• Title, Summary, Keyword: 주탑 강성

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Effects of Flexural Rigidity of Center Tower in Four-Span Suspension Bridges (4경간 현수교에서의 중앙주탑 휨강성의 영향)

  • Gwon, Sun-Gil;Yoo, Hoon;Choi, Dong-Ho
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.49-60
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    • 2014
  • For simple and accurate analysis for behaviors of multi-span suspension bridges which are expected to be frequently constructed as strait-crossing bridges, the deflection theory as the peculiar theory of a suspension bridge can be applied. This paper performs a structural analysis for four-span suspension bridges using the deflection theory. Simply-supported beams with tension are used for girders and the deflections of the beams due to the vertical loads and moments at supports are calculated. The calculation is performed iteratively until the deflections satisfy the compatibility equations of cables. The results of the deflection theory analysis considering tower rigidity are compared with those of the finite element analysis for verification. Importance of the tower rigidity for four-span suspension bridges is confirmed using various compatibility equations of the cable due to variation of the constraint conditions between main cable and top of towers. In addition, the simple parametric analysis for variation of the center tower rigidity is performed.

Equivalent Suspension Bridge Model for Tower Design of Multi-span Suspension Bridges (다경간 현수교 주탑 설계를 위한 등가 현수교 모델)

  • Choi, Dong-Ho;Na, Ho-Sung;Yi, Ji-Yop;Gwon, Sun-Gil
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.669-677
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    • 2011
  • The multi-span suspension bridge generally has more than three towers and two main spans. To economically and effectively design a multi-span suspension bridge, the proper stiffness ratio of the center tower to the side tower must be determined. This study was conducted to propose a method of figuring out briefly the structural behavior of the towers in a multi-span suspension bridge. In the equivalent suspension bridge model, the main cable of the multi-span suspension bridge is idealized as an equivalent cable spring, and the external loads of horizontal and vertical forces that were calculated using the tensile forces of the main cable were applied on top of the towers. The equilibrium equations of the equivalent multi-span suspension bridge model were derived and the equations were solved via nonlinear analysis. To verify the proposed method, a sample four-span suspension bridge with a main span length of 3,000 m was analyzed using thefinite element method. The displacements and moment reactions of each tower in the proposed method were compared with the FEM analysis results. Consequently, the results of the analysis of the equivalent suspension bridge model tended to be consistent with the results of the FEM analysis.

An Improved Method for Initial Shape Analysis of Cable-Stayed Bridges (사장교의 개선된 초기형상 해석법)

  • Kim, Moon Young;Kyung, Yong Soo;Lee, Jun Sok
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.175-185
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    • 2003
  • The extended tangent stiffness matrices and force-deformation relations of the elastic catenary element were initially derived through the addition of the unstrained length of cables to unknown nodal displacements. A beam-column element was then introduced to model the deck and pylon of cable-stayed bridges. The conventional geometric nonlinear analysis, initial force method, and TCUD method were summarized, with an effective method combining two methods presented to determine the initial shapes of cable-stayed bridges with dead loads. In this combined method, TCUD method was applied to eliminate vertical and horizontal displacements at cable-supported points of decks and on top of pylons, respectively. The initial force method was also adopted to eliminate horizontal and vertical displacements of decks and pylons, Finally, the accuracy and validity of the proposed combined method were demonstrated through numerical examples.

A Study on the Performance Improvement of High-Pylon Extradosed Bridge adopting Fatigue Loading Condition (국내 설계하중의 피로특성을 적용한 고주탑 엑스트라도즈드교의 성능개선에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Young Jin;Shin, Seung Kyo;Lim, Yun Mook
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.30 no.2A
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    • pp.137-148
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    • 2010
  • This study proposes the optimal ratio of vertical load-carrying capacity (${\beta}$) by investigating structural performances and economic efficiency in the extradosed bridges. Without design standards for the extradosed bridge, Japanese design standards have been used domestically. For the design live load, DL24 is found to be more adequate than DB24. Using the DL24 load, parameter studies are carried out. The parameters are 'main tower height', 'main girder stiffness', and 'cable arrangement'. As a result, it is found that one side cable-stayed extradosed bridges are more economical than double side cable-stayed extradosed bridges. This study also shows that when the ratio of vertical load-carrying capacity(${\beta}$) is 30~50% in the extradosed bridge with the ratio of tower height to main span length 1/6, the extradosed bridge is most economical because of the cable stress less than the allowable stress.

The Behavior Characteristic and Buckling Strength of Stiffening-Girder of Cable stayed bridge according to Pylon's shape and Flexure Stiffness (주탑형상 및 강성이 사장교의 거동 및 주형좌굴에 미치는 영향)

  • Choe Hak-Ze;Chae Gyu-Bong
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.759-763
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    • 2006
  • Cable Stayed Bridge is mainly composed of three element. Composed element are cable. stiffening girder and Pylon. The characteristic of bridge's behavior depend on these three element's relative stiffness, shape and system of bridge. The purpose of this paper is to exame the characteristic of bridge's behavior and buckling strength of stiffening girder according to shape and flexure stiffness of pylon

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Stability Analysis of Steel Cable-stayed Bridges under Construction Stage (폐합 전 강사장교의 안정성 해석)

  • Kim, Seung-Jun;Shim, Kyung-Suk;Won, Deok-Hee;Cho, Sun-Kyu;Kang, Young-Jong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.99-111
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    • 2011
  • This paper presents an investigation of the structural stability of cable-stayed bridges in the construction stage, using geometric nonlinear finite-element analysis and considering various geometric nonlinearities, such as the sag effect of the cables, the P-${\Delta}$ effects of the girder and mast, and the large displacement effect. Initial shape analysis and construction-stage analysis were performed to determine the equilibrium of the structure in the construction stage. After that, geometric nonlinear analysis was performed to study structural stability. In this study, the weight of the derrick crane and the key segment were considered the main external loads, which were applied to the tip of the center span. The cable arrangement type and the stiffness ratios of the girder and mast were considered the main parameters of the analytic research. Based on the results of the analysis, the change in the buckling mode and critical load factors with respect to the cable arrangement type and the stiffness ratios of the girder and mast was investigated. The buckling modes of the steel cable-stayed bridges in the construction stage were classified, and the ranges of the stiffness ratios of the girder and mast, which show these classified buckling modes, were suggested.

A Study on Dynamic Behaviour of Cable-Stayed Bridge by Vehicle Load (차량하중에 의한 사장교의 동적거동에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Cheun Hyek;Han, Jai Ik
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.1299-1308
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    • 1994
  • This paper is considered on the dynamic behavior and the dynamic impact coefficient on the cable-stayed bridge under the vehicle load. The method of static analysis, that is, the transfer matrix method is used to get influence values about displacements, section forces of girder and cable forces. Gotten influence values were used as basic data to analyse dynamic behavior. This paper used the transfer matrix method because it is relatively simpler than the finite element method, and calculating speed of computer is very fast and the precision of computation is high. In the process of dynamic analysis, the uncoupled equation of motion is derived from simultaneous equation of the motion of cable-stayed bridge and vehicle travelling by using mode shape, which was borne from system of undamped free vibration. The solution of the uncoupled equation of motion, that is, time history of response of deflections, velocity and acceleration on reference coordinate system, is found by Newmark-${\beta}$ method, a kind of direct integral method. After the time history of dynamic response was gotten, and it was transfered to the time history of dynamic response of cable-stayed bridge by linear transformation of coordinates. As a result of this numerical analysis, effect of dynamic behavior for cable-stayed bridge under the vehicle load has varied depending on parameter of design, that is, the ratio of span, the ratio of main span length, tower height, the flexural rigidity of longitudinal girder, the flexural rigidity of tower, and the cable stiffness, investigated. Very good agreements with the existing solution in the literature are shown for the uncracked plate as well as the cracked plate.

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Seismic Fragility Analysis of a Cable-stayed Bridge with Energy Dissipation Devices (에너지 소산장치를 장착한 사장교의 지진 취약도 해석)

  • Park, Won-Suk;Kim, Dong-Seok;Choi, Hyun-Sok;Koh, Hyun-Moo
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.1-11
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    • 2006
  • This paper presents a seismic fragility analysis method for a cable-stayed bridge with energy dissipation devices. Model uncertainties represented by random variables include input ground motions, characteristics of energy dissipation devices and the stiffness of cable-stayed bridge. Using linear regression, we established demand models for the fragility analysis from the relationship between maximum responses and the intensity of input ground motions. For capacity models, we considered the moment and shear force of the main tower, longitudinal displacement of the girder, deviation of the stay cables tension and the local buckling of the main steel tower as the limit states for cable-stayed bridge. As a numerical example, fragility analysis results for the 2nd Jindo bridge are presented. The effect of energy dissipation devices is also briefly discussed.

Determination of the Accurate Effective Length for Buckling Design of Cable-Supported Bridges (케이블지지교량의 좌굴설계를 위한 유효좌굴길이 산정)

  • Jin, Man Sik;Kyoung, Yong Soo;Lee, Myung Jae;Kim, Moon Young
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.355-363
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    • 2004
  • In order to obtain the effective length factor of beam-column members of plane frames, this paper extensively used an alignment chart approach, based on the nomograph given in LRFD-AISC specification commentaries. However, it should be noted that various simplifications and assumptions were introduced in constructing the alignment chart. To overcome the practical limitations of the alignment chart, this paper proposes a simple but accurate procedure that determined the effective buckling length for stability design of main members of cable-supported bridges. This method requires the full system buckling analysis. The numerical examples showing the suitability of the present scheme are discussed and some conclusions are drawn.

Effect of Geometric Shapes on Stability of Steel Cable-stayed Bridges (기하형상에 따른 강사장교의 안정성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Seung-Jun;Han, Seung-Ryong;Kim, Jong-Min;Cho, Sun-Kyu;Kang, Young-Jong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.13-27
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    • 2011
  • This paper presents an investigation of the structural stability of cable-stayed bridges, using geometric nonlinear finite-element analysis and considering various geometric nonlinearities, such as the sag effect of the cables, the beam-column effect of the girder and mast, and the large displacement effect. In this analytic research, a nonlinear frame element and a nonlinear equivalent truss element were used to model the girder, mast, and cable member. The live-load cases that were considered in this research were assumed based on the traffic loads. To perform reasonable analytic research, initial shape analyses in the dead-load case were performed before live-load analysis. In this study, the geometric nonlinear responses of the cable-stayed bridges with different cable arrangement types were compared. After that, parametric studies on the characteristics of the structural stability in critical live-load cases were performed considering various geometric parameters, such as the cable arrangement type, the stiffness ratios of the girder and mast, the area of the cables, and the number of cables. Through this parametric study, the effect of geometric shapes on the structural stability of cable-stayed bridges was investigated.