• Title, Summary, Keyword: 주관적 건강상태

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Relationship Between Health Behaviors of Health Status types : Using 2008 KNHANES (건강상태 인식유형에 따른 건강행동과의 관련)

  • Ahn, Hye-Lan;Lee, Moo-Sik;Na, Baeg-Ju;Lee, Jin-Yong;Hong, Jee-Young;Choi, Young-Hyun
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.736-739
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    • 2011
  • 이 연구는 스스로 건강상태를 올바르게 인식하고 있는지 알아보고 건강상태 인식 유형에 따른 건강행동과의 관계를 살펴봄으로 건강수준의 향상과 더불어 건강한 노후를 맞이할 수 있도록 하고자 하였다. 2008년 1월부터 12월까지 실시된 국민건강영양조사 제4기 2차년도(2008) 자료원을 사용하였으며, 200개 조사구 약 4600가구의 만1세 이상 9,744명중 만19세 미만을 제외하고 건강설문 및 검진조사에 참여한 4,688 명을 최종대상자로 분석하였다. 자료는 SPSS 18.0을 이용하여 성별에 따른 인구사회학적 특성, 건강상태 인식 유형별 분포, 주관적 건강상태에 따른 객관적 건강상태와 일반적특성 및 건강행동을 교차분석관적 시에 카이제곱검정을 하였으며, 단변량 분석에서 의미 있는 변수들을 독립변수로 하고 올바른 인식군과 그릇된 인식군으로 나눈 건강상태인식유형을 종속변수로 하여 로지스틱회귀분석을 실시하였다. 이 연구의 주요 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 주관적 건강상태에 따라 실제 객관적인 건강상태를 살펴본 결과, 건강상태를 과대평가하는 사람의 비율이 가장 높았으며, 건강상태를 올바르게 인식하는 사람보다 그릇되게 인식하는 사람이 더 많았다. 2. 주관적 건강상태를 좋음으로 인식하는 군에서 객관적 건강상태는 여자보다 남자가 건강을 과대평가하였고, 연령이 증가할수록, 읍/면지역에서, 결혼상태는 별거 사별 이혼상태에서, 교육수준은 낮아질수록 건강을 그릇되게 인식하여 과대평가하였다. 3. 주관적 건강상태를 나쁨으로 인식하는 군에서 객관적 건강상태는 연령이 낮아질수록 건강을 과소평가하는 경향이었고, 읍/면지역보다 동지역에서, 미혼일 경우, 교육수준은 높아질수록 건강상태를 그릇되게 인식하여 과소평가하였다. 4. 건강상태 인식 유형별로 건강행동을 살펴본 결과 주관적 건강상태를 좋음으로 인식하는 군에서는 체중조절, 월간음주, 우울증상경험, 건강검진에서 유의한 결과를 나타냈고, 주관적 건강상태를 나쁨으로 인식하는 군에서는 현재흡연과 월간음주에서 유의한 결과를 나타내었다. 5. 주관적 건강상태를 좋음으로 인식한 군에서 객관적 건강상태를 종속변수로한 로지스틱회귀분석결과를 살펴보면, 건강을 과대평가하는 그릇된 인식군으로 될 위험도가 남자보다 여자에서 감소하였고, 70대에 비하여 연령이 낮아질수록 위험도가 감소하였으며, 미혼에 비하여 기혼, 별거 사별 이혼에서 위험도가 증가하였고, 체중조절을 하는 사람이 체중조절을 하지 않은 사람보다 위험도가 높았다. 6. 주관적 건강상태를 나쁨으로 인식한 군에서 객관적 건강상태를 종속변수로한 로지스틱 회귀분석결과를 살펴보면, 연령을 제외한 모든 변수에서 통계적으로 유의하지 않았다.

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An Analysis on the Effect of Retirement on Health (은퇴자의 건강상태 분석)

  • Yee, Seung-Yeol
    • Journal of Labour Economics
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.61-86
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    • 2007
  • This study investigated the health outcomes of the aged male workers who retired before 2003, using the Korean Labor and Income Panel Study data. Empirical study shows that the subjective and objective health conditions of the retiree are worse than the non-retired. And the random-effect panel probit analyses got the results that the effects of retirement on health are different by the retirement reason and the subjective health conditions.

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Mediating Effect of Depression on Self-rated Health and Quality of Life of Middle-aged and Elderly in Rural Areas (농촌지역 중노년층 주민의 주관적 건강상태와 삶의 질 관계에서 우울의 매개효과)

  • Kim, Yun-Young;Hyun, Hye-Sun;Bang, Hwal Lan
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.317-325
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effect of depression in relation to the subjective health status and quality of life of middle-aged and elderly in rural areas. Subjective health status, depression and quality of life of 235 residents over 40 years of age in A county were collected and analyzed with t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's Correlation, and Multiple Regression, and verified with Sobel test. Depression had a mediating effect in relation to the subjective health status and quality of life of the residents. In conclusion, subjective health conditions and depression are important factors that determine the quality of life of middle-aged and elderly residents in rural areas. Various programs for improving subjective health of the residents and relieving their depression are needed to improve the quality of life of middle-aged and elderly in rural areas.

Analysis of Convergent Factors on Subjective Health Status of Patients with Depression (우울증 환자의 주관적 건강상태에 대한 융복합적 요인 분석)

  • Kwon, Myoung-Jin;Kim, Young-Ju
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.309-316
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to identify converged factors influencing subjective health status of patients with depression. The subjects of this study are 117 people answered that depression years of the 2013 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey subjects. The results of this study were that the factors influencing subjective health status were education level, number of family member, quality of life, subjective body awareness, stress and they explained 55.9% of the variance. Therefore the intervention is considering various converged influencing factors should be done when the primary care for the promotion of subjective health status of patients with depression. This study identified a complex convergence of factors influence the subjective health status of patients with depression could be helpful on developing nursing intervention programs. It is necessary to identify forward more various social religious factors and disease influence the subjective health status of patients with depression.

Self-Rated Health Status of Korean Older People: An Introduction for International Comparative Studies (우리나라 중.노년 인구의 건강상태: 주관적 건강상태의 국가간 비교연구 시론)

  • Chang, Ji-Yeun;Boo, Ka-Chung
    • Korea journal of population studies
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    • v.30 no.2
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    • pp.45-69
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    • 2007
  • This study analyzes differences of self-rated health status between Korea and three European countries. Self-rated health status is highly correlated with objective health status such as chronic diseases and ADL(Activities of Daily Living)/IADL(Instrumental Activities of Daily Living), but it is also influenced by individual attitude or belief about health. Therefore, differences of self-rated health status among countries are determined by the combination of (1) differences of objective health status and (2) socio-cultural characteristics affecting individuals' attitude and belief. Using 'Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing(KLoSA 2006)' and 'Survey of Health, Ageing, and Retirement in Europe (SHARE 2004)', we found that Korean older people are more likely to feel negatively on their health status than their European counterpart. The findings are explained in two different ways. First, how strongly the objective health status affects on the subjective health status varies among countries. Korean older people with chronic diseases are more likely to evaluate their health status negatively because of the diseases than their European counterparts do. Second, after controlling the effects of the objective health condition, the subjective health status of Korean older people is still lower than that of the European elderly.

The relationships among the physical competence, subjective health status, and health promoting behavior of elderly participating in health activity program (건강교육프로그램 참여 노인들의 신체능력, 주관적인 건강상태와 건강증진행위의 관계)

  • Ko, Yun-Hwa
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.14 no.12
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    • pp.571-581
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among the physical competence, subjective health status, and health promoting behavior of elderly participating in health activity program. For these purposes, we conducted a survey with 207 elderly. The findings were as follows. First, high physical strength group compared to the other groups had high subjective health status and health promoting behavior. Second, physical competence influenced positively on subjective health status. Third, physical competence influenced not significantly on health promoting behavior. Fourth, subjective health status influenced positively on health promoting behavior. These results were discussed based on previous literature and theory.

A Convergence Study on Determinants of Life Satisfaction among Rural Older Adults: Focusing on Mediating Effect of Self-rated Health (농촌노인의 삶의 만족도 결정요인에 대한 융합 연구: 주관적 건강상태의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Yeom, Jihye;Min, Young Sil
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.109-119
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to determine the variables that directly affect self-rated health and life satisfaction, and to examine the mediating effect of self-rated health on life satisfaction. The study utilized multiple regression to analyze the data obtained from interviewing 169 older adults aged 60 and over in G-gun in 2015. The results are as follows. First, the number of diseases had a negative effect on self-related health, whereas self-rated economic status and length of exercise time had a positive effect. Second, self-rated economic status, length of exercise time, regular meals, and the number of meals per day positively affect life satisfaction. Third, self-rated economic status and the length of exercise time affect life satisfaction by partially mediating self-rated health, whereas the number of diseases affected life satisfaction by totally mediating self-rated health. Based on the results, policies related to healthcare and provision of meals for older adults have been suggested.

The Effects of Subjective Health Status on Life Satisfaction of Female College Students: A Mediator Effect of Self-leadership (전문대학 여대생의 주관적 건강상태가 생활만족도에 미치는 영향: 셀프리더십을 매개효과로)

  • Lee, Yun Ju
    • Journal of Industrial Convergence
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.35-43
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this descriptive correlational study was to identify the mediated effects of self-leadership on the relationship between subjective health status and living satisfaction of female university students. After collecting data from the 400 female college students at A University in Incheon from November 14 to November 30, 2016, the frequency analysis, t-test, Spearman's rho, multiple regression analysis, and the Sobel test were conducted using the SPSS 21.0 program. The life satisfaction of students was different depending on age of 20, a freshman, experience in part-time jobs and subjective health status. It has been shown that self-leadership is partially mediated in the relationship between subjective health status and life satisfaction. The results of this study could be used as a basic data for increasing interest in subjective health status and for continuing to develop programs related to self-leadership in order to enhance the life satisfaction of female college students.

The Role of Poverty on Depression and Self-Rated Health of Older Adults Living Alone: The Mediating Effect of Social Participation (독거노인의 빈곤이 우울과 주관적 건강상태에 미치는 영향: 사회참여의 매개효과 분석)

  • Won, Seojin
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.21 no.6
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    • pp.520-526
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    • 2020
  • This study aimed to address the effect of poverty on depression and self-rated health in older adults living alone in Korea. In addition, this study identified the mediating effect of social participation on the poverty-depression and poverty-self-rated health relationships. The researcher conducted a secondary data analysis using the 6th wave of the Korean Longitudinal Study on Aging. The final sample was 1,093 older adults living alone. Using structural equation modeling, standardized coefficients of each path were analyzed. Then, the statistical significance of the mediating effect of social participation was addressed via analyzing direct, indirect, and total effects. Results show that older adults under poverty were more depressed and had a lower level of self-rated health than their counterparts. Moreover, frequent participation in religious gatherings, social gatherings, and leisure activities decreased depression in older adults living alone. Moreover, religious gatherings, social gatherings, and alumni meetings were positively related to self-rated health om older adults living alone. Significant mediating effects appeared in poverty-social gathering-depression, poverty-social gathering-self-rated health, and poverty-alumni meeting-self-rated health relationships. Based on the results, the researcher also discussed implications for social work practice.

Study on the Effect of Social Trust and Disability Identity on Subjective Health and the Moderating Effect of Social-economic Status (장애인의 지역사회 신뢰와 장애정체감이 주관적 건강에 미치는 영향: 사회경제적 지위의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Yu, Dong Chul;Kim, Dong-Ki;Kim, Kyung Mee;Shin, Yu-Ri
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.7
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    • pp.337-347
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    • 2016
  • This paper investigates how social trust and disability identity influence subjective health, focusing on the moderating effect of social-economic status of people with disabilities. We used surveys used for the development of the social exclusion scale of people with disabilities. As a result, social trust and disability identity influence subjective health. Namely, those who have more social trust and high disability identity experience subjective good health than other people with disabilities do. Second, the relationship between disability identity and subjective health was moderated by social-economic status of people with disabilities. Namely, the relationship between disability identity and subjective health is bigger as the level of social-economic status is higher. However, the relationship between social trust and self-rated health was not moderated by social-economic status of people with disabilities. Based on these findings, we suggest policy and practice ways to promote the subjective health status of people with disabilities.