.

Buckling Behaviors of Single-Layered Lattice Dome under Radial Uniform Loads (등분포 중심축 하중을 받는 단층래티스돔의 좌굴거동)

  • Kim, Choong-Man;Yu, Eun-Jong;Rha, Chang-Soon
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.53-61
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    • 2015
  • This paper presented the nonlinear behaviors of the single-layered lattice dome, which is widely used for the long-span structure system. The behaviors were analysed through the classical shell buckling theory as the single-layered lattice dome behaves like continum thin shell due to its geometric characteristics, and finite element analysis method using the software program Nastran. Shell buckling theory provides two types of buckling loads, the global- and member buckling, and finite element analysis provides the ultimate load of geometric nonlinear analysis as well as the buckling load of Eigen value solution. Two types of models for the lattice dome were analysed, that is rigid- and pin-jointed structure. Buckling load using the shell buckling theory for each type of lattice dome, governed by the minimum value of global buckling or member buckling load, resulted better estimation than the buckling load with Eigen value analysis. And it is useful to predict the buckling pattern, that is global buckling or member buckling.

A Study on the Evaluation of Member Buckling Performance of Space Frame Structures (스페이스 프레임 구조물의 부재좌굴성능 평가방안 연구)

  • Kang, Jong
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.22 no.1
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    • pp.176-182
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the safety and rationality of buckling strength and length coefficient by comparing with the design standards of domestic and foreign compression materials based on the buckling test results of circular steel pipe with ball joints. The types of round steel pipes selected for buckling performance evaluation were ø$48.6{\times}2.8t$, ø$60.5{\times}3.2t$ and ø$76.3{\times}3.2t$. For the design of domestic and foreign compression materials, Korea 's Load Resistance and Factor Design, Japan' s Limit State Design, and British Standard BS5950 standard were applied. In this study, we compared and analyzed the buckling performance between the experimental results of the previous research and the domestic and foreign design standards. The results were summarized as follows. As a result of applying the full length of the member to the buckling length in the compression materials design standards of each country, it was 64-89% of the buckling strength by the experiment. Therefore, it is deemed desirable to perform the member design according to the current design standard formula for safety. Experimental results show that the measured buckling strength was 1.02-1.43 times higher than the buckling strength of pure cylindrical steel tubes in the design standards of Korea, Japan and the United Kingdom compression materials. Consequently, it seemed that the buckling strength of individual member in the design of space frame structure should be considered buckling coefficient as the length of pure round steel pipe rather than the length of inter-node.

A Development of Numerical Method for Bifurcational Bucklingof the Spatial Structures (공간구조물의 분기좌굴해석이론의 개발)

  • Lee, Kyung-Soo;Han, Sang-Eul;Lee, Jae-Young;Kim, Man-Jung
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.496-499
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    • 2009
  • 본 논문은 기하학적 비선형성을 가진 보존적 단일 하중 매개변수의 탄성 상태 공간구조의 분기이론에 관한 수치 해석적 기본 방법 및 경로 추적, pin-pointing, 경로 전환을 기술하고 있다. 비선형 탄성 불안정 상태는 극한점과 분기점으로 분류될 수 있으며, 평형경로상의 평형점의 계산 및 평형경로상의 특이점을 찾기 위한 pin-pointing 반복계산을 수행하는 일반적인 비선형 수치해석법으로 극한점을 계산할 수 있다. 그러나 분기좌굴 해석을 위해서는 좌굴 후 분기경로의 추적을 위한 분기경로 전환 알고리즘이 추가적으로 필요하다. 본문에서는 에너지이론에 기초한 일반 탄성안정이론을 소개하고, 평형경로 추적, 분기 좌굴점을 찾기 위한 직접법과 분기경로 전환에 관한 이론을 전개한다. 분기좌굴 해석예제로 트러스로 이루어진 스타돔, 핀지지의 평면아치, 평면프레임, 3차원 공간프레임의 분기좌굴 해석을 수행하여 본문에서 제시한 수치해석법의 정확성 및 실용성을 검증한다.

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The Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society (축방향 압축을 받는 폐단면리브로 보강된 복합적층판의 전체좌굴강도 근사해 유도 및 해석적 검증 방안)

  • Choi, Byung-Ho;Park, Sang-Kyun
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.600-602
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    • 2012
  • 폐단면리브 적용 판의 면내 압축좌굴 거동 특성 중에서 보강재 강성이 작고 비교적 낮은 임계하중을 받는 경우 전체기둥좌굴 거동이 예상된다. 본 논문은 폐단면리브 단면 강성의 고려 방안에 따라 단순 보 유사모형을 정립하고 전체좌굴에 대해 에너지 근사해법을 적용하여 전체좌굴강도 근사해를 유도하기 위한 기초적인 연구방안으로써 검토한 내용을 소개하고자 한다. 유사모형의 폐단면리브 중심에서 휨강성이 발휘되는 것으로 가정하여 모형화 하였다. 폐단면리브 보강판의 프로토타입 모델에 대해 직교이방성 $[(0^{\circ})_4]_s$와 Cross-ply $[(0^{\circ}/90^{\circ})_2]_s$ 적층단면을 각각 고려한 유한요소 해석을 실시하였다. U리브 단면강성에 따른 복합적층 보강판의 탄성좌굴강도 해석결과를 근사해 공식과 비교하고 U리브로 보강된 복합적층판의 좌굴모드 변화양상을 수치해석적으로 검토하였다.

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Buckling and Limit Width-Thickness Ratios of Steel Columns under Compression at Elevated Temperatures (온도 상승에 따른 압축강재의 좌굴 및 한계 판폭두께비)

  • Kang, Seong-Deok;Kim, Jae-Uk;Choi, Hyun-Sik
    • Journal of Korean Association for Spatial Structures
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.55-62
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    • 2012
  • 본 연구는 온도 증가에 따른 압축을 받는 H형 강재의 플랜지와 웨브의 국부 및 전체좌굴응력 내화해석 프로그램 개발과 플랜지와 웨브가 항복파괴전에 국부좌굴이 일어나지 않을 한계 판폭두께비의 상관값을 구하는 프로그램을 개발하는 것이다. 고온에서의 강재의 응력-변형도 관계식은 EC3:Part 1.2를 근거로 하였으며, 비교, 검토를 위하여 영국 BS5950의 강재를 대상으로 온도 증가에 따른 압축을 받는 강재의 플랜지와 웨브의 파괴온도와 하중을 본 연구의 내화해석 프로그램으로 예측하였다. 본 연구는 좌굴 및 항복에 대한 내화해석 프로그램을 개발하는 것을 목적으로 하고 적용 예를 통하여 좌굴 및 한계 판폭두께비를 분석하고 개발 프로그램의 타당성을 검토하였다.

Initial Imperfection Sencitivity in Stiffened Plates (보강판의 초기결함 민감성 연구)

  • 김천욱;원종진
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers
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    • v.8 no.3
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    • pp.264-273
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    • 1984
  • 초기경향이 있는 보강평판의 비선형 운동 방정식을 Galerkin method에 의하여 유도하였다. Runge Kutta method를 사용하여 step-load를 받고 있는 보강평판의 동적 좌굴문제의 수치해를 구하였다. 정적 좌굴실험에 의하여 좌굴하중을 결정함에 있어 동적 해석법을 응용할 수 있음을 입증하였으며, step-load를 받는 보강평판의 동적 좌굴해석으로 정적좌굴의 초기결함 민감성을 해 석하였다. 보강평판의 초기결함민강성은 평판보다 훨씬 낮으며 보강재의 편심비가 높을수록 민감 성은 둔화된다.

Application of a Fictitious Axial Force Factor to Determine Elastic and Inelastic Effective Lengths for Column Members of Steel Frames (강프레임 기둥 부재의 탄성 및 비탄성 유효좌굴길이 산정을 위한 가상축력계수의 적용)

  • Choi, Dong Ho;Yoo, Hoon;Lee, Yoon Seok
    • KSCE Journal of Civil and Environmental Engineering Research
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    • v.30 no.2A
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    • pp.81-92
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    • 2010
  • In design of steel frames, it is generally believed that elastic system buckling analysis cannot predict real behaviors of structures, while inelastic system buckling analysis can give informative buckling behaviors of individual members considering inelastic material behavior. However, the use of Euler buckling equation with these system buckling analyses have the inherent problem that the methods evaluate unexpectedly large effective lengths of members having relatively small axial forces. This paper proposes a new method of obtaining elastic and inelastic effective lengths of all members in steel frames. Considering a fictitious axial force factor for each story of frames, the proposed method determines the effective lengths using the inelastic stiffness reduction factor and the iterative eigenvalue analysis. In order to verify the validity of the proposed method, the effective lengths of example frames by the proposed method were compared to those of previously established methods. As a result, the proposed method gives reasonable effective lengths of all members in steel frames. The effect of inelastic material behavior on the effective lengths of members was also discussed.

Postbuckling Analysis of laminated composite-stringer stiffened-Curved panels Loaded in Local compression. (국부 압축력을 받는 스트링거 보강 복합적층 만곡 판넬의 좌굴후 거동해석)

  • 김조권
    • Composites Research
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.25-32
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    • 2000
  • In this paper, postbuckling behavior of laminated composite-stringer stiffened-curved panels loaded in local compression is analyzed using the finite element program developed. Postbuckling Analysis is performed in dividing the panel behavior into three basic parts. The eight node degenerated shell element is used in modelling both panel and stiffeners, and the updated Lagrangian description method based on the 2nd Piola-Kirchhoff stress tensor and the Green strain tensor is used for the nonlinear finite element formulation. The progressive failure analysis is adopted in order to grasp the failure characteristics. The postbuckling experiment of the laminated composite-stiffened-curved panel had been done to verify the finite element analysis. The buckling load and the postbuckling ultimate load are compared in parametric study.

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