• Title, Summary, Keyword: 주사침 자상

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Development of the Needlestick Injuries Risk Behavior Scale for Nurse (간호사의 주사침 자상 위험행동 측정도구 개발)

  • Kong, Hee-Kyung;Kang, So-Young
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.215-225
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this research was to develop a new instrument for nurses' risk behavior related to needlestick injuries and to establish initial evidence of reliability and validity. Twenty five items of the Needlestick Injuries Risk Behavior (NIRB) scale was developed on the basis of the unsafe act theory(Reason, 1990). Such six dimensions as risk behavior on needle recapping, risk behavior using needle on transferring blood sample, risk behavior on separation of needle from syringe, risk behavior on the use of needle, risk behavior when needle is discarded, and risk behavior before the use of needle were described, based on the factor analysis. The study findings initially supported the NIRB's reliability, and construct and criterion validity.

Characteristics and Knowledge of Needlestick Injuries and Compliance with Standard Precautions in Healthcare Workers (의료종사자의 주사침 자상 관련 특성과 지식 및 표준주의 이행도)

  • Yu, Ji Won;Yang, Nam Young
    • Journal of Korean Academic Society of Home Health Care Nursing
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    • v.24 no.3
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    • pp.275-283
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: This study was conducted to examine the characteristics and knowledge of needlestick injuries, and compliance with standard precautions, in healthcare workers. Method: The participants were 185 healthcare workers working at university hospitals. Data were collected in May 2016 and analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficients using SPSS 18.0 program. Results: It was found that 45.4% of the subjects had experienced needlestick injuries. The most common rate of getting injured was 1 or 2 times, and the most common reason for the occurrence of needlestick injuires was carelessness(66.6%). The mean scores for knowledge of needlestick injuries and compliance with standard precautions were above average. Significant correlations were found between knowledge of needlestick injuries and compliance with standard precautions in health workers, and Characteristics were related to the significant differences seen in both. Conclusion: These findings indicate that standard precautions and guidelines for the use of sharp instruments should be emphasized in order to prevent needlestick injuries in healthcare workers.

Knowledge, Compliance and Levels of Risk Factor Recognition for Needlestick Injuries in Student Nurses (간호대학생의 주사침 자상에 대한 지식, 이행 및 위험인식)

  • Park Sun-Nam;Lee Eun-Young;Kim Kyung-Mi;Han Suk-Jung
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.337-346
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    • 2005
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the levels in student nurse of knowledge, compliance and risk factor recognition for needlestick injuries. Method: Nine hundred and thirty eight(938) student nurse from 3 universities and 3 junior colleges participated in this study. Completed questionnaires were collected between October and November 2004. They were analyzed by using the descriptive statistics and $x^2$-test, t-test with the SAS program, Results: There were no significant differences in the general characteristics of participants between the two groups-Needlestick Injury(NSI) group and non-Needle stick Injury(non-NSI) group. The scores for knowledge levels of treatment after needle stick injuries and the risk factor recognition level were significantly higher in the NSI group. The scores for performance level as to handling and using needles after needlestick injuries were significantly higher in the non-NSI group. Conclusion: It is necessary to develop a preventive program to decrease the needlestick injury rate among student nurse.

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Predictors associated with Occurrence of Needlestick Injuries in Clinical Practicum among Nursing Students (간호대학생의 임상실습 중 주사침 자상 발생 예측요인)

  • Lee, Jae-Young;Park, Jeong Sook
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
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    • v.24 no.1
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    • pp.84-94
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    • 2017
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify prevalence and risk factors of needlestick injuries (NSI) among nursing students. Methods: Data were collected using self-administered questionnaires which included general and practical characteristics, safe environment risk factors, knowledge, attitude, and preventive behavior associated with NSI. Data were conducted from December 14-20, 2014 and analyzed using $x^2$ test and multiple logistic regression. Results: The incidence rate of NSI was 20.2%. Multiple logistic regression analysis identified four predictors for NSI which were statistically significan; carelessness (OR=1.49, 95% CI=1.04~2.11), status of hospital, university affiliated (OR=1.93, 95% CI=1.35~2.75), knowledge about handing the needle after NSI (OR=1.42, 95% CI=1.00~2.03), and barriers to NSI preventive behavior (OR=1.48, 95% CI=1.04~2.12). Conclusion: Management of carelessness and barriers to NSI preventive behavior are essential elements for reducing the risk of NSI in nursing students. It is necessary to develop a specific NSI precaution program for nursing students.

Nursing Students' Exposure to Blood and Body Fluids in Clinical Practicum (일 대학 간호학생의 임상실습 중 혈액 및 체액 노출 정도)

  • Park, Jin-Hee;Chon, Hyung-Ku;Jeong, Seung-Hee;Hwang, Jeong-Hwan;Lee, Chang-Seop;Lee, Heung-Bum
    • Journal of East-West Nursing Research
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.70-75
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: Nursing students face constant threats of blood-borne infections such as HIV, Hepatitis B, and Hepatitis C during their clinical rotation period. This study was done to determine the frequency and risk of the exposure to blood and body fluids. Methods: The data was collected using a questionnaire. Ninety eight junior & senior nursing students were participated in this study. Results: 75.6% of the participants reported more than once during practicum. The exposure occurred most frequently while checking the blood glucose (65.3%). The general ward (45.3%) was the most frequent site for the occurrence of the exposure. However, only eight cases (10.7%) were reported to the medical or nursing personnel in charge. Conclusions: This study shows nursing students are in a great risk of the exposure to blood & body fluid. The risk is highest in the general ward during checking the blood glucose. Thorough education on preventive measures, should be provided to nursing students prior to clinical practium.