• Title, Summary, Keyword: 주행성분석

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Performance of Automatic Guidance System for Combine at Turning and Curved Paths (자율주행시스템을 이용한 콤바인의 무인자율 선회 및 곡선 주행)

  • 최창현;양원준;남궁만준;김용주
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Agricultural Machinery Conference
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    • pp.494-500
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    • 2002
  • 본 연구의 목적은 DGPS와 자이로 센서를 장착하여 무인으로 콤바인을 직선주행, 선회 및 곡선주행, 직진주행 중 1 m 오프셋(offset) 주행시켰을 때, 무인 자율주행의 성능을 분석하고 개선하는데 있다. 콤바인의 무인자율주행 시스템은 콤바인의 현재위치를 인식하고, 주행하고 있는 콤바인의 주행방향을 감지하여 미리 설정된 경로를 따라 자율적으로 주행하며, 주행 중에 장애물이 검출되면 정지할 수 있도록 개발하였다. 콤바인의 무인 자율주행시스템은 DGPS의 입력 신호로부터 콤바인의 현재위치를 결정하고, 자이로 센서의 입력신호로부터 주행방향을 알 수 있다. 또한 장애물의 감지를 위한 초음파 센서, 콤바인의 주행방향을 조정하는 유압 작동부, 좌.우의 조향레버를 조정하는 서보모터 시스템, 마이크로 컴퓨터로 구성된 제어기와 입출력 인터페이스로 구성되어 있다. 콤바인 자율주행시스템의 프로그램은 DGPS 신호, 자이로 센서 등을 수신하는 수신 프로그램, DGPS 신호등으로부터 관련 변수들을 분석하여 콤바인의 조향수준을 결정하고, 유압실린더 등을 제어하는 제어 프로그램과 콤바인의 이동경로를 저장하는 저장 프로그램으로 구성되어 있다. 콤바인의 무인주행 실험결과 RMS 오차는 50 m 직선주행에서 7.52 cm, 20 m 직선주행 후 1 m 오프셋 된 30 m의 직선주행에서 21.85 cm, 20 m 직선주행 후 90$^{\circ}$선회하여 25 m 직선주행에서 7.55 cm, 반지름 23 m의 원주 사분면 곡선주행에서는 25.98 cm로 각각 나타났다. 소 구획의 포장에서 벼는 가로 방향으로 25~30 cm, 세로 방향으로 15~20 cm의 간격으로 심어져 있다. DGPS 신호에 의한 위치 결정을 할 때 자체 오차 10 cm를 고려하여도 콤바인이 직선구간 및 선회구간을 주행하며 수확작업이 가능함을 알 수 있었다. 그러나 곡선구간에서는 최대오차가 65.5 cm로 매우 크게 나타나, 콤바인을 무인 자율주행으로 수확하기에는 어려움이 있는 것으로 나타났다. 실제 포장은 이론적인 완전한 직선보다는 작은 굴곡이 있는 곡선의 형태가 이루어져 있으므로 주행 오차를 감소하기 위해서는 기계시각을 이용하면 보다 정밀한 조향을 이룰 수 있을 것으로 예상된다. 포장에서 DGPS 신호, 자이로 센서 등을 이용한 콤바인의 무인주행 장치는 무인 수확작업을 위한 가능성을 보여주었고, 일부의 센서의 기능을 개선하면 만족한 성능을 나타낼 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.

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Automated Driving Aggressiveness for Traffic Management in Automated Driving Environments (자율주행기반 교통운영관리를 위한 ADA 개념 정립 및 적용 기법 개발)

  • LEE, Seolyoung;OH, Minsoo;OH, Cheol;JEONG, Eunbi
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.36 no.1
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    • pp.38-50
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    • 2018
  • Emerging automated driving environments will lead to a mixed traffic flow depending on the interaction between automated vehicles (AVs) and manually driven vehicles (MVs) because the market penetration rate (MPR) of AVs will gradually increase over time. Understanding the characteristics of mixed traffic conditions, and developing a method to control both AV and MV maneuverings smoothly is a backbone of the traffic management in the era of automated driving. To facilitate smooth vehicle interactions, the maneuvering of AVs should be properly determined by various traffic and road conditions, which motivates this study. This study investigated whether the aggressiveness of AV maneuvering, defined as automated driving aggressiveness (ADA), affect the performance of mixed traffic flow. VISSIM microscopic simulation experiments were conducted to derive proper ADAs for satisfying both the traffic safety and the operational efficiency. Traffic conflict rates and average travel speeds were used as indicators for the performance of safety and operations. While conducting simulations, level of service(LOS) and market penetration rate(MPR) of AVs were also taken into considerations. Results implies that an effective guideline to manage the ADA under various traffic and road conditions needs to be developed from the perspective of traffic operations to optimize traffic performances.

Methodology for Evaluating Cycling Environment using GPS-based Probe Bicycle Speed Data (GPS프로브 자전거 주행속도를 이용한 자전거 주행환경 평가방법론)

  • Hong, Du-Ho;Kil, Eun-Ji;Kim, Su-Jin;Joo, Shin-Hye;Oh, Cheol
    • International Journal of Highway Engineering
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.73-81
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    • 2012
  • The bicycle is an environment-friendly transport mode leading to a more sustainable transportation system. To innovatively increase the use of bicycle as a significant transport mode, bicycling-friendly roadway environment should be provided. From this perspective, the scientific and effective assessment of roadway environment in term of the bicyclist perception for safety and comfortability is of keen interest. This study develops a methodology for evaluation cycling environment using probe bicycles. A global positioning system(GPS) based speedometer was used to collect bicycle speed data. Cycling comfortability index(CCI) was derived for the purpose of evaluating cycling environment. The proposed CCI can be effectively used as an assessment tool in the field of bicycle transportation.

Analysis of the Perception of Autonomous Vehicles Using Text Mining Technique (텍스트 마이닝 기법을 활용한 자율주행자동차 인식분석연구)

  • Im, I-Jeong;Song, Jae-In;Lee, Ja-Young;Hwang, Kee-Yeon
    • The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.231-243
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to improve the social acceptance of AVs by analyzing the citizen's perception using an emotional analysis technique which belongs to a type of text mining. The source of the data is originated from 3 year accumulated internet articles and comments on AV from 164 newspapers and Naver. According to the study results, there exists a positive perception on AVs, although negative ones are more frequent than the positive. Also most of people take neutral position on AV due to the unfamiliarity and lack of experience on AVs And these problems needs to be responded before AV's commercialization through continuous analyses on the perception and social acceptance.

The Effects of Horizontal Curves on Vehicle Speeds and Accidents (평면곡선부의 차량속도 및 교통사고 영향분석연구)

  • 최재성
    • Proceedings of the KOR-KST Conference
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    • pp.141-146
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    • 1999
  • 본 연구는 평면곡선부의 차량속도변화와 교통사고에 대한 영향을 분석하기 위해 수행되었으며, 이를 위해 곡선반경별로 진입부 직선도로 - 곡선부 - 이탈부 직선도로로 구분하여 각 주행속도를 산정하였다. 본 연구에서는 선행차량에 의해 영향을 받지 않는 속도를 이용하여 평면곡선부 기하구조의 영향을 분석하였다. 이러한 곡선부의 주행 속도를 분석한 결과, 곡선반경별 최저속도와 그 속도가 나타나는 위치를 분석하였고, 해당 도로구간의 교통사고자료를 분석하여 평면곡선부의 차량주행속도변화와 교통사고 발생간의 관계를 규명하였다. 연구 결과는 다음과 같다. 첫째, 운전자들은 곡선시작지점에 도착하기 전에 충분히 속도를 줄이고, 곡선부에서 가장 낮은 속도가 나타나는 위치는 곡선시점의 후방에서 나타나고 이는 운전자의 시거에 의한 영향이다. 둘째, 곡선부에서의 속도변화폭이 클수록 사고위험성은 크고 실제 교통사고의 발생건수는 높다. 본 연구의 결과에 의해 도로 주행의 안전성을 고려한 평가지표를 개발할 수 있으며, 이에 의한 일관성 있는 도로설계를 유도할 수 있다.

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A Study on the Acceptance Factor Analysis of Autonomous Vehicles : Focused on the Structural Equation Model (자율자동차 수용성 요인분석에 관한 연구 : 구조방정식 모형을 중심으로)

  • Sung, Ki Young;Oh, Ju Taek;Kim, Hyun
    • The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.17-31
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    • 2020
  • In this study, a study was conducted to analyze the factors affecting the acceptability for autonomous vehicles. The previous studies were reviewed to sturdy the acceptance factors and The PLS Structral equation model was used to analyze the acceptance factors. While the existing research focused on technical safety, this study comprehensively analyze safety, convenience, economy, environment, and ethical factors. The PLS model was analyzed to significant the factors that affect the acceptability for autonomous vehicles in the order of safety, economy, convenience and environment.

A Study on Dynamic Serviceability Evaluation of Bridge considering Traffic Effects (차량 주행을 고려한 교량의 동적 사용성 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Kyung-Hee;Sung, Ik-Hyun;Kim, Byung-Sam
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.113-116
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    • 2008
  • 본 연구에서는 차량-교량간 상호작용효과가 교량의 동적거동에 미치는 영향을 분석하기 위한 차량 주행 하중에 대한 실험적 및 이론적 연구를 수행하였다. 이를 위하여 차량 교량간 상호작용이 포함된 이동질량형 윤하중 실험기를 단순교형식 교량에 적용하여 반복주행실험을 수행하였다. 이동질량 반복 주행실험 결과를 분석하여 차량-교량간의 상호작용을 포함한 가속도 형태의 실동주행차량가속도를 규명하였다. 규명된 차량의 실동주행차량가속도를 범용 해석프로그램에 적용하여 차량-교량 상호작용을 재현할 수 있었다. 또한 차량주행시 교량의 사용성평가에 대한 기본자료를 판단할 수 있었다.

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Lane Change Behavior of Manual Vehicles in Automated Vehicle Platooning Environments (군집주행 환경에서 비자율차의 차로변경행태 분석)

  • LEE, Seol Young;OH, Cheol
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.35 no.4
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    • pp.332-347
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    • 2017
  • Analysis of the interaction between the automated vehicles and manual vehicles is very important in analyzing the performance of automated cooperative driving environments. In particular, the automated vehicle platooning can affect the driving behavior of adjacent manual vehicles. The purpose of this study is to analyze the lane change behavior of the manual vehicles in automated vehicle platonning environment and to conduct the experiment and questionnaire surveys in three stages. In the first stage, a video questionnaire survey was conducted, and responsive behaviors of manual vehicles were investigated. In second stage, the driving simulator experiments were conducted to investigate the lane change behaviors of in automated vehicle platonning environments. To analyze the lane change behavior of the manual vehicles, lane change durations and acceleration noise, which are indicators of traffic flow stability, were used. The driving behavior of manual vehicles were compared across different market penetration rates (MPR) of automated vehicles and human factors. Lastly, NASA-TLX (NASA Task Load Index) was used to evaluate the workload of the manual vehicle drivers. As a result of the analysis, it was identified that manual vehicle drivers had psychological burdens while driving in automated vehicle platonning environments. Lane change durations were longer when the MPR of the automated vehicles increased, and acceleration noise were increased in the case of 30-40 years old or female drivers. The results from this study can be used as a fundamental for more realistic traffic simulations reflecting the interaction between the automated vehicles and manual vehicles. It is also expected to effectively support the establishment of valuable transportation management strategy in automated vehicle environments.

Development of Predicting Models of the Operating Speed and Operating environment Satisfaction Model in Expressways (고속도로의 주행속도예측 및 주행환경만족도 모형 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jang-Uk;Jang, Il-Jun;Kim, Jeong-Hyeon;Lee, Su-Beom
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.117-131
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    • 2009
  • When most drivers take to the freeway, they don't necessarily pay attention to the geometric design. They expect proper design by depending on their own senses and recognition. When they evaluate the features of traveling on the freeway, they can think differently than engineers. The design needs to predict the exact speed of the driver to satisfy the driver's expectation, safety, pleasure and so on. This study categorized the factors influencing the speed of six freeways considering geometric and operational features to make a prediction model of speed. The model used multiple regression with these factors and produced statically appropriate results. This study utilized the principle component analysis and the quantification II analysis based on the image data of the satisfaction of the traveling environment collected through individual interviews. As a result, this study found the factors of satisfaction in a traveling environment. It made a satisfaction model of the traveling environment on freeways considering the change of driver's actual recognition and societal recognition using structural equations and the quantification II theory. Through the model made in this study, This model can present not only qualitative factors like satisfaction of traveling environment on freeways, but also the quantitative elements like speed. What is important is the evaluation of features of traveling on freeways reflected in the recognition and traffic environment felt by drivers.

Study on Potential Utility of Wind Power Generation Based on Driving Wind of High-Speed Trains (고속철도 열차 주행풍의 풍력발전 활용성에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Je-Guen;Suh, Ki-Bum
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.10
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    • pp.681-687
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    • 2017
  • We investigated the potential for wind-power generation using the wind produced by express trains. We built equipment to detect the wind velocity, including wind meters and a data analyzer. We considered various conditions that might change the wind. First, we measured the velocity and duration of the wind at three locations distinguished by the presence of a tunnel and a valley landscape. We analyzed the changes in the wind according to the geometric conditions. Also, we analyzed the changes in the wind according to three different heights relative to the train. We also compared the wind produced by a KTX train and an SRT train. Finally, we used the results to derive the wind power energy harvested from the wind and discuss the expected utility.