• Title/Summary/Keyword: 중금속

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Utilization of Microorganisms for Treating Wastewater Polluted with Heavy Metals (중금속 오염 폐수처리에의 미생물 이용 전망)

  • Heo, Jong-Soo;Cho, Ju-Sik
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.386-395
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    • 1994
  • As a basic research on applying the microbial strains which had been isolated and proved to remove heavy metals, such as Pb, Cd, Zn, and Cu in This laboratory to actual wastewater treatment, optimum condition of the treatment system with addition of single or multiple species of pollutants and microorganisms were investigated at small scale. Concentration of the bacterial inoculum was 3000mg/L and 1500mg/L of MLSS for treatment with single and multiple species, respectively. Removal rates of heavy metals were expressed at HRT’s (Hydraulic Retention Time) of 12, 24, and 48 hr. Removal rates of Pb, Cd, Zn, and Cu after 12 days at HRT of 24hr with addition of single and multiple species were 93%, 90%, 80%, and 39%, and 75%, 90%, 74%, and 48%, respectively. Judging from these results, treatment capability of the isolated strains is excellent. Hence, the microorganisms are expected to be applicable to actual wastewater treatment.

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Distribution of Heavy Metal in the Cell Components of Heavy Metal-Tolerant Microorganisms (중금속내성균의 세포내 중금속 분포)

  • Cho, Ju-Sik;Lee, Won-Kyu;Choi, Hyoung-Sub;Heo, Jong-Soo
    • Korean Journal of Environmental Agriculture
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.55-60
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    • 1997
  • Heavy metal-tolerant microorganisms, such as Pseudomonas putida, P. aeruginosa, P. chlororaphis and P. stutzeri which possessed the ability to accumulate cadmium, lead, zinc and copper, respectively, were isolated from industrial wastewaters and mine wastewaters polluted with various heavy metals. The distribution of heavy metal in the cell components, and amino acid compositions, was investigated. The distribution of heavy metal in the cell fractions of each heavy metal-tolerant microorganism grown for 20 hours in the basal medium containing 100mg/l of each heavy metal was investigated. In the case of cadmium-tolerant P. putida, lead-tolerant P. aeruginosa and copper-tolerant P. stutzeri, approximately $50{\sim}60%,\;30{\sim}40%$ and $10{\sim}17%$ of each heavy metal absorbed were distributed to cell wall, cell membrane and cytoplasm fractions, respectively. In the case of zinc-tolerant P. chlororaphis, approximately 32%, 55% and 13% of zinc were distributed to cell wall, cell membrane and cytoplasm fractions, respectively. These results indicated that the cell wall was a major adsorbing fraction of cadmium, lead and copper, and the cell membrane was that of zinc. Total amino acid content per gram of the cell grown in the culture media with heavy metal was higher than that of the cell grown in the culture media without heavy metal, and the content of acidic amino acids, such as aspartic acid(Asp.+Asn.) and glutamic acid(Glu.+Gln.) was higher than that of basic amino acids, such as histidine, lysine and arginine.

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Competitive Adsorption of Multi-species of Heavy Metals onto Sandy Clay Loam and Clay Soils (사질식양토와 식토에서 중금속 이온의 다중 경쟁 흡착)

  • Chung, Doug Y.;Noh, Hyun-Hee
    • Korean Journal of Soil Science and Fertilizer
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.238-246
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    • 2005
  • We conducted this investigation to observe competitive adsorption phenomena among the heavy metals onto the available sorption sites of soil particle surfaces in sandy clay loam and clay soil collected from Nonsan city, Chungnam and Yoosung, Daejeon in Korea, respectively. Polluted and contaminated soils can often contain more than one heavy metal species, resulting in competition for available sorption sites among heavy metals in soils due to complex competitive ion exchange and specific sorption mechanism. And the adsorption characteristics of the heavy metals were reported that the selectivity for the sorption sites was closely related with electropotential and electro negativity carried by the heavy metals. The heavy metals were treated as single, binary and ternary systems as bulk solution phase. Adsorption in multi-element system was different from single-element system as Cr, Pb and Cd. The adsorption isotherms showed the adsorption was increased with increasing equilibrium concentrations. For binary and ternary systems, the amount of adsorption at the same equilibrium concentration was influenced by the concentration of individual ionic species and valence carried by the respective heavy metal. Also we found that the adsorption isotherms of Cd and Pb selected in this experiment were closely related with electronegativity and ionic potential regardless number of heavy metals in solution, while the adsorption of Cr carried higher valance and lower electro negativity than Cd and Pb was higher than those of Cd and Pb, indicating that adsorption of Cr was influenced by ionic potential than by electronegativity. Therefore adsorption in multi-element system could be influenced by electronegativity and ionic potential and valance for the same valance metals and different valance, respectively. But it still needs further investigation with respect to ionic strength and activity in multi-element system to verify sorption characteristics and reaction processes of Cr, especially for ternary system in soils.

Effects of Amendments on Heavy Metal Uptake by Leafy, Root, Fruit Vegetables in Alkali Upland Soil (염기성 밭 토양에서 안정화제에 의한 엽채류, 근채류, 과채류 작물들의 중금속 전이 특성)

  • Kim, Min-Suk;Min, Hyun-Gi;Lee, Sang-Hwan;Kim, Jeong-Gyu
    • Ecology and Resilient Infrastructure
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.63-71
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    • 2020
  • Various types of amendments have been studied for heavy metal stabilization in soil. However, researches on the effect of amendments on alkali soil and their effects on the plants at various edible parts are insufficient. The aim of this study was to evaluate the stabilization efficiency of heavy metals and their transfer into edible parts of food crops. Abandoned mine area was selected and 3 types of amendments (lime stone, LS; steel slag, SS; acid mine drainage sludge, AMDS) was applied with 3% (w/w). in field. After 6 month aging, Chinese cabbage (leafy), bok choy (leafy), garlic (root) and red pepper (fruit) were transplanted and cultivated. For chemical assessment, total concentration and bioavailability using Mehlich-3 solution were determined. For biological assessment, fresh weight and heavy metal uptakes were analyzed. It was revealed that AMDS reduced bioavailability most effectively, resulting in the decrease in heavy metal concentration in edible parts of all crops. When explaining the heavy metal uptake of plants, the bioavailability was more appropriate than the total contents of soil heavy metals. Therefore, bioavailability-based further research and management practices should be carried out continuously for the sustainable environment management, safe crop production, and human health risk reduction.

중금속이 칼슘설포알루미네이트의 클링커 반응 및 에트링자이트 생성에 미치는 영향

  • 유광석;안지환;천성민;김환
    • Cement Symposium
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    • no.32
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    • pp.103-106
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    • 2005
  • 유해 중금속을 다량 함유하고 있는 산업폐기물의 고화 처리에 사용되는 칼슘설포알루미네이트(4CaO$\cdot$$3Al_2O_3$$\cdot$$SO_4$이후부터 CSA로 기입) 의 제조를 위해 철강부산물인 압연 슬러지를 활용하여 그 특성에 대해 조사하였다. 본 연구에서는 철강 부산물인 압연슬러지 외에 석회석 미분물, 인산부산 석고를 혼합하여 칼슘알루미네이트상을 합성하였다. 합성 결과 소성온도 1250$^{\circ}C$에서부터 CSA가 합성되었고, 이와 함께 칼슘실리케이트 (2CaO$\cdot$$SiO_2$)와 칼슘알루미노페라이트(4CaO$\cdot$$Al_2O_3$$\cdot$$Fe_2O_3$)도 함께 합성되었다. CSA 합성에 미치는 중금속 영향을 관찰한 결과 원료의 중금속이 CSA 합성 온도를 낮추는 효과가 있는 것으로 나타났다. CSA를 이용한 철강산업 폐기물의 중금속 고용 처리 연구에서도 본 실험에서 합성된 CSA가 폐기물의 중금속 고화 처리에 효과가 있는 것으로 나타났다.

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구룡광산의 광미와 오염된 토양에 대한 중금속 존재형태 비교

  • 연규훈;이평구;최상훈;박성원;신성천
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.392-395
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    • 2004
  • 광미와 오염된 토양에 함유되어 있는 중금속은 물리ㆍ화학적 환경 변화에 따라 안정화되어 자연적으로 정화가 진행되거나, 혹은 재용출 될 수 있어 중요한 오염원으로 작용 할 수 있다. 따라서 중금속 원소의 존재형태를 규명하여 물리ㆍ화학적 환경 변화에 따른 중금속의 거동을 예측하고자 Tessier et al (1979)의 방법을 이용하여 연속추출을 수행하였다. 구룡광간의 광미와 오염된 토양에 함유된 중금속과 마량원소의 존재형태를 비교해 보면 Fe를 제외한 모든 원소의 존재형태가 안정상인 잔류형태로 존재하였다. Cd, Co, Cu 및 Pb의 경우 잔류형태 다음으로 비정질 산화광물형태로 수반된 형태도 중요한 존재 형태인 것으로 나타났다. 그러나 Fe은 비정질 산화광물의 형태가 가장 우세한 것으로 나타났으며, 황화광물과의 결합형태가 상대적으로 우세한 경향을 보였다.

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피트휴민(peat-Humin)과 중금속 흡착반응 연구

  • 이창훈;신현상;임동민;강기훈
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.135-138
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    • 2004
  • 본 연구는 중금속으로 오염된 폐수처리에 있어 친환경적 유기흡착제로서 휴믹물질의 활용성을 평가하기 위한 기초 연구로서 이탄(peat moss)으로부터 Humin을 분리 한 후, 중금속 이온(Cd(II),Cu(II))과의 흡착특성을 조사하였다. 이탄으로부터 추출한 peat-Humin의 함량은 94%이상을 나타냈으며, 분자의 작용기 특성은 일반 토양 휴믹물질(soil humic substance)과 유사하였다. peat-Humin과 중금속 이온(Cd(II),Cu(II))과의 흡착 반응은 5분내에 빠른 흡착형을 보였으며, pH 5-6에서 가장 높은 중금속 제거율을 보였다. pH 3의 산성조건에서도 50%정도의 제거율을 보였다. pH 5에서의 등온흡착 실험결과를 Freundlich 등온식에 적용하여 해석한 결과, 각의 중금속에 대한 peat-Humin의 흡착상수(Kf)는 Cd(II)이 8.07 그리고 Cu(II)가 4.56으로 나타났다.

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장풍광산 폐광석의 중금속오염 연구와 pH변화가 중금속의 용출거동에 미치는 영향평가

  • 이인경;이평구;최상훈
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.385-388
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    • 2003
  • 폐광석에 함유되어 있는 총중금속함량을 측정하기 위한 전함량분석과 중금속을 다량 함유한 폐광석이 산성환경에 노출되어 있을 경우 중금속의 지화학적 거동을 파악하기 위해 산도를 변화시키면서 용출실험을 실시하였다. 전함량분석과 용출실험을 종합한 결과, 중금속 및 미량원소의 용출거동 특성을 크게 As-Co-Fe 형태와 Cu-Mn-Cd-Zn형태와 Pb로 구분할 수 있었다. As-Co-Fe의 용출특성은 약산성의 환경에서는 용출이 미약하나, 최종 pH 1.5이하의 강산성환경에서는 용출량이 급격하게 증가하며, Cu-Mn-Cd-Zn형태에서는 최초로 용해되는 pH가 5.0-3.0으로 As-Co-Fe 보다 다소 높았다. Pb는 다른 형태에 비해 상당히 적게 용출되었다 최종 용출된 함량과 관계없이 초기 용출이 발생하는 pH값을 기준으로 한 각 원소의 상대적인 이동성은 Mn =Zn>Cd=Cu>>Fe=Co>As>Pb 순서이며, 산성비는 Zn, Mn 및 Cu를 쉽게 용출시켜 이동도를 증가시킬 것으로 판단된다.

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Distribution of Inorganic Metals in Blood of Adults in Urban Area of Seoul, Korea (도심지역 성인의 혈중 중금속 농도 분포)

  • Kim Ho-Hyun;Lim Young-Wook;Yang Ji-Yeon;Ho Moon-Ki;Shin Dong-Chun
    • Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.327-334
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    • 2004
  • 도심지역의 중금속 배출원은 매우 다양하며, 배출 중금속은 물질별 노출 수준, 노출기간에 따라 건강유해영향을 일으킬 수 있다. 따라서 직업적 노출이 없는 도심 지역의 일반인의 혈중 중금속의 모니터링은 독성학적 측면에서 중요하다. 본 연구는 서울 도심지역의 직업적 노출이 없는 성인 남녀 144명(20∼75세)을 대상으로 중금속(납, 크롬, 니켈, 카드뮴)의 혈액 내 축적된 정도를 평가하였다. 채취한 혈액의 분석은 GF-AAS를 사용하였다. 물질별 혈중 중금속 농도는 납 63.2 $\mu\textrm{g}$/L, 크롬 0.12 $\mu\textrm{g}$/L, 니켈 $\mu\textrm{g}$/L, 카드뮴 1.43 $\mu\textrm{g}$/L로 각각 조사되었다.

Effects of Scalp Management using SUKI on Heavy Metal Discharge (SUKI(silver tools)를 활용한 두피 관리가 중금속 배출에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jun-Suk;Hong, Seong-Gyun
    • Journal of Convergence for Information Technology
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    • v.10 no.12
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    • pp.208-215
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study was to access the effects of detoxification of hair by SUKI(silver tools). The subjects of this study participated 26 persons(EG 13 and CG 13), Experimental group was performed SUKI programs combined with scalp and hair for two times per week, during 8 weeks. The results was of comparison of variations in each groups showed that there was a significant difference(6items) in the experimental group(p<.05). But 2items(Pb, Cs) was not showed it. Among the hazardous heavy metals in research, Al, Ba and Hg showed the greatest reduction rate of difference. Thus, the using of the SUKI tool has been shown to affect some heavy metal emissions (p<.05). In conclusion, it is thought that it can be used as basic data for heavy metal discharge of scalp through continuous research in the future.