• Title, Summary, Keyword: 주행안전성

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A Study on the Running Safety by F26 Turnout and Vehicle Model (F26 분기기 및 열차모델을 이용한 주행안전성 연구)

  • Kim, Sung-Jong;Lee, Hi-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.859-864
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    • 2009
  • When the vehicle passes through turnout, the design is required to minimize the change of lateral force. Therefore, in case the vehicle passed the through turnout, we ought to execute dynamic analysis of the interaction between the vehicle and turnout in order to make an estimate of the lateral force and the derailment coefficient on the turnout. In this paper, we established the analytical model of the vehicle and turnout and analysed running safety when the vehicle passes through turnout in order to improve running safety of the vehicle on turnout. Also, to verify the vehicle and turnout model, we analysed reaction force and running behavior between wheel and rail, and running safety of the vehicle by changing cradle part and the tongue rail when the vehicle passes through turnout.

자율주행자동차 개발 동향

  • Kim, Yong-Hun;Kim, Hyeon-Gu
    • Information and Communications Magazine
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.10-18
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    • 2017
  • 본고에서는 자율주행 완성차와 자율주행 융합 부품 관련 기술과 국내외의 자율주행자동차 산업정책과 기술 개발 동향을 살펴본다. 자율주행 차량은 고안전, 고편의, 친환경, 신생태계의 자동차 산업에서의 4가지 미래 키워드를 만족시키는 기술로서 국가차원의 전략적 양성이 필요하다. 자율주행자동차 산업은 자동차 산업 생산기반 및 우리나라의 IT, 반도체 등의 기술 활용이 가능하며, 아직 상용화 되지 않은 분야로서 자율주행 분야의 상용화 기술 조기 확보 시 세계시장을 선점 할 수 있다. 따라서 자율주행 완성차 및 부품업체 등의 복수 수요기관이 참여하여 중소, 중견 부품업체 수요처 다각화 및 생태계 체질 개선, 자율주행 핵심부품 및 제어를 위한 SW 등 원천기술 확보 및 수입대체, 자율주행 기술과 관련 센서 선도기술 개발 및 글로벌 중견기업 육성을 기대 할 수 있다. 또한 빠르게 자율주행자동차 관련 기술개발이 진행되고 전장 부품이 자동차에서 차지하는 비중이 커짐에 따라 서로 연결되어 동작하는 전기전자 시스템의 기능안전 확보의 필요성이 대두되고 있다. 이미 해외에서는 자동차 전자제어 시스템 의무 장착을 강화시키는 추세이며 차량 안전 확보를 위해 전자제어장치의 기능 안정성의 중요성과 기술 표준의 필요성을 기반으로 자동차 기능 안전선 국제 표준을 규격화하고 있다. 따라서 본고에서는 국내외의 자율주행차량 분야의 산업 현황과 기술 동향을 살펴봄으로써 시장의 현황을 파악하고 자동차 기능 안전성 국제 표준에 관하여 알아본다.

An Analysis of Running Safety for Railway Vehicle Depending on Actual Track Conditions (실제선로 조건에 따른 철도차량의 주행안전성 해석)

  • Kim, Yong-Won;Lee, Hi-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.983-988
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    • 2009
  • When the railway vehicle passing through curves & transitions, the running speed must improve by proposing the practical standard about maximum running possibility speed of each section on existing line considering running safety. In this paper, when the railway vehicle passing through curves of actual track conditions (Namsunghyun-Chungdo up & down lines), the effect that has influence on running safety is examined to devise the high speed of vehicle which passing through curves which risk of derailment is high. The running safety analysis is performed that running speed by curve radius improves 5-20% compared with existing speed under actual track conditions. In result of the running safety analysis, in case the speed condition is fewer than 15% compared with existing speed, the derailment coefficient and unloading ratio are within acceptable level. so we could confirm possibility of speed improvement on the whole Namsunghyun-Chungdo up & down lines.

A Study on the Optimization of Suspension Characteristics for Improving Running Safety of Railway Vehicle (철도차량 주행안전성 향상을 위한 현가장치 최적화 연구)

  • Lee, Young-Yeob;Lee, Hi-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.909-914
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    • 2009
  • A suspension is the most prior apparatus to decide vehicle's running safety and ride comfort, also the suspension stiffness is the most important parameter for the designing of the vehicle. Providing the strong stiffness with the primary suspension in order to improve the running safety with high speed, but it causes a problem with a curve running performance of a railway vehicle. Therefore, many studies deal with the optimal value of suspension stiffness. In this paper, we aim to optimize the suspension system to improve running safety by varying stiffness values of railway vehicle suspension. We have proceeded an analysis by design variables which are position, length, width, stiffness and damping coefficients of primary and secondary suspension to optimize the suspension characteristics. As a result of the optimization, we verified that the derailment coefficients of inside and outside of wheel are decreased in comparison with initial model.

Evaluation of Curving Performance and Running Safety of New High-Power Electric Locomotive (신형 고출력 전기기관차의 곡선추종성 및 주행안전성 평가)

  • Ham, Young Sam
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.827-832
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    • 2013
  • In this study, curve responsiveness was assessed based on the lateral force and running safety was evaluated based on the wheel unloading ratio and derailment coefficient, which is the ratio of the wheel load and the lateral force. The evaluation of the curving performance and running safety of the new high-power electric locomotive showed that the derailment coefficient appeared higher when the wheel-set was set to the front of the train instead of being placed backward, and the maximum value of the derailment coefficient was recorded as 0.572 on the Gyeongbu line. Furthermore, the lateral force increased in curved sections, and it appeared to be proportional to the curve radius. Meanwhile, a maximum axis lateral force of 77.6 kN was recorded on the Taebaek line, and the wheel unloading ratio was 47.6% on the Yeongdong line. Finally, the running safety at the maximum speed as well as the through-curve performance of the curve radius satisfied the required standards.

차륜/레일 작용력 측정을 위한 스트레인 게이지 응용기술

  • 함영삼;오택열
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.176-176
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    • 2004
  • 21세기 고속철도시대에 진입하면서 차량고속화에 수반하여 주행안전성 면에서 빼놓을 수 없는 문제로 가장 중요한 탈선의 현상이 있다. 철도에 있어서 탈선은 대형사고로 직결되기 때문에 결코 쉽게 간과할 수 없는 부분이며, 철도가 다른 교통수단에 비해 상대적인 장점으로 내세울 수 있는 안전성을 확보하기 위하여 반드시 차륜과 레일 사이에서 발생하는 상호 작용력을 측정하여 탈선가능성을 평가하여야만 한다.(중략)

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Analysis of the Influence of Track Alignment on Ride Comfort and Safety of KTX (방향틀림이 KTX 주행거동에 미치는 영향 분석)

  • Choi, Il-Yoon;Um, Ju-Hwan;Kim, Man-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.110-116
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    • 2013
  • Track irregularities is one of the key factors influencing the running behavior of trains. In order to ensure safety and ride comfort of train, the criteria for track irregularities should be adequately established regarding vehicle velocity, vehicle characteristics, characteristics of the track recording car, and measurement interval. Also, track maintenance should be carried out thoroughly according to the criteria for managing track irregularities. Numerical analysis was conducted to investigate the influence of track alignment on the running behavior of Korean high speed train(KTX). Various wavelengths and amplitudes of lateral alignment were considered as parameters for this study using the Vampire program, a vehicle dynamics modeling package in railway environment. Derailment, lateral load, bogie acceleration and body acceleration of numerical analysis results due to alignment were investigated. Finally, the influence of the alignment on safety and ride comfort for the KTX was evaluated. This study indicates that alignment irregularities have significant impacts on running safety, and that the criteria used to manage alignment irregularities should be restrictive to ensure the running safety of the KTX.

Running Safety Analysis of Railway Vehicle Systems for Ground Vibration (철도 차량의 지반진동에 의한 주행안전성 평가)

  • Choi, Jun-Sung;Jo, Man-Sup;Lee, Jin-Moo
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.288-295
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    • 2006
  • In this study, dynamic behavior of the vehicles is analyzed, while the track is subjected to lateral vibrations due to earthquake and blasting load. A computer program(WERIA, Wheel Rail Interaction Analysis) is used, which can simulate dynamic responses of vehicles subjected to lateral vibrations. The analysis considers two types of vehicles: I.e. power cars of KTX and Busan subway train. It can also consider the interaction with sub-structures such as tracks and soil. The creep force module is considered, and the running safety of railway vehicles subjected to earthquake and blasting loading is studied. Based on the results of this study, the running safety of the vehicles can be confirmed against lateral vibration.

A Methodology for Evaluating Cycling Safety and Mobility using Probe Bicycle Sensor Data (프로브 자전거 센서자료를 이용한 자전거 주행안전성 및 이동성 통합평가기법 개발)

  • Joo, Shin-Hye;Oh, Cheol
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.43-55
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    • 2012
  • Bicycle is an environment-friendly transport mode contributing to a more sustainable transportation systems. To innovatively increase the use of bicycle as a significant transport mode, bicycle-friendly roadway environment should be provided. This study proposes a method to evaluate cycling environment based on the analysis of data collected from an specially equipped probe bicycle. The inertial measurement unit(IMU) consisting of a gyro sensor, accelerometer, and a global positioning systems(GPS) receiver was installed on the probe bicycle. Cycling stability index(CSI) and bicycle speed data were used as inputs of the proposed evaluation framework adopting the Fault Tree Analysis, which is a well-known technique for the risk analysis. The outcomes of this study will serve as an intelligent assesment tool for cycling environment.

Development of Quantitative Methods for Evaluating Failure Safety of Level 3 Autonomous Vehicles (SAE Level 3 자율주행자동차의 고장 안전성 정량적 평가 방법 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dooyong;Lee, Sangyeop;Lee, Hyuckkee;Choi, Inseong;Shin, Jaekon;Park, Kihong
    • The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.91-102
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    • 2019
  • Autonomous vehicles can be exposed to severe danger when failure occurs in any of its components. For this reason many countries are making efforts on the legislative issue how to objectively evaluate failure safety of an autonomous vehicle when such a vehicle is commercially available to a customer in the near future. In level-3 automation, a driver must take over the control of his vehicle when failure occurs, and the driver's controllability must be secured for escape from the imminent danger. In this paper, quantitative methods have been developed for evaluating failure safety of the level-3 autonomous vehicle, and they were validated by simulation. And also, we confirmed that the proposed evaluation method can quantitatively evaluate the failure safety.